Tech-invite3GPPspaceIETF RFCsSIP
93929190898887868584838281807978777675747372717069686766656463626160595857565554535251504948474645444342414039383736353433323130292827262524232221201918171615141312111009080706050403020100
in Index   Prev   Next

RFC 3731

Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Domain Name Mapping

Pages: 45
Obsoleted by:  4931

ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 1
Network Working Group                                      S. Hollenbeck
Request for Comments: 3731                                VeriSign, Inc.
Category: Standards Track                                     March 2004


       Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Domain Name Mapping

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

This document describes an Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) mapping for the provisioning and management of Internet domain names stored in a shared central repository. Specified in XML, the mapping defines EPP command syntax and semantics as applied to domain names.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1. Relationship of Domain Objects and Host Objects . . . . 2 1.2. Conventions Used In This Document . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. Object Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1. Domain and Host Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.2. Contact and Client Identifiers. . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3. Status Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.4. Dates and Times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.5. Validity Periods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.6. Authorization Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.7. Other DNS Resource Record Attributes. . . . . . . . . . 7 3. EPP Command Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1. EPP Query Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1.1. EPP <check> Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1.2. EPP <info> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.1.3. EPP <transfer> Query Command. . . . . . . . . . 16 3.2. EPP Transform Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.2.1. EPP <create> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.2.2. EPP <delete> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.2.3. EPP <renew> Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 2
             3.2.4.  EPP <transfer> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
             3.2.5.  EPP <update> Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
             3.2.6.  Offline Review of Requested Actions . . . . . .  29
   4.  Formal Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  32
   5.  Internationalization Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . .  41
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  42
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  42
   8.  Acknowledgements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  42
   9.  References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  43
       9.1.  Normative References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  43
       9.2.  Informative References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  43
   10. Author's Address. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  44
   11. Full Copyright Statement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  45

1. Introduction

This document describes an Internet domain name mapping for version 1.0 of the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP). This mapping is specified using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 as described in [XML] and XML Schema notation as described in [XMLS-1] and [XMLS-2]. [RFC3730] provides a complete description of EPP command and response structures. A thorough understanding of the base protocol specification is necessary to understand the mapping described in this document. XML is case sensitive. Unless stated otherwise, XML specifications and examples provided in this document MUST be interpreted in the character case presented to develop a conforming implementation.

1.1. Relationship of Domain Objects and Host Objects

The EPP mapping for host objects is described in [RFC3732]. This document assumes that domain name objects have a superordinate relationship to subordinate host name objects. For example, domain name "example.com" has a superordinate relationship to host name "ns1.example.com". EPP actions (such as object transfers) that do not preserve this relationship MUST be explicitly disallowed. A host name object can be created in a repository for which no superordinate domain name object exists. For example, host name "ns1.example.com" can be created in the ".example" repository so that DNS domains in ".example" can be delegated to the host. Such hosts are described as "external" hosts in this specification since the name of the host does not belong to the name space of the repository in which the host is being used for delegation purposes.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 3
   Whether a host is external or internal relates to the repository in
   which the host is being used for delegation purposes.  Whether an
   internal host is subordinate or not relates to a domain within the
   repository.  For example, host ns1.example1.com is a subordinate host
   of domain example1.com, but it is a not a subordinate host of domain
   example2.com.  ns1.example1.com can be used as a name server for
   example2.com.  In this case, ns1.example1.com MUST be treated as an
   internal host, subject to the rules governing operations on
   subordinate hosts within the same repository.

   Name server hosts for domain delegation can be specified as either
   references to existing host objects or as domain attributes that
   describe a host machine.  A server operator MUST use one name server
   specification form consistently.  A server operator that announces
   support for host objects in an EPP greeting MUST NOT allow domain
   attributes to describe a name server host machine.  A server operator
   that does not announce support for host objects MUST allow domain
   attributes to describe a name server host machine.  When domain
   attributes are used to describe a name server host machine, IP
   addresses SHOULD be required only as needed to generate DNS glue
   records.

   Name servers are specified within a <domain:ns> element.  This
   element MUST contain one or more <domain:hostObj> elements or one or
   more <domain:hostAttr> elements.  A <domain:hostObj> element contains
   the fully qualified name of a known name server host object.  A
   <domain:hostAttr> element contains the following child elements:

   -  A <domain:hostName> element that contains the fully qualified name
      of a host.

   -  Zero or more OPTIONAL <domain:hostAddr> elements that contain the
      IP addresses to be associated with the host.  Each element MAY
      contain an "ip" attribute to identify the IP address format.
      Attribute value "v4" is used to note IPv4 address format.
      Attribute value "v6" is used to note IPv6 address format.  If the
      "ip" attribute is not specified, "v4" is the default attribute
      value.  IP address syntax requirements are described in Section
      2.5 of the EPP host mapping [RFC3732].

   Example host object name server elements for domain example.com:

   <domain:ns>
     <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.com</domain:hostObj>
     <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.net</domain:hostObj>
   </domain:ns>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 4
   Example host attribute name server elements for domain example.com:

   <domain:ns>
     <domain:hostAttr>
       <domain:hostName>ns1.example.com</domain:hostName>
       <domain:hostAddr
        ip="v4">192.0.2.2</domain:hostAddr>
       <domain:hostAddr
        ip="v6">1080:0:0:0:8:800:200C:417A</domain:hostAddr>
     </domain:hostAttr>
     <domain:hostAttr>
       <domain:hostName>ns1.example.net</domain:hostName>
     </domain:hostAttr>
   </domain:ns>

1.2. Conventions Used In This Document

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. In examples, "C:" represents lines sent by a protocol client and "S:" represents lines returned by a protocol server. Indentation and white space in examples is provided only to illustrate element relationships and is not a REQUIRED feature of this protocol.

2. Object Attributes

An EPP domain object has attributes and associated values that can be viewed and modified by the sponsoring client or the server. This section describes each attribute type in detail. The formal syntax for the attribute values described here can be found in the "Formal Syntax" section of this document and in the appropriate normative references.

2.1. Domain and Host Names

The syntax for domain and host names described in this document MUST conform to [RFC952] as updated by [RFC1123]. At the time of this writing, RFC 3490 [RFC3490] describes a standard to use certain ASCII name labels to represent non-ASCII name labels. These conformance requirements might change as a result of progressing work in developing standards for internationalized domain names. A server MAY restrict allowable domain names to a particular top level domain, second level domain, or other domain for which the server is authoritative. The trailing dot required when these names are stored in a DNS zone is implicit and MUST NOT be provided when exchanging host and domain names.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 5

2.2. Contact and Client Identifiers

All EPP contacts are identified by a server-unique identifier. Contact identifiers are character strings with a specified minimum length, a specified maximum length, and a specified format. Contact identifiers use the "clIDType" client identifier syntax described in [RFC3730].

