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TS 33.511
Security Assurance Specification (SCAS)
for the Next Generation
Node B (gNodeB) Network Product Class

V17.2.0 (PDF)2022/09  … p.
V16.8.02022/09  … p.
Rapporteur:
Mr. Wong, Marcus
Huawei Tech.(UK) Co.. Ltd

Content for  TS 33.511  Word version:  17.1.0

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1  ScopeWord‑p. 6

The present document contains objectives, requirements and test cases that are specific to the gNB network product class. It refers to the Catalogue of General Security Assurance Requirements and formulates specific adaptions of the requirements and test cases given there, as well as specifying requirements and test cases unique to the gNB network product class.

2  ReferencesWord‑p. 6

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non-specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
[1]
TR 21.905: "Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".
[2]
TS 33.501: (Release 15): "Security architecture and procedures for 5G system".
[3]
TS 33.117: "Catalogue of general security assurance requirements".
[4]
TS 33.216: "Security Assurance Specification (SCAS) for the evolved Node B (eNB) network product class".
[5]
TR 33.926: "Security Assurance Specification (SCAS) threats and critical assets in 3GPP network product classes".
[6]
TS 38.331: "NR; Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol specification".
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3  Definitions of terms and abbreviationsWord‑p. 6

3.1  TermsWord‑p. 6

For the purposes of the present document, the terms given in TR 21.905 and the following apply. A term defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same term, if any, in TR 21.905.

3.2  AbbreviationsWord‑p. 6

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in TR 21.905 and the following apply. An abbreviation defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same abbreviation, if any, in TR 21.905.
5GC
5G Core Network
AMF
Access and Mobility Management Function
gNB
NR Node B
NG
Next Generation
NG-RAN
5G Radio Access Network
SMF
Session Management Function

4  gNodeB-specific security requirements and related test casesWord‑p. 7

4.1  IntroductionWord‑p. 7

gNB specific security requirements include both requirements derived from gNB-specific security functional requirements as well as security requirements derived from threats specific to gNB as described in TR 33.926. Generic security requirements and test cases common to other network product classes have been captured in TS 33.117 and are not repeated in the present document.

4.2  gNodeB-specific security functional adaptations of requirements and related test casesWord‑p. 7

4.2.1  IntroductionWord‑p. 7

Present clause contains gNB-specific security functional adaptations of requirements and related test cases.

