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RFC 4524

COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema

Pages: 25
Proposed Standard
Errata
Obsoletes:  1274
Updates:  22472798

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Network Working Group                                   K. Zeilenga, Ed.
Request for Comments: 4524                           OpenLDAP Foundation
Obsoletes: 1274                                                June 2006
Updates: 2247, 2798
Category: Standards Track


                        COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

Abstract

This document provides a collection of schema elements for use with the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) from the COSINE and Internet X.500 pilot projects. This document obsoletes RFC 1274 and updates RFCs 2247 and 2798.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction ....................................................3 1.1. Relationship to Other Documents ............................3 1.2. Terminology and Conventions ................................4 2. COSINE Attribute Types ..........................................4 2.1. associatedDomain ...........................................4 2.2. associatedName .............................................5 2.3. buildingName ...............................................5 2.4. co .........................................................5 2.5. documentAuthor .............................................6 2.6. documentIdentifier .........................................6 2.7. documentLocation ...........................................6 2.8. documentPublisher ..........................................7 2.9. documentTitle ..............................................7 2.10. documentVersion ...........................................7 2.11. drink .....................................................8 2.12. homePhone .................................................8 2.13. homePostalAddress .........................................8
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 2
      2.14. host ......................................................9
      2.15. info ......................................................9
      2.16. mail ......................................................9
      2.17. manager ..................................................10
      2.18. mobile ...................................................10
      2.19. organizationalStatus .....................................11
      2.20. pager ....................................................11
      2.21. personalTitle ............................................11
      2.22. roomNumber ...............................................12
      2.23. secretary ................................................12
      2.24. uniqueIdentifier .........................................12
      2.25. userClass ................................................13
   3. COSINE Object Classes ..........................................13
      3.1. account ...................................................13
      3.2. document ..................................................14
      3.3. documentSeries ............................................14
      3.4. domain ....................................................15
      3.5. domainRelatedObject .......................................16
      3.6. friendlyCountry ...........................................16
      3.7. rFC822LocalPart ...........................................17
      3.8. room ......................................................18
      3.9. simpleSecurityObject ......................................18
   4. Security Considerations ........................................18
   5. IANA Considerations ............................................19
   6. Acknowledgements ...............................................20
   7. References .....................................................20
      7.1. Normative References ......................................20
      7.2. Informative References ....................................21
   Appendix A.  Changes since RFC 1274 ...............................23
      A.1.  LDAP Short Names .........................................23
      A.2.  pilotObject ..............................................23
      A.3.  pilotPerson ..............................................23
      A.4.  dNSDomain ................................................24
      A.5.  pilotDSA and qualityLabelledData .........................24
      A.6.  Attribute Syntaxes .......................................24
   Appendix B.  Changes since RFC 2247 ...............................24
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 3

1. Introduction

In the late 1980s, X.500 Directory Services were standardized by the CCITT (Commite' Consultatif International de Telegraphique et Telephonique), now a part of the ITU (International Telephone Union). This lead to Directory Service piloting activities in the early 1990s, including the COSINE (Co-operation and Open Systems Interconnection in Europe) PARADISE Project pilot [COSINEpilot] in Europe. Motivated by needs for large-scale directory pilots, RFC 1274 was published to standardize the directory schema and naming architecture for use in the COSINE and other Internet X.500 pilots [RFC1274]. In the years that followed, X.500 Directory Services have evolved to incorporate new capabilities and even new protocols. In particular, the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) [RFC4510] was introduced in the early 1990s [RFC1487], with Version 3 of LDAP introduced in the late 1990s [RFC2251] and subsequently revised in 2005 [RFC4510]. While much of the material in RFC 1274 has been superceded by subsequently published ITU-T Recommendations and IETF RFCs, many of the schema elements lack standardized schema descriptions for use in modern X.500 and LDAP directory services despite the fact that these schema elements are in wide use today. As the old schema descriptions cannot be used without adaptation, interoperability issues may arise due to lack of standardized modern schema descriptions. This document addresses these issues by offering standardized schema descriptions, where needed, for widely used COSINE schema elements.