2.3. Status Values

A domain object MUST always have at least one associated status value. Status values can be set only by the client that sponsors a domain object and by the server on which the object resides. A client can change the status of a domain object using the EPP <update> command. Each status value MAY be accompanied by a string of human-readable text that describes the rationale for the status applied to the object. A client MUST NOT alter status values set by the server. A server MAY alter or override status values set by a client subject to local server policies. The status of an object MAY change as a result of either a client-initiated transform command or an action performed by a server operator. Status values that can be added or removed by a client are prefixed with "client". Corresponding status values that can be added or removed by a server are prefixed with "server". Status values that do not begin with either "client" or "server" are server-managed. Status Value Descriptions: - clientDeleteProhibited, serverDeleteProhibited Requests to delete the object MUST be rejected. - clientHold, serverHold DNS delegation information MUST NOT be published for the object. - clientRenewProhibited, serverRenewProhibited Requests to renew the object MUST be rejected. - clientTransferProhibited, serverTransferProhibited Requests to transfer the object MUST be rejected.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 6
   -  clientUpdateProhibited, serverUpdateProhibited

   Requests to update the object (other than to remove this status) MUST
   be rejected.

   -  inactive

   Delegation information has not been associated with the object.

   -  ok

   This is the normal status value for an object that has no pending
   operations or prohibitions.  This value is set and removed by the
   server as other status values are added or removed.

   -  pendingCreate, pendingDelete, pendingRenew, pendingTransfer,
      pendingUpdate

   A transform command has been processed for the object, but the action
   has not been completed by the server.  Server operators can delay
   action completion for a variety of reasons, such as to allow for
   human review or third-party action.  A transform command that is
   processed, but whose requested action is pending, is noted with
   response code 1001.

   With one exception, transform commands MUST be rejected when a
   pendingCreate, pendingDelete, pendingRenew, pendingTransfer, or
   pendingUpdate status is set.  The only exception is that a <transfer>
   command to approve, reject, or cancel a transfer MAY be processed
   while an object is in "pendingTransfer" status.

   When the requested action has been completed, the pendingCreate,
   pendingDelete, pendingRenew, pendingTransfer, or pendingUpdate status
   value MUST be removed.  All clients involved in the transaction MUST
   be notified using a service message that the action has been
   completed and that the status of the object has changed.

   "ok" status MUST NOT be combined with any other status.

   "pendingDelete" status MUST NOT be combined with either
   "clientDeleteProhibited" or "serverDeleteProhibited" status.

   "pendingRenew" status MUST NOT be combined with either
   "clientRenewProhibited" or "serverRenewProhibited" status.

   "pendingTransfer" status MUST NOT be combined with either
   "clientTransferProhibited" or "serverTransferProhibited" status.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 7
   "pendingUpdate" status MUST NOT be combined with either
   "clientUpdateProhibited" or "serverUpdateProhibited" status.

   The pendingCreate, pendingDelete, pendingRenew, pendingTransfer, and
   pendingUpdate status values MUST NOT be combined with each other.

   Other status combinations not expressly prohibited MAY be used.

2.4. Dates and Times

Date and time attribute values MUST be represented in Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) using the Gregorian calendar. The extended date-time form using upper case "T" and "Z" characters defined in [RFC3339] MUST be used to represent date-time values as XML Schema does not support truncated date-time forms or lower case "T" and "Z" characters.

2.5. Validity Periods

A domain name object MAY have a specified validity period. If server policy supports domain object validity periods, the validity period is defined when a domain object is created, and it MAY be extended by the EPP <renew> or <transfer> commands. As a matter of server policy, this specification does not define actions to be taken upon expiration of a domain object's validity period. Validity periods are measured in years or months with the appropriate units specified using the "unit" attribute. Valid values for the "unit" attribute are "y" for years and "m" for months. The minimum allowable period value is one decimal (1). The maximum allowable value is ninety-nine decimal (99). A server MAY support a lower maximum value.

2.6. Authorization Information

Authorization information is associated with domain objects to facilitate transfer operations. Authorization information is assigned when a domain object is created, and it might be updated in the future. This specification describes password-based authorization information, though other mechanisms are possible.

2.7. Other DNS Resource Record Attributes

While the DNS allows many resource record types to be associated with a domain, this mapping only explicitly specifies elements that describe resource records used for domain delegation and resolution. Facilities to provision other domain-related resource record types can be developed by extending this mapping.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 8
   The provisioning method described in this mapping separates discrete
   data elements by data type.  This method of data definition allows
   XML Schema processors to perform basic syntax validation tasks,
   reducing ambiguity and the amount of parsing and syntax-checking work
   required of protocol processors.  Provisioning and extension methods
   that aggregate data into opaque strings are possible, but such
   methods SHOULD NOT be used because they impose additional parsing,
   interpretation, and validation requirements on protocol processors.

3. EPP Command Mapping

A detailed description of the EPP syntax and semantics can be found in [RFC3730]. The command mappings described here are specifically for use in provisioning and managing Internet domain names via EPP.

3.1. EPP Query Commands

EPP provides three commands to retrieve domain information: <check> to determine if a domain object can be provisioned within a repository, <info> to retrieve detailed information associated with a domain object, and <transfer> to retrieve domain object transfer status information.

3.1.1. EPP <check> Command

The EPP <check> command is used to determine if an object can be provisioned within a repository. It provides a hint that allows a client to anticipate the success or failure of provisioning an object using the <create> command as object provisioning requirements are ultimately a matter of server policy. In addition to the standard EPP command elements, the <check> command MUST contain a <domain:check> element that identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain schema. The <domain:check> element contains the following child elements: - One or more <domain:name> elements that contain the fully qualified names of the domain objects to be queried.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 9
   Example <check> command:

   C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   C:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   C:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   C:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   C:  <command>
   C:    <check>
   C:      <domain:check
   C:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   C:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   C:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   C:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   C:        <domain:name>example.net</domain:name>
   C:        <domain:name>example.org</domain:name>
   C:      </domain:check>
   C:    </check>
   C:    <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   C:  </command>
   C:</epp>

   When a <check> command has been processed successfully, the EPP
   <resData> element MUST contain a child <domain:chkData> element that
   identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain
   schema.  The <domain:chkData> element contains one or more
   <domain:cd> elements that contain the following child elements:

   -  A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of
      the queried domain object.  This element MUST contain an "avail"
      attribute whose value indicates object availability (can it be
      provisioned or not) at the moment the <check> command was
      completed.  A value of "1" or "true" means that the object can be
      provisioned.  A value of "0" or "false" means that the object can
      not be provisioned.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:reason> element that MAY be provided when an
      object can not be provisioned.  If present, this element contains
      server-specific text to help explain why the object can not be
      provisioned.  This text MUST be represented in the response
      language previously negotiated with the client; an OPTIONAL "lang"
      attribute MAY be present to identify the language if the
      negotiated value is something other than the default value of "en"
      (English).
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 10
   Example <check> response:

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1000">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <resData>
   S:      <domain:chkData
   S:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   S:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   S:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   S:        <domain:cd>
   S:          <domain:name avail="1">example.com</domain:name>
   S:        </domain:cd>
   S:        <domain:cd>
   S:          <domain:name avail="0">example.net</domain:name>
   S:          <domain:reason>In use</domain:reason>
   S:        </domain:cd>
   S:        <domain:cd>
   S:          <domain:name avail="1">example.org</domain:name>
   S:        </domain:cd>
   S:      </domain:chkData>
   S:    </resData>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>54322-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>

   An EPP error response MUST be returned if a <check> command can not
   be processed for any reason.