4.2.2  Security functional requirements on the gNodeB deriving from 3GPP specifications and related test casesWord‑p. 7

4.2.2.1  Security functional requirements on the gNodeB deriving from 3GPP specifications - TS 33.501 [2]Word‑p. 7

4.2.2.1.1  Integrity protection of RRC-signallingWord‑p. 7
Requirement Name:
Integrity protection of RRC-signalling
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The gNB shall support integrity protection of RRC-signalling over the NG RAN air interface" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 5.3.3.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.2 - Control plane data integrity protection.
Test Case:
Test Name:
TC_CP_DATA_INT_RRC-SIGN_gNB
Purpose:
To verify that the RRC-signalling data sent between UE and gNB over the NG RAN air interface are integrity protected.
Pre-Condition:
  • The gNB network product shall be connected in emulated/real network environments. UE may be simulated.
  • Tester shall have access to the integrity algorithm and the integrity protection keys.
  • The tester can capture the message via the NG RAN air interface, or can capture the message at the UE.
Execution Steps:
  1. The NIA0 is disabled at UE and gNB.
  2. gNB sends AS SMC message to the UE, and UE responses AS SMP.
  3. Check any RRC message sent by gNB after sending AS SMC and before UE enters CM-Idle state is integrity protected.
Expected Results:
Any RRC-signalling over the NG RAN air interface is integrity protected after gNB sending AS SMC.
Expected format of evidence:
Evidence suitable for the interface, e.g. Screenshot containing the operational results.
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4.2.2.1.2  Integrity protection of user data between the UE and the gNBWord‑p. 8
Requirement Name:
Integrity protection of user data between the UE and the gNB.
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The gNB shall support integrity protection of user data packets over the NG RAN air interface" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 5.3.3.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.4 - User plane data integrity protection.
Test Case:
Test Name:
TC-UP-DATA-INT_gNB
Purpose:
To verify that the user data packets are integrity protected over the NG RAN air interface.
Pre-Condition:
  • The gNB network product shall be connected in emulated/real network environments. UE may be simulated.
  • Tester shall enable the user plane integrity protection and ensure NIA0 is not used.
  • Tester shall have knowledge of integrity algorithm and integrity protection keys.
  • The tester can capture the message via the NG RAN air interface, or can capture the message at the UE.
Execution Steps:
  1. The NIA0 is disabled at UE and gNB.
  2. gNB sends RRCConnectionReconfiguration with integrity protection indication "on".
  3. Check any User data sent by gNB after sending RRCConnectionReconfiguration and before UE enters CM-Idle state is Integrity protected.
Expected Results:
Any user plane packets sent between UE and gNB over the NG RAN air interface after gNB sending RRCConnectionReconfiguration is integrity protected.
Expected format of evidence:
Evidence suitable for the interface e.g. Screenshot containing the operational results.
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4.2.2.1.3  VOIDWord‑p. 8
4.2.2.1.4  RRC integrity check failureWord‑p. 8
Requirement Name:
RRC integrity check failure
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The RRC integrity checks shall be performed both in the ME and the gNB. In case failed integrity check (i.e. faulty or missing MAC-I) is detected after the start of integrity protection, the concerned message shall be discarded. This can happen on the gNB side or on the ME side." as specified in TS 33.501, clause 6.5.1.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.2, Control plane data integrity protection
Test Case:
Purpose:
Verify that RRC integrity check failure is handled correctly by the gNB.
Pre-Conditions:
Test environment with a UE. The UE may be simulated. RRC integrity protection is activated at the gNB.
Execution Steps
1a)
The UE sends a RRC message to the gNB without MAC-I; or
1b)
The UE sends a RRC message to the gNB with a wrong MAC-I.
2b)
The gNB verifies the integrity of the RRC message from the UE.
Expected Results:
The RRC message is discarded by the gNB after step 1a) or after step 2b).
Expected format of evidence:
Sample copies of the log files.
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4.2.2.1.5  UP integrity check failureWord‑p. 9
Requirement Name:
UP integrity check failure
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"If the gNB or the UE receives a PDCP PDU which fails integrity check with faulty or missing MAC-I after the start of integrity protection, the PDU shall be discarded." as specified in TS 33.501, clause 6.6.4.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.4, User plane data integrity protection
