"Internet Domain Survey, January 1995," Network Wizards
http://www.nw.com/zone/WWW/report.html "Restructuring Schools: A Systematic View," Action Line, the
newsletter of the Maryland State Teachers Association, a National
Education Association Affiliate. R. Kuhn, Editor. No. 93-6. June,
 Sivin, J. P. and E. R. Bialo, "Ethical Uses of Information
Technologies in Education." Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of
Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of
11. Security Considerations
General security considerations are discussed in Section 7 of this
12. Authors' Addresses
505 Huntmar Park Dr.
Herndon, VA 22070
Sterling Software/NASA IITA
700 13th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20005
APPENDIX A: GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN THIS DOCUMENT
The following is a short glossary of terms used in this document. For
a more complete glossary of Internet terms, refer to FYI 18,
"Internet Users' Glossary." These definitions are largely excerpted
from that glossary. (See Section 8, "Suggested Reading," above for
complete reference information.)
Acceptable Use Policy (AUP)
The policy which defines the uses of the network that the network's
administrators consider appropriate. Enforcement of AUPs varies with
Accessing data via the File Transfer Protocol using the special
username "anonymous." This was devised as a method to provide a
relatively secure way of providing restricted access to public data.
Users who wish to acquire data from a public source may use FTP to
connect to the source, then use the special username "anonymous" and
their email address as the password to log into a public data area.
A system to automatically gather, index and serve information on the
Internet. The initial implementation of Archie provided an indexed
directory of filenames from all anonymous FTP archives on the
Internet. Later versions provide other collections of information.
An application which requests information from, or requests a service
of, a shared resource (a computer or "server"). See also Server.
A person who uses computer knowledge to attempt to gain access to
computer systems and/or maliciously damage those systems or data.
Dial-in (also dial-up)
A connection, usually made via modems, between two computers (or
servers) over standard voice grade telephone lines.
To copy data from a remote computer to a local computer. The opposite
DSU/CSU (Data Service Unit/Channel Service Unit)
The digital equivalent of a modem. A Channel Service Unit connects to
a telephone company-provided digital data circuit, and a Data Service
Unit provides the electronics required to connect digital equipment
to the CSU. Paired together a DSU/CSU allows computer equipment to
be connected into the telephone digital service for highly
conditioned, high speed data communications.
Electronic Bulletin Board System (BBS)
A computer, and associated software, which typically provides
electronic messaging services, archives of files, and any other
services or activities of interest to the bulletin board system's
operator. Although BBSs have traditionally been the domain of
hobbyists, an increasing number of BBSs are connected directly to the
Internet, and many BBSs are currently operated by government,
educational, and research institutions.
Email (Electronic Mail)
A system whereby a computer user can exchange messages with other
computer users (or groups of users) via a communications network.
A network of computers interconnected using the FIDO dial-up
protocols. The FIDO protocol provides a means of "store and forward"
file transfer similar to UUCP.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
A protocol which allows a user on one host to access, and transfer
files to and from, another host over a network. Also, FTP is usually
the name of the program the user invokes to execute the protocol.
FYI (For Your Information)
A subseries of RFCs that are not technical standards or descriptions
of protocols. FYIs convey general information about topics related
to TCP/IP or the Internet. See also RFC (Request for Comments).
A distributed information service that makes available hierarchical
collections of information across the Internet. Gopher uses a simple
protocol that allows a single Gopher client to access information
from any accessible Gopher server, providing the user with a single
"Gopher space" of information. Public domain versions of the client
and server are available
A person who delights in having an intimate understanding of the
internal workings of a system, computers and computer networks in
particular. The popular media has corrupted this term to give it the
pejorative connotation of a person who maliciously uses computer
knowledge to cause damage to computers and data. The proper term for
this type of person is "cracker."
A form of Web page that serves as the introductory or main page for a
subject. The home page generally contains basic information about a
subject and hypertext links to other pages which contain more
detailed information. See also WWW and Web page.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The IETF is a large, open community of network designers, operators,
vendors, and researchers whose purpose is to coordinate the
operation, management and evolution of the Internet, and to resolve
short-range and mid-range protocol and architectural issues. It is a
major source of protocol proposals and standards.
Internet Service Provider (ISP)
See Network Access Provider.
A Network Information Center (NIC), funded by the National Science
foundation, that provides information about the Internet. The
InterNIC offers support in the areas of Information Services (the
task most often cited in this document), Registration Services, and
Directory and Database Services.