3.1.2. EPP <info> Command

The EPP <info> command is used to retrieve information associated with a domain object. The response to this command MAY vary depending on the identity of the querying client, use of authorization information, and server policy towards unauthorized clients. If the querying client is the sponsoring client, all available information MUST be returned. If the querying client is not the sponsoring client, but the client provides valid authorization information, all available information MUST be
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 11
   returned.  If the querying client is not the sponsoring client, and
   the client does not provide valid authorization information, server
   policy determines which OPTIONAL elements are returned.

   In addition to the standard EPP command elements, the <info> command
   MUST contain a <domain:info> element that identifies the domain
   namespace and the location of the domain schema.  The <domain:info>
   element contains the following child elements:

   -  A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of
      the domain object to be queried.  An OPTIONAL "hosts" attribute is
      available to control return of information describing hosts
      related to the domain object.  A value of "all" (the default,
      which MAY be absent) returns information describing both
      subordinate and delegated hosts.  A value of "del" returns
      information describing only delegated hosts.  A value of "sub"
      returns information describing only subordinate hosts.  A value of
      "none" returns no information describing delegated or subordinate
      hosts.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:authInfo> element that contains authorization
      information associated with the domain object or authorization
      information associated with the domain object's registrant or
      associated contacts.  An OPTIONAL "roid" attribute MUST be used to
      identify the registrant or contact object if and only if the given
      authInfo is associated with a registrant or contact object, and
      not the domain object itself.  If this element is not provided or
      if the authorization information is invalid, server policy
      determines if the command is rejected or if response information
      will be returned to the client.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 12
   Example <info> command without authorization information:

   C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   C:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   C:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   C:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   C:  <command>
   C:    <info>
   C:      <domain:info
   C:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   C:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   C:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   C:        <domain:name hosts="all">example.com</domain:name>
   C:      </domain:info>
   C:    </info>
   C:    <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   C:  </command>
   C:</epp>

   Example <info> command with authorization information:

   C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   C:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   C:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   C:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   C:  <command>
   C:    <info>
   C:      <domain:info
   C:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   C:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   C:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   C:        <domain:name hosts="all">example.com</domain:name>
   C:        <domain:authInfo>
   C:          <domain:pw>2fooBAR</domain:pw>
   C:        </domain:authInfo>
   C:      </domain:info>
   C:    </info>
   C:    <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   C:  </command>
   C:</epp>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 13
   When an <info> command has been processed successfully, the EPP
   <resData> element MUST contain a child <domain:infData> element that
   identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain
   schema.  Elements that are not OPTIONAL MUST be returned; OPTIONAL
   elements are returned based on client authorization and server
   policy.  The <domain:infData> element contains the following child
   elements:

   -  A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of
      the domain object.

   -  A <domain:roid> element that contains the Repository Object
      IDentifier assigned to the domain object when the object was
      created.

   -  Zero or more OPTIONAL <domain:status> elements that contain the
      current status descriptors associated with the domain.

   -  If supported by the server, one OPTIONAL <domain:registrant>
      element and one or more OPTIONAL <domain:contact> elements that
      contain identifiers for the human or organizational social
      information objects associated with the domain object.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:ns> element that contains the fully qualified
      names of the delegated host objects or host attributes (name
      servers) associated with the domain object.  See section 1.1 for a
      description of the elements used to specify host objects or host
      attributes.

   -  Zero or more OPTIONAL <domain:host> elements that contain the
      fully qualified names of the subordinate host objects that exist
      under this superordinate domain object.

   -  A <domain:clID> element that contains the identifier of the
      sponsoring client.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:crID> element that contains the identifier of
      the client that created the domain object.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:crDate> element that contains the date and
      time of domain object creation.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:exDate> element that contains the date and
      time identifying the end of the domain object's registration
      period.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 14
   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:upID> element that contains the identifier of
      the client that last updated the domain object.  This element MUST
      NOT be present if the domain has never been modified.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:upDate> element that contains the date and
      time of the most recent domain object modification.  This element
      MUST NOT be present if the domain object has never been modified.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:trDate> elements that contains the date and
      time of the most recent successful domain object transfer.  This
      element MUST NOT be provided if the domain object has never been
      transferred.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:authInfo> element that contains authorization
      information associated with the domain object.  This element MUST
      only be returned if the querying client is the current sponsoring
      client, or if the client supplied valid authorization information
      with the command.

   Example <info> response for an authorized client:

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1000">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <resData>
   S:      <domain:infData
   S:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   S:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   S:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   S:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   S:        <domain:roid>EXAMPLE1-REP</domain:roid>
   S:        <domain:status s="ok"/>
   S:        <domain:registrant>jd1234</domain:registrant>
   S:        <domain:contact type="admin">sh8013</domain:contact>
   S:        <domain:contact type="tech">sh8013</domain:contact>
   S:        <domain:ns>
   S:          <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.com</domain:hostObj>
   S:          <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.net</domain:hostObj>
   S:        </domain:ns>
   S:        <domain:host>ns1.example.com</domain:host>
   S:        <domain:host>ns2.example.com</domain:host>
   S:        <domain:clID>ClientX</domain:clID>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 15
   S:        <domain:crID>ClientY</domain:crID>
   S:        <domain:crDate>1999-04-03T22:00:00.0Z</domain:crDate>
   S:        <domain:upID>ClientX</domain:upID>
   S:        <domain:upDate>1999-12-03T09:00:00.0Z</domain:upDate>
   S:        <domain:exDate>2005-04-03T22:00:00.0Z</domain:exDate>
   S:        <domain:trDate>2000-04-08T09:00:00.0Z</domain:trDate>
   S:        <domain:authInfo>
   S:          <domain:pw>2fooBAR</domain:pw>
   S:        </domain:authInfo>
   S:      </domain:infData>
   S:    </resData>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>54322-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>

   A server with a different information return policy MAY provide less
   information in a response.

   Example <info> response for an unauthorized client:

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1000">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <resData>
   S:      <domain:infData
   S:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   S:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   S:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   S:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   S:        <domain:roid>EXAMPLE1-REP</domain:roid>
   S:        <domain:clID>ClientX</domain:clID>
   S:      </domain:infData>
   S:    </resData>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>54322-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 16
   An EPP error response MUST be returned if an <info> command can not
   be processed for any reason.

