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RFC 4826

Extensible Markup Language (XML) Formats for Representing Resource Lists

Pages: 31
Proposed Standard
Errata

Top   ToC   RFC4826 - Page 1
Network Working Group                                       J. Rosenberg
Request for Comments: 4826                                         Cisco
Category: Standards Track                                       May 2007


                   Extensible Markup Language (XML)
                Formats for Representing Resource Lists

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007).

Abstract

In multimedia communications, presence, and instant messaging systems, there is a need to define Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) that represent services that are associated with a group of users. One example is a resource list service. If a user sends a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) SUBSCRIBE message to the URI representing the resource list service, the server will obtain the state of the users in the associated group, and provide it to the sender. To facilitate definition of these services, this specification defines two Extensible Markup Language (XML) documents. One document contains service URIs, along with their service definition and a reference to the associated group of users. The second document contains the user lists that are referenced from the first. This list of users can be utilized by other applications and services. Both documents can be created and managed with the XML Configuration Access Protocol (XCAP).
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Table of Contents

1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3. Resource Lists Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.1. Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.2. Schema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.3. Example Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.4. Usage with XCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.4.1. Application Unique ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.4.2. MIME Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.4.3. XML Schema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.4.4. Default Namespace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.4.5. Additional Constraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.4.6. Data Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.4.7. Naming Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.4.8. Resource Interdependencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.4.9. Authorization Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 4. RLS Services Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.1. Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.2. Schema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 4.3. Example Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4.4. Usage with XCAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.4.1. Application Unique ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.4.2. MIME Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.4.3. XML Schema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.4.4. Default Namespace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.4.5. Additional Constraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.4.6. Data Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.4.7. Naming Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.4.8. Resource Interdependencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 4.4.9. Authorization Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 4.5. Usage of an RLS Services Document by an RLS . . . . . . . 20 5. SIP URI Canonicalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 6. Extensibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 7. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 8. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 8.1. XCAP Application Unique IDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 8.1.1. resource-lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 8.1.2. rls-services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 8.2. MIME Type Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 8.2.1. application/resource-lists+xml . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 8.2.2. application/rls-services+xml . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 8.3. URN Sub-Namespace Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 8.3.1. urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists . . . . . . . . 27 8.3.2. urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:rls-services . . . . . . . . . 28 8.4. Schema Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 8.4.1. urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:resource-lists . . . . . . 28
Top   ToC   RFC4826 - Page 3
       8.4.2.  urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:rls-services  . . . . . . . 29
   9.  Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
   10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
     10.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
     10.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

1. Introduction

The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) [4] defines the SIP Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) as any resource to which a SIP request can be generated for the purposes of establishing some form of communications operation. These URIs can represent users (for example, sip:joe@example.com). The SIP URI can also represent a service, such as voicemail, conferencing, or a presence list. A common pattern across such SIP services is that the service is defined, and associated with a URI. In order to operate, that service needs to make use of a list of users (or, more generally, a list of resources). When a SIP request is sent to the service URI, the server providing the service reads that list, and then performs some kind of operation against each resource on the list. This is shown in Figure 1. /---\ | | \---/ Resource +----| | List | | | | \---/ | | | | V +-------------+ | | --------> | SIP | ---------------> | Service | --------> service | | URI | | --------> +-------------+ Figure 1 One important example of such a service is a presence [11] list service. A presence list service allows a client to generate a SIP SUBSCRIBE request to ask for presence information for a list of users. The presence list server obtains the presence for the users on the list and provides them back to the client. A presence list
Top   ToC   RFC4826 - Page 4
   server is a specific case of a resource list server (RLS) [14], which
   allows a client to generate a SIP SUBSCRIBE request to ask for
   notifications of SIP events for a list of resources.

   Another example of such a service is an instant conference service.
   If a client sends a SIP INVITE request to the URI representing the
   instance conference service, the conference server will create a
   conference call containing the client and the associated group of
   users.

   It is very useful for a user of these systems to define the groups of
   users or resources (generally called a resource list) separately from
   the services that access those resource lists.  Indeed, there are
   usages for resource lists even in the absence of any associated
   network-based service.  As an example, rather than use a presence
   list service, a client might generate individual SUBSCRIBE requests
   to obtain the presence of each user in a locally stored presence
   list.  In such a case, there is a need for a format for storing the
   list locally on disk.  Furthermore, the user might wish to share the
   list with friends, and desire to email it to those friends.  This
   also requires a standardized format for the resource list.

   As such, this document defines two Extensible Markup Language (XML)
   document formats.  The first is used to represent resource lists,
   independent of any particular service.  The second is used to define
   service URIs for an RLS, and to associate a resource list with the
   service URI.  This document also defines an XML Configuration Access
   Protocol (XCAP) [10] application usage for managing each of these two
   documents.

2. Terminology

In this document, the key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [1] and indicate requirement levels for compliant implementations.

3. Resource Lists Documents

3.1. Structure

A resource lists document is an XML [2] document that MUST be well- formed and MUST be valid according to schemas, including extension schemas, available to the validater and applicable to the XML document. Resource lists documents MUST be based on XML 1.0 and MUST be encoded using UTF-8. This specification makes use of XML namespaces for identifying resource lists documents and document fragments. The namespace URI for elements defined by this
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   specification is a URN [3] that uses the namespace identifier 'ietf'
   defined by RFC 2648 [6] and extended by RFC 3688 [8].  This URN is:

      urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists

   A resource lists document has the <resource-lists> element as the
   root element of the document.  This element has no attributes.  Its
   content is a sequence of zero or more <list> elements, each of which
   defines a single resource list.

