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RFC 8269

The ARIA Algorithm and Its Use with the Secure Real-Time Transport Protocol (SRTP)

Pages: 19
Informational

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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                            W. Kim
Request for Comments: 8269                                        J. Lee
Category: Informational                                          J. Park
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                  D. Kwon
                                                                    NSRI
                                                                  D. Kim
                                                           Kookmin Univ.
                                                            October 2017


                  The ARIA Algorithm and Its Use with
             the Secure Real-Time Transport Protocol (SRTP)

Abstract

This document defines the use of the ARIA block cipher algorithm within the Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP). It details two modes of operation (CTR and GCM) and the SRTP key derivation functions for ARIA. Additionally, this document defines DTLS-SRTP protection profiles and Multimedia Internet KEYing (MIKEY) parameter sets for use with ARIA. Status of This Memo This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is published for informational purposes. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Not all documents approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 7841. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8269.
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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1. ARIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. Cryptographic Transforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1. ARIA-CTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.2. ARIA-GCM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3. Key Derivation Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4. Protection Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 6. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 6.1. DTLS-SRTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 6.2. MIKEY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 7. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 7.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 7.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Appendix A. Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 A.1. ARIA-CTR Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 A.1.1. SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 A.1.2. SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80 . . . . . . . . . . . 13 A.2. ARIA-GCM Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 A.2.1. SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 A.2.2. SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 A.3. Key Derivation Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 A.3.1. ARIA_128_CTR_PRF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 A.3.2. ARIA_256_CTR_PRF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
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1. Introduction

This document defines the use of the ARIA block cipher algorithm [RFC5794] in the Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP) [RFC3711] for providing confidentiality for Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) [RFC3550] traffic and for RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) [RFC3550] traffic.

1.1. ARIA

ARIA is a general-purpose block cipher algorithm developed by Korean cryptographers in 2003. It is an iterated block cipher with 128-, 192-, and 256-bit keys and encrypts 128-bit blocks in 12, 14, and 16 rounds, depending on the key size. It is secure and suitable for most software and hardware implementations on 32-bit and 8-bit processors. It was established as a Korean standard block cipher algorithm in 2004 [ARIAKS] and has been widely used in Korea, especially for government-to-public services. It was included in Public-Key Cryptography Standards (PKCS) #11 in 2007 [ARIAPKCS]. The algorithm specification and object identifiers are described in [RFC5794].

1.2. Terminology

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all capitals, as shown here.

2. Cryptographic Transforms

Block ciphers ARIA and AES share common characteristics including mode, key size, and block size. ARIA does not have any restrictions for modes of operation that are used with this block cipher. We define two modes of running ARIA within SRTP: (1) ARIA in Counter Mode (ARIA-CTR) and (2) ARIA in Galois/Counter Mode (ARIA-GCM).

2.1. ARIA-CTR

Section 4.1.1 of [RFC3711] defines AES-128 counter mode encryption, which it refers to as "AES_CM". Section 2 of [RFC6188] defines "AES_256_CM" in SRTP. ARIA counter modes are defined in the same manner except that each invocation of AES is replaced by that of ARIA [RFC5794] and are denoted by ARIA_128_CTR and ARIA_256_CTR, respectively, according to the key lengths. The plaintext inputs to the block cipher are formed as in AES-CTR (AES_CM, AES_256_CM) and the block cipher outputs are processed as in AES-CTR. Note that,
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   ARIA-CTR MUST be used only in conjunction with an authentication
   transform.

   Section 3.2 of [RFC6904] defines AES-CTR for SRTP header extension
   keystream generation.  When ARIA-CTR is used, the header extension
   keystream SHALL be generated in the same manner except that each
   invocation of AES is replaced by that of ARIA [RFC5794].