3.1.3. EPP <transfer> Query Command

The EPP <transfer> command provides a query operation that allows a client to determine real-time status of pending and completed transfer requests. In addition to the standard EPP command elements, the <transfer> command MUST contain an "op" attribute with value "query", and a <domain:transfer> element that identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain schema. The <domain:transfer> element contains the following child elements: - A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of the domain object to be queried. - An OPTIONAL <domain:authInfo> element that contains authorization information associated with the domain object or authorization information associated with the domain object's registrant or associated contacts. An OPTIONAL "roid" attribute MUST be used to identify the registrant or contact object if and only if the given authInfo is associated with a registrant or contact object, and not the domain object itself. If this element is not provided or if the authorization information is invalid, server policy determines if the command is rejected or if response information will be returned to the client. Example <transfer> query command: C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?> C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0" C: xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" C: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0 C: epp-1.0.xsd"> C: <command> C: <transfer op="query"> C: <domain:transfer C: xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0" C: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0 C: domain-1.0.xsd"> C: <domain:name>example.com</domain:name> C: <domain:authInfo> C: <domain:pw roid="JD1234-REP">2fooBAR</domain:pw> C: </domain:authInfo> C: </domain:transfer> C: </transfer> C: <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID> C: </command>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 17
   C:</epp>

   When a <transfer> query command has been processed successfully, the
   EPP <resData> element MUST contain a child <domain:trnData> element
   that identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain
   schema. The <domain:trnData> element contains the following child
   elements:

   -  A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of
      the domain object.

   -  A <domain:trStatus> element that contains the state of the most
      recent transfer request.

   -  A <domain:reID> element that contains the identifier of the client
      that requested the object transfer.

   -  A <domain:reDate> element that contains the date and time that the
      transfer was requested.

   -  A <domain:acID> element that contains the identifier of the client
      that SHOULD act upon the transfer request.

   -  A <domain:acDate> element that contains the date and time of a
      required or completed response.  For a PENDING request, the value
      identifies the date and time by which a response is required
      before an automated response action will be taken by the server.
      For all other status types, the value identifies the date and time
      when the request was completed.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:exDate> element that contains the end of the
      domain object's validity period if the <transfer> command caused
      or causes a change in the validity period.

   Example <transfer> query response:

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1000">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <resData>
   S:      <domain:trnData
   S:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 18
   S:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   S:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   S:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   S:        <domain:trStatus>pending</domain:trStatus>
   S:        <domain:reID>ClientX</domain:reID>
   S:        <domain:reDate>2000-06-06T22:00:00.0Z</domain:reDate>
   S:        <domain:acID>ClientY</domain:acID>
   S:        <domain:acDate>2000-06-11T22:00:00.0Z</domain:acDate>
   S:        <domain:exDate>2002-09-08T22:00:00.0Z</domain:exDate>
   S:      </domain:trnData>
   S:    </resData>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>54322-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>

   An EPP error response MUST be returned if a <transfer> query command
   can not be processed for any reason.

3.2. EPP Transform Commands

EPP provides five commands to transform domain objects: <create> to create an instance of a domain object, <delete> to delete an instance of a domain object, <renew> to extend the validity period of a domain object, <transfer> to manage domain object sponsorship changes, and <update> to change information associated with a domain object. Transform commands are typically processed and completed in real time. Server operators MAY receive and process transform commands, but defer completing the requested action if human or third-party review is required before the requested action can be completed. In such situations the server MUST return a 1001 response code to the client to note that the command has been received and processed, but the requested action is pending. The server MUST also manage the status of the object that is the subject of the command to reflect the initiation and completion of the requested action. Once the action has been completed, all clients involved in the transaction MUST be notified using a service message that the action has been completed and that the status of the object has changed.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 19

3.2.1. EPP <create> Command

The EPP <create> command provides a transform operation that allows a client to create a domain object. In addition to the standard EPP command elements, the <create> command MUST contain a <domain:create> element that identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain schema. The <domain:create> element contains the following child elements: - A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of the domain object to be created. - An OPTIONAL <domain:period> element that contains the initial registration period of the domain object. A server MAY define a default initial registration period if not specified by the client. - An OPTIONAL <domain:ns> element that contains the fully qualified names of the delegated host objects or host attributes (name servers) associated with the domain object to provide resolution services for the domain; see section 1.1 for a description of the elements used to specify host objects or host attributes. A host object MUST be known to the server before the host object can be associated with a domain object. - An OPTIONAL <domain:registrant> element that contains the identifier for the human or organizational social information (contact) object to be associated with the domain object as the object registrant. This object identifier MUST be known to the server before the contact object can be associated with the domain object. The EPP mapping for contact objects is described in [RFC3733]. - Zero or more OPTIONAL <domain:contact> elements that contain the identifiers for other contact objects to be associated with the domain object. Contact object identifiers MUST be known to the server before the contact object can be associated with the domain object. - A <domain:authInfo> element that contains authorization information to be associated with the domain object. This mapping includes a password-based authentication mechanism, but the schema allows new mechanisms to be defined in new schemas.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 20
   Example <create> command:

   C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   C:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   C:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   C:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   C:  <command>
   C:    <create>
   C:      <domain:create
   C:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   C:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   C:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   C:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   C:        <domain:period unit="y">2</domain:period>
   C:        <domain:ns>
   C:          <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.com</domain:hostObj>
   C:          <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.net</domain:hostObj>
   C:        </domain:ns>
   C:        <domain:registrant>jd1234</domain:registrant>
   C:        <domain:contact type="admin">sh8013</domain:contact>
   C:        <domain:contact type="tech">sh8013</domain:contact>
   C:        <domain:authInfo>
   C:          <domain:pw>2fooBAR</domain:pw>
   C:        </domain:authInfo>
   C:      </domain:create>
   C:    </create>
   C:    <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   C:  </command>
   C:</epp>

   When a <create> command has been processed successfully, the EPP
   <resData> element MUST contain a child <domain:creData> element that
   identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain
   schema.  The <domain:creData> element contains the following child
   elements:

   -  A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of
      the domain object.

   -  A <domain:crDate> element that contains the date and time of
      domain object creation.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:exDate> element that contains the date and
      time identifying the end of the domain object's registration
      period.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 21
   Example <create> response:

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1000">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <resData>
   S:      <domain:creData
   S:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   S:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   S:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   S:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   S:        <domain:crDate>1999-04-03T22:00:00.0Z</domain:crDate>
   S:        <domain:exDate>2001-04-03T22:00:00.0Z</domain:exDate>
   S:      </domain:creData>
   S:    </resData>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>54321-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>

   An EPP error response MUST be returned if a <create> command can not
   be processed for any reason.

