A CN node requests paging only for MSs in CMM IDLE state or PMM IDLE state. In the separate CN architecture, paging from a CN node is done independently from the state of the MS in the other CN service domain.
In the context of this specification, the terms RNS or RNC refer also to a GERAN BSS or BSC (respectively) when serving an MS in Iu mode.
In this alternative with paging co-ordination in the RAN, the MS does not need to listen to the PCH (Paging Channel) in the RRC Connected mode, at least not when MS is allocated a dedicated channel.
For each paging request received from a CN node, the RNC determines whether the MS has an established RRC connection or not. In order to achieve this, the context that is prepared within the SRNC for MS in RRC Connected mode must contain the IMSI, which is the common MS identity for the two CN domains.
If no context is found for the MS, "normal PCH paging" is performed. The paging message is transferred on the paging channel, and it includes the MS paging identity received from the CN and a CN service domain type indication.
If a context is found, a "CN paging message" is transferred using the existing RRC connection. This message includes a CN service domain type indication. If, potentially after repetition, this transfer is unsuccessful and if the CS domain originally triggered the paging, the RNC should decide whether to attempt "normal PCH paging" as described in clause "Unsynchronous states in the UE and the UTRAN".
An MS in RRC URA/GRA connected state is paged by the RAN before a downlink transfer to that MS. The URA/GRA paging procedure shall move the RRC state to Cell Connected to allow the RAN to forward downlink data or signalling message to the radio resource. Therefore, the RRC: Cell Update message from the MS that moves the RRC State at the RAN to Cell Connected state is a valid response to URA/GRA paging.
The RAN supervises the paging procedure with a timer. If the RAN receives no response from the MS to the URA or GRA Paging Request message, it shall repeat the paging. The repetition strategy is implementation dependent. If it is unsuccessful and if the paging was originally triggered by the CS domain, it is the RNC's responsibility to recover this situation by following the "normal PCH paging" mechanism (see clause "Paging Initiated by CN"). For more information see TS 25.303
The URA/GRA Paging procedure is illustrated in Figure 60.
The RAN receives a downlink PDP PDU for an MS in RRC URA/GRA connected state. Downlink signalling to an MS in RRC URA/GRA connected state initiates URA/GRA paging as well.
The RAN pages the MS with one Paging Type 1 (RNTI, Paging originator) message in each cell belonging to the URA/GRA where the MS exists. RNTI is the identifier by which the MS is paged. Paging originator indicates whether this is the core network originated paging or RAN originated paging, so it represents "RAN" in this case.
The paging request triggers the Cell Update procedures in the MS. The Cell Update procedures are described in TS 25.331