5G expands the scope and reach of 3GPP-defined technologies. There are multiple market segments in the realm of residential, office, enterprise and factory, where 5G will need to provide services with similar functionalities to Local Area Networks (LANs) and VPN's but improved with 5G capabilities (e.g. high performance, long distance access, mobility and security).
The 5G system shall support 5G LAN-type service in a shared RAN configuration.
The 5G system shall support 5G LAN-type service over a wide area mobile network.
The 5G network shall support service continuity for 5G LAN-type service, i.e. the private communication between UEs shall not be interrupted when one or more UEs of the private communication move within the same network that provides the 5G LAN-type service.
The 5G system shall support use of unlicensed as well as licensed spectrum for 5G LAN-type services.
The 5G system shall enable the network operator to provide the same 5G LAN-type service to any 5G UE, regardless of whether it is connected via public base stations, indoor small base stations connected via fixed access, or via relay UEs connected to either of these two types of base stations.
A UE shall be able to select a 5G LAN-VN, that the UE is a member of, for private communication.
A 5G system shall support 5G LAN-VNs with member UEs numbering between a few to tens of thousands.
The 5G system shall be able to support large numbers of small 5G LAN-VNs.
The 5G LAN-VN shall support member UEs that are subscribed to different PLMNs, e.g. a 5G LAN-VN may span multiple countries and have member UEs that have a subscription to a PLMN in their home country.
The 5G system shall support on-demand establishment of UE to UE, multicast, and broadcast private communication between members UEs of the same 5G LAN-VN. Multiple types of data communication shall be supported, at least IP and Ethernet.
The 5G network shall ensure that only member UEs of the same 5G LAN-VN are able to establish or maintain private communications among each other using 5G LAN-type service.
The 5G system shall allow member UEs of a 5G LAN-VN to join an authorized multicast session over that 5G LAN-VN.
The 5G system shall be able to restrict private communications within a 5G LAN-VN based on UE's location (i.e. when the UE moves out of the area it can no longer communicate on the 5G LAN-VN).
The 5G network shall enable member UEs of a 5G LAN-VN to use multicast/broadcast over a 5G LAN-type service to communicate with required latency (e.g. 180 ms).
The 5G system shall support a mechanism to provide consistent QoE to all the member UEs of the same 5G LAN-VN.
The 5G system shall support routing based on a private addressing scheme within the 5G LAN-VN.
The 5G system shall support a communication path between a non-3GPP device in the CPN and a UE in the 5G-LAN VN via the eRG of the CPN, for an eRG that is part of the 5G LAN-VN.
The 5G network shall enable the network operator to scale up/down a 5G LAN-VN, e.g. the coverage, capacity for efficient consumption of network resources.
The 5G network shall enable the network operator to create, manage, and remove 5G LAN-VN including their related functionality (subscription data, routing and addressing functionality).
The 5G network shall enable the network operator to add one or more authorized UEs to an existing 5G LAN-VN.
The 5G system shall enable the network operator to add an authorized UE to multiple independent 5G LAN-VNs.
The 5G network shall enable the network operator to remove one or more UEs from an existing 5G LAN-VN.
The 5G system shall enable the network operator to configure a 5G LAN-VN that is available only within a geographical area.
Based on MNO policy, the 5G network shall provide suitable means to allow an authorised third party to
monitor changes in QoS policy that pertains to LAN-VN performance;
configure and receive information regarding the achieved performance for a specific UE;
configure and receive information regarding the achieved performance for a specific network;
receive notification of changes in specific configuration aspects of the UE in the VN (e.g., changes in group membership information.)
A 5G system shall support all media types (e.g. voice, data, multimedia) for 5G LAN-type service.
The 5G system shall support traffic scenarios typically found in a home setting (from sensors to video streaming, relatively low amount of UEs per group, many devices are used only occasionally) for 5G LAN-type service.
The 5G system shall support traffic scenarios typically found in an office setting (from sensors to very high data rates e.g. for conferencing, medium amount of UEs per group) for 5G LAN-type service.
The 5G system shall support traffic scenarios typically found in an industrial setting (from sensors to remote control, large amount of UEs per group) for 5G LAN-type service.
The 5G system shall enable a member UE to discover other member UEs within the same 5G LAN-VN.
The 5G LAN-type service shall be able to support existing non-3GPP service discovery mechanisms (e.g. mechanisms to discover printers).
The 5G system shall support 5G LAN-type service for authorized UEs using indirect network connection or direct network connection.
The 5G network shall be able to provide a remote UE using 5G LAN-type service with same level of service as if the remote UE would be using a direct network connection (i.e. provide required QoS for the Ethernet packets transferred between remote UE and relay UE if they are using 3GPP access).
The 5G network shall be able to support service continuity for the private communication between a remote UE with other member UEs of the same 5G LAN-VN, when the remote UE changes from one relay UE to another or when the UE changes between direct and indirect network connection.
Based on MNO policy, the 5G network shall provide suitable APIs to allow a trusted third-party to create/remove a 5G LAN-VN.
Based on MNO policy, the 5G network shall provide suitable APIs to allow a trusted third-party to manage a 5G LAN-VN dedicated for the usage by the trusted third-party, including the address allocation.
Based on MNO policy, the 5G network shall provide suitable APIs to allow a trusted third-party to authorize/deauthorize UEs to access a specific 5G LAN-VN managed by the trusted third-party.