2.2. ARIA-GCM

Galois/Counter Mode [GCM] [RFC5116] is an Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data (AEAD) block cipher mode. A detailed description of ARIA-GCM is defined similarly as AES-GCM found in [RFC5116] and [RFC5282]. [RFC7714] describes the use of AES-GCM with SRTP. The use of ARIA- GCM with SRTP is defined the same as AES-GCM except that each invocation of AES is replaced by ARIA [RFC5794]. When encryption of header extensions [RFC6904] is in use, a separate keystream to encrypt selected RTP header extension elements MUST be generated in the same manner defined in [RFC7714] except that AES-CTR is replaced by ARIA-CTR.

3. Key Derivation Functions

Section 4.3.3 of [RFC3711] defines the AES-128 counter mode key derivation function, which it refers to as "AES-CM PRF". Section 3 of [RFC6188] defines the AES-256 counter mode key derivation function, which it refers to as "AES_256_CM_PRF". The ARIA-CTR Pseudorandom Function (PRF) is defined in a same manner except that each invocation of AES is replaced by that of ARIA. According to the key lengths of the underlying encryption algorithm, ARIA-CTR PRFs are denoted by "ARIA_128_CTR_PRF" and "ARIA_256_CTR_PRF". The usage requirements of [RFC6188] and [RFC7714] regarding the AES-CM PRF apply to the ARIA-CTR PRF as well.

4. Protection Profiles

This section defines SRTP protection profiles that use the ARIA transforms and key derivation functions defined in this document. The following list indicates the SRTP transform parameters for each protection profile. Those are described for use with DTLS-SRTP [RFC5764]. The parameters cipher_key_length, cipher_salt_length, auth_key_length, and auth_tag_length express the number of bits in the values to which they refer. The maximum_lifetime parameter indicates the maximum number of packets that can be protected with
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   each single set of keys when the parameter profile is in use.  All of
   these parameters apply to both RTP and RTCP, unless the RTCP
   parameters are separately specified.

   SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80
           cipher:                   ARIA_128_CTR
           cipher_key_length:        128 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       112 bits
           key derivation function:  ARIA_128_CTR_PRF
           auth_function:            HMAC-SHA1
           auth_key_length:          160 bits
           auth_tag_length:          80 bits
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets

   SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_32
           cipher:                   ARIA_128_CTR
           cipher_key_length:        128 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       112 bits
           key derivation function:  ARIA_128_CTR_PRF
           auth_function:            HMAC-SHA1
           auth_key_length:          160 bits
           SRTP auth_tag_length:     32 bits
           SRTCP auth_tag_length:    80 bits
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets

   SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80
           cipher:                   ARIA_256_CTR
           cipher_key_length:        256 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       112 bits
           key derivation function:  ARIA_256_CTR_PRF
           auth_function:            HMAC-SHA1
           auth_key_length:          160 bits
           auth_tag_length:          80 bits
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets
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   SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_32
           cipher:                   ARIA_256_CTR
           cipher_key_length:        256 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       112 bits
           key derivation function:  ARIA_256_CTR_PRF
           auth_function:            HMAC-SHA1
           auth_key_length:          160 bits
           SRTP auth_tag_length:     32 bits
           SRTCP auth_tag_length:    80 bits
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets

   SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM
           cipher:                   ARIA_128_GCM
           cipher_key_length:        128 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       96 bits
           aead_auth_tag_length:     128 bits
           auth_function:            NULL
           auth_key_length:          N/A
           auth_tag_length:          N/A
           key derivation function:  ARIA_128_CTR_PRF
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets

   SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM
           cipher:                   ARIA_256_GCM
           cipher_key_length:        256 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       96 bits
           aead_auth_tag_length:     128 bits
           auth_function:            NULL
           auth_key_length:          N/A
           auth_tag_length:          N/A
           key derivation function:  ARIA_256_CTR_PRF
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets

   The ARIA-CTR protection profiles use the same authentication
   transform that is mandatory to implement in SRTP: HMAC-SHA1 with a
   160-bit key.