   Each <list> element can contain an optional "name" attribute.  This
   attribute is a handle for the list.  When present, it MUST be unique
   amongst all other <list> elements within the same parent element.
   The <list> element may also contain attributes from other namespaces,
   for the purposes of extensibility.

   Each <list> element is composed of an optional display name, a
   sequence of zero or more elements, each of which may be an <entry>
   element, a <list> element, an <entry-ref> element, or an <external>
   element, followed by any number of elements from other namespaces,
   for the purposes of extensibility.  The ability of a <list> element
   to contain other <list> elements means that a resource list can be
   hierarchically structured.  The <display-name> then allows for a
   human-friendly name to be associated with each level in the
   hierarchy.  An <entry> element describes a single resource, defined
   by a URI, that is part of the list.  An <entry-ref> element allows an
   entry in a document within the same XCAP root to be included by
   reference, rather than by value.  An <external> element contains a
   reference to a list stored on this or another server.

   The <entry> element describes a single resource.  The <entry> element
   has a single mandatory attribute, "uri".  This attribute is equal to
   the URI that is used to access the resource.  The resource list
   format itself does not constrain the type of URI that can be used.
   However, the service making use of the resource list may require
   specific URI schemes.  For example, RLS services will require URIs
   that represent subscribeable resources.  This includes the SIP and
   pres [15] URIs.  The "uri" attribute MUST be unique amongst all other
   "uri" attributes in <entry> elements within the same parent.
   Uniqueness is determined by case-sensitive string comparisons.  As
   such, it is possible that two "uri" attributes will have the same URI
   when compared using the functional equality rules defined for that
   URI scheme, but different ones when compared using case sensitive
   string comparison.  The <entry> element can also contain attributes
   from other namespaces for the purposes of extensibility.

   The <entry> element contains a sequence of elements that provide
   information about the entry.  Only one such element is defined at
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   this time, which is <display-name>.  This element provides a UTF-8-
   encoded string, meant for consumption by a human user, that describes
   the resource.  Unlike the "name" attribute of the <entry> element,
   the <display-name> has no uniqueness requirements.  The <display-
   name> element can contain the "xml:lang" attribute, which provides
   the language of the display name.  The <entry> element can contain
   other elements from other namespaces.  This is meant to support the
   inclusion of other information about the entry, such as a phone
   number or postal address.

   The <entry-ref> element allows an entry to be included in the list by
   reference, rather than by value.  This element is only meaningful
   when the document was obtained through XCAP.  In such a case, the
   referenced entry has to exist within the same XCAP root.  The <entry>
   element has a single mandatory attribute, "ref".  The "ref" attribute
   MUST be unique amongst all other "ref" attributes in <entry-ref>
   elements within the same parent.  Uniqueness is determined by case
   sensitive string comparisons.  The <entry-ref> element also allows
   attributes from other namespaces, for the purposes of extensibility.
   The content of an <entry-ref> element is an optional display name,
   followed by any number of elements from other namespaces, for the
   purposes of extensibility.  The display name is useful for providing
   a localized nickname as an alternative to the name defined in the
   <entry> to which the <entry-ref> refers.

   The content of the "ref" attribute is a relative HTTP URI [7].
   Specifically, it MUST be a relative path reference, where the base
   URI is equal to the XCAP root URI of the document in which the
   <entry-ref> appears.  This relative URI, if resolved into an absolute
   URI according to the procedures in RFC 3986, MUST resolve to an
   <entry> element within a resource-lists document.  For example,
   suppose that an <entry> element within a specific XCAP root was
   identified by the following HTTP URI:

   http://xcap.example.com/resource-lists/users/sip:bill@example.com/
   index/~~/resource-lists/list%5b@name=%22list1%22%5d/
   entry%5b@uri=%22sip:petri@example.com%22%5d

   If http://xcap.example.com is the XCAP root URI, then an <entry-ref>
   element pointing to this entry would have the following form:

   <entry-ref ref="resource-lists/users/sip:bill@example.com/
   index/~~/resource-lists/list%5b@name=%22list1%22%5d/
   entry%5b@uri=%22sip:petri@example.com%22%5d"/>

   Note that line folding within the HTTP URI and XML attribute above
   are for the purposes of readability only.  Also note that, as
   described in RFC 3986, the relative path URI does not begin with the
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   "/".  Since the relative URI used within the "ref" attribute must be
   a relative path URI, the "/" will never be present as the first
   character within the content of a "ref" attribute.  Since the content
   of the "ref" attribute is a valid HTTP URI, it must be percent-
   encoded within the XML document.

   The <external> element is similar to the <entry-ref> element.  Like
   <entry-ref>, it is only meaningful in documents obtained from an XCAP
   server.  It too is a reference to content stored elsewhere.  However,
   it refers to an entire list, and furthermore, it allows that list to
   be present on another server.  The <external> element has a single
   mandatory attribute, "anchor", which specifies the external list by
   means of an absolute HTTP URI.  The "anchor" attribute MUST be unique
   amongst all other "anchor" attributes in <external> elements within
   the same parent.  Uniqueness is determined by case-sensitive string
   comparisons.  The <external> element can also contain attributes from
   other namespaces, for the purposes of extensibility.  The content of
   an <external> element is an optional <display-name> followed by any
   number of elements from another namespace, for the purposes of
   extensibility.  The value of the "anchor" attribute MUST be an
   absolute HTTP URI.  This URI MUST identify an XCAP resource, and in
   particular, it MUST represent a <list> element within a resource
   lists document.  The URI MUST be percent-encoded.