Test Case:
Purpose:
Verify that UP integrity check failure is handled correctly by the gNB.
Pre-Conditions:
Test environment with a UE. The UE may be simulated. UP integrity protection is activated at the gNB.
Execution Steps
1a)
The UE sends a PDCP PDU to the gNB without MAC-I; or
1b)
The UE sends a PDCP PDU to the gNB with a wrong MAC-I.
2b)
The gNB verifies the integrity of the PDCP PDU from the UE.
Expected Results:
The PDCP PDU is discarded by the gNB after step 1a) or after step 2b).
Expected format of evidence:
Evidence suitable for the interface e.g. Screenshot containing the operational results.
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4.2.2.1.6  Ciphering of RRC-signallingWord‑p. 10
Requirement Name:
Ciphering of RRC-signalling
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The gNB shall support ciphering of RRC-signalling over the NG RAN air interface" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 5.3.2.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.1 - Control plane data confidentiality protection.
Test Case:
Test Name:
TC-CP-DATA-CIP-RRC-SIGN_gNB
Purpose:
To verify that the RRC-signalling data sent between UE and gNB over the NG RAN air interface are confidentiality protected.
Pre-Condition:
  • The gNB network product shall be connected in emulated/real network environments. The UE may be simulated.
  • The tester shall have access to the NG RAN air interface or can capture the message at the UE.
Execution Steps:
  1. The UE sends a Registraton Request to the AMF.
  2. The AMF sends a KgNB and the UE security capability to the gNB.
  3. The gNB selects an algorithm and sends AS SMC to the UE.
  4. The gNB receive AS SMP from the UE.Expected Results:
Control plane packets sent to the UE after the gNB sends AS SMC is ciphered.
Expected format of evidence:
Evidence suitable for the interface, e.g. Screenshot containing the operational results.
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4.2.2.1.7  Ciphering of user data between the UE and the gNBWord‑p. 10
Requirement Name:
Ciphering of user data between the UE and the gNB
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The gNB shall provide ciphering of user data packets between the UE and the gNB on NG RAN air interface" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 5.3.2.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.3 - User plane data confidentiality protection at gNB
Test Case:
Test Name:
TC-UP-DATA-CIP_gNB
Purpose:
To verify that the user data packets are confidentiality protected over the NG RAN air interface.
Pre-Condition:
  • The gNB network product shall be connected in emulated/real network environments. The UE may be simulated.
  • The tester shall have access to the NG RAN air interface or can capture the message at the UE.
Execution Steps:
  1. The UE sends PDU session establishment Request to the SMF.
  2. The SMF sends a UP security policy with UP ciphering required or preferred to the gNB.
  3. The gNB sends RRCConnectionReconfiguration with ciphering protection indication "on".
  4. Check any user data sent by the gNB after sending RRCConnectionReconfiguration and before the UE enters into CM-Idle state.
Expected Results:
The user plane packets sent to the UE after the gNB sends RRCConnectionReconfiguration is confidentiality protected.
Expected format of evidence:
Evidence suitable for the interface e.g. Screenshot containing the operational results.
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4.2.2.1.8  Replay protection of user data between the UE and the gNBWord‑p. 11
Requirement Name:
Replay protection of user data between the UE and the gNB.
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"the gNB shall support integrity protection and replay protection of user data between the UE and the gNB" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 5.3.3.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.4 - User plane data integrity protection.
Test Case:
Test Name:
TC-UP-DATA-REPLAY_gNB
Purpose:
To verify that the user data packets are replay protected over the NG RAN air interface.
Pre-Condition:
  • The gNB network product shall be connected in emulated/real network environments. The UE may be simulated.
  • The tester shall have access to the NG RAN air interface.
  • The tester shall active the user plane integrity protection of the RRC-signalling packets.
Execution Steps:
  1. The tester shall capture the user plane data sent between UE and gNB using any network analyser over the NG RAN air interface.
  2. Tester shall filter user plane data packets sent between UE and gNB.
  3. Tester shall replay the captured user plane packets or shall use any packet crafting tool to create a user plane packet similar to the captured user plane packet and replay to the gNB.
