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Content for  TS 23.009  Word version:  16.0.0

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1  ScopeWord‑p. 7

The present document contains a detailed description of the handover procedures to be used in PLMNs. The purpose of the handover procedures, as described in the present document, are to ensure that the connection to the Mobile Station (MS) or User Equipment (UE) is maintained as it moves from one cell or radio network to another. The document defines the circuit switched handover functionality based on the service requirements in TS 22.129. For the circuit switched handover functionality related to SRVCC and vSRVCC, it is based on the service requirements in TS 23.216.
The present document considers the following five handover cases:
  1. handover between Base Station Subsystems (BSS) connected to the same MSC, this is termed an Intra-MSC handover;
  2. handover between Radio Network Subsystems (RNS) connected to the same 3G_MSC, this is termed an Intra-3G_MSC handover/relocation. This case also includes inter-system handover between RNS and BSS if the 3G_MSC supports the A-interface. In the context of this specification the term RNS refers also to a BSS when serving a mobile station in Iu mode. Furthermore, this case includes Intra-3G_MSC enhanced SRNS relocation between two RNSs;
  3. handover between Base Station Subsystems connected to different MSCs, this is termed an Inter-MSC handover. This category can be sub-divided into three further procedures:
    1. the Basic Inter-MSC Handover procedure, where the MS is handed over from a controlling MSC (MSC A) to another MSC (MSC B);
    2. the Subsequent Inter-MSC Handover procedure, where the MS is handed over from MSC B to a third MSC (MSC B');
    3. the Subsequent Inter-MSC handback, where the MS is handed back from MSC B to MSC A.
  4. handover between Radio Network Subsystems connected to different 3G_MSCs, this is termed an Inter-3G_MSC handover/relocation. In the context of this specification the term RNS also refers to a BSS when serving a mobile station in Iu mode. This category can be divided into three further sub-procedures:
    1. the Inter-3G_MSC Handover procedure from UMTS to GSM, where the UE/MS is handed over from a controlling 3G_MSC (3G_MSC A) to an MSC (MSC B);
    2. the Inter-3G_MSC Handover procedure from GSM to UMTS, where the UE/MS is handed over from a controlling MSC (MSC A) to a 3G_MSC (3G_MSC B);
    3. the Inter-3G_MSC Relocation procedure, where the UE is relocated from 3G_MSC A to 3G_MSC B. This procedure can also be combined with a hard change of radio resources (Hard Handover with switch in the core network).
    The MSC in items a) and b) this category can optionally be a 3G_MSC supporting the A-interface. The three sub-procedures also cover subsequent handover/relocation to a third MSC B' or 3G_MSC B' and subsequent handover/relocation back to MSC A or 3G_MSC A.
  5. handover within one BSS connected via AoIP, supported by the same MSC, this is termed "BSS Internal Handover with MSC Support". It is in fact a kind of external handover from MSC perspective and therefore a subset of i) but described in detail in separate subclause 6.3 for clarity. The MSC in this category can be any of MSC-A, MSC-B, 3G_MSC-A or 3G_MSC-B.
In both cases i) and iii) the same procedures as defined in the TS 48.008 and the TS 24.008 shall be used on the A interface and on the Radio Interface, respectively.
In case ii) the same procedures as defined in the TS 25.413 and the TS 24.008 shall be used on the Iu interface. If the 3G_MSC in case ii) also supports the A-interface, the TS 48.008 and the TS 24.008 shall be used on the A interface.
In case iii) the handover procedures shall transport the A-interface messages between MSC A and MSC B described in the Mobile Application Part (MAP), TS 29.002.
In case iv) the handover procedures shall transport the A-interface messages between 3G_MSC and MSC described in the Mobile Application Part (MAP), TS 29.002.
In case iv) the relocation procedure shall transport the Iu-interface messages between 3G_MSC A and 3G_MSC B described in the Mobile Application Part (MAP), TS 29.002.
The interworking between the TS 29.002 protocol and the TS 48.008 protocol is described in the TS 29.010.
Multicall supplementary service is not applicable in GERAN Iu mode and relocation of Multicalls is therefore only possible within UTRAN.
Enhanced SRNS relocation is possible only within UTRAN between two RNSs conntected to the same 3G_MSC, i.e. in case ii).
Handovers, which take place on the same MSC are termed Intra-MSC handovers; this includes both Inter-BSS and Intra BSS handovers.
Handovers, which take place on the same 3G_MSC are termed Intra-3G_MSC handovers; this includes Inter-RNS handovers and optionally RNS to BSS and BSS to RNS handovers.
In the context of this specification the term InterSystem handover can also refer to a handover which takes place between a Base Station serving a mobile station in Iu mode and a Base Station serving a mobile in A/Gb mode.
"Flexible Iu interface for handover/relocation" Option (see TS 23.221, subclause 4.2.1): Up to release 99 an RNS can be connected only to one 3G_MSC. From release 4 onwards, as a network option, an RNS can have Iu interfaces to more than one MSC. Such an additional Iu interface may be selected by an MSC during an intra-PLMN relocation or intra-PLMN BSS to RNS handover procedure. This allows the MSC to use an Intra-3G_MSC handover procedure according to case ii) instead of an Inter-3G_MSC handover procedure according to case iv). The decision whether to use the Intra-3G_MSC handover procedure is implementation and configuration dependent. In a network implementing this option, a global title based on the Global RNC-Id may optionally be used for the addressing of the Iu interface messages.
"Intra Domain Connection of RAN Nodes to Multiple CN Nodes" Option (see TS 23.236): when applied, a BSS or an RNS can be connected to more than one MSC.
The present document also covers the requirements for handover in ongoing GSM voice group calls, directed retry and handover without a circuit connection between (U)MSCs. The present document does not consider the case of handovers between radio channels on the same BSS (Intra-BSS handover) or the handover of packet radio services except for case v), the "BSS Internal Handover with MSC Support" for Intra-BSS handover in AoIP, involving the MSC as described in subclause 6.3. The Inter-RNS handover case that results in a relocation is covered by the present document, but not other Inter-RNS or Intra-RNS handover cases.
For voice broadcast calls in GSM, the speaker uses normal point-to-point handover procedures, whilst the listeners use idle mode cell reselection procedures, as for the voice group call listeners.
Voice group calls is only applicable to GSM and handover of voice group calls is therefore only possible in GSM.
Inter-MSC hand-over imposes a few limitations on the system. After inter-MSC hand-over:
  • call re-establishment is not supported.
The list of TS 48.008 features supported during and after Inter-MSC handover is given in TS 49.008.
In the Inter-MSC handover case, the interworking between a Phase 1 BSSMAP protocol possibly used by one MSC and the Phase 2 BSSMAP protocol used in the Phase 2 MAP protocol on the E-interface is performed by this MSC.
This specification assumes TDM based Core Network and therefore PCM, ITU-T G.711 [16] encoded, voice channel for speech calls between MSC-A and MSC-B and toward the other party. For bearer independent CS Core Network architecture implementations see TS 23.205 and TS 23.231. For handover including Out-Of-Band transcoder control and transcoder free operation see TS 23.153. For handover with Local Call Local Switch (LCLS) see TS 23.284.
The MSC server enhanced for SRVCC and the MSC server enhanced for vSRVCC as specified in TS 23.216 follows the procedures defined for 3G_MSC-A in the present specification with the exceptions and additions as specified in subclause 4.5.
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2  ReferencesWord‑p. 9

