Tech-invite3GPPspaceIETF RFCsSIP
93929190898887868584838281807978777675747372717069686766656463626160595857565554535251504948474645444342414039383736353433323130292827262524232221201918171615141312111009080706050403020100
in Index   Prev   Next

RFC 3832

Remote Service Discovery in the Service Location Protocol (SLP) via DNS SRV

Pages: 8
Experimental
Updated by:  8553

ToP   noToC   RFC3832 - Page 1
Network Working Group                                            W. Zhao
Request for Comments: 3832                                H. Schulzrinne
Category: Experimental                               Columbia University
                                                              E. Guttman
                                                        Sun Microsystems
                                                            C. Bisdikian
                                                               W. Jerome
                                                                     IBM
                                                               July 2004


                    Remote Service Discovery in the
              Service Location Protocol (SLP) via DNS SRV

Status of this Memo

   This memo defines an Experimental Protocol for the Internet
   community.  It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind.
   Discussion and suggestions for improvement are requested.
   Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004).

Abstract

Remote service discovery refers to discovering desired services in given remote (i.e., non-local) DNS domains. This document describes remote service discovery in the Service Location Protocol (SLP) via DNS SRV. It defines the DNS SRV Resource Records for SLP Directory Agent services, discusses various issues in using SLP and DNS SRV together for remote service discovery, and gives the steps for discovering desired services in remote DNS domains.

1. Introduction

This document describes remote service discovery in the Service Location Protocol (SLP) [RFC2608] via DNS SRV [RFC2782]. We consider remote service discovery as discovering desired services in given remote DNS domains, and local service discovery as discovering desired services within the local administrative domain. SLP provides a scalable framework for local service discovery and selection. In SLP, User Agents (UAs) discover desired services in the local administrative domain by querying all Service Agents (SAs) via multicast or querying a Directory Agent (DA) via unicast. To
ToP   noToC   RFC3832 - Page 2
   query a DA using unicast, a UA needs to first learn about the DA via
   DHCP, static configuration or multicast (listening for DAAdvert
   multicast or issuing DA discovery SrvRqst multicast).

   DNS SRV provides good support for remote service discovery.  However,
   if multiple servers are discovered via DNS SRV for a service, only
   priority and weight can be used to make a selection.  If additional
   service properties (such as cost, speed and service quality) need to
   be considered in the selection process, DNS SRV becomes insufficient.

   We propose that using SLP and DNS SRV together can provide better
   support for remote service discovery.  First, a UA uses DNS SRV to
   find SLP DAs at a remote DNS domain.  Then, the UA uses SLP to query
   one of those DAs to discover desired services.  In this way, we can
   avoid the limitations in using SLP and DNS SRV separately.  On one
   hand, without DNS SRV, an SLP UA needs to depend on static
   configuration to learn about remote DAs because DHCP and multicast DA
   discovery are not generally applicable beyond the local
   administrative domain.  On the other hand, without SLP, DNS SRV has
   limited support for service selection.

   In this document, we first define the DNS SRV Resource Records (RRs)
   for SLP DA services, which are used to map a given DNS domain to
   remotely accessible (i.e., accessible from the Internet) DAs in that
   domain.  Then, we discuss various issues in using SLP and DNS SRV
   together for remote service discovery.  Finally, we give the steps
   for discovering services in remote DNS domains.

1.1. Notation Conventions

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

2. The DNS SRV RRs for SLP DA services

According to RFC 2782 [RFC2782], the DNS SRV RRs for SLP DA services are defined as follows: _slpda._Proto.Name TTL Class SRV Priority Weight Port Target where "slpda" is the symbolic name for SLP DA services, the Proto field is either "tcp" or "udp", and the Target field is the domain name of an SLP DA. Please refer to [RFC2782] for detailed explanation of each field in DNS SRV RRs.
ToP   noToC   RFC3832 - Page 3
   Next we show an example of using DNS SRV RRs to map a given DNS
   domain to remotely accessible DAs in that domain.  To discover
   remotely accessible DAs in a remote domain (say, example.com), a UA
   makes a DNS query [RFC1034,RFC1035] for QNAME=_slpda._tcp.example.com
   (or QNAME=_slpda._udp.example.com), QCLASS=IN, and QTYPE=SRV.  Then
   the UA will receive a list of DNS SRV RRs in a DNS reply, which gives
   all remotely accessible DAs in the domain example.com, such as:

   ;;                             Priority Weight Port Target
   _slpda._tcp.example.com IN SRV 0        0      427  da1.example.com
   _slpda._tcp.example.com IN SRV 0        0      427  da2.example.com

3. Remote Service Discovery in SLP via DNS SRV

SLP DAs can be discovered in two ways: (1) using the mechanisms described in RFC 2608, and (2) using DNS SRV RRs as described in this document. The second approach is useful for UAs to acquire service information for remote DNS domains. For example, a mobile node visiting a network (without the use of mobile IP) may want to obtain information about services in its home network.

3.1. The DNS Domain of Interest for Remote Service Discovery

Using DNS SRV RRs to discover SLP DAs requires knowledge of the domain where SLP DAs are registered. For remote service discovery, it is assumed that the DNS domain of interest is known via a priori knowledge. For example, a UA is configured with a domain name or the user provides the domain name manually. Note that there is no implied "search order" of DNS domains in finding remote DAs. For instance, if a UA is looking for remote DAs in the domain foo.bar.example.com, it SHOULD only look for _slp._tcp.foo.bar.example.com (or _slp._udp.foo.bar.example.com), and MUST NOT fall back to look for _slp._tcp.bar.example.com, _slp._tcp.example.com, and so on.

