represents the non-roaming architecture for interworking between 5GS and EPC/E-UTRAN.
N26 interface is an inter-CN interface between the MME and 5GS AMF in order to enable interworking between EPC and the NG core. Support of N26 interface in the network is optional for interworking. N26 supports subset of the functionalities (essential for interworking) that are supported over S10.
PGW-C + SMF and UPF + PGW-U are dedicated for interworking between 5GS and EPC, which are optional and are based on UE MM Core Network Capability and UE subscription. UEs that are not subject to 5GS and EPC interworking may be served by entities not dedicated for interworking, i.e. by either by PGW or SMF/UPF.
There can be another UPF (not shown in the Figure above) between the NG-RAN and the UPF + PGW-U, i.e. the UPF + PGW-U can support N9 towards an additional UPF, if needed.
Figures and procedures in this specification that depict an SGW make no assumption whether the SGW is deployed as a monolithic SGW or as an SGW split into its control-plane and user-plane functionality as described in TS 23.214
represents the Roaming architecture with local breakout and Figure 4.3.2-2
represents the Roaming architecture with home-routed traffic for interworking between 5GS and EPC/E-UTRAN.
There can be another UPF (not shown in the Figure above) between the NG-RAN and the UPF + PGW-U, i.e. the UPF + PGW-U can support N9 towards the additional UPF, if needed.
S9 interface from EPC is not required since no known deployment exists.