Tech-invite3GPPspaceIETF RFCsSIP
93929190898887868584838281807978777675747372717069686766656463626160595857565554535251504948474645444342414039383736353433323130292827262524232221201918171615141312111009080706050403020100
in Index   Prev   Next

RFC 7140

LDP Extensions for Hub and Spoke Multipoint Label Switched Path

Pages: 15
Proposed Standard
Updated by:  7358

Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 1
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                            L. Jin
Request for Comments: 7140
Category: Standards Track                                      F. Jounay
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                Orange CH
                                                            IJ. Wijnands
                                                      Cisco Systems, Inc
                                                              N. Leymann
                                                     Deutsche Telekom AG
                                                              March 2014


    LDP Extensions for Hub and Spoke Multipoint Label Switched Path

Abstract

This document introduces a hub and spoke multipoint (HSMP) Label Switched Path (LSP), which allows traffic from root to leaf through point-to-multipoint (P2MP) LSPs and also leaf to root along the reverse path. That means traffic entering the HSMP LSP from the application/customer at the root node travels downstream to each leaf node, exactly as if it were traveling downstream along a P2MP LSP to each leaf node. Upstream traffic entering the HSMP LSP at any leaf node travels upstream along the tree to the root, as if it were unicast to the root. Direct communication among the leaf nodes is not allowed. Status of This Memo This is an Internet Standards Track document. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7140.
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 2
Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3. Setting Up HSMP LSP with LDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.1. Support for HSMP LSP Setup with LDP . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.2. HSMP FEC Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.3. Using the HSMP FEC Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.4. HSMP LSP Label Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.4.1. HSMP LSP Leaf Node Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.4.2. HSMP LSP Transit Node Operation . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.4.3. HSMP LSP Root Node Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.5. HSMP LSP Label Withdraw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.5.1. HSMP Leaf Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.5.2. HSMP Transit Node Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.5.3. HSMP Root Node Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.6. HSMP LSP Upstream LSR Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.7. Determining Forwarding Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4. HSMP LSP on a LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 5. Redundancy Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 6. Failure Detection of HSMP LSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 7. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 8. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 8.1. New LDP FEC Element Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 8.2. HSMP LSP Capability TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 8.3. New Sub-TLVs for the Target Stack TLV . . . . . . . . . . 13 9. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 10.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 10.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 3

1. Introduction

The point-to-multipoint (P2MP) Label Switched Path (LSP) defined in [RFC6388] allows traffic to transmit from root to several leaf nodes, and multipoint-to-multipoint (MP2MP) LSP allows traffic from every node to transmit to every other node. This document introduces a hub and spoke multipoint (HSMP) LSP, which has one root node and one or more leaf nodes. An HSMP LSP allows traffic from root to leaf through downstream LSP and also leaf to root along the upstream LSP. That means traffic entering the HSMP LSP at the root node travels along the downstream LSP, exactly as if it were traveling along a P2MP LSP, and traffic entering the HSMP LSP at any other leaf nodes travels along the upstream LSP toward only the root node. The upstream LSP should be thought of as a unicast LSP to the root node, except that it follows the reverse direction of the downstream LSP, rather than the unicast path based on the routing protocol. The combination of upstream LSPs initiated from all leaf nodes forms a multipoint-to-point LSP.

2. Terminology

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. This document uses the following terms and acronyms: mLDP: Multipoint extensions for Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) defined in [RFC6388]. P2MP LSP: point-to-multipoint Label Switched Path. An LSP that has one Ingress Label Switching Router (LSR) and one or more Egress LSRs. MP2MP LSP: multipoint-to-multipoint Label Switched Path. An LSP that connects a set of nodes, such that traffic sent by any node in the LSP is delivered to all others. HSMP LSP: hub and spoke multipoint Label Switched Path. An LSP that has one root node and one or more leaf nodes, allows traffic from the root to all leaf nodes along the downstream P2MP LSP and also leaf to root node along the upstream unicast LSP. FEC: Forwarding Equivalence Class
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 4

3. Setting Up HSMP LSP with LDP

An HSMP LSP is similar to MP2MP LSP described in [RFC6388], with the difference being that, when the leaf LSRs send traffic on the LSP, the traffic is first delivered only to the root node and follows the upstream path from the leaf node to the root node. The root node then distributes the traffic on the P2MP tree to all of the leaf nodes. An HSMP LSP consists of a downstream path and upstream path. The downstream path is the same as P2MP LSP, while the upstream path is only from leaf to root node, without communication between the leaf nodes themselves. The transmission of packets from the root node of an HSMP LSP to the receivers (the leaf nodes) is identical to that of a P2MP LSP. Traffic from a leaf node to the root follows the upstream path that is the reverse of the path from the root to the leaf. Unlike an MP2MP LSP, traffic from a leaf node does not branch toward other leaf nodes, but it is sent direct to the root where it is placed on the P2MP path and distributed to all leaf nodes including the original sender. To set up the upstream path of an HSMP LSP, ordered mode MUST be used. Ordered mode can guarantee that a leaf will start sending packets to the root immediately after the upstream path is installed, without being dropped due to an incomplete LSP.