  4. Tester shall check whether the replayed user plane packets were processed by the gNB by capturing over NG RAN air interface to see if any corresponding response message is received from the gNB.
  5. Tester shall confirm that gNB provides replay protection by dropping/ignoring the replayed packet if no corresponding response is received from the gNB to the replayed packet.
  6. Tester shall verify from the result that if the replayed user plane packets are not accepted by gNB, the NG RAN air interface is replay protected.
Expected Results:
The user plane packets sent between the UE and gNB over the NG air interface is replay protected.
Expected format of evidence:
Evidence suitable for the interface, e.g. Screenshot containing the operational results.
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4.2.2.1.9  Replay protection of RRC-signallingWord‑p. 12
Requirement Name:
Replay protection of RRC-signalling.
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The gNB shall support integrity protection and replay protection of RRC-signalling" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 5.3.3.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.2 - Control plane data integrity protection.
Test Case:
Test Name:
TC-UP-DATA-RRC-REPLAY_gNB
Purpose:
To verify the replay protection of RRC-signalling between UE and gNB over the NG RAN air interface.
Pre-Condition:
  • The gNB network product shall be connected in emulated/real network environments.
  • Tester shall have knowledge of the integrity algorithm and the corresponding protection keys.
  • The tester shall have access to the NG RANs air interface.
  • The tester shall active the user plane integrity protection of the user data packets.
Execution Steps:
  1. The tester shall capture the data sent between UE and the gNB using any network analyser over the NG RAN air interface.
  2. Tester shall filter RRC signalling packets.
  3. Tester shall check for the RRC SQN of the filtered RRC signalling packets and shall use any packet crafting tool to create RRC signalling packets similar to the captured packets or the tester shall replay the captured RRC uplink packet to the gNB to perform the replay attack over gNB.
  4. Tester shall check whether the replayed RRC signalling packets were processed by the gNB or not, by capturing over NG RAN air interface to see if any corresponding response message is received from the gNB.
  5. Tester shall confirm that gNB provides replay protection by dropping/ignoring the replayed packet if no corresponding response is sent by the gNB to the replayed packet.
Expected Results:
The RRC signalling over the NG RAN air interface is replay protected.
Expected format of evidence:
Evidence suitable for the interface, e.g. Screenshot containing the operational results.
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4.2.2.1.10  Ciphering of user data based on the security policy sent by the SMFWord‑p. 12
Requirement Name:
Ciphering of user data based on the security policy sent by the SMF
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The gNB shall activate ciphering of user data based on the security policy sent by the SMF" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 5.3.2.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.8 - Security Policy Enforcement.
Test Case:
Test Name:
TC-UP-DATA-CIP-SMF
Purpose:
To verify that the user data packets are confidentiality protected based on the security policy sent by the SMF via AMF
Pre-Condition:
  • The gNB network product shall be connected in emulated/real network environments. The UE and the 5GC may be simulated.
  • The tester shall have access to the NG RAN air interface.
  • The tester shall have knowledge of the RRC and UP ciphering algorithm and protection keys.
  • RRC ciphering is already activated at the gNB.
Execution Steps:
1)
The tester triggers PDU session establishment procedure by sending PDU session establishment request message.
2)
Tester shall trigger the SMF to send the UP security policy with ciphering protection "required" or "not needed" to the gNB.
3)
The tester shall capture the RRC connection reconfiguration procedure between gNB to UE over NG RAN air interface. And filter the RRC connection reconfiguration message sent by gNB to UE.
4)
The tester shall decrypt the RRC connection Reconfiguration message and retrieve the UP ciphering protection indication presenting in the decrypted message.
5)
The tester shall verify if the UP security policy received at gNB is same as the UP ciphering protection indication notified by the gNB to the UE in the RRC connection Reconfiguration message.
6)
Tester shall capture the RRC connection Reconfiguration complete message sent between UE and gNB.
6a)
Tester shall capture the user plane data sent between UE and gNB using any network analyser.
7)
