Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) S. Boutros, Ed. Request for Comments: 8338 VMware Updates: 7385 S. Sivabalan, Ed. Category: Standards Track Cisco Systems ISSN: 2070-1721 March 2018 Signaling Root-Initiated Point-to-Multipoint Pseudowire Using LDP
AbstractThis document specifies a mechanism to signal Point-to-Multipoint (P2MP) Pseudowire (PW) trees using LDP. Such a mechanism is suitable for any Layer 2 VPN service requiring P2MP connectivity over an IP or MPLS-enabled PSN. A P2MP PW established via the proposed mechanism is root initiated. This document updates RFC 7385 by reassigning the reserved value 0xFF to be the wildcard transport tunnel type. Status of This Memo This is an Internet Standards Track document. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8338. Copyright Notice Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License.
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1. Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.2. Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3. Signaling P2MP PW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.1. PW Ingress-to-Egress Incompatibility Issues . . . . . . . 6 3.2. P2MP PW FEC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.2.1. P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.2.2. P2P PW Downstream FEC Element . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.3. Typed Wildcard FEC Format for a New FEC . . . . . . . . . 11 3.4. Group ID Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.5. Generic Label TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 4. LDP Capability Negotiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 5. P2MP PW Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 7. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 7.1. FEC Type Name Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 7.2. LDP TLV Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 7.3. mLDP Opaque Value Element TLV Type . . . . . . . . . . . 15 7.4. Selective Tree Interface Parameter Sub-TLV Type . . . . . 15 7.5. Wildcard PMSI Tunnel Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 8. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 8.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 8.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 RFC3985] and a P2MP PW is that the former is intended for bidirectional service whereas the latter is intended for both unidirectional and, optionally, bidirectional service. Requirements for P2MP PWs are described in [RFC7338]. P2MP PWs can be constructed as either Single Segment Pseudowires (P2MP SS-PWs) or Multi-Segment Pseudowires (P2MP MS-PWs) as mentioned in [RFC7338]. P2MP MS-PW is outside the scope of this document. A reference model or a P2MP PW is depicted in Figure 1. A transport Label Switched Path (LSP) associated with a P2MP SS-PW SHOULD be a P2MP MPLS LSP (i.e., P2MP Traffic Engineering (TE) tunnel established via RSVP-TE [RFC4875] or P2MP LSP established via Multipoint LDP (mLDP) [RFC6388]) spanning from the Root PE (Provider Edge) to the Leaf
PE(s) of the P2MP SS-PW tree. For example, in Figure 1, PW1 can be associated with a P2MP TE tunnel or P2MP LSP setup using mLDP originating from PE1 and terminating at PE2, PE3, and PE4. |<--------------P2MP PW---------------->| Native | | Native Service | |<--PSN1->| |<--PSN2->| | Service (AC) V V V V V V (AC) | +-----+ +------+ +------+ | | | | | P1 |=========|T-PE2 |AC3 | +---+ | | | | .......PW1.........>|-------->|CE3| | |T-PE1|=========| . |=========| | | +---+ | | .......PW1........ | +------+ | | | . |=========| . | +------+ | | | . | | . |=========|T-PE3 |AC4 | +---+ +---+ |AC1 | . | | .......PW1.........>|-------->|CE4| |CE1|------->|... | | |=========| | | +---+ +---+ | | . | +------+ +------+ | | | . | +------+ +------+ | | | . |=========| P2 |=========|T-PE4 |AC5 | +---+ | | .......PW1..............PW1.........>|-------->|CE5| | | |=========| |=========| | | +---+ | +-----+ +------+ +------+ | Figure 1: P2MP PW Mechanisms for establishing a P2P SS-PW using LDP are described in [RFC8077]. This document specifies a method of signaling P2MP PW using LDP. In particular, this document defines a new Forwarding Equivalence Class (FEC), TLVs, parameters, and status codes to facilitate LDP signaling and maintaining P2MP PWs. As outlined in [RFC7338], even though the traffic flow from a Root PE (R-PE) to Leaf PE(s) (L-PEs) is P2MP in nature, it may be desirable for any L-PE to send unidirectional P2P traffic destined only to the R-PE. The proposed mechanism takes such an option into consideration. The P2MP PW requires an MPLS LSP to carry the PW traffic, and the MPLS packets carrying the PW upstream label will be encapsulated according to the methods described in [RFC5332].