Kbs (Kilo-Bits per Second)
A data transmission rate expressed in 1000 bit per second units. For
example, 56 Kbs is 56*1000 = 56,000 bits per second.
LAN (Local Area Network)
A data network intended to serve an area of only a few square
kilometers or less. Since such networks are relatively small, they
can usually be directly controlled by the users and operate at
relatively high speeds (up to 100 Mbs [10 million bits per second])
over inexpensive wiring.
A leased line is a special phone company permanent connection between
two locations. Leased lines are generally used where high-speed data
(usually 960 characters per second and higher) is continually
exchanged between two computers (in the Internet, generally between
routers). A leased line is billed at the same rate per month
independent of how much the line is used and can be cheaper than
using dial modems depending on the usage. Leased lines may also be
used where higher data rates are needed beyond what a dial modem can
Listserv (mailing list server)
An automated program that accepts mail messages from users and
performs basic operations on mailing lists for those users. In the
Internet, listservs are usually accessed as "listname@host." For
example, the list server for the hypothetical list
"firstname.lastname@example.org" would be called "email@example.com." Sending
email to "firstname.lastname@example.org" causes the message to be sent to all
the list subscribers, while sending a message (to subscribe or
unsubscribe, for example) to "email@example.com" sends the message
only to the list server program. Not all mailing lists use list
servers to handle list administration duties. More than one automated
mailing program exists on the Internet, although the term "listserv"
is sometimes confusingly used to refer to any such program.
A list of email addresses. Generally, a mailing list is used to
discuss a certain set of topics, and different mailing lists discuss
different topics. A mailing list may be moderated. That is, messages
sent to the list are actually sent to a moderator who determines
whether or not to send the messages on to everyone else. Many
mailing lists are maintained by mail handling software such as
listserv, majordomo, or listproc, which are programs that
automatically handle operations such as adding new people to the
list. (See above.) In the Internet, for those mailing lists
maintained by a human, rather than by a program, you can generally
subscribe to a list by sending a mail message to: "listname-
REQUEST@host" and in the body of the message enter a request to
subscribe. To send messages to other subscribers, you will then use
the address "listname@host."
A device that converts the digital signals used by computers into
analog signals needed by voice telephone systems.
Network Access Provider (Network Service Provider, Internet Service
Any organization that provides network connectivity or dial-up
access. Service providers may be corporations, government agencies,
universities, or other organizations.
Another name for "Usenet News."
NIC (Network Information Center)
A central place where information about a network within the Internet
is maintained. Usually NICs are staffed by personnel who answer user
telephone calls and electronic mail, and provide general network
usage information and referrals, among other possible tasks. Most
network service providers also provide a NIC for their users.
A specific access point on an Internet computer, designated by a
number. Most common Internet services, such as the World Wide Web,
have specific port numbers associated with them, which makes it
easier for applications on the Internet to interact. Human users of
the Intern et normally do not need to worry about port numbers.
PPP (Point to Point Protocol)
A protocol used to establish TCP/IP connections using serial lines
such as dial-up telephone lines. Similar to SLIP (see below), PPP is
a later standard that includes features such as demand dial-up,
compression, and better flow control.
A formal description of message formats and the rules two computers
must follow to exchange those messages. Protocols can describe low-
level details of machine-to-machine interfaces (e.g., the order in
which bits and bytes are sent across a wire) or high-level exchanges
between allocation programs (e.g., the way in which two programs
transfer a file across the Internet).
A series of protocols linked together to provide an end-to-end
service. For example, the File Transfer Protocol uses the
Transmission Control Protocol, which uses the Internet Protocol,
which may use the Point to Point protocol, to transfer a file from
one computer to another. The series FTP->TCP->IP->PPP is called a
RFC (Request for Comments)
The document series, begun in 1969, which describes the Internet
suite of protocols and related experiments. Not all (in fact very
few) RFCs describe Internet standards, but all Internet standards are
written up as RFCs. The RFCs include the documentary record of the
Internet standards process.
A computer which forwards traffic between networks. The forwarding
decision is based on network layer information and routing tables,
often constructed by routing protocols.
A shared resource which provides information or services to user
applications or clients. See also Client.