Tester shall check that the captured UP data is activated/de-activated according to the UP security policy.
Expected Results:
When the received UP cipher protection indication is set to "required", the captured user plane data appear to be garbled (i.e. no longer plaintext) and the user plane packets are confidentiality protected based on the UP security policy sent by the SMF.
When the received UP cipher protection indication is set to "not needed", the captured user plane data appear to be plaintext and the user plane packets are not confidentiality protected based on the UP security policy sent by the SMF.
Expected format of evidence:
Evidence suitable for the interface, e.g. Screenshot containing the operational results.
Up
4.2.2.1.11  Integrity of user data based on the security policy sent by the SMFWord‑p. 13
Requirement Name:
Integrity of user data based on the security policy sent by the SMF
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The gNB shall provide integrity protection of user data based on the security policy sent by the SMF" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 5.3.2.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.8 - Security Policy Enforcement.
Test Case:
Test Name:
TC-UP-DATA-INT-SMF
Purpose:
To verify that the user data packets are integrity protected based on the security policy sent by the SMF.
Pre-Condition:
  • The gNB network product shall be connected in emulated/real network environments. The UE and the 5GC may be simulated.
  • The tester shall have access to the NG RAN air interface.
  • The tester shall have knowledge of the integrity algorithm and protection keys.
  • RRC integrity and cipher are already activated at the gNB.
Execution Steps:
  1. The tester triggers PDU session establishment procedure by sending PDU session establishment request message.
  2. Tester shall trigger the SMF to send the UP security policy with integrity protection is "required" or "not needed" to the gNB.
  3. The tester shall capture the RRC connection reconfiguration message sent by gNB to UE over NG RAN air interface.
  4. The tester shall decrypt the RRC connection reconfiguration message and retrieve the UP integrity protection indication presenting in the decrypted message.
  5. Tester shall check whether UP integrity is enabled /disabled to verify if the UP security policy received at gNB is same as the UP integrity protection indication notified by the gNB to the UE in the RRC connection reconfiguration message.
  6. Tester shall capture the user plane data sent between UE and gNB using any network analyser.
  7. The tester shall check whether the user plane data packet contains a message authentication code.
Expected Results:
When the received UP integrity protection is set to "required", the user plane data packet contains a message authentication code and the user plane packets are integrity protected based on the security policy sent by the SMF.
When the received UP interity protection is set to "not needed", the user plane data packet message authentication code is not present and the user plane packets are not integrity protected based on the security policy sent by the SMF.
Expected format of evidence:
Evidence suitable for the interface, e.g. Screenshot containing the operational results.
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4.2.2.1.12  AS algorithms selectionWord‑p. 14
Requirement Name:
AS algorithms selection
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The serving network shall select the algorithms to use dependent on: the UE security capabilities of the UE, the configured allowed list of security capabilities of the currently serving network entity." as specified in TS 33.501, clause 5.11.2.
"Each gNB shall be configured via network management with lists of algorithms which are allowed for usage. There shall be one list for integrity algorithms, and one for ciphering algorithms. These lists shall be ordered according to a priority decided by the operator." as specified in TS 33.501, clause 6.7.3.0.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, D.2.2.5 - AS algorithm selection and use
Test Case:
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4.2.2.1.13  Key refresh at the gNBWord‑p. 14
Requirement Name:
Key refresh at the gNB
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"Key refresh shall be possible for KgNB, KRRC-enc, KRRC-int, KUP-int, and KUP-enc and shall be initiated by the gNB when a PDCP COUNTs are about to be re-used with the same Radio Bearer identity and with the same KgNB." as specified in TS 33.501, clause 6.9.4.1.
"The network is responsible for avoiding reuse of the COUNT with the same RB identity and with the same key, e.g. due to the transfer of large volumes of data, release and establishment of new RBs, and multiple termination point changes for RLC-UM bearers. In order to avoid such re-use, the network may e.g. use different RB identities for RB establishments, change the AS security key, or an RRC_CONNECTED to RRC_IDLE/RRC_INACTIVE and then to RRC_CONNECTED transition." as specified in TS 38.331, clause 5.3.1.2.