RFC6074]. An R-PE and each L-PE MUST be configured with the same FEC as defined in Section 3.2. P2MP PW requires that there be an active P2MP PSN LSP set up between an R-PE and L-PE(s). Note that the procedure to set up the P2MP PSN LSP is different depending on the signaling protocol used (RSVP-TE or mLDP). In the case of mLDP, a Leaf PE can decide to join the P2MP LSP at any time. In the case of RSVP-TE, the P2MP LSP is set up by the R-PE, generally at the initial service provisioning time. It should be noted that local policy can override any decision to join, add, or prune existing or new L-PEs from the tree. In any case, the PW setup can ignore these differences and simply assume that the P2MP PSN LSP is available when needed. P2MP PW signaling is initiated by the R-PE, which sends a separate P2MP PW LDP Label Mapping Message to each of the L-PE(s) belonging to that P2MP PW. This Label Mapping Message will contain the following: 1. A FEC TLV containing a P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element that includes a Transport LSP sub-TLV. 2. An Interface Parameters TLV, as described in [RFC8077]. 3. A PW Group ID TLV, as described in [RFC8077]. 4. A label TLV for the upstream-assigned label used by an R-PE for the traffic going from the R-PE to L-PE(s). The R-PE imposes the upstream-assigned PW label on the outbound packets sent over the P2MP PW; using this label, an L-PE identifies the inbound packets arriving over the P2MP PW.
Additionally, the R-PE MAY send Label Mapping Messages to one or more L-PEs to signal a unidirectional P2P PW(s). The L-PE(s) can use such a PW(s) to send traffic to the R-PE. This optional Label Mapping Message will contain the following: 1. A P2P PW Downstream FEC Element 2. A label TLV for the downstream-assigned label used by the corresponding L-PE to send traffic to the R-PE The LDP liberal label retention mode MUST be used; per requirements specified in [RFC5036], the Label Request message MUST also be supported. The upstream-assigned label is allocated according to the rules in [RFC5331]. When an L-PE receives a PW Label Mapping Message, it MUST verify the associated P2MP PSN LSP is in place. If the associated P2MP PSN LSP is not in place and its type is LDP P2MP LSP, the L-PE MUST attempt to join the P2MP LSP associated with the P2MP PW. If the associated P2MP PSN LSP is not in place, and its type is RSVP-TE P2MP LSP, the L-PE SHOULD wait till the P2MP transport LSP is signaled. If an L-PE fails to join the P2MP PSN LSP, that L-PE MUST not enable the PW and MUST notify the user. In this case, a PW status message with status code of 0x00000008 (Local PSN-facing PW (ingress) Receive Fault) MUST also be sent to the R-PE. RFC8077] specifies two types of LDP FEC elements used to signal P2P PWs: "PWid FEC Element" and "Generalized PWid FEC Element". This document uses two FEC elements: "P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element" and "P2P PW Downstream FEC Element". These FEC elements are associated with a mandatory upstream-assigned label and an optional downstream- assigned label, respectively.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |P2MP PW Up=0x82|C| PW Type | PW Info Length| +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | AGI Type | AGI Length | AGI Value | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ~ AGI Value (contd.) ~ | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | AII Type | SAII Length | SAII Value | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ~ SAII Value (contd.) ~ | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |PMSI Tunnel Typ|PMSI TT Length | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ + + + ~ Transport LSP ID ~ | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | | Optional Parameters | ~ ~ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Figure 2: P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element * P2MP PW Up: 8-bit representation for the P2MP PW Upstream FEC type. * C bit: A value of 1 or 0 indicating whether a control word is present or absent for the P2MP PW. * PW Type: 15-bit representation of PW Type as specified in [RFC8077].