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
[1]
ITU-T Recommendation Q.118: "Abnormal conditions - Special release arrangements".
[2]  Void.
[2a]
TR 21.905: "3G Vocabulary".
[3]
TS 43.068: "Voice Group Call Service (VGCS); Stage 2".
[4]
TS 45.008: "Radio Subsystem Link Control".
[5]
TS 48.008: "Mobile Switching Centre Base Station System (MSC BSS) Interface Layer 3 specification".
[6]
TS 48.058: "Base Station Controler Base Transceiver Station (BSC BTS) Interface Layer 3 specification".
[7]
TS 49.008: "Application of the Base Station System Application Part (BSSAP) on the E interface".
[8]
TS 29.010: "Information Element Mapping between Mobile Station Base Station System (MS-BSS) and Base Station System Mobile services Switching Centre (BSS MSC); Signalling procedures and the Mobile Application Part (MAP)".
[9]
TS 22.129: "Handover Requirements between UMTS and GSM or other Radio Systems".
[10]
TS 24.008: "Mobile Radio Interface Layer 3 specification; Core Network Protocols; Stage 3".
[11]
TS 25.413: "UTRAN Iu interface RANAP signalling".
[12]
TS 29.002: "Mobile Application Part (MAP) specification".
[13]
TS 25.303: "UE functions and inter-layer procedures in connected mode".
[14]
TS 25.331: "Radio Resource Control (RRC) Protocol Specification".
[15]
TS 29.108: "Application of the Radio Access Network Application Part (RANAP) on the E-interface".
[16]
ITU-T Recommendation G.711: "Pulse code modulation (PCM) of voice frequencies".
[17]
TS 23.135: "Multicall supplementary service; Stage 2".
[18]
TS 23.236: "Intra Domain Connection of RAN Nodes to Multiple CN Nodes".
[19]
TS 23.221: "Architectural Requirements".
[20]
TS 25.401: "UTRAN Overall Description".
[21]
TS 23.195: "Provision of UE Specific Behaviour Information to Network Entities".
[22]
TS 23.172: "Technical realization of Circuit Switched (CS) multimedia service; UDI/RDI fallback and service modification".
[23]
TS 23.205: "Bearer-independent circuit-switched core network; Stage 2"
[24]
TS 23.231: "SIP-I based circuit-switched core network; Stage 2"
[25]
TS 23.153: "Out of band transcoder control; Stage 2".
[26]
TS 23.216: "Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC)".
[27]
TS 29.280: "3GPP Sv interface (MME to MSC, and SGSN to MSC) for SRVCC".
[28]
TS 44.018: "Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification; Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol".
[29]
TS 23.284: "Local Call Local Switch; Stage 2".
[30]
TS 24.237: "IP Multimedia (IM) Core Network (CN) subsystem (IMS) service continuity; Stage 3".
[31]
TS 23.237: "IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) Service Continuity; Stage 2".
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3  Abbreviations and definitionsWord‑p. 10

