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Content for  TS 24.502  Word version:  17.0.0

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5  Network discovery and selectionWord‑p. 15

5.1  General

The following aspects are included when selecting a 5GC network and routing traffic via the 5GC network:
  1. access network discovery procedures as defined in subclause 5.2;
  2. access network selection procedures as defined in subclause 5.3; and
  3. access network reselection procedures as defined in subclause 5.4.

5.2  Access network discovery procedure

5.2.1  General

If PLMN selection specified in TS 23.122 is applicable (e.g., at switch-on, recovery from lack of 3GPP coverage, or user selection of applicable 3GPP access technology), the PLMN selection to select the highest priority PLMN according to these specifications is performed before any access network discovery.
In the access network discovery procedure, the UE can get ANDSP information on available access networks in its vicinity and can use this information when determining the presence of operator preferred access networks. Determination of the presence of access networks requires using radio access specific procedures, which are not further described here.
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5.2.2  Discovering availability of WLAN access networks

The UE may obtain WLAN Selection Policy (WLANSP) rules information by pre-configuration or by downloading the policy information from the PCF as specified in TS 23.503. The policy contains the UE access network discovery and selection related policy information to help the UE in discovering and selecting a WLAN access network (see TS 24.526).
The UE may receive multiple valid WLANSP rules. When the UE is in the home PLMN, the UE uses the valid WLANSP rules from the home PLMN to select an available WLAN. When the UE is roaming and the UE has valid rules from several of the home PLMN, a visited PLMN and a PLMN equivalent to the visited PLMN, the UE uses the WLANSP rules in the following order of decreasing priority:
  1. the valid WLANSP rules from the visited PLMN;
  2. the valid WLANSP rules from the equivalent PLMN in which the UE last received WLANSP; and
  3. the valid WLANSP rules from the home PLMN.
A WLANSP rule is valid if it meets the validity conditions included in the WLANSP rule (if provided).
The UE may apply the techniques specific to the WLAN access technologies to discover available WLAN access networks. Such techniques will not be further described here.
In addition, the UE may obtain information on operator preferred WLAN access networks via ANDSP.
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5.3  Access network selection procedureWord‑p. 16

5.3.1  General

In this release of the specification, only selection of WLAN access network is supported. The ANDSP policy contains WLANSP rules for the UE to select a WLAN access network. Rules for selecting other types of non-3GPP access networks are not specified.

5.3.2  WLAN selection procedure

5.3.2.1  General

The purpose of the WLAN selection procedure is to create a prioritized list of selected WLAN(s).
The UE shall perform WLAN selection based on the user preferences and WLANSP rules. The UE may be provisioned with WLANSP rules from multiple PLMNs. User preferences take precedence over the WLANSP rules.
The user preferences are used to select between the automatic WLAN selection procedure or the manual WLAN selection procedure:
  1. if user preferences are present, the UE shall determine the prioritized list of selected WLAN(s) using the manual mode WLAN selection procedure (see subclause 5.3.2.2); or
  2. if user preferences are not present or if there is no user-preferred WLAN access network available, the UE shall determine the prioritized list of selected WLAN(s) using the automatic mode WLAN selection procedure (see subclause 5.3.2.3).
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5.3.2.2  Manual mode WLAN selection

The UE creates a prioritized list of available WLAN(s). The creation of the prioritized list is implementation specific.

5.3.2.3  Automatic mode WLAN selection

The UE shall first determine valid WLANSP rules for WLAN selection:
  1. if the UE is not roaming over 3GPP access, the UE shall use the valid WLANSP rules from the HPLMN; or
  2. if the UE is roaming over 3GPP access, the UE may have valid WLANSP rules from several of the visited PLMN, a PLMN equivalent to the visited PLMN and the home PLMN. The UE uses the WLANSP rules in the following order of decreasing priority:
    1. the valid WLANSP rules from the visited PLMN;
    2. the valid WLANSP rules from the equivalent PLMN in which the UE last received WLANSP; and
    3. the valid WLANSP rules from the home PLMN.
The UE shall then determine the selected WLAN(s) according to the following steps:
  1. use the procedures specified in the IEEE 802.11 [19] to discover the available WLANs. The UE may perform ANQP procedures as specified in the IEEE 802.11 [19] or the Hotspot 2.0 [20] to discover the attributes and capabilities of available WLANs. If the UE supports ANQP procedures, the UE may send an ANQP request for lists of service providers (i.e. ANQP-elements "Domain Name", see IEEE 802.11 [19]) and PLMN identities (i.e. ANQP-element "3GPP Cellular Network", see TS 24.302 annex H); and
  2. if the UE has performed ANQP procedures to discover the attributes and capabilities of available WLANs, compare the attributes and capabilities of the available WLANs with the group of selection criteria of the valid WLANSP rules and construct a prioritized list of available WLANs that fulfill the selection criteria.
    1. when there are multiple valid WLANSP rules the UE evaluates the valid WLANSP rules in priority order. The UE evaluates first if an available WLAN access meets the selection criteria of the highest priority valid WLANSP rule. The UE then evaluates if an available WLAN access meets the selection criteria of the next priority valid WLANSP rule;
    2. if the Home network ind bit is not set to "1" in the group of selection criteria (see TS 24.526), the WLAN(s) that match the group of selection criteria with the highest priority are considered as the most preferred WLANs, the WLAN(s) that match the group of selection criteria with the second highest priority are considered as the second most preferred WLANs;
    3. if the Home network ind bit is set to "1" in the group of selection criteria (see TS 24.526), then the UE shall create a list of available WLANs and shall apply the group of selection criteria to all the WLANs in this list. A WLAN is included in this list, if
      1. the other selection criteria in the active WLANSP rule are met; and
      2. the UE received a lists of service providers (i.e. ANQP-elements "Domain Name") and PLMN identities (i.e. ANQP-element "3GPP Cellular Network"), and:
        1. if the list with PLMNs that can be selected from the WLAN (see TS 24.302) includes:
          1. the HPLMN derived from its IMSI; or
          2. a PLMN matching an entry in the UE's list of equivalent PLMNs; or
        2. if the domain name list (see IEEE 802.11 [19]) includes:
          1. the home domain name derived from its IMSI; or
          2. the domain name derived from its list of equivalent PLMNs; and
    4. The priority of a WLAN in the available WLANs list is set to the WLAN priority defined in the preferredSSIDlist of the matching group of selection criteria. There may be one or more selected WLANs in the list.
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5.3A  PLMN selection procedures using trusted non-3GPP access |R16|Word‑p. 18