Based on MNO policy, the 5G network shall provide suitable APIs to allow a trusted third-party to add/remove an authorized UE to/from a specific 5G LAN-VN managed by the trusted third-party.
5G positioning services aims to support verticals and applications with positioning accuracies better than 10 meters, thus more accurate than the ones of TS 22.071 for LCS. High accuracy positioning is characterized by ambitious system requirements for positioning accuracy in many verticals and applications, including regulatory needs.
In Location-Based-Services and eHealth, higher accuracy is instrumental to new services and applications, both outdoor and indoor.
For example, on the factory floor, it is important to locate assets and moving objects such as forklifts, or parts to be assembled. Similar needs exist in transportation and logistics, for example rail, road and use of UAVs. In some road user cases, UE's supporting V2X application(s) are also applicable to such needs. In cases such as guided vehicles (e.g. industry, UAVs) and positioning of objects involved in safety-related functions, availability needs to be very high.
Mission Critical Organizations require mission critical services to have accurate positioning such that first responders can be located at all times during normal and critical operations, indoors as well as outdoors. The level of positioning accuracy (and other KPIs) required is much more stringent than that required by local and regional regulatory requirements for commercial 5G users.
The 5G system shall provide 5G positioning services in compliance with regulatory requirements.
The 5G system shall provide different 5G positioning services, supported by different single and hybrid positioning methods to supply absolute and relative positioning.
The 5G system shall enable an MCX UE to use the 5G positioning services to determine its position with the associated uncertainty/confidence of the position, on request, triggered by an event or periodically.
The 5G System shall be able to provide the 5G positioning services in case of roaming.
The 5G system shall support mechanisms to determine the UE's position-related data for period when the UE is outside the coverage of 3GPP RAT-dependent positioning technologies but within the 5G positioning service area (e.g. within the coverage of satellite access).
The 5G system shall be able to make the position-related data available to an application or to an application server existing within the 5G network, external to the 5G network, or in the User Equipment.
The 5G system shall be able to manage and log position-related data in compliance with applicable traceability, authentication and security regulatory requirements.
The 5G network shall be able to request the UE to provide its position-related-data on request-together with the accuracy of its position-triggered by an event or periodically and to request the UE to stop providing its position-related data periodically.
The 5G system shall support mechanisms to configure dynamically the update rate of the position-related data to fulfil different performances (e.g. power consumption, position service latency) or different location modes.
The 5G system shall allow the UE to trigger a different update rate of the position-related data based on whether the UE is moving or not.
The 5G system shall be able to determine the position-related data of the 5G positioning services with any update rate ranging from one set of position-related data every 0,1 s to one set of position-related data every month.
The 5G System shall be able to negotiate the positioning methods according to the operator's policy or the application's requirements or the user's preferences and shall support mechanisms to allow the network or the UE to trigger this negotiation.
The 5G system shall supply a method for the operator to configure and manage different positioning services for different users.
The 5G system shall be able to determine the reliability, and the uncertainty or confidence level, of the position-related data.
The 5G system shall be able to access to the positioning methods used for calculating the position-related data and to the associated uncertainty/confidence indicators.
The 5G system is expected to meet the service requirements for cyber-physical control applications in vertical domains.
A vertical domain is a particular industry or group of enterprises in which similar products or services are developed, produced, and provided. Automation refers to the control of processes, devices, or systems in vertical domains by automatic means. The main control functions of automated control systems include taking measurements, comparing results, computing any detected or anticipated errors, and correcting the process to avoid future errors. These functions are performed by sensors, transmitters, controllers, and actuators.
Cyber-physical systems are to be understood as systems that include engineered, interacting networks of physical and computational components. Cyber-physical control applications are to be understood as applications that control physical processes. Cyber-physical control applications in automation follow certain activity patterns, which are open-loop control, closed-loop control, sequence control, and batch control.
Communication services supporting cyber-physical control applications need to be ultra-reliable, dependable with a high communication service availability, and often require low or (in some cases) very low end-to-end latency.
Communication in automation in vertical domains follows certain communication patterns. The most well-known is periodic deterministic communication, others are a-periodic deterministic communication and Smart Grid.
Smart Grid is a term that refers to enhanced cyber-physical control of electrical grids and to related application. Smart Grid operation can cover power generation, transmission, distribution, and consumption, which can require high communication service availability and communication service reliability, and in some cases a low end-to-end latency with more accurate clock synchronization. 5G system functionalities can be used for Smart Grid control, monitoring, availability assurance, service security, isolation and etc.Communication for cyber-physical control applications supports operation in various vertical domains, for instance industrial automation and energy automation.
For more information about cyber-physical control applications in specific vertical domains, see clauses D.1 to D.4.
The 5G system supports the communication services for cyber-physical control applications in the vertical domains of factories of the future (smart manufacturing), electric power distribution, smart grid, central power generation, and rail-bound mass transit. The associated requirements are described in TS 22.104.
The 5G system is expected to support advanced capabilities and performance of messaging service especially for massive IoT communication which are introduced by the MSGin5G Service . The MSGin5G Service provides one to one, group and broadcast message services for thing-to-thing and person-to-thing communication with low end-to-end latency and high reliability of message delivery, in a resource efficient manner to optimize the resource usage of the both control plane and user plane in the network, and power saving in the user devices.