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RFC 6387

GMPLS Asymmetric Bandwidth Bidirectional Label Switched Paths (LSPs)

Pages: 11
Proposed Standard
Obsoletes:  5467

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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         A. Takacs
Request for Comments: 6387                                      Ericsson
Obsoletes: 5467                                                L. Berger
Category:  Standards Track                       LabN Consulting, L.L.C.
ISSN:  2070-1721                                             D. Caviglia
                                                                Ericsson
                                                                D. Fedyk
                                                          Alcatel-Lucent
                                                               J. Meuric
                                                   France Telecom Orange
                                                          September 2011


  GMPLS Asymmetric Bandwidth Bidirectional Label Switched Paths (LSPs)

Abstract

This document defines a method for the support of GMPLS asymmetric bandwidth bidirectional Label Switched Paths (LSPs). The approach presented is applicable to any switching technology and builds on the original Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) model for the transport of traffic-related parameters. This document moves the experiment documented in RFC 5467 to the standards track and obsoletes RFC 5467. Status of This Memo This is an Internet Standards Track document. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6387.
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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1. Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.2. Approach Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3. Conventions Used in This Document . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. Generalized Asymmetric Bandwidth Bidirectional LSPs . . . . . 4 2.1. UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.1.1. Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2. UPSTREAM_TSPEC Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2.1. Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3. UPSTREAM_ADSPEC Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3.1. Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3. Packet Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4. Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 5. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5.1. UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5.2. UPSTREAM_TSPEC Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5.3. UPSTREAM_ADSPEC Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 7. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 7.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 7.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

1. Introduction

GMPLS [RFC3473] introduced explicit support for bidirectional Label Switched Paths (LSPs). The defined support matched the switching technologies covered by GMPLS, notably Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) and lambdas; specifically, it only supported bidirectional LSPs with symmetric bandwidth allocation. Symmetric bandwidth requirements are conveyed using the semantics objects defined in [RFC2205] and [RFC2210].
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   GMPLS asymmetric bandwidth bidirectional LSPs are bidirectional LSPs
   that have different bandwidth reservations in each direction.
   Support for bidirectional LSPs with asymmetric bandwidth was
   previously discussed in the context of Ethernet, notably [RFC6060]
   and [RFC6003].  In that context, asymmetric bandwidth support was
   considered to be a capability that was unlikely to be deployed, and
   hence [RFC5467] was published as Experimental.  The MPLS Transport
   Profile, MPLS-TP, requires that asymmetric bandwidth bidirectional
   LSPs be supported (see [RFC5654]); therefore, this document is being
   published on the Standards Track.  This document has no technical
   changes from the approach defined in [RFC5467].  This document moves
   the experiment documented in [RFC5467] to the standards track and
   obsoletes [RFC5467].  This document also removes the Ethernet-
   technology-specific alternative approach discussed in the appendix of
   [RFC5467] and maintains only one approach that is suitable for use
   with any technology.

1.1. Background

Bandwidth parameters are transported within RSVP ([RFC2210], [RFC3209], and [RFC3473]) via several objects that are opaque to RSVP. While opaque to RSVP, these objects support a particular model for the communication of bandwidth information between an RSVP session sender (ingress) and receiver (egress). The original model of communication, defined in [RFC2205] and maintained in [RFC3209], used the SENDER_TSPEC and ADSPEC objects in Path messages and the FLOWSPEC object in Resv messages. The SENDER_TSPEC object was used to indicate a sender's data generation capabilities. The FLOWSPEC object was issued by the receiver and indicated the resources that should be allocated to the associated data traffic. The ADSPEC object was used to inform the receiver and intermediate hops of the actual resources available for the associated data traffic. With the introduction of bidirectional LSPs in [RFC3473], the model of communication of bandwidth parameters was implicitly changed. In the context of [RFC3473] bidirectional LSPs, the SENDER_TSPEC object indicates the desired resources for both upstream and downstream directions. The FLOWSPEC object is simply confirmation of the allocated resources. The definition of the ADSPEC object is either unmodified and only has meaning for downstream traffic, or is implicitly or explicitly ([RFC4606] and [RFC6003]) irrelevant.