* PW Info Length: Sum of the AGI Length, SAII Length, PMSI Tunnel Type Length, and Optional Parameters fields in octets. If this value is 0, then it references all PWs using the specified group ID. In this case, there are neither other FEC element fields (AGI Type, SAII Value, etc.) present, nor any interface parameters TLVs. Alternatively, typed wildcard FEC described in Section 2.3, can be used to achieve the same or to have better filtering. * AGI: An Attachment Group Identifier TLV can be used to uniquely identify a VPN or Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) instance associated with the P2MP PW. This has the same format as the Generalized PWid FEC Element [RFC8077]. * SAII Value: A Source Attachment Individual Identifier is used to identify the root of the P2MP PW. The root is represented using AII Type 2 format specified in [RFC5003]. Note that the SAII can be omitted by simply setting the length and type to zero. The P2MP PW is identified by the Source Attachment Identifier (SAI). If the AGI is non-null, the SAI is the combination of the SAII and the AGI, if the AGI is null, the SAI is the SAII. * PMSI Tunnel Info: The PMSI Tunnel Info is the combination of the PMSI Tunnel Type, PMSI Tunnel Type Length (shown in the figure as PMSI TT Length), and Transport LSP ID fields. A P2MP PW MUST be associated with a transport LSP, which can be established using RSVP-TE or mLDP. * PMSI Tunnel Type: The PMSI Tunnel Type is defined in [RFC6514]. When the type is set to mLDP P2MP LSP, the Tunnel Identifier is a P2MP FEC Element as defined in [RFC6388]. The new mLDP Opaque Value Element type for the L2VPN-MCAST application TLV (as specified in the IANA Considerations section (Section 7)) MUST be used.
* Transport LSP ID: This is the Tunnel Identifier that is defined in [RFC6514]. An R-PE sends a Label Mapping Message as soon as the transport LSP ID associated with the P2MP PW is known (e.g., via configuration) regardless of the operational state of that transport LSP. Similarly, an R-PE does not withdraw the labels when the corresponding transport LSP goes down. Furthermore, an L-PE retains the P2MP PW labels regardless of the operational status of the transport LSP. Note that a given transport LSP can be associated with more than one P2MP PW; in which case, P2MP PWs will be sharing the same R-PE and L-PE(s). An R-PE may also have many P2MP PWs with disjoint L-PE sets. In the case of LDP P2MP LSP, when an L-PE receives the Label Mapping Message, it can initiate the process of joining the P2MP LSP tree associated with the P2MP PW. In the case of RSVP-TE P2MP LSP, only the R-PE initiates the signaling of P2MP LSP. * Optional Parameters: The Optional Parameter field can contain some TLVs that are not part of the FEC, but are necessary for the operation of the PW. This proposed mechanism uses two such TLVs: the Interface Parameters TLV and the PW Group ID TLV. The Interface Parameters TLV and PW Group ID TLV specified in [RFC8077] can also be used in conjunction with P2MP PW FEC in a label message. For the PW Group ID TLV, the sender and receiver of these TLVs should follow the same rules and procedures specified in [RFC8077]. For the Interface Parameters TLV, the procedure differs from the one specified in [RFC8077] due to specifics of P2MP connectivity. When the interface parameters are signaled by an R-PE, each L-PE must check if its configured value(s) is less than or equal to the threshold value provided by the R-PE (e.g., MTU size (Ethernet), max number of concatenated ATM cells, etc.). For other interface parameters, like CEP/TDM Payload Bytes, the value MUST exactly match the values signaled by the R-PE.