3.2.2. EPP <delete> Command

The EPP <delete> command provides a transform operation that allows a client to delete a domain object. In addition to the standard EPP command elements, the <delete> command MUST contain a <domain:delete> element that identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain schema. The <domain:delete> element contains the following child elements: - A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of the domain object to be deleted. A domain object SHOULD NOT be deleted if subordinate host objects are associated with the domain object. For example, if domain "example.com" exists, and host object "ns1.example.com" also exists, then domain "example.com" SHOULD NOT be deleted until host "ns1.example.com" has been either deleted or renamed to exist in a
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 22
   different superordinate domain.  A server SHOULD notify clients that
   object relationships exist by sending a 2305 error response code when
   a <delete> command is attempted and fails due to existing object
   relationships.  Delegated and subordinate host objects associated
   with a domain object can be determined using the <info> query command
   for the domain object.

   Example <delete> command:

   C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   C:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   C:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   C:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   C:  <command>
   C:    <delete>
   C:      <domain:delete
   C:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   C:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   C:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   C:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   C:      </domain:delete>
   C:    </delete>
   C:    <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   C:  </command>
   C:</epp>

   When a <delete> command has been processed successfully, a server
   MUST respond with an EPP response with no <resData> element.

   Example <delete> response:

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1000">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>54321-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 23
   An EPP error response MUST be returned if a <delete> command can not
   be processed for any reason.

3.2.3. EPP <renew> Command

The EPP <renew> command provides a transform operation that allows a client to extend the validity period of a domain object. In addition to the standard EPP command elements, the <renew> command MUST contain a <domain:renew> element that identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain schema. The <domain:renew> element contains the following child elements: - A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of the domain object whose validity period is to be extended. - A <domain:curExpDate> element that contains the date on which the current validity period ends. This value ensures that repeated <renew> commands do not result in multiple unanticipated successful renewals. - An OPTIONAL <domain:period> element that contains the number of units to be added to the registration period of the domain object. The number of units available MAY be subject to limits imposed by the server. Example <renew> command: C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?> C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0" C: xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" C: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0 C: epp-1.0.xsd"> C: <command> C: <renew> C: <domain:renew C: xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0" C: xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0 C: domain-1.0.xsd"> C: <domain:name>example.com</domain:name> C: <domain:curExpDate>2000-04-03</domain:curExpDate> C: <domain:period unit="y">5</domain:period> C: </domain:renew> C: </renew> C: <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID> C: </command> C:</epp>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 24
   When a <renew> command has been processed successfully, the EPP
   <resData> element MUST contain a child <domain:renData> element that
   identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain
   schema.  The <domain:renData> element contains the following child
   elements:

   -  A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of
      the domain object.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:exDate> element that contains the date and
      time identifying the end of the domain object's registration
      period.

   Example <renew> response:

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1000">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <resData>
   S:      <domain:renData
   S:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   S:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   S:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   S:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   S:        <domain:exDate>2005-04-03T22:00:00.0Z</domain:exDate>
   S:      </domain:renData>
   S:    </resData>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>54322-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>

   An EPP error response MUST be returned if a <renew> command can not
   be processed for any reason.

3.2.4. EPP <transfer> Command

The EPP <transfer> command provides a transform operation that allows a client to manage requests to transfer the sponsorship of a domain object. In addition to the standard EPP command elements, the
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 25
   <transfer> command MUST contain a <domain:transfer> element that
   identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain
   schema.  The <domain:transfer> element contains the following child
   elements:

   -  A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of
      the domain object for which a transfer request is to be created,
      approved, rejected, or cancelled.

   -  An OPTIONAL <domain:period> element that contains the number of
      units to be added to the registration period of the domain object
      at completion of the transfer process.  This element can only be
      used when a transfer is requested, and it MUST be ignored if used
      otherwise.  The number of units available MAY be subject to limits
      imposed by the server.

   -  A <domain:authInfo> element that contains authorization
      information associated with the domain object or authorization
      information associated with the domain object's registrant or
      associated contacts.  An OPTIONAL "roid" attribute MUST be used to
      identify the registrant or contact object if and only if the given
      authInfo is associated with a registrant or contact object, and
      not the domain object itself.

   Every EPP <transfer> command MUST contain an "op" attribute that
   identifies the transfer operation to be performed.  Valid values,
   definitions, and authorizations for all attribute values are defined
   in [RFC3730].

   Transfer of a domain object MUST implicitly transfer all host objects
   that are subordinate to the domain object.  For example, if domain
   object "example.com" is transferred and host object "ns1.example.com"
   exists, the host object MUST be transferred as part of the
   "example.com" transfer process.  Host objects that are subject to
   transfer when transferring a domain object are listed in the response
   to an EPP <info> command performed on the domain object.

   Example <transfer> request command:

   C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   C:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   C:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   C:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   C:  <command>
   C:    <transfer op="request">
   C:      <domain:transfer
   C:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 26
   C:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   C:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   C:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   C:        <domain:period unit="y">1</domain:period>
   C:        <domain:authInfo>
   C:          <domain:pw roid="JD1234-REP">2fooBAR</domain:pw>
   C:        </domain:authInfo>
   C:      </domain:transfer>
   C:    </transfer>
   C:    <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   C:  </command>
   C:</epp>

   When a <transfer> command has been processed successfully, the EPP
   <resData> element MUST contain a child <domain:trnData> element that
   identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain
   schema.  The <domain:trnData> element contains the same child
   elements defined for a transfer query response.

   Example <transfer> response:

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1001">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully; action pending</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <resData>
   S:      <domain:trnData
   S:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   S:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   S:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   S:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   S:        <domain:trStatus>pending</domain:trStatus>
   S:        <domain:reID>ClientX</domain:reID>
   S:        <domain:reDate>2000-06-08T22:00:00.0Z</domain:reDate>
   S:        <domain:acID>ClientY</domain:acID>
   S:        <domain:acDate>2000-06-13T22:00:00.0Z</domain:acDate>
   S:        <domain:exDate>2002-09-08T22:00:00.0Z</domain:exDate>
   S:      </domain:trnData>
   S:    </resData>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>54322-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 27
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>

   An EPP error response MUST be returned if a <transfer> command can
   not be processed for any reason.

3.2.5. EPP <update> Command

The EPP <update> command provides a transform operation that allows a client to modify the attributes of a domain object. In addition to the standard EPP command elements, the <update> command MUST contain a <domain:update> element that identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain schema. The <domain:update> element contains the following child elements: - A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of the domain object to be updated. - An OPTIONAL <domain:add> element that contains attribute values to be added to the object. - An OPTIONAL <domain:rem> element that contains attribute values to be removed from the object. - An OPTIONAL <domain:chg> element that contains object attribute values to be changed. At least one <domain:add>, <domain:rem>, or <domain:chg> element MUST be provided. The <domain:add> and <domain:rem> elements contain the following child elements: - An OPTIONAL <domain:ns> element that contains the fully qualified names of the delegated host objects or host attributes (name servers) associated with the domain object to provide resolution services for the domain; see section 1.1 for a description of the elements used to specify host objects or host attributes. A host object MUST be known to the server before the host object can be associated with a domain object. If host attributes are used to specify name servers, note that IP address elements are not needed to identify a name server that is being removed. IP address elements can safely be absent or ignored in this situation. - Zero or more <domain:contact> elements that contain the identifiers for contact objects to be associated with or removed from the domain object. Contact object identifiers MUST be known to the server before the contact object can be associated with the domain object.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 28
   -  Zero or more <domain:status> elements that contain status values
      to be applied to or removed from the object.  When specifying a
      value to be removed, only the attribute value is significant;
      element text is not required to match a value for removal.