   For both the <entry-ref> and <external> elements, the responsibility
   of resolving their references falls upon the entity that is making
   use of the document.  When the document is used in conjunction with
   XCAP, this means that the burden falls on the XCAP client.  If the
   XCAP client is a PC-based application using the resource-lists
   document as a presence list, the references would likely be resolved
   upon explicit request by the user.  They can, of course, be resolved
   at any time.  If the XCAP client is an RLS itself, the references
   would be resolved when the RLS receives a SUBSCRIBE request for an
   RLS service associated with a resource list that contains one of
   these references (see below).  An XCAP server defined by this
   specification will not attempt to resolve the references before
   returning the document to the client.  Similarly, if, due to network
   errors or some other problem, the references cannot be resolved, the
   handling is specific to the usage of the document.  For resource
   lists being used by RLS services, the handling is discussed below.
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3.2. Schema

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <xs:schema targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists" elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified"> <xs:import namespace="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace" schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd"/> <xs:complexType name="listType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="display-name" type="display-nameType" minOccurs="0"/> <xs:sequence minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"> <xs:choice> <xs:element name="list"> <xs:complexType> <xs:complexContent> <xs:extension base="listType"/> </xs:complexContent> </xs:complexType> </xs:element> <xs:element name="external" type="externalType"/> <xs:element name="entry" type="entryType"/> <xs:element name="entry-ref" type="entry-refType"/> </xs:choice> </xs:sequence> <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:attribute name="name" type="xs:string" use="optional"/> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType> <xs:complexType name="entryType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="display-name" minOccurs="0"> <xs:complexType> <xs:simpleContent> <xs:extension base="display-nameType"/> </xs:simpleContent> </xs:complexType> </xs:element> <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:attribute name="uri" type="xs:anyURI" use="required"/> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType>
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    <xs:complexType name="entry-refType">
     <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element name="display-name" type="display-nameType"
       minOccurs="0"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:attribute name="ref" type="xs:anyURI" use="required"/>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
    </xs:complexType>
    <xs:complexType name="externalType">
     <xs:sequence>
      <xs:element name="display-name" type="display-nameType"
       minOccurs="0"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:attribute name="anchor" type="xs:anyURI"/>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
    </xs:complexType>
    <xs:element name="resource-lists">
     <xs:complexType>
      <xs:sequence minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
       <xs:element name="list" type="listType"/>
      </xs:sequence>
     </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
    <xs:complexType name="display-nameType">
     <xs:simpleContent>
      <xs:extension base="xs:string">
       <xs:attribute ref="xml:lang"/>
      </xs:extension>
     </xs:simpleContent>
    </xs:complexType>
   </xs:schema>

3.3. Example Document

The following is an example of a document compliant to the schema. All line feeds within element content are for display purposes only. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <resource-lists xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <list name="friends"> <entry uri="sip:bill@example.com"> <display-name>Bill Doe</display-name> </entry>
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     <entry-ref ref="resource-lists/users/sip:bill@example.com/index/~~/
      resource-lists/list%5b@name=%22list1%22%5d/entry%5b@uri=%22sip:pet
      ri@example.com%22%5d"/>
     <list name="close-friends">
      <display-name>Close Friends</display-name>
      <entry uri="sip:joe@example.com">
       <display-name>Joe Smith</display-name>
      </entry>
      <entry uri="sip:nancy@example.com">
       <display-name>Nancy Gross</display-name>
      </entry>
      <external anchor="http://xcap.example.org/resource-lists/users/
       sip:a@example.org/index/~~/resource-lists/list%5b@name=%22mkti
       ng%22%5d">
        <display-name>Marketing</display-name>
       </external>
     </list>
    </list>
   </resource-lists>

3.4. Usage with XCAP

Resource lists documents can be manipulated with XCAP. This section provides the details necessary for such a usage.

3.4.1. Application Unique ID

XCAP requires application usages to define an application unique ID (AUID) in either the IETF tree or a vendor tree. This specification defines the "resource-lists" AUID within the IETF tree, via the IANA registration in Section 8.

3.4.2. MIME Type

The MIME type for this document is "application/resource-lists+xml".

3.4.3. XML Schema

The XML Schema for this document is defined as the sole content of Section 3.2.

3.4.4. Default Namespace

The default namespace used in expanding URIs is urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists.
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3.4.5. Additional Constraints

In addition to the schema, there are constraints on the values present in the "name" attribute of the <list> element, the "uri" attribute of the <external> element, the "ref" attribute of the <entry-ref> element, and the "anchor" attribute of the <external> element. These constraints are defined in Section 3.1. Some of these constraints are enforced by the XCAP server. Those constraints are: o The "name" attribute in a <list> element MUST be unique amongst all other "name" attributes of <list> elements within the same parent element. Uniqueness is determined by case-sensitive string comparison. o The "uri" attribute in a <entry> element MUST be unique amongst all other "uri" attributes of <entry> elements within the same parent element. Uniqueness is determined by case-sensitive string comparison. o The URI in the "ref" attribute of the <entry-ref> element MUST be unique amongst all other "ref" attributes of <entry-ref> elements within the same parent element. Uniqueness is determined by case- sensitive string comparison. The value of the attribute MUST be a relative path reference. Note that the server is not responsible for verifying that the reference resolves to an <entry> element in a document within the same XCAP root. o The URI in the "anchor" attribute of the <external> element MUST be unique amongst all other "anchor" attributes of <external> elements within the same parent element. Uniqueness is determined by case-sensitive string comparison. The value of the attribute MUST be an absolute HTTP URI. Note that the server is not responsible for verifying that the URI resolves to a <list> element in a document. Indeed, since the URI may reference a server in another domain, referential integrity cannot be guaranteed without adding substantial complexity to the system.