A multicast traffic stream associated with a P2MP PW can be selective or inclusive. To support the former, this document defines a new optional Selective Tree Interface Parameter sub-TLV, as described in the IANA Considerations section (Section 7) and according to the format described in [RFC8077]. The value of the sub-TLV contains the source and the group for a given multicast tree, as shown in Figure 3. Also, if a P2MP PW is associated with multiple selective trees, the corresponding Label Mapping Message will carry more than one instance of this sub-TLV. Furthermore, in the absence of this sub-TLV, the P2MP PW is associated with all multicast traffic streams originating from the root. +-----------------------------------------+ | Sub-TLV Type (1 Octet) | +-----------------------------------------+ | Length (1 Octet) | +-----------------------------------------+ | Multicast Source Length (1 Octet) | +-----------------------------------------+ | Multicast Source (variable length) | +-----------------------------------------+ | Multicast Group Length (1 Octet) | +-----------------------------------------+ | Multicast Group (variable length) | +-----------------------------------------+ Figure 3: Selective Tree Interface Parameter Sub-TLV Value Note that since the LDP Label Mapping Message is only sent by the R-PE to all the L-PEs, it is not possible to negotiate any interface parameters.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |P2P PWDown=0x84|C| PW Type | PW Info Length| +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | AGI Type | Length | AGI Value | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ~ AGI Value (contd.) ~ | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | AII Type | Length | SAII Value | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ~ SAII Value (contd.) ~ | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Figure 4: P2P PW Downstream FEC Element The definition of the fields in the P2P PW Downstream FEC Element is the same as those of P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element, shown in Figure 2. RFC5918] defines the general notion of a Typed Wildcard FEC Element; it requires FEC designers to specify a Typed Wildcard FEC Element for newly defined FEC element types. This document uses two FEC elements: "P2MP PW Upstream" and "P2P PW Downstream". Hence, definition of their Typed Wildcard format is required. [RFC6667] defines the Typed Wildcard FEC Element format for other PW FEC Element types (PWid and Generalized PWid FEC Element) in Section 3 as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |Typed Wcard=0x5|Type=PW FEC | Len = 3 |R| PW Type | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | . . . | PMSI Tun Type | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Figure 5: Typed Wildcard Format for P2MP PW FEC Elements
[RFC6667] specifies that the Type field can be either the "PWid" (0x80) or "Generalized PWid" (0x81) FEC Element type. This document reuses the existing Typed Wildcard format specified in [RFC6667] and illustrated in Figure 5 and extends the definition of the Type field to also include the P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element and P2P PW Downstream FEC Element types. This document adds an additional field called the "PMSI Tunnel Type". This document reserves PMSI Tunnel Type 0xFF to mean "wildcard transport tunnel type". The PMSI Tunnel Type field only applies to the Typed Wildcard P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element and MUST be set to "wildcard" for "P2P PW Downstream FEC Element" typed wildcard. RFC8077] contains a group ID capable of indicating an arbitrary group membership of a P2MP PW. This group ID can be used in LDP "wildcard" status and withdraw label messages, as described in [RFC8077]. RFC8077]. For a given P2MP PW, a single upstream-assigned label is allocated by the R-PE and is advertised to all L-PEs using the Generic Label TLV in Label Mapping Messages containing the P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element. The R-PE can also allocate a unique label for each L-PE from which it intends to receive P2P traffic. Such a label is advertised to the L-PE using the Generic Label TLV and P2P PW Downstream FEC Element in Label Mapping Messages. RFC5561] to advertise the LDP P2MP PW Capability TLV. If an LDP peer supports the dynamic capability advertisement, this can be done by sending a new Capability message with the S bit set for the P2MP PW Capability TLV. If the peer does not support dynamic capability advertisement, then the P2MP PW Capability TLV MUST be included in the LDP Initialization message during session establishment. A Label Switched Router (LSR) having P2MP PW capability MUST recognize both the P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element and P2P PW Downstream FEC Element in LDP label messages.