1.2. Approach Overview

The approach for supporting asymmetric bandwidth bidirectional LSPs defined in this document builds on the original RSVP model for the transport of traffic-related parameters and GMPLS's support for bidirectional LSPs.
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   The defined approach is generic and can be applied to any switching
   technology supported by GMPLS.  With this approach, the existing
   SENDER_TSPEC, ADSPEC, and FLOWSPEC objects are complemented with the
   addition of new UPSTREAM_TSPEC, UPSTREAM_ADSPEC, and
   UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC objects.  The existing objects are used in the
   original fashion defined in [RFC2205] and [RFC2210], and refer only
   to traffic associated with the LSP flowing in the downstream
   direction.  The new objects are used in exactly the same fashion as
   the old objects, but refer to the upstream traffic flow Figure 1
   shows the bandwidth-related objects used for asymmetric bandwidth
   bidirectional LSPs.

                    |---|        Path        |---|
                    | I |------------------->| E |
                    | n | -SENDER_TSPEC      | g |
                    | g | -ADSPEC            | r |
                    | r | -UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC | e |
                    | e |                    | s |
                    | s |        Resv        | s |
                    | s |<-------------------|   |
                    |   | -FLOWSPEC          |   |
                    |   | -UPSTREAM_TSPEC    |   |
                    |   | -UPSTREAM_ADSPEC   |   |
                    |---|                    |---|

         Figure 1: Generic Asymmetric Bandwidth Bidirectional LSPs

   The extensions defined in this document are limited to Point-to-Point
   (P2P) LSPs.  Support for Point-to-Multipoint (P2MP) bidirectional
   LSPs is not currently defined and, as such, not covered in this
   document.

1.3. Conventions Used in This Document

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

2. Generalized Asymmetric Bandwidth Bidirectional LSPs

The setup of an asymmetric bandwidth bidirectional LSP is signaled using the bidirectional procedures defined in [RFC3473] together with the inclusion of the new UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC, UPSTREAM_TSPEC, and UPSTREAM_ADSPEC objects. The new upstream objects carry the same information and are used in the same fashion as the existing downstream objects; they differ in that they relate to traffic flowing in the upstream direction while
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   the existing objects relate to traffic flowing in the downstream
   direction.  The new objects also differ in that they are carried in
   messages traveling in the opposite direction.

2.1. UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC Object

The format of an UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object is the same as a FLOWSPEC object [RFC2210]. This includes the definition of class types and their formats. The class number of the UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object is 120 (of the form 0bbbbbbb).

2.1.1. Procedures

The Path message of an asymmetric bandwidth bidirectional LSP MUST contain an UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object and MUST use the bidirectional LSP formats and procedures defined in [RFC3473]. The C-Type of the UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object MUST match the C-Type of the SENDER_TSPEC object used in the Path message. The contents of the UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object MUST be constructed using a format and procedures consistent with those used to construct the FLOWSPEC object that will be used for the LSP, e.g., [RFC2210] or [RFC4328]. Nodes processing a Path message containing an UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object MUST use the contents of the UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object in the upstream label and the resource allocation procedure defined in Section 3.1 of [RFC3473]. Consistent with [RFC3473], a node that is unable to allocate a label or internal resources based on the contents of the UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object MUST issue a PathErr message with a "Routing problem/MPLS label allocation failure" indication.

2.2. UPSTREAM_TSPEC Object

The format of an UPSTREAM_TSPEC object is the same as a SENDER_TSPEC object, which includes the definition of class types and their formats. The class number of the UPSTREAM_TSPEC object is 121 (of the form 0bbbbbbb).

2.2.1. Procedures

The UPSTREAM_TSPEC object describes the traffic flow that originates at the egress. The UPSTREAM_TSPEC object MUST be included in any Resv message that corresponds to a Path message containing an UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object. The C-Type of the UPSTREAM_TSPEC object MUST match the C-Type of the corresponding UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object. The contents of the UPSTREAM_TSPEC object MUST be constructed using a format and procedures consistent with those used to construct the FLOWSPEC object that will be used for the LSP, e.g., [RFC2210] or [RFC4328]. The contents of the UPSTREAM_TSPEC object MAY differ from
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   contents of the UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object based on application data
   transmission requirements.