Threat References:
Test Case:
Test Name:
TC_GNB_KEY_REFRESH_DRB_ID
Purpose:
Verify that the gNB performs KgNB refresh when DRB-IDs are about to be reused under the following conditions:
  • the successive Radio Bearer establishment uses the same RB identity while the PDCP COUNT is reset to 0, or
  • the PDCP COUNT is reset to 0 but the RB identity is increased after multiple calls and wraps around.
Pre-Conditions:
The UE, AMF and SMF may be simulated.
Execution Steps
  1. The gNB sends the AS Security Mode Command message to the UE.
  2. The UE responds with the AS Security Mode Complete message.
  3. A DRB is set up.
  4. DRB is set up and torn down for multiple times within one active radio connection without the UE going to idle (e.g. by the UE making multiple IMS calls, or by the SMF requesting PDU session modification and deactivation via the AMF), until the DRB ID is reused.
Expected Results:
Before DRB ID reuse, the gNB takes a new KgNB into use by e.g. triggering an intra-cell handover or triggering a transition from RRC_CONNECTED to RRC_IDLE or RRC_INACTIVE and then back to RRC_CONNECTED.
Expected format of evidence:
Part of log that shows all the DRB identities and the intra-cell handover or the transition from RRC_CONNECTED to RRC_IDLE or RRC_INACTIVE and then back to RRC_CONNECTED. This part can be presented, for example, as a screenshot.
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4.2.2.1.14  Bidding down prevention in Xn-handoversWord‑p. 16
Requirement Name:
Bidding Down Prevention
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"In the Path-Switch message, the target gNB shall send the UE's 5G security capabilities, UP security policy with corresponding PDU session ID received from the source gNB to the AMF." as specified in TS 33.501, clause 6.7.3.1.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.6 Bidding Down on Xn-Handover
Test Case:
Up
4.2.2.1.15  AS protection algorithm selection in gNB changeWord‑p. 16
Requirement Name:
AS protection algorithm selection in gNB change.
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The target gNB shall select the algorithm with highest priority from the UE's 5G security capabilities according to the locally configured prioritized list of algorithms (this applies for both integrity and ciphering algorithms). The chosen algorithms shall be indicated to the UE in the Handover Command message if the target gNB selects different algorithms compared to the source gNB" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 6.7.3.1, and clause 6.7.3.2.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, D.2.2.5 - AS algorithm selection and use
Test Case:
Up
4.2.2.1.16  Control plane data confidentiality protection over N2/Xn interfaceWord‑p. 16
Requirement Name:
Control plane data confidentiality protection over N2/Xn interface
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The transport of control plane data over N2 shall be integrity, confidentiality and replay-protected." "The transport of control plane data and user data over Xn shall be integrity, confidentiality and replay-protected." as specified in TS 33.501, clauses 9.2 and 9.4.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.1 - Control plane data confidentiality protection.
Test Case:
Up
4.2.2.1.17  Control plane data integrity protection over N2/Xn interfaceWord‑p. 16
Requirement Name:
Control plane data integrity protection over N2/Xn interface
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"The transport of control plane data over N2 shall be integrity, confidentiality and replay-protected." "The transport of control plane data and user data over Xn shall be integrity, confidentiality and replay-protected." as specified in TS 33.501, clauses 9.2 and 9.4.
Threat References:
TR 33.926, clause D.2.2.2 - Control plane data integrity protection.
Test Case:
Up
4.2.2.1.18  Key update at the gNB on dual connectivityWord‑p. 17
Requirement Name:
Key update at the gNB on dual connectivity
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"When executing the procedure for adding subsequent radio bearer(s) to the same SN, the MN shall, for each new radio bearer, assign a radio bearer identity that has not previously been used since the last KSN change. If the MN cannot allocate an unused radio bearer identity for a new radio bearer in the SN, due to radio bearer identity space exhaustion, the MN shall increment the SN Counter and compute a fresh KSN, and then shall perform a SN Modification procedure to update the KSN" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 6.10.2.1.