   Note that SRTP protection profiles that use AEAD algorithms do not
   specify an auth_function, auth_key_length, or auth_tag_length, since
   they do not use a separate auth_function, auth_key, or auth_tag.  The
   term aead_auth_tag_length is used to emphasize that this refers to
   the authentication tag provided by the AEAD algorithm and that this
   tag is not located in the authentication tag field provided by SRTP/
   SRTCP.
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   The PRFs for ARIA protection profiles are defined by ARIA-CTR PRF of
   the equal key length with the encryption algorithm (see Section 2).
   SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC and SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM MUST use the
   ARIA_128_CTR_PRF key derivation function.  And SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC
   and SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM MUST use the ARIA_256_CTR_PRF key
   derivation function.

   MIKEY specifies the SRTP protection profile definition separately
   from the key length (which is specified by the session encryption key
   length) and the authentication tag length.  The DTLS-SRTP [RFC5764]
   protection profiles are mapped to MIKEY parameter sets as shown
   below.

                              +--------------------------------------+
                              | Encryption | Encryption | Auth.      |
                              | Algorithm  | Key Length | Tag Length |
                              +======================================+
    SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_80 |  ARIA-CTR  | 16 octets  | 10 octets  |
    SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_32 |  ARIA-CTR  | 16 octets  |  4 octets  |
    SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_80 |  ARIA-CTR  | 32 octets  | 10 octets  |
    SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_32 |  ARIA-CTR  | 32 octets  |  4 octets  |
                              +======================================+

       Figure 1: Mapping MIKEY Parameters to ARIA-CTR with the HMAC
                                 Algorithm

                              +--------------------------------------+
                              | Encryption | Encryption | AEAD Auth. |
                              | Algorithm  | Key Length | Tag Length |
                              +======================================+
       SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM |  ARIA-GCM  | 16 octets  | 16 octets  |
       SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM |  ARIA-GCM  | 32 octets  | 16 octets  |
                              +======================================+

       Figure 2: Mapping MIKEY Parameters to the ARIA-GCM Algorithm

5. Security Considerations

At the time of publication of this document, no security problem has been found on ARIA. Previous security analysis results are summarized in [ATY]. The security considerations in [GCM], [RFC3711], [RFC5116], [RFC6188], [RFC6904], and [RFC7714] apply to this document as well. This document includes crypto suites with authentication tags of a length less than 80 bits. These suites MAY be used for certain application contexts where longer authentication tags may be undesirable, for example, those mentioned in [RFC3711], Section 7.5.
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   Otherwise, short authentication tags SHOULD NOT be used, since they
   may reduce authentication strength.  See [RFC3711], Section 9.5 for a
   discussion of risks related to weak authentication in SRTP.

   At the time of publication of this document, SRTP recommends HMAC-
   SHA1 as the default and mandatory-to-implement MAC algorithm.  All
   currently registered SRTP crypto suites except the GCM-based ones use
   HMAC-SHA1 as their HMAC algorithm to provide message authentication.
   Due to security concerns with SHA-1 [RFC6194], the IETF is gradually
   moving away from SHA-1 and towards stronger hash algorithms such as
   SHA-2 or SHA-3 families.  For SRTP, however, SHA-1 is only used in
   the calculation of an HMAC, and no security issue is known for this
   usage at the time of this publication.

6. IANA Considerations

6.1. DTLS-SRTP

DTLS-SRTP [RFC5764] defines a DTLS-SRTP "SRTP protection profile". In order to allow the use of the algorithms defined in this document in DTLS-SRTP, IANA has added the following protection profiles below to the "DTLS-SRTP Protection Profiles" registry (see <http://www.iana.org/assignments/srtp-protection/>) created by [RFC5764]: SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80 = {0x00, 0x0B} SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_32 = {0x00, 0x0C} SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80 = {0x00, 0x0D} SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_32 = {0x00, 0x0E} SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM = {0x00, 0x0F} SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM = {0x00, 0x10}

6.2. MIKEY

[RFC3830] and [RFC5748] define encryption algorithms and PRFs for the SRTP policy in MIKEY. In order to allow the use of the algorithms defined in this document in MIKEY, IANA has updated the "Multimedia Internet KEYing (MIKEY) Payload Name Spaces" registry (see <http://www.iana.org/assignments/mikey-payloads/>.)
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   IANA has registered the following two encryption algorithms in the
   "Encryption algorithm (Value 0)" subregistry within the "MIKEY
   Security Protocol Parameters" registry:

                         +---------------+-------+
                         | SRTP encr alg | Value |
                         +---------------+-------+
                         |    ARIA-CTR   |   7   |
                         |    ARIA-GCM   |   8   |
                         +---------------+-------+

   The default session encryption key length is 16 octets.

