Tech-invite3GPPspaceIETF RFCsSIP
in Index   Prev   Next

RFC 3362

Real-time Facsimile (T.38) - image/t38 MIME Sub-type Registration

Pages: 5
Proposed Standard

ToP   noToC   RFC3362 - Page 1
Network Working Group                                         G. Parsons
Request for Comments: 3362                               Nortel Networks
Category: Standards Track                                    August 2002

                Real-time Facsimile (T.38) - image/t38
                      MIME Sub-type Registration

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2002).  All Rights Reserved.


This document describes the registration of the MIME sub-type image/t38. The encoding is defined by ITU Recommendation T.38 and is intended for use as an Session Description Protocol (SDP) media descriptor.

1. Conventions used in this document

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119 [REQ].

2. Overview

This document describes the registration of the MIME sub-type image/t38. The encoding is defined by [T.38] and is intended for use as an SDP media descriptor.

3. T.38 Definition

ITU-T Recommendation T.38 [T.38] describes the technical features necessary to transfer facsimile documents in real-time between two standard Group 3 facsimile terminals over the Internet or other networks using IP protocols. The Recommendation allows the use of either TCP or UDP depending on the service environment.
ToP   noToC   RFC3362 - Page 2
   ITU-T Recommendation T.38 [T.38] Annex D describes system level
   requirements and procedures for internet aware facsimile
   implementations and internet aware facsimile gateways conforming to
   ITU-T T.38 to establish calls with other ITU-T T.38 implementations
   using the procedures defined in IETF RFC 2543 [SIP-99] and IETF RFC
   2327 [SDP].

   Note that ITU-T T.38 Recommendation T.38 (04/02) [T.38] is an
   aggregation of the original ITU-T Recommendation T.38 (06/98) [T.38-
   98] and all of the subsequent Amendments and Corrigendum including
   [T.38D-00].  While [T.38] and [T.38D-00] describe SIP procedures per
   [SIP-99], the procedures can also be applied to the revised Session
   Initiation Protocol specification [SIP].

3.1 image/t38 Usage

Annex D of [T.38] describes that the image/t38 media type is intended to indicate a T.38 media stream in SDP. This media type registration is not intended for email usage.

4. IANA Registration

To: Subject: Registration of Standard MIME media type image/t38 MIME media type name: image MIME subtype name: t38 Required parameters: none Optional parameters: none Encoding considerations: Binary Security considerations: This content denotes a facsimile bit stream that may or may not be encrypted. Interoperability considerations : This MIME media subtype is intended to be used as a parameter by SDP in SIP call setup for T.38 as described in ITU-T Rec. T.38 Annex D. Any use of this media type by email applications is not defined and as a result is not guaranteed to interoperate with a T.38 stream.
ToP   noToC   RFC3362 - Page 3
      Published specification:

         ITU-T Recommendation T.38, 'Procedures for real-time
         Group 3 facsimile communication over IP networks', April

         A copy of the T.38 specifications can be found at:


      Applications which use this media type:

         Real-time facsimile (fax)

      Additional information:

         Magic number(s):
              II (little-endian):
              MM (big-endian):
         File extension(s): .T38
         Macintosh File Type Code(s): T38

      Person & email address to contact for further information:

         Glenn W. Parsons

      Intended usage: COMMON

      Change controller: Glenn Parsons

5. Security Considerations

Security considerations for this media type are discussed in the MIME type registration that appears in section 4.

6. References

[REQ] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [MIME4] Freed, N. and N. Borenstein, "Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part Four: Registration Procedures", BCP 13, RFC 2048, November 1996.
ToP   noToC   RFC3362 - Page 4
   [SDP]      Handley, M. and V. Jacobson, "SDP: Session Description
              Protocol", RFC 2327, April 1998.

   [SIP]      Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
              A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M. and E. Schooler,
              "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261, June 2002.

   [SIP-99]   Handley, M., Schulzrinne, H., Schooler, E. and J.
              Rosenberg, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 2543,
              March 1999.

   [T.38]     ITU-T Recommendation T.38, 'Procedures for real-time Group
              3 facsimile communication over IP networks', April 2002.

   [T.38-98]  ITU-T Recommendation T.38, 'Procedures for real-time Group
              3 facsimile communication over IP networks', June 1998.

   [T.38D-00] ITU-T Recommendation T.38 Amendment 2 Annex D, 'SIP/SDP
              Call Establishment Procedures', February 2000.

7. Authors' Address

Glenn W. Parsons Nortel Networks P.O. Box 3511, Station C Ottawa, ON K1Y 4H7 Canada Phone: +1-613-763-7582 Fax: +1-613-763-2697 EMail:
ToP   noToC   RFC3362 - Page 5

8. Full Copyright Statement

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2002). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society.