   A <domain:chg> element contains the following child elements:

   -  A <domain:registrant> element that contains the identifier for the
      human or organizational social information (contact) object to be
      associated with the domain object as the object registrant.  This
      object identifier MUST be known to the server before the contact
      object can be associated with the domain object.  An empty element
      can be used to remove registrant information.

   -  A <domain:authInfo> element that contains authorization
      information associated with the domain object.  This mapping
      includes a password-based authentication mechanism, but the schema
      allows new mechanisms to be defined in new schemas.  A
      <domain:null> element can be used within the <domain:authInfo>
      element to remove authorization information.

   Example <update> command:

   C:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   C:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   C:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   C:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   C:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   C:  <command>
   C:    <update>
   C:      <domain:update
   C:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   C:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   C:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   C:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   C:        <domain:add>
   C:          <domain:ns>
   C:            <domain:hostObj>ns2.example.com</domain:hostObj>
   C:          </domain:ns>
   C:          <domain:contact type="tech">mak21</domain:contact>
   C:          <domain:status s="clientHold"
   C:           lang="en">Payment overdue.</domain:status>
   C:        </domain:add>
   C:        <domain:rem>
   C:          <domain:ns>
   C:            <domain:hostObj>ns1.example.com</domain:hostObj>
   C:          </domain:ns>
   C:          <domain:contact type="tech">sh8013</domain:contact>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 29
   C:          <domain:status s="clientUpdateProhibited"/>
   C:        </domain:rem>
   C:        <domain:chg>
   C:          <domain:registrant>sh8013</domain:registrant>
   C:          <domain:authInfo>
   C:            <domain:pw>2BARfoo</domain:pw>
   C:          </domain:authInfo>
   C:        </domain:chg>
   C:      </domain:update>
   C:    </update>
   C:    <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   C:  </command>
   C:</epp>

   When an <update> command has been processed successfully, a server
   MUST respond with an EPP response with no <resData> element.

   Example <update> response:

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1000">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>54321-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>

   An EPP error response MUST be returned if an <update> command can not
   be processed for any reason.

3.2.6. Offline Review of Requested Actions

Commands are processed by a server in the order they are received from a client. Though an immediate response confirming receipt and processing of the command is produced by the server, a server operator MAY perform an offline review of requested transform commands before completing the requested action. In such situations the response from the server MUST clearly note that the transform command has been received and processed, but the requested action is
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 30
   pending.  The status of the corresponding object MUST clearly reflect
   processing of the pending action.  The server MUST notify the client
   when offline processing of the action has been completed.

   Examples describing a <create> command that requires offline review
   are included here.  Note the result code and message returned in
   response to the <create> command.

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1001">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully; action pending</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <resData>
   S:      <domain:creData
   S:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   S:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   S:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   S:        <domain:name>example.com</domain:name>
   S:        <domain:crDate>1999-04-03T22:00:00.0Z</domain:crDate>
   S:        <domain:exDate>2001-04-03T22:00:00.0Z</domain:exDate>
   S:      </domain:creData>
   S:    </resData>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>54321-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>

   The status of the domain object after returning this response MUST
   include "pendingCreate".  The server operator reviews the request
   offline, and informs the client of the outcome of the review by
   queuing a service message for retrieval via the <poll> command.

   The service message MUST contain text in the <response>, <msgQ>,
   <msg> element that describes the notification.  In addition, the EPP
   <resData> element MUST contain a child <domain:panData> element that
   identifies the domain namespace and the location of the domain
   schema.  The <domain:panData> element contains the following child
   elements:
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 31
   -  A <domain:name> element that contains the fully qualified name of
      the domain object.  The <domain:name> element contains a REQUIRED
      "paResult" attribute.  A positive boolean value indicates that the
      request has been approved and completed.  A negative boolean value
      indicates that the request has been denied and the requested
      action has not been taken.

   -  A <domain:paTRID> element that contains the client transaction
      identifier and server transaction identifier returned with the
      original response to process the command.  The client transaction
      identifier is OPTIONAL and will only be returned if the client
      provided an identifier with the original <create> command.

   -  A <domain:paDate> element that contains the date and time
      describing when review of the requested action was completed.

   Example "review completed" service message:

   S:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
   S:<epp xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0"
   S:     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   S:     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0
   S:     epp-1.0.xsd">
   S:  <response>
   S:    <result code="1301">
   S:      <msg>Command completed successfully; ack to dequeue</msg>
   S:    </result>
   S:    <msgQ count="5" id="12345">
   S:      <qDate>1999-04-04T22:01:00.0Z</qDate>
   S:      <msg>Pending action completed successfully.</msg>
   S:    </msgQ>
   S:    <resData>
   S:      <domain:panData
   S:       xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0"
   S:       xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0
   S:       domain-1.0.xsd">
   S:        <domain:name paResult="1">example.com</domain:name>
   S:        <domain:paTRID>
   S:          <clTRID>ABC-12345</clTRID>
   S:          <svTRID>54321-XYZ</svTRID>
   S:        </domain:paTRID>
   S:        <domain:paDate>1999-04-04T22:00:00.0Z</domain:paDate>
   S:      </domain:panData>
   S:    </resData>
   S:    <trID>
   S:      <clTRID>BCD-23456</clTRID>
   S:      <svTRID>65432-WXY</svTRID>
   S:    </trID>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 32
   S:  </response>
   S:</epp>

4. Formal Syntax

An EPP object mapping is specified in XML Schema notation. The formal syntax presented here is a complete schema representation of the object mapping suitable for automated validation of EPP XML instances. The BEGIN and END tags are not part of the schema; they are used to note the beginning and ending of the schema for URI registration purposes. BEGIN <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <schema targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0" xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0" xmlns:host="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:host-1.0" xmlns:epp="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0" xmlns:eppcom="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:eppcom-1.0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" elementFormDefault="qualified"> <!-- Import common element types. --> <import namespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:eppcom-1.0" schemaLocation="eppcom-1.0.xsd"/> <import namespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:epp-1.0" schemaLocation="epp-1.0.xsd"/> <import namespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:host-1.0" schemaLocation="host-1.0.xsd"/> <annotation> <documentation> Extensible Provisioning Protocol v1.0 domain provisioning schema. </documentation> </annotation> <!-- Child elements found in EPP commands. --> <element name="check" type="domain:mNameType"/> <element name="create" type="domain:createType"/> <element name="delete" type="domain:sNameType"/> <element name="info" type="domain:infoType"/> <element name="renew" type="domain:renewType"/>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 33
       <element name="transfer" type="domain:transferType"/>
       <element name="update" type="domain:updateType"/>
     <!--
     Child elements of the <create> command.
     -->
       <complexType name="createType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="eppcom:labelType"/>
           <element name="period" type="domain:periodType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="ns" type="domain:nsType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="registrant" type="eppcom:clIDType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="contact" type="domain:contactType"
            minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
           <element name="authInfo" type="domain:authInfoType"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