"The SN shall request the Master Node to update the KSN over the Xn-C, when uplink and/or downlink PDCP COUNTs are about to wrap around for any of the SCG DRBs or SCG SRB" as specified in TS 33.501, clause 6.10.2.2.1.
"The MN shall refresh the root key of the 5G AS security context associated with the SN Counter before the SN Counter wraps around. Refreshing the root key is done using intra cell handover as described in subclause 6.7.3.3 of the present document. When the root key is refreshed, the SN Counter is reset to '0' as defined above." as specified in TS 33.501, clause 6.10.3.1.
Threat References:
Test Case 1:
Test Name:
TC_GNB_DC_KEY_UPDATE_DRB_ID
Purpose:
Verify that the gNB under test acting as a Master Node (MN) performs KSN update when DRB-IDs are about to be reused.
Pre-Conditions:
  • Test environment with a gNB or ng-eNB acting as the Secondary Node (SN), which may be simulated
  • Test environment with a UE, SMF and AMF, which may be simulated
Execution Steps
  1. The gNB under test establishes RRC connection and AS security context with the UE.
  2. The gNB under test establishes security context between the UE and the SN for the given AS security context shared between the gNB under test and the UE; and generates a KSN sent to the SN.
  3. A SCG bearer is set up between the UE and the SN.
  4. The gNB under test is triggered to execute the SN Modification procedure to provide additional available DRB IDs to be used for SN terminated bearers (e.g. by the UE making multiple IMS calls, or by the SMF requesting PDU session modification and deactivation via the AMF), until the DRB IDs are reused,
Expected Results:
  • Before DRB ID reuse, the gNB under test generates a new KSN and sends it via the SN Modification Request message to the SN.
    Expected format of evidence:
Evidence suitable for the interface, e.g. text representation of the captured SN Modification Request message.
Test Case 2:
Test Name:
TC_GNB_DC_KEY_UPDATE_SN_COUNTER
Purpose:
Verify that the gNB under test acting as a Master Node (MN) performs KNG-RAN( AS root key) update when SN COUNTER is about to wrap around..
Pre-Conditions:
  • Test environment with a gNB or ng-eNB acting as the Secondary Node (SN), which may be simulated
  • Test environment with a UE, SMF and AMF, which may be simulated.
Execution Steps
  1. The gNB under test establishes RRC connection and AS security context with the UE.
  2. The gNB under test establishes security context between the UE and the SN for the given AS security context shared between the gNB under test and the UE; and generates a KSN sent to the SN and increases the value of SN Counter;
  3. A SCG bearer is set up between the UE and the SN.
  4. The gNB under test is triggered to execute the SN Modification procedure to provide updated KSN to SN, until the SN Counter value wraps around.
Expected Results:
  • Before SN Counter wraps around, the gNB under test takes a new KNG-RAN into use by e.g. triggering an intra-cell handover or triggering a transition from RRC_CONNECTED to RRC_IDLE or RRC_INACTIVE and then back to RRC_CONNECTED.
Expected format of evidence:
Part of log that shows the SN Counter values before and after wrapping around and the intra-cell handover or the transition from RRC_CONNECTED to RRC_IDLE or RRC_INACTIVE and then back to RRC_CONNECTED. This part can be presented, for example, as a screenshot.
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4.2.2.1.19  UP security activation in Inactive scenarioWord‑p. 18
Requirement Name:
UP security activation in Inactive scenario
Requirement Reference:
Requirement Description:
"If the UP security activation status can be supported in the target gNB/ng-eNB, the target gNB/ng-eNB shall use the UP security activations that the UE used at the last source cell. Otherwise, the target gNB/ng-eNB shall respond with an RRC Setup message to establish a new RRC connection with the UE." as specified in TS 33.501, clause 6.8.2.1.3.
Threat Reference:
TBD
Test case:
Test Name:
TC_GNB_INACTIVE_TO_ACTIVE
Purpose:
Verify that the target gNB/ng-eNB uses the UP security activation status to activate the UP security.
Pre-Conditions:
  • The gNB network product shall be connected in emulated/real network environments.
  • The UE may be simulated.
Execution Steps
  1. The tester shall complete a Registration Procedure and PDU Session establishment procedure to make sure the gNB configure the UP security, and get the UP security activation status.
  2. The gNB sends RRC Release message with a suspend config to the UE.
  3. The tester deletes the UP security activation status of the UE.
  4. The tester triggers the UE to send RRC Resume message.
Expected Results:
The gNB sends RRC Setup message to the UE.
Expected format of evidence:
Screenshot containing the operational results.
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4.2.3  Technical BaselineWord‑p. 18