3.1. Support for HSMP LSP Setup with LDP

An HSMP LSP requires the LDP capabilities [RFC5561] for nodes to indicate that they support setup of HSMP LSPs. An implementation supporting the HSMP LSP procedures specified in this document MUST implement the procedures for Capability Parameters in Initialization messages. Advertisement of the HSMP LSP Capability indicates support of the procedures for HSMP LSP setup. A new Capability Parameter TLV is defined, the HSMP LSP Capability Parameter. Below is the format of the HSMP LSP Capability Parameter. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |U|F| HSMP LSP Cap (0x0902) | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |S| Reserved | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Figure 1: HSMP LSP Capability Parameter Encoding
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 5
   U-bit:  Unknown TLV bit, as described in [RFC5036].  The value MUST
           be 1.  The unknown TLV MUST be silently ignored and the rest
           of the message processed as if the unknown TLV did not exist.

   F-bit:  Forward unknown TLV bit, as described in [RFC5036].  The
           value of this bit MUST be 0 since a Capability Parameter TLV
           is sent only in Initialization and Capability messages, which
           are not forwarded.

   Length: SHOULD be 1.

   S-bit:  As defined in Section 3 of [RFC5561].

   Reserved:  As defined in Section 3 of [RFC5561].

   HSMP LSP Capability Parameter type:  0x0902.

   If the peer has not advertised the corresponding capability, then
   label messages using the HSMP Forwarding Equivalence Class (FEC)
   Element SHOULD NOT be sent to the peer (as described in Section 2.1
   of [RFC6388]).  Since ordered mode is applied for HSMP LSP signaling,
   the label message break would ensure that the initiating leaf node is
   unable to establish the upstream path to root node.

3.2. HSMP FEC Elements

We define two new protocol entities: the HSMP Downstream FEC Element and Upstream FEC Element. If a FEC TLV contains one of the HSMP FEC Elements, the HSMP FEC Element MUST be the only FEC Element in the FEC TLV. The structure, encoding, and error handling for the HSMP- downstream FEC Element and HSMP-upstream FEC Element are the same as for the P2MP FEC Element described in Section 2.2 of [RFC6388]. The difference is that two additional new FEC types are defined: HSMP- downstream FEC (10) and HSMP-upstream FEC (9).

3.3. Using the HSMP FEC Elements

The entries in the list below describe the processing of the HSMP FEC Elements. Additionally, the entries defined in Section 3.3 of [RFC6388] are also reused in the following sections. 1. HSMP downstream LSP <X, Y> (or simply downstream <X, Y>): an HSMP LSP downstream path with root node address X and opaque value Y.
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 6
   2.   HSMP upstream LSP <X, Y> (or simply upstream <X, Y>): an HSMP
        LSP upstream path for root node address X and opaque value Y
        that will be used by any downstream node to send traffic
        upstream to root node.

   3.   HSMP-downstream FEC Element <X, Y>: a FEC Element with root node
        address X and opaque value Y used for a downstream HSMP LSP.

   4.   HSMP-upstream FEC Element <X, Y>: a FEC Element with root node
        address X and opaque value Y used for an upstream HSMP LSP.

   5.   HSMP-D Label Mapping <X, Y, L>: A Label Mapping message with a
        single HSMP-downstream FEC Element <X, Y> and label TLV with
        label L.  Label L MUST be allocated from the per-platform label
        space of the LSR sending the Label Mapping Message.

   6.   HSMP-U Label Mapping <X, Y, Lu>: A Label Mapping message with a
        single HSMP upstream FEC Element <X, Y> and label TLV with label
        Lu.  Label Lu MUST be allocated from the per-platform label
        space of the LSR sending the Label Mapping Message.

   7.   HSMP-D Label Withdraw <X, Y, L>: a Label Withdraw message with a
        FEC TLV with a single HSMP-downstream FEC Element <X, Y> and
        label TLV with label L.