1.1. Relationship to Other Documents

This document, together with [RFC4519] and [RFC4517], obsoletes RFC 1274 in its entirety. [RFC4519] replaces Sections 9.3.1 (Userid) and 9.3.21 (Domain Component) of RFC 1274. [RFC4517] replaces Section 9.4 (Generally useful syntaxes) of RFC 1274. This document replaces the remainder of RFC 1274. Appendix A discusses changes since RFC 1274, as well as why certain schema elements were not brought forward in this revision of the COSINE schema. All elements not brought are to be regarded as Historic. The description of the 'domain' object class provided in this document supercedes that found in RFC 2247. That is, Section 3.4 of this document replaces Section 5.2 of [RFC2247].
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   Some of the schema elements specified here were described in RFC 2798
   (inetOrgPerson schema).  This document supersedes these descriptions.
   This document, together with [RFC4519], replaces Section 9.1.3 of RFC
   2798.

1.2. Terminology and Conventions

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 [RFC2119]. DIT stands for Directory Information Tree. DN stands for Distinguished Name. DSA stands for Directory System Agent, a server. DSE stands for DSA-Specific Entry. DUA stands for Directory User Agent, a client. These terms are discussed in [RFC4512]. Schema definitions are provided using LDAP description formats [RFC4512]. Definitions provided here are formatted (line wrapped) for readability.

2. COSINE Attribute Types

This section details COSINE attribute types for use in LDAP.

2.1. associatedDomain

The 'associatedDomain' attribute specifies DNS [RFC1034][RFC2181] host names [RFC1123] that are associated with an object. That is, values of this attribute should conform to the following ABNF: domain = root / label *( DOT label ) root = SPACE label = LETDIG [ *61( LETDIG / HYPHEN ) LETDIG ] LETDIG = %x30-39 / %x41-5A / %x61-7A ; "0" - "9" / "A"-"Z" / "a"-"z" SPACE = %x20 ; space (" ") HYPHEN = %x2D ; hyphen ("-") DOT = %x2E ; period (".") For example, the entry in the DIT with a DN <DC=example,DC=com> might have an associated domain of "example.com". ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.37 NAME 'associatedDomain' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SUBSTR caseIgnoreIA5SubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 )
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   The IA5String (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreIA5Match' and 'caseIgnoreIA5SubstringsMatch' rules are
   described in [RFC4517].

   Note that the directory will not ensure that values of this attribute
   conform to the <domain> production provided above.  It is the
   application's responsibility to ensure that domains it stores in this
   attribute are appropriately represented.

   Also note that applications supporting Internationalized Domain Names
   SHALL use the ToASCII method [RFC3490] to produce <label> components
   of the <domain> production.

2.2. associatedName

The 'associatedName' attribute specifies names of entries in the organizational DIT associated with a DNS domain [RFC1034][RFC2181]. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.38 NAME 'associatedName' EQUALITY distinguishedNameMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12 ) The DistinguishedName (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12) syntax and the 'distinguishedNameMatch' rule are described in [RFC4517].

2.3. buildingName

The 'buildingName' attribute specifies names of the buildings where an organization or organizational unit is based, for example, "The White House". ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.48 NAME 'buildingName' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} ) The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.4. co

The 'co' (Friendly Country Name) attribute specifies names of countries in human-readable format, for example, "Germany" and "Federal Republic of Germany". It is commonly used in conjunction with the 'c' (Country Name) [RFC4519] attribute (whose values are restricted to the two-letter codes defined in [ISO3166]).
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      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.43 NAME 'co'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15 )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.5. documentAuthor

The 'documentAuthor' attribute specifies the distinguished names of authors (or editors) of a document. For example, ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.14 NAME 'documentAuthor' EQUALITY distinguishedNameMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12 ) The DistinguishedName (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12) syntax and the 'distinguishedNameMatch' rule are described in [RFC4517].