SLIP (Serial Line Internet Protocol)
A protocol used to establish TCP/IP connections using serial lines
such as dial-up telephone lines. Small computers, such as PCs and
Macintoshes, can use SLIP to dial up to servers, which then allow the
computer to act as a full Internet node. SLIP is generally used at
sites with a few users as a cheaper alternative than a full Internet
connection. SLIP is being replaced by PPP at many sites.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
TCP/IP is named for two of the major communications protocols used
within the Internet (TCP and IP). These protocols (along with several
others) provide the basic foundation for communications between hosts
in the Internet. All of the service protocols, such as FTP, Telnet,
and Gopher, use TCP/IP to transfer information.
Telnet is the Internet standard protocol for remote terminal
connection service. The name "telnet" also is used to refer to
programs that allow interactive access to remote computers, as well
as the action of using said programs. For example, the phrase "Telnet
to host xyzzy" means to interactively log into host "xyzzy" from some
other host in the Internet.
To copy data from a local computer to a remote computer. The opposite
An electronic bulletin board system created originally by the Unix
community and which is accessible via the Internet. Usenet News forms
a discussion forum accessible by millions of users in almost every
country in the world. Usenet News consists of thousands of topics
arranged in a hierarchical form. Major topics include "comp" for
computer topics, "rec" for recreational topics, "soc" for social
topics, "sci" for science topics, etc. Within the major topics are
subtopics, such as "rec.music.classical" for classical music, or
"sci.med.physics" for discussions relating to the physics of medical
UUCP (Unix-to-Unix CoPy)
This was initially a program run under the Unix operating system that
allowed one Unix system to send files to another Unix system via
dial-up phone lines. Today, the term is more commonly used to
describe the large international network which uses the UUCP protocol
to pass news and electronic mail.
Veronica (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Network Index to Computerized
A utility which searches Gopher servers based on a user's list of
A program which replicates itself on computer systems by
incorporating itself into other programs which are shared among
computer systems. The term virus is also often used more generally to
refer to any unauthorized software intrusion into a computer, no
matter the type or behavior of the program.
A document, usually containing hypertext links, which is available
through the World Wide Web. Web pages are composed in a special
language called Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), which allows basic
formatting such as font sizes, bold, underline, blinking text, and
inclusion of graphics images. Web pages usually contain hypertext
links to other Web pages. See also WWW and Home page.
WAIS (Wide Area Information Server)
A distributed information service which offers simple natural
language input, indexed searching for fast retrieval, and a
"relevance feedback" mechanism which allows the results of initial
searches to influence future searches. Public domain implementations
WWW (World Wide Web)
A hypertext-based, distributed information system created by
researchers at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN) in
Switzerland. The Web information system may be used to create, edit,
or browse hypertext documents. The Web protocol interlinks
information in such a way that a user can traverse the Web from any
starting point. The protocol also interacts with many other Internet
services, such as Gopher, to provide one consistent, transparent user
interface to the Internet. Client and server software is widely
available via a number of methods: as free software, as client
software often included as part of an Internet connection package, or
as a commercial product.
APPENDIX B: WAYS TO GET RFCs
FYI documents such as the one your are reading are a subset of the
Internet Engineering Task Force's RFC documents.
Note that the latest version of the following file may be found on
the World Wide Web at http://www.isi.edu/in-notes/rfc-editor/rfc-info
For more information on Internet Engineering Task Force publications,
visit the RFC Editor's home page on the World Wide Web at
RFC-Info Simplified Help
Use RFC-Info by sending email messages to RFC-INFO@ISI.EDU.
1. To get a specific RFC send a message with text as follows:
This gets RFC 1500. All RFC numbers in the Doc-Id are 4 digits (RFC
791 would be Doc-ID: RFC0791).
2. To get a specific FYI send a message with text as follows:
3. To get a list of available RFCs that match a certain criteria:
Returns a list of RFCs with the word Gateway in the title or specified
as a keyword.
4. To get the Index of all RFCs published:
5. To get information about other ways to get RFCs, FYIs, STDs, or
6. To get help about using RFC-Info:
APPENDIX C: EXAMPLES OF EDUCATIONAL PROJECTS USING THE INTERNET
The following examples of projects using the Internet appeared on
various online computers and electronic mailing lists pertaining to
education during the 1995-96 school year. The messages have been
edited in the interest of space and because many of the details about
how to participate will become dated, but the information presented
can give you a feel for the types and range of projects that are
happening at the time of this writing.