   8.   HSMP-U Label Withdraw <X, Y, Lu>: a Label Withdraw message with
        a FEC TLV with a single HSMP-upstream FEC Element <X, Y> and
        label TLV with label Lu.

   9.   HSMP-D Label Release <X, Y, L>: a Label Release message with a
        FEC TLV with a single HSMP-downstream FEC Element <X, Y> and
        Label TLV with label L.

   10.  HSMP-U Label Release <X, Y, Lu>: a Label Release message with a
        FEC TLV with a single HSMP-upstream FEC Element <X, Y> and label
        TLV with label Lu.

3.4. HSMP LSP Label Map

This section specifies the procedures for originating HSMP Label Mapping messages and processing received HSMP Label Mapping messages for a particular HSMP LSP. The procedure of a downstream HSMP LSP is similar to that of a downstream MP2MP LSP described in [RFC6388]. When LDP operates in Ordered Label Distribution Control mode [RFC5036], the upstream LSP will be set up by sending an HSMP LSP LDP Label Mapping message with a label that is allocated by the upstream LSR to its downstream LSR hop-by-hop from root to leaf node, installing the upstream forwarding table by every node along the LSP.
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 7
   The detailed procedure of setting up upstream HSMP LSP is different
   than that of upstream MP2MP LSP, and it is specified in the remainder
   of this section.

   All labels discussed here are downstream-assigned [RFC5332] except
   those that are assigned using the procedures described in Section 4.

   Determining the upstream LSR for the HSMP LSP <X, Y> follows the
   procedure for a P2MP LSP described in Section 2.4.1.1 of [RFC6388].
   That is, a node Z that wants to join an HSMP LSP <X, Y> determines
   the LDP peer U that is Z's next hop on the best path from Z to the
   root node X.  If there are multiple upstream LSRs, a local algorithm
   should be applied to ensure that there is exactly one upstream LSR
   for a particular LSP.

   To determine one's HSMP downstream LSR, an upstream LDP peer that
   receives a Label Mapping with the HSMP-downstream FEC Element from an
   LDP peer D will treat D as HSMP downstream LDP peer.

3.4.1. HSMP LSP Leaf Node Operation

The leaf node operation is much the same as the operation of MP2MP LSP defined in Section 3.3.1.4 of [RFC6388]. The only difference is the FEC elements as specified below. A leaf node Z of an HSMP LSP <X, Y> determines its upstream LSR U for <X, Y> as per Section 3.3, allocates a label L, and sends an HSMP-D Label Mapping <X, Y, L> to U. Leaf node Z expects an HSMP-U Label Mapping <X, Y, Lu> from node U and checks whether it already has forwarding state for upstream <X, Y>. If not, Z creates forwarding state to push label Lu onto the traffic that Z wants to forward over the HSMP LSP. How it determines what traffic to forward on this HSMP LSP is outside the scope of this document.

3.4.2. HSMP LSP Transit Node Operation

The procedure for processing an HSMP-D Label Mapping message is much the same as that for an MP2MP-D Label Mapping message defined in Section 3.3.1.5 of [RFC6388]. The processing of an HSMP-U Label Mapping message is different from that of an MP2MP-U Label Mapping message as specified below. Suppose node Z receives an HSMP-D Label Mapping <X, Y, L> from LSR D. Z checks whether it has forwarding state for downstream <X, Y>. If not, Z determines its upstream LSR U for <X, Y> as per Section 3.3. Using this Label Mapping to update the label forwarding table MUST NOT be done as long as LSR D is equal to LSR U. If LSR U is different from LSR D, Z will allocate a label L' and install
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 8
   downstream forwarding state to swap label L' with label L over
   interface I associated with LSR D and send an HSMP-D Label Mapping
   <X, Y, L'> to U.  Interface I is determined via the procedures in
   Section 3.7.

   If Z already has forwarding state for downstream <X, Y>, all that Z
   needs to do in this case is check that LSR D is not equal to the
   upstream LSR of <X, Y> and update its forwarding state.  Assuming its
   old forwarding state was L'-> {<I1, L1> <I2, L2> ..., <In, Ln>}, its
   new forwarding state becomes L'-> {<I1, L1> <I2, L2> ..., <In, Ln>,
   <I, L>}.  If the LSR D is equal to the installed upstream LSR, the
   Label Mapping from LSR D MUST be retained and MUST NOT update the
   label forwarding table.

