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TS 26.450
Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS) –
Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)

V18.0.0 (PDF)2024/03  10 p.
V17.0.0  2022/03  10 p.
V16.0.0  2019/03  10 p.
V15.0.0  2018/06  10 p.
V14.0.0  2017/03  10 p.
V13.0.0  2015/12  10 p.
V12.0.0  2014/09  10 p.
Dr. Gibbs, Jon
HUAWEI Technologies Japan K.K.

Content for  TS 26.450  Word version:  18.0.0

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1  Scopep. 5

This document specifies the system level aspects of the Discontinuous Transmission (DTX) function of the EVS codec.

2  Referencesp. 5

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non-specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
TR 21.905: "Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".
TS 26.445: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); Detailed Algorithmic Description".
TS 26.442: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); ANSI C code (fixed-point)".
TS 26.443: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); ANSI C code (floating-point)".
TS 26.444: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); Test Sequences".
TS 26.446: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); AMR-WB Backward Compatible Functions".
TS 26.447: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); Error Concealment of Lost Packets".
TS 26.448: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); Jitter Buffer Management".
TS 26.449: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); Comfort Noise Generation (CNG) Aspects".
TS 26.441: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); General Overview".
TS 26.451: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); Voice Activity Detection (VAD)".
TS 26.114: "Multimedia Telephony; Media handling and interaction".
TS 26.131: "Terminal acoustic characteristics for telephony; Requirements".
TR 26.952: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); Performance Characterization".
TS 26.452: "Codec for Enhanced Voice Services (EVS); ANSI C code; Alternative fixed-point using updated basic operators".

3  Abbreviationsp. 6

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in TR 21.905 and the following apply. An abbreviation defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same abbreviation, if any, in TR 21.905.
Algebraic Code-Excited Linear Prediction
Adaptive Multi Rate Wideband (codec)
Comfort Noise Generator
Discontinuous Transmission
Enhanced Voice Services
Frame Erasure Concealment
Internet Protocol
Jitter Buffer Management
Most Significant Bit
Multimedia Telephony Service for IMS
Packet Switched
Public Switched Telephone Network
Signal Activity Detection
Source Controlled - Variable Bit Rate
Silence Insertion Descriptor
Super Wideband
Voice Activity Detection
Weighted Millions of Operations Per Second

4  Generalp. 6

4.1  Backgroundp. 6

The present document specifies the system level aspects of the Discontinuous Transmission (DTX) function of the EVS codec. Specific codec functions that implement the DTX and other EVS functionalities are described in TS 26.445, TS 26.446, TS 26.447, TS 26.448, TS 26.449 and TS 26.451. The corresponding fixed-point reference C code is specified in TS 26.442 and TS 26.452 using two different sets of basic operators. The corresponding floating-point reference C code is specified in TS 26.443. The EVS test sequences are given in TS 26.444 and the EVS codec is characterized in TR 26.952.
Discontinuous transmission (DTX) is a mechanism for the EVS Codec to encode the input signal at a lower average rate by taking speech inactivity into account. The DTX scheme is useful for the following purposes:
  • to conserve UE power,
  • to improve network capacity.
DTX in the transmitting path (uplink) shall be in operation in UEs if commanded so by the network. The UE shall handle DTX in the receiving path (downlink) at any time, regardless of whether DTX in the transmitting path is commanded or not.

4.2  General organizationp. 6

The default DTX mechanism described in the present document requires the following functions:
  • a Signal Activity Detector (SAD) on the transmit (TX) side;
  • evaluation of the background acoustic noise on the transmit (TX) side in order to transmit characteristic parameters to the receive (RX) side;
  • generation, on the receive (RX) side, of a similar noise called comfort noise during periods where the transmission is switched off.
The Signal Activity Detector (SAD) is defined in TS 26.451 and the comfort noise functions in TS 26.449. Both are based partly on the EVS Codec and its internal variables defined in TS 26.445.
In addition to these functions, if the parameters arriving at the RX side are detected to be seriously corrupted by errors, the speech or comfort noise shall be generated from substituted data in order to avoid seriously annoying effects for the listener. These functions are defined in TS 26.447.
An overall description of the speech processing parts can be found in TS 26.441. An overview of the DTX operation is shown in Figure 1.
Copy of original 3GPP image for 3GPP TS 26.450, Fig. 1: Block diagram of DTX Operation
Figure 1: Block diagram of DTX Operation
(⇒ copy of original 3GPP image)

5  EVS Codec DTX Operationp. 7

5.1  Transmit (TX) sidep. 7

There are two algorithms for extending the DTX hangover period. One is a general hangover algorithm and other is specific to music. Both are defined in clause of TS 26.445.
The main specification of the DTX/CNG algorithms is contained in clause 5.6 of TS 26.445.
The bit allocation of SID frames generated for DTX operation is defined in clause 7.2 of TS 26.445.

5.2  Receive (RX) sidep. 7

Operation of the EVS decoder, including decoding of SID frames generated during DTX operation is described in clause 6.7 of TS 26.445.

$  Change historyp. 8

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