   When an UPSTREAM_TSPEC object is received by an ingress, the ingress
   MAY determine that the original reservation is insufficient to
   satisfy the traffic flow.  In this case, the ingress MAY tear down
   the LSP and send a PathTear message.  Alternatively, the ingress MAY
   issue a Path message with an updated UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object to
   modify the resources requested for the upstream traffic flow.  This
   modification might require the LSP to be re-routed, and in extreme
   cases might result in the LSP being torn down when sufficient
   resources are not available along the path of the LSP.

2.3. UPSTREAM_ADSPEC Object

The format of an UPSTREAM_ADSPEC object is the same as an ADSPEC object. This includes the definition of class types and their formats. The class number of the UPSTREAM_ADSPEC object is 122 (of the form 0bbbbbbb).

2.3.1. Procedures

The UPSTREAM_ADSPEC object MAY be included in any Resv message that corresponds to a Path message containing an UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object. The C-Type of the UPSTREAM_TSPEC object MUST be consistent with the C-Type of the corresponding UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC object. The contents of the UPSTREAM_ADSPEC object MUST be constructed using a format and procedures consistent with those used to construct the ADSPEC object that will be used for the LSP, e.g., [RFC2210] or [RFC6003]. The UPSTREAM_ADSPEC object is processed using the same procedures as the ADSPEC object and, as such, MAY be updated or added at transit nodes.

3. Packet Formats

This section presents the RSVP message-related formats as modified by this section. This document modifies formats defined in [RFC2205], [RFC3209], and [RFC3473]. See [RFC5511] for the syntax used by RSVP. Unmodified formats are not listed. Three new objects are defined in this section: Object name Applicable RSVP messages --------------- ------------------------ UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC Path, PathTear, PathErr, and Notify (via sender descriptor) UPSTREAM_TSPEC Resv, ResvConf, ResvTear, ResvErr, and Notify (via flow descriptor list) UPSTREAM_ADSPEC Resv, ResvConf, ResvTear, ResvErr, and Notify (via flow descriptor list)
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   The format of the sender description for bidirectional asymmetric
   LSPs is:

      <sender descriptor> ::=  <SENDER_TEMPLATE> <SENDER_TSPEC>
                               [ <ADSPEC> ]
                               [ <RECORD_ROUTE> ]
                               [ <SUGGESTED_LABEL> ]
                               [ <RECOVERY_LABEL> ]
                               <UPSTREAM_LABEL>
                               <UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC>

   The format of the flow descriptor list for bidirectional asymmetric
   LSPs is:

      <flow descriptor list> ::= <FF flow descriptor list>
                               | <SE flow descriptor>

      <FF flow descriptor list> ::= <FLOWSPEC>
                               <UPSTREAM_TSPEC> [ <UPSTREAM_ADSPEC> ]
                               <FILTER_SPEC>
                               <LABEL> [ <RECORD_ROUTE> ]
                               | <FF flow descriptor list>
                               <FF flow descriptor>

      <FF flow descriptor> ::= [ <FLOWSPEC> ]
                               [ <UPSTREAM_TSPEC>] [ <UPSTREAM_ADSPEC> ]
                               <FILTER_SPEC> <LABEL>
                               [ <RECORD_ROUTE> ]

      <SE flow descriptor> ::= <FLOWSPEC>
                               <UPSTREAM_TSPEC> [ <UPSTREAM_ADSPEC> ]
                               <SE filter spec list>

      <SE filter spec list> is unmodified by this document.

4. Compatibility

This extension reuses and extends semantics and procedures defined in [RFC2205], [RFC3209], and [RFC3473] to support bidirectional LSPs with asymmetric bandwidth. Three new objects are defined to indicate the use of asymmetric bandwidth. Each of these objects is defined with class numbers in the form 0bbbbbbb. Per [RFC2205], nodes not supporting this extension will not recognize the new class numbers and will respond with an "Unknown Object Class" error. The error message will propagate to the ingress, which can then take action to avoid the path with the incompatible node or can simply terminate the session.
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5. IANA Considerations

The IANA has made the assignments described below in the "Class Names, Class Numbers, and Class Types" section of the "RSVP PARAMETERS" registry.