4.2.3.1  IntroductionWord‑p. 18

The present clause provides baseline technical requirements.

4.2.3.2  Protecting data and informationWord‑p. 18

4.2.3.2.1  Protecting data and information - generalWord‑p. 18
There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.3.2.1 of TS 33.117.
4.2.3.2.2  Protecting data and information - unauthorized viewingWord‑p. 18
There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.3.2.2 of TS 33.117.
4.2.3.2.3  Protecting data and information in storageWord‑p. 18
There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.3.2.3 of TS 33.117.
4.2.3.2.4  Protecting data and information in transferWord‑p. 18
There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.3.2.4 of TS 33.117.
4.2.3.2.5  Logging access to personal dataWord‑p. 18
The requirement and testcase in clause 4.2.3.2.5 of TS 33.117 are not applicable to the gNB network products.

4.2.3.3  Protecting availability and integrityWord‑p. 18

There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.3.3 of TS 33.117.

4.2.3.4  Authentication and authorizationWord‑p. 18

4.2.3.4.1  Authentication attributesWord‑p. 19
gNB-specific adaptation to clause 4.2.3.4.2.1 of TS 33.117 is:
Dual-factor authentication by combining several authentication options as noted in clause 4.2.3.4.2.1 of TS 33.117 for higher level of security is not applicable to the gNB.
Apart from the above exception, there are no other gNB-specific adaptations to clause 4.2.3.4.2 of TS 33.117.
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4.2.3.5  Protecting sessionsWord‑p. 19

There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.3.5 of TS 33.117.

4.2.3.6  LoggingWord‑p. 19

There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.3.6 of TS 33.117.

4.2.4  Operating systemsWord‑p. 19

The gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.4 of TS 33.117 are:
For the requirement defined in clause 4.2.4.1.1.2   Handling of ICMP of TS 33.117:
  • Echo Reply can be sent by default.
  • In case of remote base station auto deployment, Router Advertisement can be processed. Apart from the above exceptions, there are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.4 of TS 33.117.
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4.2.5  Web serversWord‑p. 19

There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.5 of TS 33.117.

4.2.6  Network devicesWord‑p. 19

4.2.6.1  Protection of data and informationWord‑p. 19

There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.6 of TS 33.117.

4.2.6.2  Protecting availability and integrityWord‑p. 19

4.2.6.2.1  Packet filteringWord‑p. 19
There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.6.2.1 of TS 33.117.
4.2.6.2.2  Interface robustness requirementsWord‑p. 19
There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.6.2.2 of TS 33.117.
4.2.6.2.3  GTP-C FilteringWord‑p. 19
The requirement and testcase in clause 4.2.6.2.3 of TS 33.117 is not applicable to gNB network products.
4.2.6.2.4  GTP-U FilteringWord‑p. 19
There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.2.6.2.4 of TS 33.117.

4.2.7Void

4.3  gNodeB-specific adaptations of hardening requirements and related test cases.Word‑p. 20

4.3.1  IntroductionWord‑p. 20

The present clause contains gNB-specific adaptations of hardening requirements and related test cases.

4.3.2  Technical BaselineWord‑p. 20

There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.3.2 of TS 33.117.

4.3.3  Operating SystemsWord‑p. 20

There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.3.3 of TS 33.117.

4.3.4  Web ServersWord‑p. 20

There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.3.4 of TS 33.117.

4.3.5  Network DevicesWord‑p. 20

There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.3.5 of TS 33.117.

4.3.6  Network Functions in service-based architectureWord‑p. 20

The requirements and test cases in clause 4.3.6 of TS 33.117 are not applicable to the gNB network products.

4.4  gNodeB-specific adaptations of basic vulnerability testing requirements and related test casesWord‑p. 20

There are no gNB-specific additions to clause 4.4 of TS 33.117.

$  Change historyWord‑p. 21


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