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Content for  TS 23.558  Word version:  17.4.0

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0  Introductionp. 12

Edge Computing is a network architecture concept that enables cloud computing capabilities and service environments, which are deployed close to the UE. It promises several benefits such as lower latency, higher bandwidth, reduced backhaul traffic and prospects for new services compared to the cloud environments. This technical specification provides application layer architecture and related procedures for enabling edge applications over 3GPP networks.

1  Scopep. 13

The present document specifies the application layer architecture, procedures and information flows necessary for enabling edge applications over 3GPP networks. It includes architectural requirements for enabling edge applications, application layer architecture fulfilling the architecture requirements and procedures to enable the deployment of edge applications.

2  Referencesp. 13

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
[1]
TR 21.905: "Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".
[2]
TS 23.501: "System architecture for the 5G System (5GS); Stage 2".
[3]
TS 23.502: "Procedure for the 5G System (5GS); Stage 2".
[4]
TS 29.522: "5G System; Network Exposure Function Northbound APIs; Stage 3".
[5]
TS 29.122: "T8 reference point for northbound Application Programming Interfaces (APIs)".
[6]
TS 23.222: "Functional architecture and information flows to support Common API Framework for 3GPP Northbound APIs; Stage 2".
[7]
TS 23.271: "Functional stage 2 description of Location Services (LCS)".
[8]
TS 36.305: "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN); Stage 2 functional specification of User Equipment (UE) positioning in E-UTRAN".
[9]
TS 23.273: "5G System (5GS) Location Services (LCS); Stage 2".
[10]
TS 38.305: "NG Radio Access Network (NG-RAN); Stage 2 functional specification of User Equipment (UE) positioning in NG-RAN".
[11]
TS 23.401: "General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) enhancements for Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN) access".
[12]
TS 23.503: "Policy and charging control framework for the 5G System (5GS); Stage 2".
[13]
TS 23.434: "Service enabler architecture layer for verticals; Functional architecture and information flows; Stage 2".
[14]
TS 23.286: "Application layer support for Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) services; Functional architecture and information flows ".
[15]
ETSI ISG MEC ETSI GS MEC 003 V2.1.1 (2019-01), "Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC); Framework and Reference Architecture"
[16]  Void
[17]
TS 23.682: "Architecture enhancements to facilitate communications with packet data networks and applications".
[18]
TS 23.288: "Architecture enhancements for 5G System (5GS) to support network data analytics services".
[19]
GSMA Whitepaper OPG.01: "Operator Platform: Telco Edge Proposal", https://www.gsma.com/futurenetworks/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/GSMA-Operator-Platform-Proposal-Oct-2020.pdf
[20]
TS 23.548: "5G System Enhancements for Edge Computing".
[21]
TS 23.032: "Universal Geographical Area Description (GAD)".
[22]
TS 28.538: "Management and orchestration; Edge Computing Management".
[23]
TS 33.558: "Security aspects of enhancement of support for enabling edge applications".
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3  Definitions of terms, symbols and abbreviationsp. 14

3.1  Termsp. 14

For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in TR 21.905 and the following apply. A term defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same term, if any, in TR 21.905.
Application Context:
A set of data about the Application Client that resides in the Edge Application Server.
Application Context Relocation:
Refers to the end-to-end service continuity procedure described in clause 8.8.
Application Context Transfer:
Refers to the transfer of the Application Context between the source Edge Application Server and the target Edge Application Server, which is a part of the service continuity procedure described in clause 8.8.
Application Server:
Application software resident in the cloud performing the server function.
Edge Computing:
A concept, as described in TS 23.501, that enables operator and 3rd party services to be hosted close to the UE's access point of attachment, to achieve an efficient service delivery through the reduced end-to-end latency and load on the transport network.
Edge Computing Service Provider:
A mobile network operator or a 3rd party service provider offering Edge Computing service.
Edge Data Network:
A local Data Network that supports the architecture for enabling edge applications.
EEC Context:
A set of data about the Edge Enabler Client that resides in the Edge Enabler Server.
Edge Enabler Layer:
Refers to the overall functionality provided by the entities such as Edge Enabler Client, Edge Enabler Server and Edge Configuration Server, in support of applications as per the architecture defined in clause 6.
Edge Hosting Environment:
An environment providing support required for Edge Application Server's execution.
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3.2  Symbolsp. 15

None.

