The cost of the call may cover the cost of sending, transporting, delivery and storage. The cost of call related signalling may also be included. Provision shall be made for charging based on time, destination, location, volume, bandwidth, access technology and quality. Charges may also be levied as a result of the use of value-added services.
It shall be possible for information relating to chargeable events to be made available to the home environment at short notice. The requirements shall include:
Immediately after a chargeable event is completed;
At regular intervals of time, volume or charge during a chargeable event.
Delivery of the location of the terminal to the home environment, e.g. cell identification;
Standardised mechanisms of transferring charging information are required to make these requirements possible.
It should be possible for multiple leg calls (e.g. forwarded, conference or roamed) to be charged to each party as if each leg was separately initiated. However, in certain types of call, the originating party may wish/be obliged to pay for other legs (e.g. SMS MO may also pay for the MT leg.).
It shall be possible to charge according to the location (e.g. cell, or zone) and access technology that are being used to access network services.
Provision shall be made for the chargeable party to be changed during the life of the call. There shall be a flexible billing mechanism which may include the use of stored value cards, credit cards or similar devices.
The chargeable party (normally the calling party) shall be provided with an indication of the charges to be levied (e.g. via the called number automatically or the Advice of Charge supplementary service) for the duration of the call (even though the user may change service environment)The user shall be able to make decisions about the acceptable level of accumulated charge dynamically or through their service profile.
If a user is to be charged for accepting a call then their consent should be obtained. This may be done dynamically or through their service profile.
Charging and accounting solutions shall support the shared network architecture so that end users can be appropriately charged for their usage of the shared network, and network sharing partners can be allocated their share of the costs of the shared network resources.