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TS 48.054
BSC-BTS Interface –
Layer 1 Structure of Physical Circuits

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Mr. Andersen, Niels Peter Skov
Anemone Technology

Content for  TS 48.054  Word version:  16.0.0

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1  ScopeWord‑p. 5

The use and general aspects of the A-bis interface are given in TS 48.051.
The present document defines the structure of the physical layer (layer 1) of the BSC - BTS/TRX interface for supporting traffic channels and control channels. Use of the physical layer for supporting link protocol is covered in TS 48.056.
The physical layer is the lowest layer in the OSI Reference Model and it supports all functions required for transmission of bit streams on the physical medium.

2  References

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
TR 21.905: "Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".
TS 48.020: "Rate adaption on the Base Station System - Mobile services Switching Centre (BSS - MSC) interface".
TS 48.051: "Base Station Controller - Base Transceiver Station (BSC BTS) interface; General aspects".
TS 48.056: "Base Station Controller - Base Transceiver Station (BSC - BTS) interface; Layer 2 specification".".
TS 48.060: "In-band control of remote transcoders and rate adaptors for full rate traffic channels".
TS 48.061: "In-band control of remote transcoders and rate adaptors for half rate traffic channels".
ITU-T Recommendation G.703: "Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces".
ITU-T Recommendation G.705: "Characteristics of plesiochronous digital hierarchy (PDH) equipment functional blocks".
ITU-T Recommendation G.711: "Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) of voice frequencies".
ITU-T Recommendation G.732: "Characteristics of primary PCM multiplex equipment operating at 2048 kbit/s".
ITU-T Recommendation I.460: "Multiplexing, rate adaption and support of existing interfaces".

3  Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in TR 21.905 apply.

4  Layer 1 specificationWord‑p. 6

All the ITU-T recommendations referred to are Blue Book.
Layer 1 shall utilize digital transmission at a rate of 2048 kbit/s with a frame structure of 32 x 64 kbit/s time slots, as specified in ITU-T Recommendation G.705 clause 3 or at a rate of 64 kbit/s.
The physical/electrical characteristics are defined in ITU-T Recommendation G.703.
Synchronization at the BTS/TRX for the transmitted bit stream toward the BSC shall be derived from the received bit stream from the BSC.
For transmission rate at 64 kbit/sec it shall be an interface as defined in ITU-T Recommendation G.703.
For transmission rate at 2048 kbit/s the functional characteristics are defined in ITU-T Recommendation G.732 clauses 2 and 3, and fault conditions should be treated in accordance with ITU-T Recommendation G.732 clause 4.
The idle pattern must be transmitted on every timeslot that is not assigned to a channel, and to every timeslot of a channel that is not allocated to a call. The idle pattern shall be 01010100 for a 64 kbit/s channel and the 2-bit pattern 01 for 16 kbit/s channels. For 8 kbit/s channels, the idle pattern shall be consecutive ones or zeros according to the corresponding idle pattern bit of a 16 kbit/s channel.
If transcoders are located in BTS speech encoding shall be the A-law as defined in ITU-T Recommendation G.711.
If speech transcoders are located in the BSC the speech, data and signalling channels will utilize transmission rates of 8 kbit/s, 16 kbit/s or 64 kbit/s according to TS 48.060 and TS 48.061. They shall be rate adapted or multiplexed according to ITU-T Recommendation I.460 with fixed format, to fit into the physical interface.
Data encoding is covered in TS 48.020.
In the case of a 2048 kbit/sec circuit, multidrop solutions should be possible. Dynamic sharing of terrestrial 64 kbit/sec channels between BTS:s on a per-call basis must not be used.

$  Change HistoryWord‑p. 7

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