3.1  Abbreviations |R5|

For the purpose of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
3G_MSC
A third generation MSC that supports the Iu interface and optionally the A interface
3G_MSC A
The controlling 3G_MSC on which the call was originally established
3G_MSC B
The 3G_MSC to which the UE is handed over in a Basic Handover
3G_MSC B'
The 3G_MSC to which the UE is handed over in a Subsequent Handover
BSC
Base Station Controller
BSS
Base Station System
BSS-A
The BSS from which the MS is being handed over
BSS-B
The BSS to which the MS is being handed over
BTS
Base Transceiver Station
CSG
Closed Subscriber Group
CSS
CSG Subscriber Server
E-UTRAN
Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network
GERAN
GSM EDGE Radio Access Network
ISC
International Switching Centre
LCLS
Local Call Local Switch
MS
Mobile Station
MSC
A second generation Mobile Services Switching Centre that only supports the A interface
MSC A
The controlling MSC on which the call was originally established
MSC B
The MSC to which the MS is handed over in a Basic Handover
MSC B'
The MSC to which the MS is handed over in a Subsequent Handover
MME
Mobility Management Entity
RNC
Radio Network Controller
RNS
Radio Network Subsystem
SBSS
Serving BSS
SNA
Shared Network Area
SRNS
Serving RNS
STN-SR
Session Transfer Number for SR-VCC
UE
A User Equipment is a terminal that supports USIM and the UMTS Uu interface
UE/MS
A terminal that supports USIM, SIM, the Uu interface and the Um interface
UESBI
UE Specific Behaviour Information
USIM
UMTS Subscriber Identity Module
Other abbreviations used in the GSM specifications are listed in TR 21.905.
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3.2  Definitions |R5|Word‑p. 11