5.3A.1  General

There are two modes of PLMN selection, namely, manual selection and automatic selection.
The UE follows one of the following two procedures defined in subclause 5.3.2.2 and subclause 5.3.2.3 depending on its implementation. The N5CW device that is not registered or cannot register via NG-RAN performs manual mode WLAN selection procedure as defined in subclause 5.3.2.2.
The PLMN selected in accordance with these procedures determines the WLAN that is selected. When the selected WLAN is a trusted non-3GPP IP access and the UE decides to access 5GC via trusted non-3GPP IP access, the UE shall derive a NAI from the identity of the selected PLMN and use the NAI as the identity for authentication and authorization with the PLMN and usage of the WLAN.
The procedures described in this subclause 5.3A shall apply to the UE and the N5CW device.
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5.3A.2  PLMN solicitation

The UE shall determine which PLMNs are available from each WLAN on the list of available WLANs constructed using the WLAN selection procedure described in subclause 5.3.2 using the following procedures:
  1. the UE selects a WLAN from the list of selected WLAN(s) constructed using the WLAN selection procedure described in subclause 5.3.2;
  2. if both the WLAN selected in step i) and the UE support ANQP specified in IEEE Std 802.11 [19] and if the UE did not obtain a list of realms using ANQP in subclause 5.3.2.3 item 1, the UE shall send an ANQP request for a list of realms (i.e. ANQP-elements "NAI Realm") and/or PLMN identities (i.e. ANQP-element "3GPP Cellular Network"); and
  3. if either the WLAN selected in step i) or the UE does not support ANQP (see IEEE Std 802.11 [19]) or the UE does not receive a list of realms in item ii), an EAP-Request/Identity is received and the EAP-Request/Identity does not include one or more of realms and/or PLMN identities (encoded in accordance with RFC 4284), the UE supports IEEE 802.1x authentication (see IEEE Std 802.1X™ [30]), the UE shall request a list of realms and/or PLMN identities interworking with that WLAN by sending the EAP-Response/Identity message including as identity the alternative NAI; and
  4. the UE repeats this procedure for all WLANs from the available list of WLANs as constructed using the WLAN selection procedure described in subclause 5.3.2.
    The UE shall convert any received PLMN identities into realms of the PLMNs using the rules defined in clause 19 and clause 28 of TS 23.003. The N5CW device shall convert any received PLMN identities into realms of the PLMNs using the rules defined in clause 28 of TS 23.003.
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5.3A.3  Manual PLMN selection mode procedureWord‑p. 19
The UE indicates to the user the PLMNs which are available via the WLAN. The UE may obtain the PLMNs available for WLAN access using procedures as described in subclause 5.3A.2. The UE selects the PLMN based on the user preference.