A good source for project examples is "Judi Harris' Network-Based
Educational Activity Collection" and other World Wide Web sites
listed above in Section 9, "Resources and Contacts."
Example One: Interdisciplinary, Grades 2-4
From> KIDSPHERE Mailing List <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject> interdisciplinary project - grades 2-4
Project description: This interdisciplinary data collection activity
will enable students to answer the question: Does our community size
and location affect the types and numbers of pets we own?
For grades 2,3,4
Timeline: January 29-March 4
Our classes will collect and share information about our communities
and will then collect and share data about the types and numbers of
pets we own. Students will be able to use the collected information
to draw conclusions.
To participate, please send me your:
Name and grade level
community size generalization: rural, urban or suburban
Example Two: Science, Engineering, and Careers, Levels K-12
NASA is pleased to announce another exciting opportunity for K-12
classrooms to interact with our scientists, engineers and support
This time, the men and women of the Galileo project will provide a
behind-the-scenes look at what it's like to be part of the flight team
on a pioneering interplanetary expedition through the ONLINE FROM
Galileo scientists and mission engineers are opening their notebooks
to classrooms, museums and the public via the Internet to share their
observations and experiences working on the NASA spacecraft mission to
From now through January 1996, members of the flight team will write
brief field journal entries describing the scientific puzzles,
engineering challenges and excitement of discovery as the Galileo
orbiter and atmospheric entry probe begin their scientific
investigation of Jupiter. The atmospheric probe is set to descend
into Jupiter's atmosphere on Dec. 7, the same day the Galileo orbiter
begins circling the giant planet for a two-year mission.
"For the first time, we're providing a window on the inner workings
and interactions of a scientific deep space mission," said Dr. Jo
Pitesky, member of the Galileo Mission Planning Office. "In sharing
the journal entries, we hope to give readers, particularly students,
an idea of the tremendous efforts that go into controlling and
collecting data from a robot spacecraft a half-billion miles away."
After reading background material and the journals, kindergarten
through 12th grade students and their teachers can ask project members
questions -- via E-mail -- starting in late November and running
through January 1996. They will receive personal responses,
corresponding with experts on subjects ranging from atmospheric
science to spacecraft systems. An archive of all questions and answers
will be available online.
In addition, students will be able to take part in online experiments
that will use actual probe data. Another activity will challenge
students to predict the exact timing of the Galileo probe's first-ever
plunge into the Jovian atmosphere. Additionally, students will be
invited to create Stumpers (riddles and puzzles) to share with one
another. Other curriculum resources will help teachers integrate the
Galileo project into their classrooms. As well, mechanisms will be
provided to help like-minded teachers connect with each another to
pursue collaborative projects of their own.
Other than your own time, there is no cost to get involved. Please
consider joining us on this learning adventure. To participate, you
must sign up for the ONLINE FROM JUPITER maillist. To do this, send an
email message to email@example.com. In the message body,
write only these words: subscribe updates-jup
For more information, make a webstop at our "continuous construction"
These projects are part of the "Sharing NASA with the Classroom"
series. They are made possible by funding from the NASA Information
Infrastructure Technology and Applications (IITA) program. IITA is
part of the High Performance Computing and Communications program
authorized by Federal legislation passed in December 1991.
Example Three: MathMagic; Math at Various Grade Levels
[Note: The MathMagic World Wide Web home page is located at
What is MathMagic?
MathMagic is a K-12 telecommunications project developed in El Paso,
Texas. It provides strong motivation for students to use computer
technology while increasing problem-solving strategies and
communications skills. MathMagic posts challenges in each of four
categories (k-3, 4-6, 7-9 and 10-12) to trigger each registered team
to pair up with another team and engage in a problem-solving dialog.
When an agreement has been reached, one solution is posted for every
MathMagic has received wide ideological acceptance by hundreds of past
FidoNet users because it addresses most of the National Council of
Teachers of Mathematics standards. A modified format has now expanded
into the Internet and is available via regular e-mail or via the World
Wide Web (WWW).
Who can participate?
K-12 teachers and students, but higher education teachers, librarians,
technology coordinators, computer teachers, and even home-schoolers
are joining to act as facilitators.
What is needed?