2.6. documentIdentifier

The 'documentIdentifier' attribute specifies unique identifiers for a document. A document may be identified by more than one unique identifier. For example, RFC 3383 and BCP 64 are unique identifiers that (presently) refer to the same document. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.11 NAME 'documentIdentifier' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} ) The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.7. documentLocation

The 'documentLocation' attribute specifies locations of the document original. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.15 NAME 'documentLocation' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )
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   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.8. documentPublisher

The 'documentPublisher' attribute is the persons and/or organizations that published the document. Documents that are jointly published have one value for each publisher. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.56 NAME 'documentPublisher' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15 ) The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.9. documentTitle

The 'documentTitle' attribute specifies the titles of a document. Multiple values are allowed to accommodate both long and short titles, or other situations where a document has multiple titles, for example, "The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol Technical Specification" and "The LDAP Technical Specification". ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.12 NAME 'documentTitle' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} ) The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.10. documentVersion

The 'documentVersion' attribute specifies the version information of a document. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.13 NAME 'documentVersion' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )
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   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.11. drink

The 'drink' (favoriteDrink) attribute specifies the favorite drinks of an object (or person), for instance, "cola" and "beer". ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.5 NAME 'drink' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} ) The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.12. homePhone

The 'homePhone' (Home Telephone Number) attribute specifies home telephone numbers (e.g., "+1 775 555 1234") associated with a person. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.20 NAME 'homePhone' EQUALITY telephoneNumberMatch SUBSTR telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50 ) The telephoneNumber (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50) syntax and the 'telephoneNumberMatch' and 'telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.13. homePostalAddress

The 'homePostalAddress' attribute specifies home postal addresses for an object. Each value should be limited to up to 6 directory strings of 30 characters each. (Note: It is not intended that the directory service enforce these limits.) ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.39 NAME 'homePostalAddress' EQUALITY caseIgnoreListMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreListSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.41 ) The PostalAddress (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.41) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreListMatch' and 'caseIgnoreListSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].
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2.14. host

The 'host' attribute specifies host computers, generally by their primary fully qualified domain name (e.g., my-host.example.com). ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.9 NAME 'host' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} ) The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.15. info

The 'info' attribute specifies any general information pertinent to an object. This information is not necessarily descriptive of the object. Applications should not attach specific semantics to values of this attribute. The 'description' attribute [RFC4519] is available for specifying descriptive information pertinent to an object. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.4 NAME 'info' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{2048} ) The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.16. mail

The 'mail' (rfc822mailbox) attribute type holds Internet mail addresses in Mailbox [RFC2821] form (e.g., user@example.com). ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.3 NAME 'mail' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SUBSTR caseIgnoreIA5SubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26{256} ) The IA5String (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreIA5Match' and 'caseIgnoreIA5SubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].
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   Note that the directory will not ensure that values of this attribute
   conform to the <Mailbox> production [RFC2821].  It is the
   application's responsibility to ensure that domains it stores in this
   attribute are appropriately represented.

   Additionally, the directory will compare values per the matching
   rules named in the above attribute type description.  As these rules
   differ from rules that normally apply to <Mailbox> comparisons,
   operational issues may arise.  For example, the assertion
   (mail=joe@example.com) will match "JOE@example.com" even though the
   <local-parts> differ.  Also, where a user has two <Mailbox>es whose
   addresses differ only by case of the <local-part>, both cannot be
   listed as values of the user's mail attribute (as they are considered
   equal by the 'caseIgnoreIA5Match' rule).

   Also note that applications supporting internationalized domain names
   SHALL use the ToASCII method [RFC3490] to produce <sub-domain>
   components of the <Mailbox> production.

2.17. manager

The 'manager' attribute specifies managers, by distinguished name, of the person (or entity). ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.10 NAME 'manager' EQUALITY distinguishedNameMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12 ) The DistinguishedName (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12) syntax and the 'distinguishedNameMatch' rule are described in [RFC4517].