   IANA has registered the following PRF in the "SRTP Pseudo Random
   Function (Value 5)" subregistry within the "MIKEY Security Protocol
   Parameters" registry:

                           +----------+-------+
                           | SRTP PRF | Value |
                           +----------+-------+
                           | ARIA-CTR |   2   |
                           +----------+-------+

7. References

7.1. Normative References

[GCM] Dworkin, M., "Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of Operation: Galois/Counter Mode (GCM) and GMAC", NIST Special publication 800-38D, DOI 10.6028/NIST.SP.800-38D, November 2007. [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. [RFC3550] Schulzrinne, H., Casner, S., Frederick, R., and V. Jacobson, "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications", STD 64, RFC 3550, DOI 10.17487/RFC3550, July 2003, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3550>. [RFC3711] Baugher, M., McGrew, D., Naslund, M., Carrara, E., and K. Norrman, "The Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)", RFC 3711, DOI 10.17487/RFC3711, March 2004, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3711>.
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   [RFC3830]  Arkko, J., Carrara, E., Lindholm, F., Naslund, M., and K.
              Norrman, "MIKEY: Multimedia Internet KEYing", RFC 3830,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3830, August 2004,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3830>.

   [RFC5116]  McGrew, D., "An Interface and Algorithms for Authenticated
              Encryption", RFC 5116, DOI 10.17487/RFC5116, January 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5116>.

   [RFC5282]  Black, D. and D. McGrew, "Using Authenticated Encryption
              Algorithms with the Encrypted Payload of the Internet Key
              Exchange version 2 (IKEv2) Protocol", RFC 5282,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5282, August 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5282>.

   [RFC5764]  McGrew, D. and E. Rescorla, "Datagram Transport Layer
              Security (DTLS) Extension to Establish Keys for the Secure
              Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)", RFC 5764,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5764, May 2010,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5764>.

   [RFC5794]  Lee, J., Lee, J., Kim, J., Kwon, D., and C. Kim, "A
              Description of the ARIA Encryption Algorithm", RFC 5794,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5794, March 2010,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5794>.

   [RFC6188]  McGrew, D., "The Use of AES-192 and AES-256 in Secure
              RTP", RFC 6188, DOI 10.17487/RFC6188, March 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6188>.

   [RFC6904]  Lennox, J., "Encryption of Header Extensions in the Secure
              Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)", RFC 6904,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6904, April 2013,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6904>.

   [RFC7714]  McGrew, D. and K. Igoe, "AES-GCM Authenticated Encryption
              in the Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)",
              RFC 7714, DOI 10.17487/RFC7714, December 2015,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7714>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.
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7.2. Informative References

[ARIAKS] Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, "128 bit block encryption algorithm ARIA - Part 1: General (in Korean)", KS X 1213-1:2014, December 2014. [ARIAPKCS] RSA Laboratories, "Additional PKCS #11 Mechanisms", PKCS #11 v2.20, Amendment 3, Revision 1, January 2007. [ATY] Abdelkhalek, A., Tolba, M., and A. Youssef, "Improved Linear Cryptanalysis of Round-Reduced ARIA", Information Security - ISC 2016, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), Vol. 9866, pp. 18-34, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-45871-7_2, September 2016. [RFC5748] Yoon, S., Jeong, J., Kim, H., Jeong, H., and Y. Won, "IANA Registry Update for Support of the SEED Cipher Algorithm in Multimedia Internet KEYing (MIKEY)", RFC 5748, DOI 10.17487/RFC5748, August 2010, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5748>. [RFC6194] Polk, T., Chen, L., Turner, S., and P. Hoffman, "Security Considerations for the SHA-0 and SHA-1 Message-Digest Algorithms", RFC 6194, DOI 10.17487/RFC6194, March 2011, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6194>.
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Appendix A. Test Vectors

All values are in hexadecimal and represented by the network order (called big endian).