Any teacher with access to electronic mail via the Internet can
participate. Several net service providers and most of the commercial
boards (America Online, Genie, CompuServe, Delphi, The Well, etc.) now
offer e-mail gateways and other Internet services. MathMagic is best
suited to schools that use computers with modems and have direct
In some areas, a local Bulletin Board System (BBS) or a Net user (such
as a parent with net access) may have to act as a go-between. Please
ask about special arrangements.
[Example challenge for grades 10-12:]
MathMagic Cycle 18: Level 10-12 Regular
Using the numbers 1 9 9 2 in a "locked" position, can you develop a 31
day calendar for the month of October? You can use addition (+),
subtraction (-), multiplication (*), division (/) exponents (^)
factorial (!) square root (sqrt) and, naturally, parenthesis ( ).
Example: Friday the 13th could be: (1+sqrt(9))!-9-2 (Scary, isn't it?)
(Notice that the numbers appear in the "locked" sequence)
MathMagic Cycle 18: Level 10-12 Advanced
What 6 digit number, with 6 different digits, when multiplied by all
integers up to 6, circulates its digits through all 6 possible
positions, as follows:
ABCDEF * 1 - ABCDEF
ABCDEF * 3 - BCDEFA
ABCDEF * 2 - CDEFAB
ABCDEF * 6 - DEFABC
ABCDEF * 4 - EFABCD
ABCDEF * 5 - FABCDE
[Example challenges for grades K-3:]
MathMagic Cycle 16: Level K-3 Regular
When two straight lines meet, they form an angle. Some angles are easy
to recognize. For instance, a RIGHT ANGLE is any of the four angles
formed by a piece of paper (like typing or computer paper) that has
Using a clock and "talking" with your partners, try to figure out how
many times in a day (24 hours) the hour hand and the minute hand form
a right angle. You may want to do a chart and watch the hour hand move
between the numbers, as you move the minute hand...
MathMagic Cycle 16: Level K-3 Advanced
One of the better known works of architecture of the Roman Empire was
the Coliseum. For a few months, at its maximum splendor (before the
senate began cutting its funding... yes, old problem) there stood an
Imperial Roman Guard in each of its 1000 arches. Imagine the splendor!
(Not too cool if you were the entertainment.)
The first budget conscious cut called for the removal of every other
Imperial Guard. Imagine, one stayed, the next went. The second senate
cut called for the removal of every third guard (from the original
count). So, the order went out that guards of gate 1 and gate 2 (if
there was one) could stay, while guard of gate 3 (and every other
third one) had to go... Naturally, what the senate was doing was
getting rid of some guards, but also getting the credit for a lot of
"cuts" of gates that had no guard.
The "cuts" continued number after number, until a diligent member of
the opposition party cried foul. He said, "Only some of the cuts are
actually getting rid of guards. A lot of them are not!" Can you build
an argument for this senator?
Also, if you were a Roman Imperial Guard that every week had to choose
a different gate you had to look after (and run the risk of loosing
your job), which gates would be your choice?
Good luck MrH
Example Four: Various Projects Announced by Global SchoolNet
Our teachers have been doing K12 projects over the Internet for the
past 12 years.
There is NO CHARGE for schools to participate in the projects. Global
SchoolNet organizes, manages, and facilitates collaborative learning
projects for schools with any level of connectivity . . . from email
only . . . to desktop videoconferencing.
To access these projects go to:
Sample of Projects you will find
The Global Schoolhouse (Featuring Desktop Video-Conferencing)
Today's "school of the future" uses the most powerful Internet tools,
including live video, to link K12 classrooms to their communities and
to other children around the world.
CALREN: Building the California Global Schoolhouse
Education leader (Global SchoolNet) partners with business leader
(Aldea Communications) to discover and document how schools,
businesses, and the community can network to share resources.
CyberStars: Number Ones of Tomorrow
For the first time ever, children around the globe can share their
musical talents with the world via the Internet.
PAACE: Personal Achievement And Career Awareness
Students learn and practice important career skills, including those
dealing with education, attitude, manners, grooming, and fashion.
Scientists from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory demonstrate the power of
distance learning, by interacting with students around world, from the
comfort of their own offices!