       <complexType name="periodType">
         <simpleContent>
           <extension base="domain:pLimitType">
             <attribute name="unit" type="domain:pUnitType"
              use="required"/>
           </extension>
         </simpleContent>
       </complexType>

       <simpleType name="pLimitType">
         <restriction base="unsignedShort">
           <minInclusive value="1"/>
           <maxInclusive value="99"/>
         </restriction>
       </simpleType>

       <simpleType name="pUnitType">
         <restriction base="token">
           <enumeration value="y"/>
           <enumeration value="m"/>
         </restriction>
       </simpleType>

       <complexType name="nsType">
         <choice>
           <element name="hostObj" type="eppcom:labelType"
            maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
           <element name="hostAttr" type="domain:hostAttrType"
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 34
            maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
         </choice>
       </complexType>
     <!--
     Name servers are either host objects or attributes.
     -->

       <complexType name="hostAttrType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="hostName" type="eppcom:labelType"/>
           <element name="hostAddr" type="host:addrType"
            minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>
     <!--
     If attributes, addresses are optional and follow the
     structure defined in the host mapping.
     -->

       <complexType name="contactType">
         <simpleContent>
           <extension base="eppcom:clIDType">
             <attribute name="type" type="domain:contactAttrType"/>
           </extension>
         </simpleContent>
       </complexType>

       <simpleType name="contactAttrType">
         <restriction base="token">
           <enumeration value="admin"/>
           <enumeration value="billing"/>
           <enumeration value="tech"/>
         </restriction>
       </simpleType>

       <complexType name="authInfoType">
         <choice>
           <element name="pw" type="eppcom:pwAuthInfoType"/>
           <element name="ext" type="eppcom:extAuthInfoType"/>
         </choice>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     Child element of commands that require a single name.
     -->
       <complexType name="sNameType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="eppcom:labelType"/>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 35
         </sequence>
       </complexType>
     <!--
     Child element of commands that accept multiple names.
     -->
       <complexType name="mNameType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="eppcom:labelType"
            maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     Child elements of the <info> command.
     -->
       <complexType name="infoType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="domain:infoNameType"/>
           <element name="authInfo" type="domain:authInfoType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

       <complexType name="infoNameType">
         <simpleContent>
           <extension base = "eppcom:labelType">
             <attribute name="hosts" type="domain:hostsType"
              default="all"/>
           </extension>
         </simpleContent>
       </complexType>

       <simpleType name="hostsType">
         <restriction base="token">
           <enumeration value="all"/>
           <enumeration value="del"/>
           <enumeration value="none"/>
           <enumeration value="sub"/>
         </restriction>
       </simpleType>

     <!--
     Child elements of the <renew> command.
     -->
       <complexType name="renewType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="eppcom:labelType"/>
           <element name="curExpDate" type="date"/>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 36
           <element name="period" type="domain:periodType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     Child elements of the <transfer> command.
     -->
       <complexType name="transferType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="eppcom:labelType"/>
           <element name="period" type="domain:periodType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="authInfo" type="domain:authInfoType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     Child elements of the <update> command.
     -->
       <complexType name="updateType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="eppcom:labelType"/>
           <element name="add" type="domain:addRemType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="rem" type="domain:addRemType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="chg" type="domain:chgType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     Data elements that can be added or removed.
     -->
       <complexType name="addRemType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="ns" type="domain:nsType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="contact" type="domain:contactType"
            minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
           <element name="status" type="domain:statusType"
            minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="11"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

     <!--
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 37
     Data elements that can be changed.
     -->
       <complexType name="chgType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="registrant" type="domain:clIDChgType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="authInfo" type="domain:authInfoChgType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     Allow the registrant value to be nullified by changing the
     minLength restriction to "0".
     -->
       <simpleType name="clIDChgType">
         <restriction base="token">
           <minLength value="0"/>
           <maxLength value="16"/>
         </restriction>
       </simpleType>

     <!--
     Allow the authInfo value to be nullified by including an
     empty element within the choice.
     -->
       <complexType name="authInfoChgType">
         <choice>
           <element name="pw" type="eppcom:pwAuthInfoType"/>
           <element name="ext" type="eppcom:extAuthInfoType"/>
           <element name="null"/>
         </choice>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     Child response elements.
     -->
       <element name="chkData" type="domain:chkDataType"/>
       <element name="creData" type="domain:creDataType"/>
       <element name="infData" type="domain:infDataType"/>
       <element name="panData" type="domain:panDataType"/>
       <element name="renData" type="domain:renDataType"/>
       <element name="trnData" type="domain:trnDataType"/>

     <!--
     <check> response elements.
     -->
       <complexType name="chkDataType">
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 38
         <sequence>
           <element name="cd" type="domain:checkType"
            maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

       <complexType name="checkType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="domain:checkNameType"/>
           <element name="reason" type="eppcom:reasonType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

       <complexType name="checkNameType">
         <simpleContent>
           <extension base="eppcom:labelType">
             <attribute name="avail" type="boolean"
              use="required"/>
           </extension>
         </simpleContent>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     <create> response elements.
     -->
       <complexType name="creDataType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="eppcom:labelType"/>
           <element name="crDate" type="dateTime"/>
           <element name="exDate" type="dateTime"
            minOccurs="0"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     <info> response elements.
     -->
       <complexType name="infDataType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="eppcom:labelType"/>
           <element name="roid" type="eppcom:roidType"/>
           <element name="status" type="domain:statusType"
            minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="11"/>
           <element name="registrant" type="eppcom:clIDType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="contact" type="domain:contactType"
            minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 39
           <element name="ns" type="domain:nsType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="host" type="eppcom:labelType"
            minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
           <element name="clID" type="eppcom:clIDType"/>
           <element name="crID" type="eppcom:clIDType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="crDate" type="dateTime"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="upID" type="eppcom:clIDType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="upDate" type="dateTime"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="exDate" type="dateTime"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="trDate" type="dateTime"
            minOccurs="0"/>
           <element name="authInfo" type="domain:authInfoType"
            minOccurs="0"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     Status is a combination of attributes and an optional
     human-readable message that may be expressed in languages other
     than English.
     -->
       <complexType name="statusType">
         <simpleContent>
           <extension base="normalizedString">
             <attribute name="s" type="domain:statusValueType"
              use="required"/>
             <attribute name="lang" type="language"
              default="en"/>
           </extension>
         </simpleContent>
       </complexType>