The following terms are used in this Technical Specification:
A/Gb mode:
mode of operation of the MS when connected to the Core Network via GERAN and the A and/or Gb interfaces. Throughout this specification the term GSM refers to GERAN A/Gb mode.
AoIP-Selected codec (Target):
the codec selected by the target BSS, to be used by the UE/MS in GERAN A/Gb mode after the handover to the BSS using A interface over IP.
AoIP-Supported Codecs List (Anchor):
a list of codecs for GERAN A/Gb mode derived by the anchor MSC A/3G_MSC-A based on the codecs supported by the MS and the codecs available at the anchor MSC A/3G_MSC-A for A interface over IP, and provided by MSC-A/3G_MSC-A to MSC-B/3G_MSC-B during Inter-MSC handover/relocation with MAP signalling. Within the list, the codecs are ordered in decreasing order of priority, the first entry in the list being the highest priority codec (preferred codec) and the last entry the lowest priority codec.
AoIP-Available Codecs list (MAP):
a list of codecs for GERAN A/Gb mode available for the target AoIP interface signalled via MAP.
CSG ID list:
for a specific PLMN-ID the list of CSG IDs for which the MS has a valid subscription. The CSG ID list for the registered PLMN can be derived from the CSG subscription data provided by the HLR or the CSS to the anchor MSC. The CSG ID lists for the equivalent PLMNs can be derived from the CSG subscription data provided by the HLR.
Iu mode:
mode of operation of the MS when connected to the Core Network via GERAN or UTRAN and the Iu interface. Throughout this specification the term UMTS refers to UTRAN or GERAN Iu mode.
Iur interface:
the logical interface between two UTRAN RNSs.
Iur-g interface:
the logical interface between two BSSs or a BSC and an RNC and it is only considered in Iu mode.
Iu Currently used codec:
the codec used by the UE/MS in UTRAN or GERAN Iu mode before a handover or SRNS relocation.
Iu Selected codec:
the codec to be used by the UE/MS in UTRAN or GERAN Iu mode after the handover or SRNS relocation.
Iu Supported Codecs List:
a list of codecs supported by the MS and by the core network, provided by MSC-A/3G_MSC-A to 3G_MSC-B during Inter-MSC handover/relocation. The Iu Supported Codecs List may contain separate list of codecs for UTRAN Iu mode and GERAN Iu mode. Within each list, the codecs are ordered in decreasing order of priority, the first entry in the list being the highest priority codec (preferred codec) and the last entry the lowest priority codec.
Default speech codec:
In UTRAN Iu mode the default speech codec is the UMTS AMR or UMTS AMR2 codec, dependent on the capabilities of the UE/MS. For a description of how the network determines the default UMTS speech codec, see TS 24.008, subclause 5.2.1.11. If necessary, 3G_MSC-B shall use the Radio Resource Information instead of the GSM Bearer Capability, since the GSM Bearer Capability is not available in MSC-B.
In GERAN Iu mode the default speech codec is the AMR FR codec.
SRVCC MSC:
MSC server enhanced for SRVCC as defined in TS 23.216, subclause 5.3.2.
vSRVCC MSC:
MSC server enhanced for vSRVCC as defined in TS 23.216, subclause 5.3.2a.
UE Specific Behaviour Information - Iu (UESBI-Iu):
information that is sent from the MSC to the RAN and that can be used to derive specific information about the UE's capabilities.
 
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms and definitions given in TS 23.216 apply:
SRVCC
vSRVCC
 
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms and definitions given in TS 23.237 apply:
SCC AS
 
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms and definitions given in TS 24.008 apply:
CSG cell
CSG ID
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