3.4.6. Data Semantics

Semantics for the document content are provided in Section 3.1.

3.4.7. Naming Conventions

Resource lists documents are usually identified as references from other application usages. For example, an RLS services document contains a reference to the resource list it uses.
Top   ToC   RFC4826 - Page 12
   Frequently, an XCAP client will wish to insert or remove an <entry>,
   <entry-ref>, or <external> element from a document without having a
   cached copy of that document.  In such a case, the "uri" attribute of
   the <entry> element, the "ref" attribute of the <entry-ref> element,
   or the "anchor" attribute of the <external> element is used as an
   index to select the element to operate upon.  The XCAP server will
   determine uniqueness by case-sensitive string comparison.  However,
   each of these attributes contain URIs, and the URI equality rules for
   their schemes may allow two URIs to be the same, even if they are
   different by case sensitive string comparison.  As such, it is
   possible that a client will attempt a PUT or DELETE in an attempt to
   modify or remove an existing element.  Instead, the PUT ends up
   inserting a new element, or the DELETE ends up returning an error
   response.

   If the XCAP client cannot determine whether the user intent is to
   create or replace, the client SHOULD canonicalize the URI before
   performing the operation.  For a SIP URI (often present in the "uri"
   attribute of the <entry> element), this canonicalization procedure is
   defined in Section 5.  We expect that the SIP URIs that will be
   placed into resource lists documents will usually be of the form
   sip:user@domain, and possibly include a user parameter.  The
   canonicalization rules work perfectly for these URIs.

   For HTTP URIs, a basic canonicalization algorithm is as follows.  If
   the port in the URI is equal to the default port (80 for http URIs),
   then the port is removed.  The hostname is converted to all
   lowercase.  Any percent-encoding in the URI for characters which do
   not need to be percent-encoded is removed.  A character needs to be
   percent-encoded when it is not permitted in that part of the URI
   based on the grammar for that part of the URI.

3.4.8. Resource Interdependencies

There are no resource interdependencies identified by this application usage.

3.4.9. Authorization Policies

This application usage does not modify the default XCAP authorization policy, which is that only a user can read, write, or modify their own documents. A server can allow privileged users to modify documents that they don't own, but the establishment and indication of such policies is outside the scope of this document. It is anticipated that a future application usage will define which users are allowed to modify a list resource.
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4. RLS Services Documents

4.1. Structure

An RLS services document is used to define URIs that represent services provided by a Resource List Server (RLS) as defined in [14]. An RLS services document is an XML [2] document that MUST be well- formed and MUST be valid according to schemas, including extension schemas, available to the validater and applicable to the XML document. RLS services documents MUST be based on XML 1.0 and MUST be encoded using UTF-8. This specification makes use of XML namespaces for identifying RLS services documents and document fragments. The namespace URI for elements defined by this specification is a URN [3] that uses the namespace identifier 'ietf' defined by RFC 2648 [6] and extended by RFC 3688 [8]. This URN is: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:rls-services The root element of an rls-services document is <rls-services>. It contains a sequence of <service> elements, each of which defines a service available at an RLS. Each <service> element has a single mandatory attribute, "uri". This URI defines the resource associated with the service. That is, if a client subscribes to that URI, they will obtain the service defined by the corresponding <service> element. The <service> element can also contain attributes from other namespaces, for the purposes of extensibility. The <service> element contains child elements that define the service. For an RLS service, very little service definition is needed: just the resource list to which the server will perform virtual subscriptions [14] and the set of event packages that the service supports. The former can be conveyed in one of two ways. There can be a <resource-list> element, which points to a <list> element in a resource-lists document, or there can be a <list> element, which includes the resource list directly. The supported packages are contained in the <packages> element. The <service> element can also contain elements from other namespaces, for the purposes of extensibility. By including the contents of the resource list directly, a user can create lists and add members to them with a single XCAP operation. However, the resulting list becomes "hidden" within the RLS service definition, and is not usable by other application usages. For this reason, the <resource-list> element exists as an alternative. It can reference a <list> element in a resource-lists document. Since the list is separated from the service definition, it can be easily reused by other application usages.
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   The <list> element is of the list type defined by the schema for
   resource lists.  It is discussed in Section 3.1.

   The <resource-list> element contains a URI.  This element is only
   meaningful when the document was obtained through XCAP.  The URI MUST
   be an absolute HTTP URI representing an XCAP element resource.  Its
   XCAP root MUST be the same as the XCAP root of the RLS services
   document.  When the RLS services document is present in a user's home
   directory, the HTTP URI MUST exist underneath that user's home
   directory in the resource-lists application usage.  When the RLS
   services document is in the global directory, the HTTP URI MUST exist
   underneath any user's home directory in the resource-lists
   application usage.  In either case, the element referenced by the URI
   MUST be a <list> element within a resource-lists document.  All of
   these constraints except for the latter one (which is a referential
   integrity constraint) will be enforced by the XCAP server.

   The <packages> element contains a sequence of <package> elements.
   The content of each <package> element is the name of a SIP event
   package [13].  The <packages> element may also contain elements from
   additional namespaces, for the purposes of extensibility.  The
   <packages> element is optional.  When it is not present, it means
   that the RLS service will accept subscriptions for any event package.