       <simpleType name="statusValueType">
         <restriction base="token">
           <enumeration value="clientDeleteProhibited"/>
           <enumeration value="clientHold"/>
           <enumeration value="clientRenewProhibited"/>
           <enumeration value="clientTransferProhibited"/>
           <enumeration value="clientUpdateProhibited"/>
           <enumeration value="inactive"/>
           <enumeration value="ok"/>
           <enumeration value="pendingCreate"/>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 40
           <enumeration value="pendingDelete"/>
           <enumeration value="pendingRenew"/>
           <enumeration value="pendingTransfer"/>
           <enumeration value="pendingUpdate"/>
           <enumeration value="serverDeleteProhibited"/>
           <enumeration value="serverHold"/>
           <enumeration value="serverRenewProhibited"/>
           <enumeration value="serverTransferProhibited"/>
           <enumeration value="serverUpdateProhibited"/>
         </restriction>
       </simpleType>

     <!--
     Pending action notification response elements.
     -->
       <complexType name="panDataType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="name" type="domain:paNameType"/>
           <element name="paTRID" type="epp:trIDType"/>
           <element name="paDate" type="dateTime"/>
         </sequence>
       </complexType>

       <complexType name="paNameType">
         <simpleContent>
           <extension base="eppcom:labelType">
             <attribute name="paResult" type="boolean"
              use="required"/>
           </extension>
         </simpleContent>
       </complexType>

     <!--
     <renew> response elements.
     -->
     <complexType name="renDataType">
       <sequence>
         <element name="name" type="eppcom:labelType"/>
         <element name="exDate" type="dateTime"
          minOccurs="0"/>
       </sequence>
     </complexType>

   <!--
   <transfer> response elements.
   -->
     <complexType name="trnDataType">
       <sequence>
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 41
         <element name="name" type="eppcom:labelType"/>
         <element name="trStatus" type="eppcom:trStatusType"/>
         <element name="reID" type="eppcom:clIDType"/>
         <element name="reDate" type="dateTime"/>
         <element name="acID" type="eppcom:clIDType"/>
         <element name="acDate" type="dateTime"/>
         <element name="exDate" type="dateTime"
          minOccurs="0"/>
       </sequence>
     </complexType>

   <!--
   End of schema.
   -->
   </schema>
   END

5. Internationalization Considerations

EPP is represented in XML, which provides native support for encoding information using the Unicode character set and its more compact representations including UTF-8. Conformant XML processors recognize both UTF-8 and UTF-16 [RFC2781]. Though XML includes provisions to identify and use other character encodings through use of an "encoding" attribute in an <?xml?> declaration, use of UTF-8 is RECOMMENDED in environments where parser encoding support incompatibility exists. All date-time values presented via EPP MUST be expressed in Universal Coordinated Time using the Gregorian calendar. XML Schema allows use of time zone identifiers to indicate offsets from the zero meridian, but this option MUST NOT be used with EPP. The extended date-time form using upper case "T" and "Z" characters defined in [RFC3339] MUST be used to represent date-time values as XML Schema does not support truncated date-time forms or lower case "T" and "Z" characters. This document requires domain and host name syntax as specified in [RFC952] as updated by [RFC1123]. At the time of this writing, RFC 3490 [RFC3490] describes a standard to use certain ASCII name labels to represent non-ASCII name labels. These conformance requirements might change as a result of progressing work in developing standards for internationalized domain names.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 42

6. IANA Considerations

This document uses URNs to describe XML namespaces and XML schemas conforming to a registry mechanism described in [RFC3688]. Two URI assignments have been registered by the IANA. Registration request for the domain namespace: URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0 Registrant Contact: See the "Author's Address" section of this document. XML: None. Namespace URIs do not represent an XML specification. Registration request for the domain XML schema: URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:domain-1.0 Registrant Contact: See the "Author's Address" section of this document. XML: See the "Formal Syntax" section of this document.

7. Security Considerations

Authorization information as described in section 2.6 is REQUIRED to create a domain object. This information is used in some query and transfer operations as an additional means of determining client authorization to perform the command. Failure to protect authorization information from inadvertent disclosure can result in unauthorized transfer operations and unauthorized information release. Both client and server MUST ensure that authorization information is stored and exchanged with high-grade encryption mechanisms to provide privacy services. The object mapping described in this document does not provide any other security services or introduce any additional considerations beyond those described by [RFC3730] and protocol layers used by EPP.

8. Acknowledgements

This document was originally written as an individual submission Internet-Draft. The provreg working group later adopted it as a working group document and provided many invaluable comments and suggested improvements. The author wishes to acknowledge the efforts of WG chairs Edward Lewis and Jaap Akkerhuis for their process and editorial contributions.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 43
   Specific suggestions that have been incorporated into this document
   were provided by Joe Abley, Chris Bason, Eric Brunner-Williams,
   Jordyn Buchanan, Dave Crocker, Ayesha Damaraju, Anthony Eden, Sheer
   El-Showk, Klaus Malorny, Dan Manley, Michael Mealling, Patrick
   Mevzek, Asbjorn Steira, Bruce Tonkin, and Rick Wesson.

9. References

9.1. Normative References

[RFC952] Harrenstien, K., Stahl, M. and E. Feinler, "DOD Internet Host Table Specification", RFC 952, October 1985. [RFC1123] Braden, R., Ed., "Requirements for Internet Hosts -- Application and Support", STD 3, RFC 1123, October 1989. [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key Words for Use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC3339] Klyne, G. and C. Newman, "Date and Time on the Internet: Timestamps", RFC 3339, July 2002. [RFC3688] Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688, January 2004. [RFC3730] Hollenbeck, S., "Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)", RFC 3730, March 2004. [RFC3732] Hollenbeck, S., "Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Host Mapping", RFC 3732, March 2004. [RFC3733] Hollenbeck, S., "Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Contact Mapping", RFC 3733, March 2004. [XML] Editor T. Bray et al.: "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition)", W3C Recommendation 6 October 2000. [XMLS-1] Editors H. Thompson et al.: "XML Schema Part 1: Structures", W3C Recommendation 2 May 2001. [XMLS-2] Editors P. Biron, A. Malhotra: "XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes", W3C Recommendation 2 May 2001.

9.2. Informative References

[RFC2781] Hoffman, P. and F. Yergeau, "UTF-16, an encoding of ISO 10646", RFC 2781, February 2000.
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 44
   [RFC3490]  Faltstrom, P., Hoffman, P. and A. Costello,
              "Internationalizing Domain Names in Applications (IDNA)",
              RFC 3490, March 2003.

10. Author's Address

Scott Hollenbeck VeriSign Global Registry Services 21345 Ridgetop Circle Dulles, VA 20166-6503 USA EMail: shollenbeck@verisign.com
ToP   noToC   RFC3731 - Page 45

11. Full Copyright Statement

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78 and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has made any independent effort to identify any such rights. Information on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be found in BCP 78 and BCP 79. Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at http://www.ietf.org/ipr. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement this standard. Please address the information to the IETF at ietf- ipr@ietf.org. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society.