   Node Z checks if the upstream LSR U already has assigned a label Lu
   to upstream <X, Y>.  If not, transit node Z waits until it receives
   an HSMP-U Label Mapping <X, Y, Lu> from LSR U.  Once the HSMP-U Label
   Mapping is received from LSR U, node Z checks whether it already has
   forwarding state upstream <X, Y> with incoming label Lu' and outgoing
   label Lu.  If it does not, it allocates a label Lu' and creates a new
   label swap for Lu' with Label Lu over interface Iu.  Interface Iu is
   determined via the procedures in Section 3.7.  Node Z determines the
   downstream HSMP LSR as per Section 3.4 and sends an HSMP-U Label
   Mapping <X, Y, Lu'> to node D.

   Since a packet from any downstream node is forwarded only to the
   upstream node, the same label (representing the upstream path) SHOULD
   be distributed to all downstream nodes.  This differs from the
   procedures for MP2MP LSPs [RFC6388], where a distinct label must be
   distributed to each downstream node.  The forwarding state upstream
   <X, Y> on node Z will be like this: {<Lu'>, <Iu Lu>}.  Iu means the
   upstream interface over which Z receives HSMP-U Label Map <X, Y, Lu>
   from LSR U.  Packets from any downstream interface over which Z sends
   HSMP-U Label Map <X, Y, Lu'> with label Lu' will be forwarded to Iu
   with label Lu' swapped to Lu.

3.4.3. HSMP LSP Root Node Operation

The procedure for an HSMP-D Label Mapping message is much the same as processing an MP2MP-D Label Mapping message defined in Section 3.3.1.6 of [RFC6388]. The processing of an HSMP-U Label Mapping message is different from that of an MP2MP-U Label Mapping message as specified below. Suppose the root node Z receives an HSMP-D Label Mapping <X, Y, L> from node D. Z checks whether it already has forwarding state for downstream <X, Y>. If not, Z creates downstream forwarding state and installs an outgoing label L over interface I. Interface I is
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 9
   determined via the procedures in Section 3.7.  If Z already has
   forwarding state for downstream <X, Y>, then Z will add label L over
   interface I to the existing state.

   Node Z checks if it has forwarding state for upstream <X, Y>.  If
   not, Z creates a forwarding state for incoming label Lu' that
   indicates that Z is the HSMP LSP egress Label Edge Router (LER).  For
   example, the forwarding state might specify that the label stack is
   popped and the packet passed to some specific application.  Node Z
   determines the downstream HSMP LSR as per Section 3.3 and sends an
   HSMP-U Label Map <X, Y, Lu'> to node D.

   Since Z is the root of the tree, Z will not send an HSMP-D Label Map
   and will not receive an HSMP-U Label Mapping.

   The root node could also be a leaf node, and it is able to determine
   what traffic to forward on this HSMP LSP; that determination is
   outside the scope of this document.

3.5. HSMP LSP Label Withdraw

3.5.1. HSMP Leaf Operation

If a leaf node Z discovers that it has no need to be an Egress LSR for that LSP (by means outside the scope of this document), then it SHOULD send an HSMP-D Label Withdraw <X, Y, L> to its upstream LSR U for <X, Y>, where L is the label it had previously advertised to U for <X, Y>. Leaf node Z will also send an unsolicited HSMP-U Label Release <X, Y, Lu> to U to indicate that the upstream path is no longer used and that label Lu can be removed. Leaf node Z expects the upstream router U to respond by sending a downstream Label Release for L.

3.5.2. HSMP Transit Node Operation

If a transit node Z receives an HSMP-D Label Withdraw message <X, Y, L> from node D, it deletes label L from its forwarding state downstream <X, Y>. Node Z sends an HSMP-D Label Release message with label L to D. There is no need to send an HSMP-U Label Withdraw <X, Y, Lu> to D because node D already removed Lu and sent a label release for Lu to Z. If deleting L from Z's forwarding state for downstream <X, Y> results in no state remaining for <X, Y>, then Z propagates the HSMP-D Label Withdraw <X, Y, L> to its upstream node U for <X, Y>. Z should also check if there are any incoming interfaces in forwarding state upstream <X, Y>. If all downstream nodes are released and there is
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 10
   no incoming interface, Z should delete the forwarding state upstream
   <X, Y> and send an HSMP-U Label Release message to its upstream node.
   Otherwise, no HSMP-U Label Release message will be sent to the
   upstream node.