3.3  Abbreviationsp. 15

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in TR 21.905 and the following apply. An abbreviation defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same abbreviation, if any, in TR 21.905.
AC
Application Client
ACID
Application Client Identification
ACR
Application Context Relocation
ACT
Application Context Transfer
AF
Application Function
ASP
Application Service Provider
DN
Data Network
DNAI
Data Network Access Identifier
DNN
Data Network Name
EAS
Edge Application Server
EASID
Edge Application Server Identification
ECS
Edge Configuration Server
ECSP
Edge Computing Service Provider
EDN
Edge Data Network
EEC
Edge Enabler Client
EECID
Edge Enabler Client Identification
EEL
Edge Enabler layer
EES
Edge Enabler Server
EESID
Edge Enabler Server Identification
FQDN
Fully Qualified Domain Name
GPSI
Generic Public Subscription Identifier
GSM
Global System for Mobile Communications
GSMA
GSM Association
LADN
Local Area Data Network
NEF
Network Exposure Function
OP
Operator Platform
OPG
Operator Platform Group
S-EAS
Source Edge Application Server
S-EES
Source Edge Enabler Server
SCEF
Service Capability Exposure Function
SSID
Service Set Identifier
T-EAS
Target Edge Application Server
T-EES
Target Edge Enabler Server
TAI
Tracking Area Identity
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4  Overviewp. 15

4.1  Generalp. 15

For edge computing, it is essential that the ACs are able to locate and connect with the most suitable application server available in the EDN, depending on the needs of the application. The edge enabler layer exposes APIs to support such capabilities.
The edge computing capabilities supported by 3GPP are illustrated in the Figure 4.1-1.
Reproduction of 3GPP TS 23.558, Fig. 4.1-1: Overview of 3GPP edge computing
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The application layer is a consumer of 3GPP specified edge computing capabilities. The 3GPP edge computing capabilities are typically organized as follows:
  • Edge enabler layer, specified in this specification;
  • Edge hosting environment, details of which are outside the scope of 3GPP;
  • 3GPP transport layer, specified in TS 23.401 and TS 23.501; and
  • Edge management layer, specified in TS 28.538.
Following clauses provide an overview of the features of edge enabler layer.
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4.2  Service provisioningp. 16

Service provisioning procedures supply the information required by the UE to access the edge services. The procedure takes UE's location, service requirements, service preferences and connectivity information into account to provide the required configuration. Service provisioning procedures are specified in clause 8.3.

4.3  Registrationp. 16

Registration procedures specified in clause 8.4, allow entities (e.g. UE and Application Server) in the edge enabler layer to provide information about itself to other entities of the edge enabler layer.

4.4  EAS discoveryp. 16

EAS discovery procedures enable the UE to obtain information about suitable EASs of interest (specified as discovery filters) in the EDN. EAS discovery procedures are specified in clause 8.5.

4.5  Capability exposure to EASp. 16

The edge enabler layer exposes services towards the EASs. The exposed capabilities include the services of the Edge Enabler Layer and the re-exposed and enhanced services of the 3GPP core network. The capabilities exposed by the edge enabler layer are specified in clause 8.6 and the 3GPP network capability exposure is specified in clause 8.7. Other application layer capabilities like application enabler services and SEAL services may be exposed via edge enabler layer as per CAPIF as illustrated in Annex A.4.
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4.6  Support for service continuityp. 16

When a UE moves to a new location, different EASs can be more suitable for serving the UE. Such transitions can result from a non-mobility event also, requiring support from the edge enabler layer to maintain the continuity of the service. Support for service continuity provides several features for minimizing the application layer service interruption by replacing the S-EAS connected to the AC in the UE, with a T-EAS. Support for service continuity is further specified in clause 8.8.
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4.7  Securityp. 17

The edge enabler layer supports secure communication amongst the enabler layer entities. Clause 8.11 provides details on EEC authentication and authorization.

4.8  Dynamic EAS instantiation triggeringp. 17

The Edge Enabler Layer can interact with the EAS management system to trigger instantiation of a suitable EAS as per application needs. Details of the EAS instantiation triggering are specified in clause 8.12.

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