3.2. SLP DAs for Remote Service Discovery

A UA discovers desired services in a given remote DNS domain by unicasting requests to DAs in that domain. The UA uses remote DAs according to these prioritized rules: (1) using DAs which it has been configured with, and (2) using DAs which it has discovered via DNS SRV.
ToP   noToC   RFC3832 - Page 4

3.3. SLP Scopes for Remote Service Discovery

As SLP scopes are intended to be used only within one administrative domain, they are likely incomprehensible to users outside of the administrative domain. Thus, any remotely accessible service MUST be registered in the "default" scope, but it MAY be registered in other scopes at the same time. Similarly, all DAs advertised via DNS SRV MUST serve the "default" scope, but they MAY serve other scopes at the same time. As a result, users wishing to discover services at a remote DNS domain SHOULD only search the "default" scope.

4. Steps for Remote Service Discovery

The steps for a User Agent U to discover desired services in a remote DNS domain D are as follows. (1) U makes a DNS query for QNAME=_slpda._tcp.D (or QNAME=_slpda._udp.D), QCLASS=IN, and QTYPE=SRV. Then, U gets a list of DNS SRV RRs (referred to as L) in a DNS reply, which gives all remotely accessible DAs in D. (2) U selects a DA X from L based on the priority and weight information per RFC 2782. (3) U queries X in the "default" scope to discover desired services in D. Note that the services discovered in the above steps may not necessarily be remotely accessible.

5. Security Considerations

To support remote service discovery, a domain exposes its service information to the Internet. Standard SLP authentication SHOULD be used to protect valuable service information. First, there is a risk that any SA could advertise any service on a DA accessible from the Internet. Such a DA SHOULD reject all registrations and deregistrations that cannot be authenticated. Secondly, to avoid disclosing unintended service information to remote users, a DA accessible from the Internet SHOULD at least authenticate service queries that are not in the "default" scope. In addition, the security considerations for DNS SRV [RFC2782] apply to this document. Also, the DNS security extensions [RFC 2535] SHOULD be used to provide origin authentication and integrity protection for DNS data.
ToP   noToC   RFC3832 - Page 5

6. Applicability Statements

This specification describes remote service discovery in SLP via DNS SRV. It facilitates discovering services at a remote DNS domain if the domain name is known via a priori knowledge. However, it does not intend to solve the problem of Internet-wide service discovery. Users should be aware of two constraints in using DNS SRV to discover SLP DAs: (1) they SHOULD only use DNS SRV to discover DAs in the "default" scope, and (2) an administrator may choose to register only a subset of all DAs in the "default" scope via DNS SRV. Thus, to discover local DAs, implementations MUST use the standard SLP mechanisms per RFC 2608. In addition, implementations supporting this specification MAY use DNS SRV to discover local DAs in the "default" scope. As SLP scopes are not intended to be used outside the local administrative domain, all remote service discovery in SLP SHOULD be carried only in the "default" scope. Note that the services discovered via DNS SRV and remote SLP DAs may not necessarily be remotely accessible.

7. IANA Considerations

In the DNS SRV RRs for SLP DA services, the symbolic name for the Service field is "slpda", supported protocols are "tcp" and "udp". The following values have been registered with IANA: Service Field Protocol Field Reference ------------- -------------- --------- slpda tcp [RFC3832] slpda udp [RFC3832]

8. Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Bernard Aboba, Kevin Arnold, Steven Bellovin, Ted Hardie, James Kempf, Thomas Narten, Erik Nordmark, and Jon Peterson for their valuable comments.

9. Normative References

[RFC2608] Guttman, E., Perkins, C., Veizades, J. and M. Day, "Service Location Protocol, Version 2 ", RFC 2608, June 1999. [RFC2782] Gulbrandsen, A., Vixie, P. and L. Esibov, "A DNS RR for specifying the location of services (DNS SRV)", RFC 2782, February 2000.
ToP   noToC   RFC3832 - Page 6
   [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
             Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC1034] Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - concepts and facilities",
             STD 13, RFC 1034, November 1987.

   [RFC1035] Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - implementation and
             specification", STD 13, RFC 1035, November 1987.

   [RFC2535] Eastlake 3rd, D., "Domain Name System Security Extensions",
             RFC 2535, March 1999.

10. Authors' Addresses

Weibin Zhao Department of Computer Science Columbia University 1214 Amsterdam Avenue, MC 0401 New York, NY 10027-7003 EMail: zwb@cs.columbia.edu Henning Schulzrinne Department of Computer Science Columbia University 1214 Amsterdam Avenue, MC 0401 New York, NY 10027-7003 EMail: hgs@cs.columbia.edu Erik Guttman Sun Microsystems Eichhoelzelstr. 7 74915 Waibstadt Germany EMail: Erik.Guttman@sun.com
ToP   noToC   RFC3832 - Page 7
   Dr. Chatschik Bisdikian
   IBM T. J. Watson Research Center
   30 Saw Mill River Road, M/S 3S-B34
   Hawthorne, NY 10532, USA

   Phone: +1 914 784 7439
   Fax:   +1 914 784 6225
   EMail: bisdik@us.ibm.com


   William F. Jerome
   IBM Corp.
   Thomas J. Watson Research Center
   19 Skyline Drive
   Hawthorne, NY 10532, USA

   EMail: wfj@us.ibm.com
ToP   noToC   RFC3832 - Page 8

11. Full Copyright Statement

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has made any independent effort to identify any such rights. Information on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be found in BCP 78 and BCP 79. Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at http://www.ietf.org/ipr. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement this standard. Please address the information to the IETF at ietf- ipr@ietf.org. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society.