3.5.3. HSMP Root Node Operation

When the root node of an HSMP LSP receives an HSMP-D Label Withdraw message and an HSMP-U Label Release message, the procedure is the same as that for transit nodes, except that the root node will not propagate the Label Withdraw and Label Release upstream (as it has no upstream).

3.6. HSMP LSP Upstream LSR Change

The procedure for changing the upstream LSR is the same as defined in Section 2.4.3 of [RFC6388], only with different processing of the FEC Element. When the upstream LSR changes from U to U', node Z should set up the HSMP LSP <X, Y> to U' by applying the procedures in Section 3.4. Z will also remove the HSMP LSP <X, Y> to U by applying the procedure in Section 3.5. To set up an HSMP LSP to U' before/after removing the HSMP LSP to U is a local matter. The recommended default behavior is to remove before adding.

3.7. Determining Forwarding Interface

The upstream and downstream LSPs can be co-routed by applying the procedures below. Both LSR U and LSR D would ensure that the same interface sends traffic by applying some procedures. For a network with symmetric IGP cost configuration, the following procedure MAY be used. To determine the downstream interface, LSR U MUST do a lookup in the unicast routing table to find the best interface and next hop to reach LSR D. If the next hop and interface are also advertised by LSR D via the LDP session, it should be used to transmit the packet to LSR D. The mechanism to determine the upstream interface is the same as that used to determine the downstream interface except the roles of LSR U and LSR D are switched. If symmetric IGP cost could not be ensured, static route configuration on LSR U and D could also be a way to ensure a co-routed path. If a co-routed path is not required for the HSMP LSP, the procedure defined in Section 2.4.1.2 of [RFC6388] could be applied. LSR U is free to transmit the packet on any of the interfaces to LSR D. The algorithm it uses to choose a particular interface is a local matter.
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 11
   The mechanism to determine the upstream interface is the same as that
   used to determine the downstream interface.

4. HSMP LSP on a LAN

The procedure to process the downstream HSMP LSP on a LAN is much the same as for a downstream MP2MP LSP as described in Section 6.1.1 of [RFC6388]. When establishing the downstream path of an HSMP LSP, as defined in [RFC6389], a Label Request message for an LSP label is sent to the upstream LSR. The upstream LSR should send a Label Mapping message that contains the LSP label for the downstream HSMP FEC and the upstream LSR context label defined in [RFC5331]. When the LSR forwards a packet downstream on one of those LSPs, the packet's top label must be the "upstream LSR context label" and the packet's second label is the "LSP label". The HSMP downstream path will be installed in the context-specific forwarding table corresponding to the upstream LSR label. Packets sent by the upstream LSR can be forwarded downstream using this forwarding state based on a two-label lookup. The upstream path of an HSMP LSP on a LAN is the same as the one on other kinds of links. That is, the upstream LSR must send a Label Mapping message that contains the LSP label for the upstream HSMP FEC to the downstream node. Packets traveling upstream need to be forwarded in the direction of the root by using the label allocated for the upstream HSMP FEC.

5. Redundancy Considerations

In some scenarios, it is necessary to provide two root nodes for redundancy purposes. One way to implement this is to use two independent HSMP LSPs acting as active and standby. At a given time, only one HSMP LSP will be active; the other will be standby. After detecting the failure of the active HSMP LSP, the root and leaf nodes will switch the traffic to the standby HSMP LSP, which takes on the role as active HSMP LSP. The details of the redundancy mechanism are out of the scope of this document.

6. Failure Detection of HSMP LSP

The idea of LSP ping for HSMP LSPs could be expressed as an intention to test the LSP Ping Echo Request packets that enter at the root along a particular downstream path of HSMP LSP and that end their MPLS path on the leaf. The leaf node then sends the LSP Ping Echo Reply along the upstream path of HSMP LSP, and it ends on the root that is the (intended) root node.
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 12
   New sub-TLVs have been assigned by IANA in Target FEC Stack TLV and
   Reverse-path Target FEC Stack TLV to define the corresponding HSMP-
   downstream FEC type and HSMP-upstream FEC type.  In order to ensure
   that the leaf node sends the LSP Ping Echo Reply along the HSMP
   upstream path, the R flag (Validate Reverse Path) in the Global Flags
   field defined in [RFC6426] is reused here.

   The node-processing mechanism of LSP Ping Echo Request and Echo Reply
   for the HSMP LSP is inherited from [RFC6425] and Section 3.4 of
   [RFC6426], except for the following:

   1.  The root node sending the LSP Ping Echo Request message for the
       HSMP LSP MUST attach the Target FEC Stack TLV with the HSMP-
       downstream FEC type, and set the R flag to '1' in the Global
       Flags field.

