Content for  TR 22.878  Word version:  18.2.0

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1  Scopep. 6

The present document identifies additional potential requirements on the 5G system to support time-synchronization services in public and vertical domains, including both the ability to improve resiliency of timing services involving technologies supported by 5G and the ability to the ability to act as a backup for GNSS timing services.
The use cases address:
  • the use of 5G system in concert with other timing technologies as a resilient timing source for end-users in complement/back-up/alternate to GNSS, and
  • enhancement to the 5G system to enable time synchronization resiliency if GNSS or other timing services are compromised.

2  Referencesp. 6

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non-specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
TR 21.905: "Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): "Timing Challenges in the Smart Grid", January 2017.
61850-9-3-2016: IEC/IEEE International Standard - Communication networks and systems for power utility automation - Part 9-3: Precision time protocol profile for power utility automation.
IEEE 1588-2019: IEEE Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems.
Used with permission from ABB Distribution Solutions.
TS 22.104: "Service requirements for cyber-physical control applications in vertical domains".
TS 38.305: "NG Radio Access Network (NG-RAN); Stage 2 functional specification of User Equipment (UE) positioning in NG-RAN"
ATIS-0900005: "Technical Report on GPS Vulnerability",
TR 22.867: "Study on 5G Smart Energy and Infrastructure"
NPL: "Time Traceability for the Finance Sector, Fact Sheet", version 2.0.
BIPM Time Department:
Markets in Financial Instruments (MiFID II) - Directive 2014/65/EU:
Regulatory Technical Standard 25. Level of accuracy of business clocks:
ESMA: "Guidelines on transaction reporting, order record keeping and clock synchronisation under MiFID II",

3  Definitions, symbols and abbreviationsp. 7

3.1  Definitionsp. 7

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in TR 21.905 and the following apply. A term defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same term, if any, in TR 21.905.
A clock A, previously synchronized/syntonized to another clock B (normally a primary reference or a Master Clock) but whose frequency is determined in part using data acquired while it was synchronized/syntonized to B, is said to be in holdover or in the holdover mode as long as it is within its accuracy requirements.
Holdover time:
the time period that is available to repair the first priority timing source when it is lost (e.g., when the primary GNSS reference is lost). During this period the synchronization accuracy requirement should be guaranteed, e.g., by means of defining multiple synchronization references.

3.2  Abbreviationsp. 7

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in TR 21.905 and the following apply. An abbreviation defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same abbreviation, if any, in TR 21.905.
International Bureau of Weights and Measures
Consolidated Audit Trail
Device-side TSN translator
European Securities and Markets Authority
Markets in Financial Instruments Directive II
Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation
National Market Systems
Network Time Protocol
RTS 25
Regulatory Technical Standard 25
Supervisory control and data acquisition
Simple Network Time Protocol
Terrestrial Beacon System
Coordinated Universal Time

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