In line with requirements listed in [RFC5561], the following TLV is defined to indicate the P2MP PW capability: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |U|F| P2MP PW Capability TLV | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |S| Reserved | Reserved | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Figure 6: LDP P2MP PW Capability TLV * U bit: The Unknown bit [RFC5036] SHOULD be 1 (ignore if not understood). * F bit: The Forward unknown bit [RFC5036] SHOULD be 0 (don't forward if not understood). * P2MP PW Capability TLV Code Point: The TLV type, which identifies a specific capability. Note that the P2MP PW Capability Code Point appears in the IANA Considerations section (Section 7). * S bit: The State Bit indicates whether the sender is advertising or withdrawing the P2MP PW capability. The State bit is used as follows: 1 - The TLV is advertising the capability specified by the P2MP PW Capability TLV Code Point. 0 - The TLV is withdrawing the capability specified by the P2MP PW Capability TLV Code Point. * Length: MUST be set to 2 (octet).
RFC8077] are not applicable to P2MP PW. An LSR MUST NOT claim to be P2MP PW capable by sending an LDP P2MP PW Capability TLV if it is not also capable of handling PW status. Once an L-PE successfully processes a Label Mapping Message for a P2MP PW, it MUST send appropriate PW status according to the procedure specified [RFC8077] to report the PW status. If no PW status notification is required, then no PW status notification is sent (for example, if the P2MP PW is established and operational with a status code of 0x00000000 (Success), a PW status message is not necessary). A PW status message sent from an L-PE to an R-PE MUST contain the P2P PW Downstream FEC Element to identify the PW. An R-PE also sends PW status to L-PE(s) to reflect its view of a P2MP PW state. Such a PW status message contains a P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element to identify the PW. Connectivity status of the underlying P2MP LSP that the P2MP PW is associated with can be verified using LSP ping and traceroute procedures described in [RFC6425]. RFC8077] are adequate for this protocol. However, the use of MD5 as the method of securing an LDP control plane is no longer considered adequately secure. Implementations should be written in such a way that they can migrate to a more secure cryptographic hash function when the next authentication method to be used in the LDP might not be a simple hash-based authentication algorithm. RFC5036]. IANA has added this document as a reference for the following entries: Value Hex Name Reference ------ ----- ----------------------------- -------------------- 130 0x82 P2MP PW Upstream FEC Element [RFC8338] [RFC7358] 132 0x84 P2P PW Downstream FEC Element [RFC8338] [RFC7358]
RFC5036]. IANA has assigned the following value: TLV Type Description -------- ---------------------- 0x0703 P2MP PW Capability TLV RFC6388] as follows: TLV Type Description ------- --------------------------- 13 L2VPN-MCAST application TLV Length: 4 Value: A 32-bit integer, unique in the context of the root, as identified by the root's address. RFC4446] as follows: TLV Type Description -------- ---------------------------------- 0x1B Selective Tree Interface Parameter RFC7385]. Value 0xFF, which was previously marked as "Reserved", has been updated as follows: Value Meaning Reference ----- ------------------------------ --------- 0xFF wildcard transport tunnel type [RFC8338]
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. [RFC4446] Martini, L., "IANA Allocations for Pseudowire Edge to Edge Emulation (PWE3)", BCP 116, RFC 4446, DOI 10.17487/RFC4446, April 2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4446>. [RFC4875] Aggarwal, R., Ed., Papadimitriou, D., Ed., and S. Yasukawa, Ed., "Extensions to Resource Reservation Protocol - Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) for Point-to- Multipoint TE Label Switched Paths (LSPs)", RFC 4875, DOI 10.17487/RFC4875, May 2007, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4875>. [RFC5003] Metz, C., Martini, L., Balus, F., and J. Sugimoto, "Attachment Individual Identifier (AII) Types for Aggregation", RFC 5003, DOI 10.17487/RFC5003, September 2007, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5003>. [RFC5036] Andersson, L., Ed., Minei, I., Ed., and B. Thomas, Ed., "LDP Specification", RFC 5036, DOI 10.17487/RFC5036, October 2007, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5036>. [RFC5331] Aggarwal, R., Rekhter, Y., and E. Rosen, "MPLS Upstream Label Assignment and Context-Specific Label Space", RFC 5331, DOI 10.17487/RFC5331, August 2008, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5331>. [RFC5332] Eckert, T., Rosen, E., Ed., Aggarwal, R., and Y. Rekhter, "MPLS Multicast Encapsulations", RFC 5332, DOI 10.17487/RFC5332, August 2008, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5332>. [RFC5561] Thomas, B., Raza, K., Aggarwal, S., Aggarwal, R., and JL. Le Roux, "LDP Capabilities", RFC 5561, DOI 10.17487/RFC5561, July 2009, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5561>.