4.2. Schema

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <xs:schema targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:rls-services" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:rls-services" xmlns:rl="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists" elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified"> <xs:element name="rls-services"> <xs:complexType> <xs:sequence minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"> <xs:element name="service" type="serviceType"/> </xs:sequence> </xs:complexType> </xs:element> <xs:complexType name="serviceType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:choice> <xs:element name="resource-list" type="xs:anyURI"/> <xs:element name="list" type="rl:listType"/> </xs:choice> <xs:element name="packages" type="packagesType" minOccurs="0"/> <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
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     </xs:sequence>
     <xs:attribute name="uri" type="xs:anyURI" use="required"/>
     <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/>
    </xs:complexType>
    <xs:complexType name="packagesType">
     <xs:sequence minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
      <xs:element name="package" type="packageType"/>
      <xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </xs:sequence>
    </xs:complexType>
    <xs:simpleType name="packageType">
     <xs:restriction base="xs:string"/>
    </xs:simpleType>
   </xs:schema>

4.3. Example Document

This document shows two services. One is sip:mybuddies@example.com, and the other is sip:marketing@example.com. The former service references a resource list in a resource-lists document, and the latter one includes a list locally. Both services are for the presence event package only. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <rls-services xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:rls-services" xmlns:rl="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <service uri="sip:mybuddies@example.com"> <resource-list>http://xcap.example.com/resource-lists/user s/sip:joe@example.com/index/~~/resource-lists/list%5b@nam e=%22l1%22%5d</resource-list> <packages> <package>presence</package> </packages> </service> <service uri="sip:marketing@example.com"> <list name="marketing"> <rl:entry uri="sip:joe@example.com"/> <rl:entry uri="sip:sudhir@example.com"/> </list> <packages> <package>presence</package> </packages> </service> </rls-services>
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4.4. Usage with XCAP

RLS services documents can be manipulated with XCAP. This section provides the details necessary for such a usage.

4.4.1. Application Unique ID

XCAP requires application usages to define an application unique ID ID (AUID) in either the IETF tree or a vendor tree. This specification defines the "rls-services" AUID within the IETF tree, via the IANA registration in Section 8.

4.4.2. MIME Type

The MIME type for this document is "application/rls-services+xml".

4.4.3. XML Schema

The XML Schema for this document is defined as the sole content of Section 4.2.

4.4.4. Default Namespace

The default namespace used in expanding URIs is urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:rls-services.

4.4.5. Additional Constraints

In addition to the schema, there are constraints on the URIs present in the <service> and <resource-list> elements. These constraints are defined in Section 3.1. Some of these constraints are enforced by the XCAP server. Those constraints are: o The URI in the "uri" attribute of the <service> element MUST be unique amongst all other URIs in "uri" elements in any <service> element in any document on a particular server. This uniqueness constraint spans across XCAP roots. Furthermore, the URI MUST NOT correspond to an existing resource within the domain of the URI. If a server is asked to set the URI to something that already exists, the server MUST reject the request with a 409, and use the mechanisms defined in [10] to suggest alternate URIs that have not yet been allocated. o The URI in a <resource-list> element MUST be an absolute URI. The server MUST verify that the URI path contains "resource-lists" in the path segment corresponding to the AUID. If the RLS services document is within the XCAP user tree (as opposed to the global tree), the server MUST verify that the XUI in the path is the same
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      as the XUI in the URI of to the RLS services document.  These
      checks are made by examining the URI value, as opposed to
      dereferencing the URI.  The server is not responsible for
      verifying that the URI actually points to a <list> element within
      a valid resource lists document.

   o  In addition, an RLS services document can contain a <list>
      element, which in turn can contain <entry>, <entry-ref>, <list>,
      and <external> elements.  The constraints defined for these
      elements in Section 3.4.7 MUST be enforced.

   o  In some cases, an XCAP client will wish to create a new RLS
      service, and wish to assign it a "vanity URI", such as
      sip:friends@example.com.  However, the client does not know
      whether this URI meets the uniqueness constraints defined above.
      In that case, it can simply attempt the creation operation, and if
      the result is a 409 that contains a detailed conflict report with
      the <uniqueness-failure> element, the client knows that the URI
      could not be assigned.  It can then retry with a different vanity
      URI, or use one of the suggestions in the detailed conflict
      report.

   o  If the client wishes to create a new RLS service, and it doesn't
      care what the URI is, the client creates a random one, and
      attempts the creation operation.  As discussed in [10], if this
      should fail with a uniqueness conflict, the client can retry with
      different URIs with increasing randomness.

4.4.6. Data Semantics

Semantics for the document content are provided in Section 4.1.

4.4.7. Naming Conventions

Typically, there are two distinct XCAP clients that access RLS services documents. The first is a client acting on behalf of the end user in the system. This client edits and writes both resource lists and RLS services documents as they are created or modified by the end user. The other XCAP client is the RLS itself, which reads the RLS services documents in order to process SUBSCRIBE requests. To make it easier for an RLS to find the <service> element for a particular URI, the XCAP server maintains, within the global tree, a single RLS services document representing the union of all the <service> elements across all documents created by all users within the same XCAP root. There is a single instance of this document, and its name is "index". Thus, if the root services URI is
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   http://xcap.example.com, the following is the URI that an RLS would
   use to fetch this index:

   http://xcap.example.com/rls-services/global/index

   As discussed below, this index is created from all the documents in
   the user tree that have the name "index" as well.  An implication of
   this is that a client operating on behalf of a user SHOULD define its
   RLS services within the document named "index".  If the root services
   URI is http://xcap.example.com, for user "sip:joe@example.com" the
   URI for this document would be:

   http://xcap.example.com/rls-services/users/sip:joe@example.com/index

   If a client elects to define RLS services in a different document,
   this document will not be "picked up" in the global index, and
   therefore, will not be used as an RLS service.