5.3A.4  Automatic mode PLMN selection procedure

5.3A.4.1  General

The purpose of this procedure is to:
  • select a PLMN over WLAN; and
  • construct a NAI for use with authentication signalling with the selected PLMN in order for the UE to be authorised to use the WLAN.
Until the highest priority PLMN is found, the UE shall verify if a PLMN available over a WLAN of the selected WLAN(s) is the highest priority PLMN:
  1. using the PLMNs which are available for WLAN as described in subclause 5.3A.2, the UE uses the realms of the PLMN in the remaining steps of this subclause;
  2. if the UE is registered over 3GPP access, the realm of the RPLMN of the 3GPP access is included in the list of realms created in subclause 5.3A.2 and the realm of the RPLMN of the 3GPP access does not match a realm converted from any PLMN ID in the list of "forbidden PLMNs for non-3GPP access to 5GCN", the UE shall select the RPLMN of the 3GPP access;
  3. if the UE is registered over 3GPP access, the realm of the RPLMN of the 3GPP access is not included in the list of realms created in subclause 5.3A.2, the PLMN is in the "N3AN node selection information" (see TS 24.526) and the PLMN is not in the list of "forbidden PLMNs for non-3GPP access to 5GCN" then the UE shall select the RPLMN of the 3GPP access and performs N3AN node selection with the RPLMN as defined in subclause 7.2;
  4. if the condition in steps 2) and 3) are not satisfied, the UE shall select a PLMN in the following order:
    1. if the UE used the procedures in RFC 4284 (see subclause 5.3A.2) to obtain a list of realms, then the UE is only required to select the realm of the HPLMN (if available);
    2. if the UE can determine the country it is located in (see subclause 7.2.3) and the UE determines it is located in the home country, the UE follows the procedures in subclause 5.3A.4.2;
    3. if the UE can determine the country it is located in (see subclause 7.2.3) and the UE determines it is located in a visited country, the UE determines whether it is mandatory to select a PLMN in the visited country.
      If the UE determines that it is not mandatory to select a PLMN in the visited country, the UE shall follow the procedures in subclause 5.3A.4.2;
      If the UE determines that it is mandatory to select a PLMN in the visited country, the UE shall select, in priority order, a PLMN from the list of realms created in subclause 5.3A.2, if:
      1. the PLMN is in the User Controlled PLMN Selector list (see TS 31.102); or
      2. the PLMN is in the Operator Controlled PLMN Selector list (see TS 31.102).
      If no match is found in either of the lists, the UE may perform N3AN node selection as defined in subclause 7.2.
The UE shall construct a NAI for authentication with the highest priority PLMN as follows:
  1. if the PLMN selected was selected from:
    1. a list of realms obtained using RFC 4284; or
    2. a list of PLMNs obtained from the PLMN List IE (see annex H of TS 24.302), and the PLMN was neither present in the PLMN List with S2a Connectivity IE, in the PLMN List with trusted 5G Connectivity IE nor the PLMN List with trusted 5G connectivity-without-NAS IE;
    then the UE constructs a NAI as specified in subclause 5.3A.4.3 and in accordance to the rules of TS 23.003;
  2. if the PLMN selected was selected from a list of PLMNs obtained from the PLMN List with trusted 5G Connectivity IE or the PLMN List with trusted 5G connectivity-without-NAS IE (see annex H of TS 24.302) then the UE constructs a NAI as specified in sucblause 5.3A.4.3 and in accordance to the rules in clause 28 of TS 23.003; or
  3. if the PLMN selected was selected from a list of PLMNs obtained from the PLMN List with S2a Connectivity IE (see annex H of TS 24.302) then the UE constructs a NAI as specified in sucblause 5.3A.4.3 and in accordance to the rules in clause 19 of TS 23.003 and proceeds processing as defined in TS 24.302.
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5.3A.4.2  Attempting to select HPLMN or equivalent HPLMNWord‑p. 20
If the realm of the HPLMN is included in the list of realms created in subclause 5.3A.2 then the UE shall select the HPLMN.
If the realm of the HPLMN is not included in the list of realms created in subclause 5.3A.2, but a realm of an equivalent HPLMN is included, then the UE shall select the equivalent HPLMN.
If neither realm is included in the list of realms created in subclause 5.3A.2, then the UE aborts its attempt to use trusted non-3GPP IP access.
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5.3A.4.3  NAI construction

The UE constructs the following NAI:
  1. root NAI corresponding to the HPLMN, if the highest priority PLMN is the HPLMN advertised using a PLMN identity;
  2. decorated NAI with double decoration including the realm of the highest priority PLMN and the realm of the RPLMN, if the highest priority PLMN is an equivalent visited PLMN; or
  3. decorated NAI including the realm of the highest priority PLMN, otherwise.

5.3B  PLMN selection procedures using wireline access |R16|

Roaming support for wireline access is not defined in the present version of the present document.
The 5G-RG, the W-AGF acting on behalf of the FN-RG and the W-AGF acting on behalf of the N5GC device shall consider that the HPLMN is available on each wireline access network and shall select HPLMN on the wireline access network.

5.4  Access network reselection procedureWord‑p. 21

5.4.1  General

The access network reselection procedure can be triggered based on the user's request or the operator's policy. Such operator policy for supporting network reselection can be provided by the ANDSP or can be pre-provisioned in the UE.
The access network reselection procedure can also be triggered by the UE during periodical re-evaluation of ANDSP policies (see subclause 6.4.2), or if the 'active' rule becomes invalid (conditions no longer fulfilled), or other manufacturer specific trigger.
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5.4.2  WLAN reselection procedure

For WLAN access network reselection, the UE configured with a WLANSP rule shall use the access network selection procedure as specified in subclause 5.3.2. The UE first uses WLAN Selection Policy (WLANSP) to determine the active WLANSP rule. The UE selects the highest priority and valid WLANSP rule as the active WLANSP rule.
The access network reselection procedure can be in automatic mode or manual mode. The manual mode reselection shall follow the behaviour described in subclause 5.3.2.3 and the automatic mode reselection shall follow the behaviour described in subclause 5.3.2.4.
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