A.1. ARIA-CTR Test Vectors

Common values are organized as follows: Rollover Counter: 00000000 Sequence Number: 315e SSRC: 20e8f5eb Authentication Key: f93563311b354748c978913795530631 16452309 Session Salt: cd3a7c42c671e0067a2a2639b43a Initialization Vector: cd3a7c42e69915ed7a2a263985640000 RTP Header: 8008315ebf2e6fe020e8f5eb RTP Payload: f57af5fd4ae19562976ec57a5a7ad55a 5af5c5e5c5fdf5c55ad57a4a7272d572 62e9729566ed66e97ac54a4a5a7ad5e1 5ae5fdd5fd5ac5d56ae56ad5c572d54a e54ac55a956afd6aed5a4ac562957a95 16991691d572fd14e97ae962ed7a9f4a 955af572e162f57a956666e17ae1f54a 95f566d54a66e16e4afd6a9f7ae1c5c5 5ae5d56afde916c5e94a6ec56695e14a fde1148416e94ad57ac5146ed59d1cc5 Note: SSRC = Synchronization Source

A.1.1. SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80

Session Key: 0c5ffd37a11edc42c325287fc0604f2e Encrypted RTP Payload: 1bf753f412e6f35058cc398dc851aae3 a6ccdcb463fbed9cfb3de2fb76fdffa9 e481f5efb64c92487f59dabbc7cc72da 092485f3fbad87888820b86037311fa4 4330e18a59a1e1338ba2c21458493a57 463475c54691f91cec785429119e0dfc d9048f90e07fecd50b528e8c62ee6e71 445de5d7f659405135aff3604c2ca4ff 4aaca40809cb9eee42cc4ad232307570 81ca289f2851d3315e9568b501fdce6d
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      Authenticated Portion || Rollover Counter:
                                 8008315ebf2e6fe020e8f5eb1bf753f4
                                 12e6f35058cc398dc851aae3a6ccdcb4
                                 63fbed9cfb3de2fb76fdffa9e481f5ef
                                 b64c92487f59dabbc7cc72da092485f3
                                 fbad87888820b86037311fa44330e18a
                                 59a1e1338ba2c21458493a57463475c5
                                 4691f91cec785429119e0dfcd9048f90
                                 e07fecd50b528e8c62ee6e71445de5d7
                                 f659405135aff3604c2ca4ff4aaca408
                                 09cb9eee42cc4ad23230757081ca289f
                                 2851d3315e9568b501fdce6d00000000

      Authentication Tag:        f9de4e729054672b0e35

A.1.2. SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80

Session Key: 0c5ffd37a11edc42c325287fc0604f2e 3e8cd5671a00fe3216aa5eb105783b54 Encrypted RTP Payload: c424c59fd5696305e5b13d8e8ca76566 17ccd7471088af9debf07b55c750f804 a5ac2b737be48140958a9b420524112a e72e4da5bca59d2b1019ddd7dbdc30b4 3d5f046152ced40947d62d2c93e7b8e5 0f02db2b6b61b010e4c1566884de1fa9 702cdf8157e8aedfe3dd77c76bb50c25 ae4d624615c15acfdeeb5f79482aaa01 d3e4c05eb601eca2bd10518e9d46b021 16359232e9eac0fabd05235dd09e6dea Authenticated Portion || Rollover Counter: 8008315ebf2e6fe020e8f5ebc424c59f d5696305e5b13d8e8ca7656617ccd747 1088af9debf07b55c750f804a5ac2b73 7be48140958a9b420524112ae72e4da5 bca59d2b1019ddd7dbdc30b43d5f0461 52ced40947d62d2c93e7b8e50f02db2b 6b61b010e4c1566884de1fa9702cdf81 57e8aedfe3dd77c76bb50c25ae4d6246 15c15acfdeeb5f79482aaa01d3e4c05e b601eca2bd10518e9d46b02116359232 e9eac0fabd05235dd09e6dea00000000 Authentication Tag: 192f515fab04bbb4e62c
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A.2. ARIA-GCM Test Vectors