4.4.8. Resource Interdependencies

As with other application usages, the XML schema and the XCAP resource naming conventions describe most of the resource interdependencies applicable to this application usage. This application usage defines an additional resource interdependence between a single document in the global tree and all documents in the user tree with the name "index". This global document is formed as the union of all of the index documents for all users within the same XCAP root. In this case, the union operation implies that each <service> element in a user document will also be present as a <service> element in the global document. The inverse is true as well. Every <service> element in the global document exists within a user document within the same XCAP root. As an example, consider the RLS services document for user sip:joe@example.com: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <rls-services> <service uri="sip:mybuddies@example.com"> <resource-list>http://xcap.example.com/resource-lists/users/si p:joe@example.com/index/~~/resource-lists/list%5b@name=%22l1% 22%5d</resource-list> <packages> <package>presence</package> </packages> </service> </rls-services>
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   And consider the RLS services document for user bob:

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <rls-services>
    <service uri="sip:marketing@example.com">
      <list name="marketing">
        <rl:entry uri="sip:joe@example.com"/>
        <rl:entry uri="sip:sudhir@example.com"/>
      </list>
      <packages>
        <package>presence</package>
      </packages>
    </service>
   </rls-services>

   The global document at
   http://xcap.example.com/rls-services/global/index would look like
   this:

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <rls-services xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:rls-services"
      xmlns:rl="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists"
      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
    <service uri="sip:mybuddies@example.com">
     <resource-list>http://xcap.example.com/resource-lists/user
      s/sip:joe@example.com/index/~~/resource-lists/list%5b@nam
      e=%22l1%22%5d</resource-list>
     <packages>
      <package>presence</package>
     </packages>
    </service>
    <service uri="sip:marketing@example.com">
      <list name="marketing">
        <rl:entry uri="sip:joe@example.com"/>
        <rl:entry uri="sip:sudhir@example.com"/>
      </list>
      <packages>
        <package>presence</package>
      </packages>
    </service>
   </rls-services>

   Requests made against the global document MUST generate responses
   that reflect the most recent state of all the relevant user
   documents.  This requirement does not imply that the server must
   actually store this global document.  It is anticipated that most
   systems will dynamically construct the responses to any particular
   request against the document resource.
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   The uniqueness constraint on the "uri" attribute of <service> will
   ensure that no two <service> elements in the global document have the
   same value of that attribute.

4.4.9. Authorization Policies

This application usage does not modify the default XCAP authorization policy, which is that only a user can read, write, or modify their own documents. A server can allow privileged users to modify documents that they don't own, but the establishment and indication of such policies are outside the scope of this document. It is anticipated that a future application usage will define which users are allowed to modify an RLS services document. The index document maintained in the global tree represents sensitive information, as it contains the union of all the information for all users on the server. As such, its access MUST be restricted to trusted elements within domain of the server. Typically, this would be limited to the RLSs that need access to this document.

4.5. Usage of an RLS Services Document by an RLS

This section discusses how an RLS, on receipt of a SUBSCRIBE request, uses XCAP and the RLS services document to guide its operation. When an RLS receives a SUBSCRIBE request for a URI (present in the Request URI), it obtains the <service> element whose uri attribute matches (based on URI equality) the URI in the SUBSCRIBE request. This document makes no normative statements on how this might be accomplished. The following paragraph provides one possible approach. The RLS canonicalizes the Request URI as described in Section 5. It then performs an XCAP GET operation against the URI formed by combining the XCAP root with the document selector of the global index with a node selector of the form "rls-services/ service[@uri=<canonical-uri>]", where <canonical-uri> is the canonicalized version of the Request URI. If the response is a 200 OK, it will contain the service definition for that URI. Once the <service> element has been obtained, it is examined. If the <packages> element is present, and the event package in the SUBSCRIBE request is not amongst those listed in the <package> elements within <packages>, the request MUST be rejected with a 489 (Bad Event) response code, as described in [13]. Otherwise, it SHOULD be processed. The next step is to authorize that the client is allowed to subscribe to the resource. This can be done using the data defined in [12], for example. Assuming the subscriber is authorized
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   to subscribe to that resource, the subscription is processed
   according to the procedures defined in [14].  This processing
   requires the RLS to compute a flat list of URIs that are to be
   subscribed to.  If the <service> element had a <list> element, it is
   extracted.  If the <service> element had a <resource-list> element,
   its URI content is dereferenced.  The result should be a <list>
   element.  If it is not, the request SHOULD be rejected with a 502
   (Bad Gateway).  Otherwise, that <list> element is extracted.