   2.  When the leaf node receives the LSP Ping Echo Request, it MUST
       send the LSP Ping Echo Reply to the associated HSMP upstream
       path.  The Reverse-path Target FEC Stack TLV attached by the leaf
       node in the Echo Reply message SHOULD contain the sub-TLV of the
       associated HSMP-upstream FEC.

7. Security Considerations

The same security considerations apply as for the MP2MP LSP described in [RFC6388] and [RFC6425]. Although this document introduces new FEC Elements and corresponding procedures, the protocol does not bring any new security issues beyond those in [RFC6388] and [RFC6425].

8. IANA Considerations

8.1. New LDP FEC Element Types

Two new LDP FEC Element types have been allocated from the "Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) Parameters" registry, under "Forwarding Equivalence Class (FEC) Type Name Space": 1. the HSMP-upstream FEC type - 9 2. the HSMP-downstream FEC type - 10 The values have been allocated from the "IETF Consensus" [RFC5226] range (0-127).
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 13

8.2. HSMP LSP Capability TLV

One new code point has been allocated for the HSMP LSP capability TLV from "Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) Parameters" registry, under "TLV Type Name Space": HSMP LSP Capability Parameter - 0x0902 The value has been allocated from the"IETF Consensus" range (0x0901-0x3DFF).

8.3. New Sub-TLVs for the Target Stack TLV

Two new sub-TLV types have been allocated for inclusion within the LSP ping [RFC4379] Target FEC Stack TLV (TLV type 1), Reverse-path Target FEC Stack TLV (TLV type 16), and Reply Path TLV (TLV type 21). o the HSMP-upstream LDP FEC Stack - 29 o the HSMP-downstream LDP FEC Stack - 30 The value has been allocated from the "IETF Standards Action" range (0-16383) that is used for mandatory and optional sub-TLVs that requires a response if not understood.

9. Acknowledgements

The author would like to thank Eric Rosen, Sebastien Jobert, Fei Su, Edward, Mach Chen, Thomas Morin, and Loa Andersson for their valuable comments.
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 14

10. References

10.1. Normative References

[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC5331] Aggarwal, R., Rekhter, Y., and E. Rosen, "MPLS Upstream Label Assignment and Context-Specific Label Space", RFC 5331, August 2008. [RFC5332] Eckert, T., Rosen, E., Aggarwal, R., and Y. Rekhter, "MPLS Multicast Encapsulations", RFC 5332, August 2008. [RFC5561] Thomas, B., Raza, K., Aggarwal, S., Aggarwal, R., and JL. Le Roux, "LDP Capabilities", RFC 5561, July 2009. [RFC6388] Wijnands, IJ., Minei, I., Kompella, K., and B. Thomas, "Label Distribution Protocol Extensions for Point-to- Multipoint and Multipoint-to-Multipoint Label Switched Paths", RFC 6388, November 2011. [RFC6389] Aggarwal, R. and JL. Le Roux, "MPLS Upstream Label Assignment for LDP", RFC 6389, November 2011. [RFC6425] Saxena, S., Swallow, G., Ali, Z., Farrel, A., Yasukawa, S., and T. Nadeau, "Detecting Data-Plane Failures in Point-to-Multipoint MPLS - Extensions to LSP Ping", RFC 6425, November 2011. [RFC6426] Gray, E., Bahadur, N., Boutros, S., and R. Aggarwal, "MPLS On-Demand Connectivity Verification and Route Tracing", RFC 6426, November 2011.

10.2. Informative References

[RFC4379] Kompella, K. and G. Swallow, "Detecting Multi-Protocol Label Switched (MPLS) Data Plane Failures", RFC 4379, February 2006. [RFC5036] Andersson, L., Minei, I., and B. Thomas, "LDP Specification", RFC 5036, October 2007. [RFC5226] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226, May 2008.
Top   ToC   RFC7140 - Page 15

Authors' Addresses

Lizhong Jin Shanghai China EMail: lizho.jin@gmail.com Frederic Jounay Orange CH 4 rue du Caudray 1007 Lausanne Switzerland EMail: frederic.jounay@orange.ch IJsbrand Wijnands Cisco Systems, Inc De kleetlaan 6a Diegem 1831 Belgium EMail: ice@cisco.com Nicolai Leymann Deutsche Telekom AG Winterfeldtstrasse 21 Berlin 10781 Germany EMail: N.Leymann@telekom.de