2.18. mobile

The 'mobile' (mobileTelephoneNumber) attribute specifies mobile telephone numbers (e.g., "+1 775 555 6789") associated with a person (or entity). ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.41 NAME 'mobile' EQUALITY telephoneNumberMatch SUBSTR telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50 ) The telephoneNumber (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50) syntax and the 'telephoneNumberMatch' and 'telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 11

2.19. organizationalStatus

The 'organizationalStatus' attribute specifies categories by which a person is often referred to in an organization. Examples of usage in academia might include "undergraduate student", "researcher", "professor", and "staff". Multiple values are allowed where the person is in multiple categories. Directory administrators and application designers SHOULD consider carefully the distinctions between this and the 'title' and 'userClass' attributes. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.45 NAME 'organizationalStatus' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} ) The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.20. pager

The 'pager' (pagerTelephoneNumber) attribute specifies pager telephone numbers (e.g., "+1 775 555 5555") for an object. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.42 NAME 'pager' EQUALITY telephoneNumberMatch SUBSTR telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50 ) The telephoneNumber (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50) syntax and the 'telephoneNumberMatch' and 'telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.21. personalTitle

The 'personalTitle' attribute specifies personal titles for a person. Examples of personal titles are "Frau", "Dr.", "Herr", and "Professor". ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.40 NAME 'personalTitle' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )
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   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.22. roomNumber

The 'roomNumber' attribute specifies the room number of an object. During periods of renumbering, or in other circumstances where a room has multiple valid room numbers associated with it, multiple values may be provided. Note that the 'cn' (commonName) attribute type SHOULD be used for naming room objects. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.6 NAME 'roomNumber' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} ) The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

2.23. secretary

The 'secretary' attribute specifies secretaries and/or administrative assistants, by distinguished name. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.21 NAME 'secretary' EQUALITY distinguishedNameMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12 ) The DistinguishedName (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12) syntax and the 'distinguishedNameMatch' rule are described in [RFC4517].

2.24. uniqueIdentifier

The 'uniqueIdentifier' attribute specifies a unique identifier for an object represented in the Directory. The domain within which the identifier is unique and the exact semantics of the identifier are for local definition. For a person, this might be an institution- wide payroll number. For an organizational unit, it might be a department code. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.44 NAME 'uniqueIdentifier' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )
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   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

   Note: X.520 also describes an attribute called 'uniqueIdentifier'
         (2.5.4.45), which is called 'x500UniqueIdentifier' in LDAP
         [RFC4519].  The attribute detailed here ought not be confused
         with 'x500UniqueIdentifier'.

2.25. userClass

The 'userClass' attribute specifies categories of computer or application user. The semantics placed on this attribute are for local interpretation. Examples of current usage of this attribute in academia are "student", "staff", and "faculty". Note that the 'organizationalStatus' attribute type is now often preferred, as it makes no distinction between persons as opposed to users. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.8 NAME 'userClass' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} ) The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the 'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described in [RFC4517].

3. COSINE Object Classes

This section details COSINE object classes for use in LDAP.

3.1. account

The 'account' object class is used to define entries representing computer accounts. The 'uid' attribute SHOULD be used for naming entries of this object class. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.5 NAME 'account' SUP top STRUCTURAL MUST uid MAY ( description $ seeAlso $ l $ o $ ou $ host ) ) The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512]. The 'description', 'seeAlso', 'l', 'o', 'ou', and 'uid' attribute types are described in [RFC4519]. The 'host' attribute type is described in Section 2 of this document.
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   3.3.  documentSeriesExample:

      dn: uid=kdz,cn=Accounts,dc=Example,dc=COM
      objectClass: account
      uid: kdz
      seeAlso: cn=Kurt D. Zeilenga,cn=Persons,dc=Example,dc=COM