Common values are organized as follows: Rollover Counter: 00000000 Sequence Number: 315e SSRC: 20e8f5eb Encryption Salt: 000000000000000000000000 Initialization Vector: 000020e8f5eb00000000315e RTP Payload: f57af5fd4ae19562976ec57a5a7ad55a 5af5c5e5c5fdf5c55ad57a4a7272d572 62e9729566ed66e97ac54a4a5a7ad5e1 5ae5fdd5fd5ac5d56ae56ad5c572d54a e54ac55a956afd6aed5a4ac562957a95 16991691d572fd14e97ae962ed7a9f4a 955af572e162f57a956666e17ae1f54a 95f566d54a66e16e4afd6a9f7ae1c5c5 5ae5d56afde916c5e94a6ec56695e14a fde1148416e94ad57ac5146ed59d1cc5 Associated Data: 8008315ebf2e6fe020e8f5eb The encrypted RTP payload is longer than the RTP payload by exactly the GCM authentication tag length (16 octets).

A.2.1. SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM

Key: e91e5e75da65554a48181f3846349562 Encrypted RTP Payload: 4d8a9a0675550c704b17d8c9ddc81a5c d6f7da34f2fe1b3db7cb3dfb9697102e a0f3c1fc2dbc873d44bceeae8e444297 4ba21ff6789d3272613fb9631a7cf3f1 4bacbeb421633a90ffbe58c2fa6bdca5 34f10d0de0502ce1d531b6336e588782 78531e5c22bc6c85bbd784d78d9e680a a19031aaf89101d669d7a3965c1f7e16 229d7463e0535f4e253f5d18187d40b8 ae0f564bd970b5e7e2adfb211e89a953 5abace3f37f5a736f4be984bbffbedc1
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A.2.2. SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM

Key: 0c5ffd37a11edc42c325287fc0604f2e 3e8cd5671a00fe3216aa5eb105783b54 Encrypted RTP Payload: 6f9e4bcbc8c85fc0128fb1e4a0a20cb9 932ff74581f54fc013dd054b19f99371 425b352d97d3f337b90b63d1b082adee ea9d2d7391897d591b985e55fb50cb53 50cf7d38dc27dda127c078a149c8eb98 083d66363a46e3726af217d3a00275ad 5bf772c7610ea4c23006878f0ee69a83 97703169a419303f40b72e4573714d19 e2697df61e7c7252e5abc6bade876ac4 961bfac4d5e867afca351a48aed52822 e210d6ced2cf430ff841472915e7ef48

A.3. Key Derivation Test Vectors

This section provides test vectors for the default key derivation function that uses ARIA in Counter Mode. In the following, we walk through the initial key derivation for the ARIA Counter Mode cipher that requires a session encryption key of 16/24/32 octets according to the session encryption key length, a 14-octet session salt, and an authentication function that requires a 94-octet session authentication key. These values are called the cipher key, the cipher salt, and the auth key in the following. The test vectors are generated in the same way with the test vectors of key derivation functions in [RFC3711] and [RFC6188] but with each invocation of AES replaced with an invocation of ARIA.

A.3.1. ARIA_128_CTR_PRF

The inputs to the key derivation function are the 16-octet master key and the 14-octet master salt: master key: e1f97a0d3e018be0d64fa32c06de4139 master salt: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6 index DIV kdr: 000000000000 label: 00 master salt: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6 ----------------------------------------------- xor: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6 (x, PRF input) x*2^16: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input) cipher key: dbd85a3c4d9219b3e81f7d942e299de4 (ARIA-CTR output)
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   ARIA-CTR protection profile requires a 14-octet cipher salt while
   ARIA-GCM protection profile requires a 12-octet cipher salt.