5.1. UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC Object

The class named UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC has been assigned in the 0bbbbbbb range (120) with the following definition: Class Types or C-types: Same values as FLOWSPEC object (C-Num 9)

5.2. UPSTREAM_TSPEC Object

The class named UPSTREAM_TSPEC has been assigned in the 0bbbbbbb range (121) with the following definition: Class Types or C-types: Same values as SENDER_TSPEC object (C-Num 12)

5.3. UPSTREAM_ADSPEC Object

The class named UPSTREAM_ADSPEC has been assigned in the 0bbbbbbb range (122) with the following definition: Class Types or C-types: Same values as ADSPEC object (C-Num 13)

6. Security Considerations

This document introduces new message objects for use in GMPLS signaling [RFC3473] -- specifically the UPSTREAM_TSPEC, UPSTREAM_ADSPEC, and UPSTREAM_FLOWSPEC objects. These objects parallel the existing SENDER_TSPEC, ADSPEC, and FLOWSPEC objects but are used in the opposite direction. As such, any vulnerabilities that are due to the use of the old objects now apply to messages flowing in the reverse direction. From a message standpoint, this document does not introduce any new signaling messages or change the relationship between LSRs that are adjacent in the control plane. As such, this document introduces no additional message- or neighbor-related security considerations.
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   See [RFC3473] for relevant security considerations and [RFC5920] for
   a more general discussion on RSVP-TE security discussions.

7. References

7.1. Normative References

[RFC2205] Braden, R., Ed., Zhang, L., Berson, S., Herzog, S., and S. Jamin, "Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP) -- Version 1 Functional Specification", RFC 2205, September 1997. [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC2210] Wroclawski, J., "The Use of RSVP with IETF Integrated Services", RFC 2210, September 1997. [RFC3209] Awduche, D., Berger, L., Gan, D., Li, T., Srinivasan, V., and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels", RFC 3209, December 2001. [RFC3473] Berger, L., Ed., "Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Signaling Resource ReserVation Protocol-Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) Extensions", RFC 3473, January 2003.

7.2. Informative References

[RFC4606] Mannie, E. and D. Papadimitriou, "Generalized Multi- Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Extensions for Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) and Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Control", RFC 4606, August 2006. [RFC4328] Papadimitriou, D., Ed., "Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Signaling Extensions for G.709 Optical Transport Networks Control", RFC 4328, January 2006. [RFC5511] Farrel, A., "Routing Backus-Naur Form (RBNF): A Syntax Used to Form Encoding Rules in Various Routing Protocol Specifications", RFC 5511, April 2009. [RFC5654] Niven-Jenkins, B., Ed., Brungard, D., Ed., Betts, M., Ed., Sprecher, N., and S. Ueno, "Requirements of an MPLS Transport Profile", RFC 5654, September 2009. [RFC5920] Fang, L., Ed., "Security Framework for MPLS and GMPLS Networks", RFC 5920, July 2010.
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   [RFC5467]   Berger, L., Takacs, A., Caviglia, D., Fedyk, D., and J.
               Meuric, "GMPLS Asymmetric Bandwidth Bidirectional Label
               Switched Paths (LSPs)", RFC 5467, March 2009.

   [RFC6003]   Papadimitriou, D., "Ethernet Traffic Parameters", RFC
               6003, October 2010.

   [RFC6060]   Fedyk, D., Shah, H., Bitar, N., and A. Takacs,
               "Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching (GMPLS)
               Control of Ethernet Provider Backbone Traffic Engineering
               (PBB-TE)", RFC 6060, March 2011.
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Authors' Addresses

Attila Takacs Ericsson Konyves Kalman krt. 11. Budapest, 1097 Hungary EMail: attila.takacs@ericsson.com Lou Berger LabN Consulting, L.L.C. EMail: lberger@labn.net Diego Caviglia Ericsson Via A. Negrone 1/A Genova-Sestri Ponente, Italy Phone: +390106003738 Fax: EMail: diego.caviglia@ericsson.com Don Fedyk Alcatel-Lucent Groton, MA USA EMail: donald.fedyk@alcatel-lucent.com Julien Meuric France Telecom Orange 2, avenue Pierre Marzin Lannion Cedex, 22307 France EMail: julien.meuric@orange.com