3.2. document

The 'document' object class is used to define entries that represent documents. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.6 NAME 'document' SUP top STRUCTURAL MUST documentIdentifier MAY ( cn $ description $ seeAlso $ l $ o $ ou $ documentTitle $ documentVersion $ documentAuthor $ documentLocation $ documentPublisher ) ) The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512]. The 'cn', 'description', 'seeAlso', 'l', 'o', and 'ou' attribute types are described in [RFC4519]. The 'documentIdentifier', 'documentTitle', 'documentVersion', 'documentAuthor', 'documentLocation', and 'documentPublisher' attribute types are described in Section 2 of this document. Example: dn: documentIdentifier=RFC 4524,cn=RFC,dc=Example,dc=COM objectClass: document documentIdentifier: RFC 4524 documentTitle: COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema documentAuthor: cn=Kurt D. Zeilenga,cn=Persons,dc=Example,dc=COM documentLocation: http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4524.txt documentPublisher: Internet Engineering Task Force description: A collection of schema elements for use in LDAP description: Obsoletes RFC 1274 seeAlso: documentIdentifier=RFC 4510,cn=RFC,dc=Example,dc=COM seeAlso: documentIdentifier=RFC 1274,cn=RFC,dc=Example,dc=COM

3.3. documentSeries

The 'documentSeries' object class is used to define an entry that represents a series of documents (e.g., The Request For Comments memos).
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      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.9 NAME 'documentSeries'
        SUP top STRUCTURAL
        MUST cn
        MAY ( description $ l $ o $ ou $ seeAlso $
          telephonenumber ) )

   The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512].  The 'description',
   'l', 'o', 'ou', 'seeAlso', and 'telephoneNumber' attribute types are
   described in [RFC4519].

   Example:

      dn: cn=RFC,dc=Example,dc=COM
      objectClass: documentSeries
      cn: Request for Comments
      cn: RFC
      description: a series of memos about the Internet

3.4. domain

The 'domain' object class is used to define entries that represent DNS domains for objects that are not organizations, organizational units, or other kinds of objects more appropriately defined using an object class specific to the kind of object being defined (e.g., 'organization', 'organizationUnit'). The 'dc' attribute should be used for naming entries of the 'domain' object class. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.13 NAME 'domain' SUP top STRUCTURAL MUST dc MAY ( userPassword $ searchGuide $ seeAlso $ businessCategory $ x121Address $ registeredAddress $ destinationIndicator $ preferredDeliveryMethod $ telexNumber $ teletexTerminalIdentifier $ telephoneNumber $ internationaliSDNNumber $ facsimileTelephoneNumber $ street $ postOfficeBox $ postalCode $ postalAddress $ physicalDeliveryOfficeName $ st $ l $ description $ o $ associatedName ) ) The 'top' object class and the 'dc', 'userPassword', 'searchGuide', 'seeAlso', 'businessCategory', 'x121Address', 'registeredAddress', 'destinationIndicator', 'preferredDeliveryMethod', 'telexNumber', 'teletexTerminalIdentifier', 'telephoneNumber', 'internationaliSDNNumber', 'facsimileTelephoneNumber', 'street', 'postOfficeBox', 'postalCode', 'postalAddress', 'physicalDeliveryOfficeName', 'st', 'l', 'description', and 'o' types
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 16
   are described in [RFC4519].  The 'associatedName' attribute type is
   described in Section 2 of this document.

   Example:

      dn: dc=com
      objectClass: domain
      dc: com
      description: the .COM TLD

3.5. domainRelatedObject

The 'domainRelatedObject' object class is used to define entries that represent DNS domains that are "equivalent" to an X.500 domain, e.g., an organization or organizational unit. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.17 NAME 'domainRelatedObject' SUP top AUXILIARY MUST associatedDomain ) The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512]. The 'associatedDomain' attribute type is described in Section 2 of this document. Example: dn: dc=example,dc=com objectClass: organization objectClass: dcObject objectClass: domainRelatedObject dc: example associatedDomain: example.com o: Example Organization The 'organization' and 'dcObject' object classes and the 'dc' and 'o' attribute types are described in [RFC4519].