     index DIV kdr:                 000000000000
     label:                       02
     master salt:   0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6
     ----------------------------------------------
     xor:           0ec675ad498afee9b6960b3aabe6     (x, PRF input)

     x*2^16:        0ec675ad498afee9b6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input)

                    9700657f5f34161830d7d85f5dc8be7f (ARIA-CTR output)

     cipher salt:   9700657f5f34161830d7d85f5dc8     (ARIA-CTR profile)
                    9700657f5f34161830d7d85f         (ARIA-GCM profile)
     index DIV kdr:                 000000000000
     label:                       01
     master salt:   0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6
     -----------------------------------------------
     xor:           0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe6     (x, PRF input)

     x*2^16:        0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input)

   Below, the auth key is shown on the left, while the corresponding
   ARIA input blocks are shown on the right.

     auth key                          ARIA input blocks

     d021877bd3eaf92d581ed70ddc050e03  0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60000
     f11257032676f2a29f57b21abd3a1423  0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60001
     769749bdc5dd9ca5b43ca6b6c1f3a7de  0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60002
     4047904bcf811f601cc03eaa5d7af6db  0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60003
     9f88efa2e51ca832fc2a15b126fa7be2  0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60004
     469af896acb1852c31d822c45799      0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60005
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A.3.2. ARIA_256_CTR_PRF

The inputs to the key derivation function are the 32-octet master key and the 14-octet master salt: master key: 0c5ffd37a11edc42c325287fc0604f2e 3e8cd5671a00fe3216aa5eb105783b54 master salt: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6 index DIV kdr: 000000000000 label: 00 master salt: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6 ----------------------------------------------- xor: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6 (x, PRF input) x*2^16: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input) cipher key: 0649a09d93755fe9c2b2efba1cce930a (ARIA-CTR 1st output) f2e76ce8b77e4b175950321aa94b0cf4 (ARIA-CTR 2nd output) ARIA-CTR protection profile requires a 14-octet cipher salt while ARIA-GCM protection profile requires a 12-octet cipher salt. index DIV kdr: 000000000000 label: 02 master salt: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6 ---------------------------------------------- xor: 0ec675ad498afee9b6960b3aabe6 (x, PRF input) x*2^16: 0ec675ad498afee9b6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input) 194abaa8553a8eba8a413a340fc80a3d (ARIA-CTR output) cipher salt: 194abaa8553a8eba8a413a340fc8 (ARIA-CTR profile) 194abaa8553a8eba8a413a34 (ARIA-GCM profile) index DIV kdr: 000000000000 label: 01 master salt: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6 ----------------------------------------------- xor: 0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe6 (x, PRF input) x*2^16: 0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input)
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   Below, the auth key is shown on the left, while the corresponding
   ARIA input blocks are shown on the right.

     auth key                           ARIA input blocks

     e58d42915873b71899234807334658f2   0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60000
     0bc460181d06e02b7a9e60f02ff10bfc   0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60001
     9ade3795cf78f3e0f2556d9d913470c4   0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60002
     e82e45d254bfb8e2933851a3930ffe7d   0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60003
     fca751c03ec1e77e35e28dac4f17d1a5   0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60004
     80bdac028766d3b1e8f5a41faa3c       0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60005
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Authors' Addresses

Woo-Hwan Kim National Security Research Institute P.O. Box 1, Yuseong Daejeon 34188 Korea Email: whkim5@nsr.re.kr Jungkeun Lee National Security Research Institute P.O. Box 1, Yuseong Daejeon 34188 Korea Email: jklee@nsr.re.kr Je-Hong Park National Security Research Institute P.O. Box 1, Yuseong Daejeon 34188 Korea Email: jhpark@nsr.re.kr Daesung Kwon National Security Research Institute P.O. Box 1, Yuseong Daejeon 34188 Korea Email: ds_kwon@nsr.re.kr Dong-Chan Kim Kookmin University 77 Jeongneung-ro, Seongbuk-gu Seoul 02707 Korea Email: dckim@kookmin.ac.kr