   At this point, the RLS has a <list> element in its possession.  The
   next step is to obtain a flat list of URIs from this element.  To do
   that, it traverses the tree of elements rooted in the <list> element.
   Before traversal begins, the RLS initializes two lists: the "flat
   list", which will contain the flat list of the URI after traversal,
   and the "traversed list", which contains a list of HTTP URIs in
   <external> elements that have already been visited.  Both lists are
   initially empty.  Next, tree traversal begins.  A server can use any
   tree-traversal ordering it likes, such as depth-first search or
   breadth-first search.  The processing at each element in the tree
   depends on the name of the element:

   o  If the element is <entry>, the URI in the "uri" attribute of the
      element is added to the flat list if it is not already present
      (based on case-sensitive string equality) in that list, and the
      URI scheme represents one that can be used to service
      subscriptions, such as SIP [4] and pres [15].

   o  If the element is an <entry-ref>, the relative path reference
      making up the value of the "ref" attribute is resolved into an
      absolute URI.  This is done using the procedures defined in
      Section 5.2 of RFC 3986 [7], using the XCAP root of the RLS
      services document as the base URI.  This absolute URI is resolved.
      If the result is not a 200 OK containing a <entry> element, the
      SUBSCRIBE request SHOULD be rejected with a 502 (Bad Gateway).
      Otherwise, the <entry> element returned is processed as described
      in the previous step.

   o  If the element is an <external> element, the absolute URI making
      up the value of the "anchor" attribute of the element is examined.
      If the URI is on the traversed list, the server MUST cease
      traversing the tree, and SHOULD reject the SUBSCRIBE request with
      a 502 (Bad Gateway).  If the URI is not on the traversed list, the
      server adds the URI to the traversed list, and dereferences the
      URI.  If the result is not a 200 OK containing a <list> element,
      the SUBSCRIBE request SHOULD be rejected with a 502 (Bad Gateway).
      Otherwise, the RLS replaces the <external> element in its local
      copy of the tree with the <list> element that was returned, and
      tree traversal continues.
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   Because the <external> element is used to dynamically construct the
   tree, there is a possibility of recursive evaluation of references.
   The traversed list is used to prevent this from happening.

   Once the tree has been traversed, the RLS can create virtual
   subscriptions to each URI in the flat list, as defined in [14].  In
   the processing steps outlined above, when an <entry-ref> or
   <external> element contains a reference that cannot be resolved,
   failing the request is at SHOULD strength.  In some cases, an RLS may
   provide better service by creating virtual subscriptions to the URIs
   in the flat list that could be obtained, omitting those that could
   not.  Only in those cases should the SHOULD recommendation be
   ignored.

5. SIP URI Canonicalization

This section provides a technique for URI canonicalization. This canonicalization produces a URI that, in most cases, is equal to the original URI (where equality is based on the URI comparison rules in RFC 3261). Furthermore, the canonicalized URI will usually be lexically equivalent to the canonicalized version of any other URI equal to the original. To canonicalize the URI, the following steps are followed: 1. First, the domain part of the URI is converted into all lowercase, and any tokens (such as "user" or "transport" or "udp") are converted to all lowercase. 2. Secondly, any percent-encoding in the URI for characters which do not need to be percent-encoded is removed. A character needs to be percent-encoded when it is not permitted in that part of the URI based on the grammar for that part of the URI. For example, if a SIP URI is sip:%6aoe%20smith@example.com, it is changed to sip:joe%20smith@example.com. In the original URI, the character 'j' was percent-encoded. This is allowed, but not required, since the grammar allows a 'j' to appear in the user part. As a result, it appears as 'j' after this step of canonicalization. 3. Thirdly, any URI parameters are reordered so that they appear in lexical order based on parameter name. The ordering of a character is determined by the US-ASCII numerical value of that character, with smaller numbers coming first. Parameters are ordered with the leftmost character as most significant. For parameters that contain only letters, this is equivalent to an alphabetical ordering.
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   4.  Finally, any header parameters are discarded.  This canonicalized
       URI is used instead of the original URI.

   If two URIs, A and B, are functionally equal (meaning that they are
   equal according to the URI comparison rules in RFC 3261), their
   canonicalized URIs are equal under case-sensitive string comparison
   if the following are true:

   o  Neither URI contains header parameters.

   o  If one of the URI contains a URI parameter not defined in RFC
      3261, the other does as well.

6. Extensibility

Resource-lists and RLS services documents are meant to be extended. An extension takes place by defining a new set of elements in a new namespace, governed by a new schema. Every extension MUST have an appropriate XML namespace assigned to it. The XML namespace of the extension MUST be different from the namespaces defined in this specification. The extension MUST NOT change the syntax or semantics of the schemas defined in this document. All XML tags and attributes that are part of the extension MUST be appropriately qualified so as to place them within that namespace. This specification defines explicit places where new elements or attributes from an extension can be placed. These are explicitly indicated in the schemas by the <any> and <anyAttribute> elements. Extensions to this specification MUST specify where their elements can be placed within the document. As a result, a document that contains extensions will require multiple schemas in order to determine its validity: a schema defined in this document, along with those defined by extensions present in the document. Because extensions occur by adding new elements and attributes governed by new schemas, the schemas defined in this document are fixed and would only be changed by a revision to this specification. Such a revision, should it take place, would endeavor to allow documents compliant to the previous schema to remain compliant to the new one. As a result, the schemas defined here don't provide explicit schema versions, as this is not expected to be needed.
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7. Security Considerations

The information contained in rls-services and resource-lists documents are particularly sensitive. It represents the principle set of people with whom a user would like to communicate. As a result, clients SHOULD use TLS when contacting servers in order to fetch this information. Note that this does not represent a change in requirement strength from XCAP.

8. IANA Considerations

There are several IANA considerations associated with this specification.

8.1. XCAP Application Unique IDs

This section registers two new XCAP Application Unique IDs (AUIDs) according to the IANA procedures defined in [10].

8.1.1. resource-lists

Name of the AUID: resource-lists Description: A resource lists application is any application that needs access to a list of resources, identified by a URI, to which operations, such as subscriptions, can be applied.