3.6. friendlyCountry

The 'friendlyCountry' object class is used to define entries representing countries in the DIT. The object class is used to allow friendlier naming of countries than that allowed by the object class 'country' [RFC4519]. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.18 NAME 'friendlyCountry' SUP country STRUCTURAL MUST co )
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 17
   The 'country' object class is described in [RFC4519].  The 'co'
   attribute type is described in Section 2 of this document.

   Example:

      dn: c=DE
      objectClass: country
      objectClass: friendlyCountry
      c: DE
      co: Deutschland
      co: Germany
      co: Federal Republic of Germany
      co: FRG

   The 'c' attribute type is described in [RFC4519].

3.7. rFC822LocalPart

The 'rFC822LocalPart' object class is used to define entries that represent the local part of Internet mail addresses [RFC2822]. This treats the local part of the address as a 'domain' object. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.14 NAME 'rFC822localPart' SUP domain STRUCTURAL MAY ( cn $ description $ destinationIndicator $ facsimileTelephoneNumber $ internationaliSDNNumber $ physicalDeliveryOfficeName $ postalAddress $ postalCode $ postOfficeBox $ preferredDeliveryMethod $ registeredAddress $ seeAlso $ sn $ street $ telephoneNumber $ teletexTerminalIdentifier $ telexNumber $ x121Address ) ) The 'domain' object class is described in Section 3.4 of this document. The 'cn', 'description', 'destinationIndicator', 'facsimileTelephoneNumber', 'internationaliSDNNumber, 'physicalDeliveryOfficeName', 'postalAddress', 'postalCode', 'postOfficeBox', 'preferredDeliveryMethod', 'registeredAddress', 'seeAlso', 'sn, 'street', 'telephoneNumber', 'teletexTerminalIdentifier', 'telexNumber', and 'x121Address' attribute types are described in [RFC4519]. Example: dn: dc=kdz,dc=example,dc=com objectClass: domain objectClass: rFC822LocalPart dc: kdz associatedName: cn=Kurt D. Zeilenga,cn=Persons,dc=Example,dc=COM
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   The 'dc' attribute type is described in [RFC4519].

3.8. room

The 'room' object class is used to define entries representing rooms. The 'cn' (commonName) attribute SHOULD be used for naming entries of this object class. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.7 NAME 'room' SUP top STRUCTURAL MUST cn MAY ( roomNumber $ description $ seeAlso $ telephoneNumber ) ) The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512]. The 'cn', 'description', 'seeAlso', and 'telephoneNumber' attribute types are described in [RFC4519]. The 'roomNumber' attribute type is described in Section 2 of this document. dn: cn=conference room,dc=example,dc=com objectClass: room cn: conference room telephoneNumber: +1 755 555 1111

3.9. simpleSecurityObject

The 'simpleSecurityObject' object class is used to require an entry to have a 'userPassword' attribute when the entry's structural object class does not require (or allow) the 'userPassword attribute'. ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.19 NAME 'simpleSecurityObject' SUP top AUXILIARY MUST userPassword ) The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512]. The 'userPassword' attribute type is described in [RFC4519]. dn: dc=kdz,dc=Example,dc=COM objectClass: account objectClass: simpleSecurityObject uid: kdz userPassword: My Password seeAlso: cn=Kurt D. Zeilenga,cn=Persons,dc=Example,dc=COM

4. Security Considerations

General LDAP security considerations [RFC4510] are applicable to the use of this schema. Additional considerations are noted above where appropriate.
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 19
   Directories administrators should ensure that access to sensitive
   information be restricted to authorized entities and that appropriate
   data security services, including data integrity and data
   confidentiality, are used to protect against eavesdropping.

   Simple authentication (e.g., plain text passwords) mechanisms should
   only be used when adequate data security services are in place.  LDAP
   offers reasonably strong authentication and data security services
   [RFC4513].