Projects that Require Email Access Only
Ask a Geologist (AAG)
Have you ever wondered about why California has so many earthquakes
and New York does not? Why is there so much oil in Texas but not in
Wisconsin? What are the deepest canyons in the United States? (The
answer might surprise you!) While the answers to many of these
questions might be as close as an encyclopedia, some questions are
difficult to answer without checking many sources. Beginning Monday,
October 3, 1994, the USGS will offer a new, experimental Internet
service - Ask-A-Geologist. General questions on earth sciences may be
sent by electronic mail
Family Tree-Mail: Language Translation
In this pilot project, children use Globalink's language translation
software to share family histories via email in their native languages
of Spanish, French, German, and Italian.
Join other classes on their live field trips. In turn, you take other
classes with you when you visit local places of interest. Our
FIELDTRIPS-L mailing list manages this "exchange" of classroom field
trips and excursions.
This perennially favorite project will excite your students as they
immerse themselves in atlases, maps, almanacs, and other references in
order to solve a geography puzzle. Your students help create the
puzzle by answering 8 questions about your community: latitude,
typical weather, land formations, time zone, points of interest, etc.
We combine their responses with other classes to create a geography
puzzle your students will love to solve. A simple first project for
Global Grocery List
Your students visit their local grocery stores and record the prices
of items on the grocery list, then share their prices with other
participating classes all over the world. The result is a growing
table of current, peer-collected data that can be used in math, social
studies, science, and health classes (and others). This project is
especially good for telecomputing beginners: it has very little
structure and no timeline.
Jane Goodall Institute
Students learn about the interconnectedness of all life on earth as
they observe the world around them and become involved in
environmental and humanitarian issues. Explore Gombe and Kibira
National Parks, ChimpanZoo, and the Roots & Shoots Program.
The Jason Project
The Jason Project brings the thrill of exploration and discovery live
to students around the world as they participate in an amazing
electronic field trip. In 1995 they trekked to Hawaii to study
volcanoes. The Global SchoolNet Foundation manages the Jason Project
Listservs and features them in our Global SCHLnet Newsgroup Service.
The Logo Foundation, in cooperation with the Global SchoolNet
Foundation, is now managing a Logo listserv discussion group available
to anybody on the Internet.
Your students write articles and post them on the Newsday Newswire for
the whole world to see! Then they read and choose articles from other
schools to download and include in their own newspaper! Finally... you
share your newspaper with other classes... and they in turn share
theirs with you. Your students' reading and writing skills will
improve while they learn about current local, national, and global
Where on the Globe is Roger?
Children are invited to learn about history, culture, geography, and
the environment, while they electronically travel around the world
with Roger Williams - in his quest to promote world peace!
Example Five: Professional Development
THE WEATHER UNDERGROUND ANNOUNCES "DISASTER IN THE CLASSROOM"
A *LIVE* TELEVISION PROGRAM TO ILLUSTRATE USES OF REAL-TIME
WEATHER AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMAGERY IN K-12 EDUCATION
Beginning in September 1995, Professor Perry Samson, University of
Michigan professor and Director of the Weather Underground, will host
an innovative, biweekly series of live, interactive, television shows
aimed at teachers, administrators, and parents interested in K-12
education, Internet resources, and the use of real-time weather
information in science. Aimed specifically at the professional
development of teachers, the programs create a model for teachers to
carry back into their classroom, a model that promotes project-based
student centered learning environments using new technology and
science ideas creatively.
The programs, interactive in design, allow participants to ask
questions and respond to information through a simultaneous e-mail
dialogue. A strength in the design of this series is its ability to
allow an interactive discussion of environmental issues (severe
weather, snowstorms, droughts, earthquakes, volcanic activity , El
Nino, etc.) in a timely manner, matching current news items to
science activities. The programs in the virtual classroom series are
uplinked to a satellite from the University of Michigan. Teachers,
administrators, parents or students can view the class either on
their own or in groups. Participants will be encouraged to use their
computer and modem to log into our server during the show. This
interactive virtual classroom will allow participants to pose or
answer questions live (or after the show).
Navigation on the Internet and pointers to information specific to
the science curriculum ideas presented on the show are emphasized and
made available to teachers for use in their classrooms. Participants
are shown where on the Internet to find imagery and activities
relevant to the topics discussed and are lead through a discussion of
new methods to utilize these data in their classroom activities.
Example activities utilizing current weather, climate and
environmental conditions are demonstrated.
If you are interested in participating in this series from your home
or school and would like to receive graduate credit for it, please
The Weather Underground
[other contact information deleted]
First show is Sept. 18, contact us or look to URL above for more