[RFC5918] Asati, R., Minei, I., and B. Thomas, "Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) 'Typed Wildcard' Forward Equivalence Class (FEC)", RFC 5918, DOI 10.17487/RFC5918, August 2010, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5918>. [RFC6388] Wijnands, IJ., Ed., Minei, I., Ed., Kompella, K., and B. Thomas, "Label Distribution Protocol Extensions for Point- to-Multipoint and Multipoint-to-Multipoint Label Switched Paths", RFC 6388, DOI 10.17487/RFC6388, November 2011, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6388>. [RFC6514] Aggarwal, R., Rosen, E., Morin, T., and Y. Rekhter, "BGP Encodings and Procedures for Multicast in MPLS/BGP IP VPNs", RFC 6514, DOI 10.17487/RFC6514, February 2012, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6514>. [RFC6667] Raza, K., Boutros, S., and C. Pignataro, "LDP 'Typed Wildcard' Forwarding Equivalence Class (FEC) for PWid and Generalized PWid FEC Elements", RFC 6667, DOI 10.17487/RFC6667, July 2012, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6667>. [RFC7385] Andersson, L. and G. Swallow, "IANA Registry for P-Multicast Service Interface (PMSI) Tunnel Type Code Points", RFC 7385, DOI 10.17487/RFC7385, October 2014, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7385>. [RFC8077] Martini, L., Ed. and G. Heron, Ed., "Pseudowire Setup and Maintenance Using the Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)", STD 84, RFC 8077, DOI 10.17487/RFC8077, February 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8077>. [RFC8174] Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>. [RFC3985] Bryant, S., Ed. and P. Pate, Ed., "Pseudo Wire Emulation Edge-to-Edge (PWE3) Architecture", RFC 3985, DOI 10.17487/RFC3985, March 2005, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3985>.
[RFC6074] Rosen, E., Davie, B., Radoaca, V., and W. Luo, "Provisioning, Auto-Discovery, and Signaling in Layer 2 Virtual Private Networks (L2VPNs)", RFC 6074, DOI 10.17487/RFC6074, January 2011, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6074>. [RFC6425] Saxena, S., Ed., Swallow, G., Ali, Z., Farrel, A., Yasukawa, S., and T. Nadeau, "Detecting Data-Plane Failures in Point-to-Multipoint MPLS - Extensions to LSP Ping", RFC 6425, DOI 10.17487/RFC6425, November 2011, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6425>. [RFC7338] Jounay, F., Ed., Kamite, Y., Ed., Heron, G., and M. Bocci, "Requirements and Framework for Point-to-Multipoint Pseudowires over MPLS Packet Switched Networks", RFC 7338, DOI 10.17487/RFC7338, September 2014, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7338>. [RFC7358] Raza, K., Boutros, S., Martini, L., and N. Leymann, "Label Advertisement Discipline for LDP Forwarding Equivalence Classes (FECs)", RFC 7358, DOI 10.17487/RFC7358, October 2014, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7358>.
Gianni Del Vecchio Swisscom Email: Gianni.DelVecchio@swisscom.com Thomas D. Nadeau Brocade Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Frederic Jounay Orange CH Email: Frederic.Jounay@salt.ch Philippe Niger Orange CH Email: email@example.com Yuji Kamite NTT Communications Corporation Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Lizhong Jin Email: email@example.com Martin Vigoureux Nokia Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Laurent Ciavaglia Nokia Email: email@example.com Simon Delord Telstra Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Kamran Raza Cisco Systems Email: email@example.com