5. IANA Considerations

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has updated the LDAP descriptors registry [RFC4520] as indicated in the following template: Subject: Request for LDAP Descriptor Registration Update Descriptor (short name): see comment Object Identifier: see comments Person & email address to contact for further information: Kurt Zeilenga <kurt@OpenLDAP.org> Usage: see comments Specification: RFC 4524 Author/Change Controller: IESG Comments: The following descriptors have been updated to refer to RFC 4524. NAME Type OID ------------------------ ---- -------------------------- account O 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.5 associatedDomain A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.37 associatedName A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.38 buildingName A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.48 co A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.43 document O 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.6 documentAuthor A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.14 documentIdentifier A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.11 documentLocation A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.15 documentPublisher A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.56 documentSeries O 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.8 documentTitle A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.12 documentVersion A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.13 domain O 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.13 domainRelatedObject O 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.17 drink A 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.5 favouriteDrink A* 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.5 friendlyCountry O 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.18
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 20
        friendlyCountryName            A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.43
        homePhone                      A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.20
        homePostalAddress              A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.39
        homeTelephone                  A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.20
        host                           A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.9
        info                           A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.4
        mail                           A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.3
        manager                        A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.10
        mobile                         A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.41
        mobileTelephoneNumber          A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.41
        organizationalStatus           A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.45
        pager                          A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.42
        pagerTelephoneNumber           A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.42
        personalTitle                  A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.40
        rFC822LocalPart                O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.14
        rfc822Mailbox                  A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.3
        room                           O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.7
        roomNumber                     A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.6
        secretary                      A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.21
        simpleSecurityObject           O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.19
        singleLevelQuality             A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.50
        uniqueIdentifier               A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.44
        userClass                      A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.8

      where Type A is Attribute, Type O is ObjectClass, and *
      indicates that the registration is historic in nature.

6. Acknowledgements

This document is based on RFC 1274, by Paul Barker and Steve Kille, as well as on RFC 2247, by Steve Kill, Mark Wahl, Al Grimstad, Rick Huber, and Sri Satulari.

7. References

7.1. Normative References

[RFC1034] Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - concepts and facilities", STD 13, RFC 1034, November 1987. [RFC1123] Braden, R., "Requirements for Internet Hosts - Application and Support", STD 3, RFC 1123, October 1989. [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 21
   [RFC2181]     Elz, R. and R. Bush, "Clarifications to the DNS
                 Specification", RFC 2181, July 1997.

   [RFC2247]     Kille, S., Wahl, M., Grimstad, A., Huber, R., and S.
                 Sataluri, "Using Domains in LDAP/X.500 Distinguished
                 Names", RFC 2247, January 1998.

   [RFC2821]     Klensin, J., Ed., "Simple Mail Transfer Protocol", RFC
                 2821, April 2001.

   [RFC2822]     Resnick, P., "Internet Message Format", RFC 2822, April
                 2001.

   [RFC3490]     Faltstrom, P., Hoffman, P., and A. Costello,
                 "Internationalizing Domain Names in Applications
                 (IDNA)", RFC 3490, March 2003.

   [RFC4510]     Zeilenga, K., Ed.,  "Lightweight Directory Access
                 Protocol (LDAP): Technical Specification Road Map", RFC
                 4510, June 2006.

   [RFC4512]     Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 (LDAP): Directory Information Models", RFC 4512, June
                 2006.

   [RFC4513]     Harrison, R., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 (LDAP): Authentication Methods and Security
                 Mechanisms", RFC 4513, June 2006.

   [RFC4517]     Legg, S., Ed., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 (LDAP): Syntaxes and Matching Rules", RC 4517, June
                 2006.

   [RFC4519]     Sciberras, A., Ed., "Lightweight Directory Access
                 Protocol (LDAP): Schema for User Applications", RFC
                 4519, June 2006.

   [X.501]       International Telecommunication Union -
                 Telecommunication Standardization Sector, "The
                 Directory -- Models," X.501(1993) (also ISO/IEC 9594-
                 2:1994).