8.1.2. rls-services

Name of the AUID: rls-services Description: A Resource List Server (RLS) services application is a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) application whereby a server receives SIP SUBSCRIBE requests for resource, and generates subscriptions towards a resource list.
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8.2. MIME Type Registrations

This specification requests the registration of two new MIME types according to the procedures of RFC 4288 [9] and guidelines in RFC 3023 [5].

8.2.1. application/resource-lists+xml

MIME media type name: application MIME subtype name: resource-lists+xml Mandatory parameters: none Optional parameters: Same as charset parameter application/xml as specified in RFC 3023 [5]. Encoding considerations: Same as encoding considerations of application/xml as specified in RFC 3023 [5]. Security considerations: See Section 10 of RFC 3023 [5] and Section 7 of RFC 4826. Interoperability considerations: none Published specification: RFC 4826 Applications that use this media type: This document type has been used to support subscriptions to lists of users [14] for SIP-based presence [11]. Additional Information: Magic Number: none File Extension: .rl Macintosh file type code: "TEXT" Personal and email address for further information: Jonathan Rosenberg, jdrosen@jdrosen.net Intended usage: COMMON Author/Change controller: The IETF.
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8.2.2. application/rls-services+xml

MIME media type name: application MIME subtype name: rls-services+xml Mandatory parameters: none Optional parameters: Same as charset parameter application/xml as specified in RFC 3023 [5]. Encoding considerations: Same as encoding considerations of application/xml as specified in RFC 3023 [5]. Security considerations: See Section 10 of RFC 3023 [5] and Section 7 of RFC 4826. Interoperability considerations: none Published specification: RFC 4826 Applications that use this media type: This document type has been used to support subscriptions to lists of users [14] for SIP-based presence [11]. Additional Information: Magic Number: none File Extension: .rs Macintosh file type code: "TEXT" Personal and email address for further information: Jonathan Rosenberg, jdrosen@jdrosen.net Intended usage: COMMON Author/Change controller: The IETF.
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8.3. URN Sub-Namespace Registrations

This section registers two new XML namespaces, as per the guidelines in RFC 3688 [8].

8.3.1. urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists

URI: The URI for this namespace is urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists. Registrant Contact: IETF, SIMPLE working group, (simple@ietf.org), Jonathan Rosenberg (jdrosen@jdrosen.net). XML: BEGIN <?xml version="1.0"?> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd"> <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/> <title>Resource Lists Namespace</title> </head> <body> <h1>Namespace for Resource Lists</h1> <h2>urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists</h2> <p>See <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4826.txt"> RFC4826</a>.</p> </body> </html> END
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8.3.2. urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:rls-services

URI: The URI for this namespace is urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:rls-services. Registrant Contact: IETF, SIMPLE working group, (simple@ietf.org), Jonathan Rosenberg (jdrosen@jdrosen.net). XML: BEGIN <?xml version="1.0"?> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd"> <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/> <title>Resource List Server (RLS) Services Namespace</title> </head> <body> <h1>Namespace for Resource List Server (RLS) Services</h1> <h2>urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:rls-services</h2> <p>See <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4826.txt"> RFC4826</a>.</p> </body> </html> END

8.4. Schema Registrations

This section registers two XML schemas per the procedures in [8].

8.4.1. urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:resource-lists

URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:resource-lists Registrant Contact: IETF, SIMPLE working group, (simple@ietf.org), Jonathan Rosenberg (jdrosen@jdrosen.net). The XML for this schema can be found as the sole content of Section 3.2.
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8.4.2. urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:rls-services

URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:rls-services Registrant Contact: IETF, SIMPLE working group, (simple@ietf.org), Jonathan Rosenberg (jdrosen@jdrosen.net). The XML for this schema can be found as the sole content of Section 4.2.

9. Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Hisham Khartabil, Jari Urpalainen, and Spencer Dawkins for their comments and input. Thanks to Ted Hardie for his encouragement and support of this work.

10. References

10.1. Normative References

[1] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [2] Paoli, J., Maler, E., Bray, T., and C. Sperberg-McQueen, "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition)", World Wide Web Consortium FirstEdition REC-xml-20001006, October 2000, <http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/REC-xml-20001006>. [3] Moats, R., "URN Syntax", RFC 2141, May 1997. [4] Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston, A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E. Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261, June 2002. [5] Murata, M., St. Laurent, S., and D. Kohn, "XML Media Types", RFC 3023, January 2001. [6] Moats, R., "A URN Namespace for IETF Documents", RFC 2648, August 1999. [7] Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66, RFC 3986, January 2005. [8] Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688, January 2004.
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   [9]   Freed, N. and J. Klensin, "Media Type Specifications and
         Registration Procedures", BCP 13, RFC 4288, December 2005.

   [10]  Rosenberg, J., "The Extensible Markup Language (XML)
         Configuration Access Protocol (XCAP)", RFC 4825, May 2007.

10.2. Informative References

[11] Rosenberg, J., "A Presence Event Package for the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)", RFC 3856, August 2004. [12] Rosenberg, J., "Presence Authorization Rules", Work in Progress, October 2006. [13] Roach, A., "Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)-Specific Event Notification", RFC 3265, June 2002. [14] Roach, A., Rosenberg, J., and B. Campbell, "A Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Event Notification Extension for Resource Lists", RFC 4662, January 2005. [15] Peterson, J., "Common Profile for Presence (CPP)", RFC 3859, August 2004.

Author's Address

Jonathan Rosenberg Cisco Edison, NJ US EMail: jdrosen@cisco.com URI: http://www.jdrosen.net
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