7.2. Informative References

[COSINEpilot] Goodman, D., "PARADISE" section of the March 1991 INTERNET MONTHLY REPORTS (p. 28-29), http://www.iana.org/periodic-reports/imr-mar91.txt
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 22
   [ISO3166]     International Organization for Standardization, "Codes
                 for the representation of names of countries", ISO
                 3166.

   [RFC1274]     Barker, P. and S. Kille, "The COSINE and Internet X.500
                 Schema", RFC 1274, November 1991.

   [RFC1279]     Hardcastle-Kille, S., "X.500 and Domains", RFC 1279,
                 November 1991.

   [RFC1487]     Yeong, W., Howes, T., and S. Kille, "X.500 Lightweight
                 Directory Access Protocol", RFC 1487, July 1993.

   [RFC2251]     Wahl, M., Howes, T., and S. Kille, "Lightweight
                 Directory Access Protocol (v3)", RFC 2251, December
                 1997.

   [RFC2798]     Smith, M., "Definition of the inetOrgPerson LDAP Object
                 Class", RFC 2798, April 2000.

   [RFC3494]     Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 version 2 (LDAPv2) to Historic Status", RFC 3494, March
                 2003.

   [RFC4520]     Zeilenga, K., "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
                 (IANA) Considerations for the Lightweight Directory
                 Access Protocol (LDAP)", BCP 64, RFC 4520.
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 23

Appendix A. Changes since RFC 1274

This document represents a substantial rewrite of RFC 1274. The following sections summarize the substantive changes.

A.1. LDAP Short Names

A number of COSINE attribute types have short names in LDAP. X.500 Name LDAP Short Name ------------- --------------- domainComponent dc favoriteDrink drink friendCountryName co homeTelephoneNumber homePhone mobileTelephoneNumber mobile pagerTelephoneNumber pager rfc822Mailbox mail userid uid While the LDAP short names are generally used in LDAP, some implementations may (for legacy reasons [RFC3494]) recognize the attribute type by its X.500 name. Hence, the X.500 names have been reserved solely for this purpose. Note: 'uid' and 'dc' are described in [RFC4519].

A.2. pilotObject

The 'pilotObject' object class was not brought forward as its function is largely replaced by operational attributes introduced in X.500(93) [X.501] and version 3 of LDAP [RFC4512]. For instance, the function of the 'lastModifiedBy' and 'lastModifiedTime' attribute types is now served by the 'creatorsName', 'createTimestamp', 'modifiersName', and 'modifyTimestamp' operational attributes [RFC4512].

A.3. pilotPerson

The 'pilotPerson' object class was not brought forward as its function is largely replaced by the 'organizationalPerson' [RFC4512] object class and its subclasses, such as 'inetOrgPerson' [RFC2798]. Most of the related attribute types (e.g., 'mail', 'manager') were brought forward as they are used in other object classes.
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 24

A.4. dNSDomain

The 'dNSDomain' object class and related attribute types were not brought forward as its use is primarily experimental [RFC1279].

A.5. pilotDSA and qualityLabelledData

The 'pilotDSA' and 'qualityLabelledData' object classes, as well as related attribute types, were not brought forward as its use is primarily experimental [QoS].

A.6. Attribute Syntaxes

RFC 1274 defined and used caseIgnoreIA5StringSyntax attribute syntax. This has been replaced with the IA5String syntax and appropriate matching rules in 'mail' and 'associatedDomain'. RFC 1274 restricted 'mail' to have non-zero length values. This restriction is not reflected in the IA5String syntax used in the definitions provided in this specification. However, as values are to conform to the <Mailbox> production, the 'mail' should not contain zero-length values. Unfortunately, the directory service will not enforce this restriction.

Appendix B. Changes since RFC 2247

The 'domainNameForm' name form was not brought forward as specification of name forms used in LDAP is left to a future specification.

Editor's Address

Kurt D. Zeilenga OpenLDAP Foundation EMail: Kurt@OpenLDAP.org
Top   ToC   RFC4524 - Page 25
Full Copyright Statement

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