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RFC 2832

NSI Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP) Version 1.1.0

Pages: 39
Informational
Updated by:  3632

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Network Working Group                                      S. Hollenbeck
Request for Comments: 2832                                 M. Srivastava
Category: Informational                 Network Solutions, Inc. Registry
                                                                May 2000


          NSI Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP) Version 1.1.0

Status of this Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

This document describes a protocol for the registration and management of second level domain names and associated name servers in both generic Top Level Domains (gTLDs) and country code Top Level Domains (ccTLDs). This protocol was developed by the Network Solutions Registry for use within the Shared Registration System and is being published "as-is" to document the protocol implementation developed by the Network Solutions, Inc. Registry. Internet domain name registration typically involves three entities: a registrant who wishes to register a domain name, a registrar who provides services to the registrant, and a registry that provides services to the registrar while serving as the authoritative repository of all functional information required to resolve names registered in the registry's TLDs. This document describes a protocol for registry-registrar communication only. The protocol does not provide any registrant services. This document is being discussed on the "rrp" mailing list. To join the list, send a message to <majordomo@NSIRegistry.com> with the words "subscribe rrp" in the body of the message. There is also a web site for the mailing list archives at <http://www.NSIRegistry.net/maillist/rrp>. Conventions Used In This Document The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [MUSTSHOULD]. Further,
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 2
   the term "implicit attribute" refers to an entity attribute whose
   value is derived either from another attribute or is dependent on an
   established RRP session.

   In examples, "C:" represents lines sent by the registrar client and
   "S:" represents lines sent by the registry server.

   The term "System" is used in this document to collectively refer to
   this protocol and the software and hardware that implements the
   protocol.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction ................................................. 3 2. Security Services ............................................ 4 2.1 Connection Security ......................................... 4 2.2 System Data Security ........................................ 5 3. Connection Model ............................................. 5 4. Protocol Description ......................................... 6 4.1 Request Format .............................................. 7 4.2 Response Format ............................................. 8 4.3 Protocol Commands ........................................... 8 4.3.1 ADD ....................................................... 8 4.3.2 CHECK ..................................................... 11 4.3.3 DEL ....................................................... 12 4.3.4 DESCRIBE .................................................. 14 4.3.5 MOD ....................................................... 14 4.3.6 QUIT ...................................................... 16 4.3.7 RENEW ..................................................... 17 4.3.8 SESSION ................................................... 18 4.3.9 STATUS .................................................... 18 4.3.10 TRANSFER ................................................. 21 5. Response Codes ............................................... 23 5.1 Response Code Summary ....................................... 23 5.2 Command-Response Correspondence ............................. 28 6. Domain Status Codes .......................................... 29 6.1 Domain Status Code Description .............................. 30 7. Formal Syntax ................................................ 30 8. Internationalization ......................................... 35 9. Known Issues ................................................. 35 10. Security Considerations ..................................... 37 11. IANA Considerations ......................................... 37 12. References .................................................. 37 13. Acknowledgments ............................................. 38 14. Authors' Addresses .......................................... 38 15. Full Copyright Statement .................................... 39
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1. Introduction

This document describes the specifications for the NSI Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP) version 1.1.0, a TCP-based, 7-bit US-ASCII text protocol that permits multiple registrars to provide second level Internet domain name registration services in the top level domains (TLDs) administered by a TLD registry. RRP is specified using Augmented Backus-Nauer Form (ABNF) as described in [ABNF]. Note that all ABNF string literals are case-insensitive and the examples provided in this document may use mixed case to improve readability. RRP was developed by the Network Solutions, Inc. Registry under the auspices of the Shared Registration System program. The protocol was initially deployed in April 1999 as part of a test bed implementation of the Shared Registration System with five registrars. Additional registrars began using the protocol in July 1999. The operational experiences of both the registry and the registrars identified several "lessons learned" which have been documented here as "Known Issues". This document provides both a description of a protocol and notice of learned operational issues that may be useful as first steps in developing a standards track domain registration services protocol. This document and the protocol it describes may be modified in the future based on continued operational experience and community reaction. The registry stores information about registered domain names and associated name servers. A domain name's data includes its name, name servers, registrar, registration expiration date, and status. A name server's data includes its server name, IP addresses, and registrar. A registrar MAY perform the following registration service procedures using RRP: - Determine if a domain name has been registered. - Register a domain name. - Renew the registration of a domain name. - Cancel the registration of a domain name. - Update the name servers of a domain name. - Transfer a domain name from another registrar. - Examine the status of domain names that the registrar has registered. - Modify the status of domain names that the registrar has registered. - Determine if a name server has been registered. - Register a name server. - Update the IP addresses of a name server.
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   - Delete a name server.
   - Examine the status of name servers that the registrar has
     registered.

   All RRP commands include features to provide idempotency.  That is,
   the effect of each command is the same if the command is executed
   once or if the command is executed multiple times. This property is
   extremely useful in situations when a command is retried due to an
   error condition that results in a missed command response and a
   command retry is attempted. Command retries will be caught by the
   System and rejected with an appropriate error response code. Command
   parameters that do not provide idempotency will be explained fully as
   part of the appropriate command description.

2. Security Services

RRP provides only basic password-based registrar authentication services. Additional security services, including privacy and registrar authentication using public key cryptography, are provided through other System features.

2.1 Connection Security

Each RRP session MUST be encrypted using the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) v3.0 protocol as specified in [SSL]. SSL provides privacy services that reduce the risk of inadvertent disclosure of registrar-sensitive information, such as the registrar's user identifier and password. SSL supports mutual authentication of both the client and server using signed digital certificates. The Shared Registration System implemented by the NSI Registry requires digital certificates issued by a commercial certification authority for both registrar clients and public registry RRP servers. Both the registrar client and the public registry RRP server are authenticated when establishing an SSL connection. Further, a registrar MUST be authenticated when establishing an RRP connection via the RRP SESSION command by providing a registrar user identifier and password known only to the registrar and the System. Registrars may change their session password at any time using the RRP SESSION command. The SSL protocol is not an IETF Standards Track protocol. The Transport Layer Security protocol, specified in [TLS], is a Standards Track protocol that provides SSL v3.0 compatibility features.
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2.2 System Data Security

The System stores information about the registered domain names and their name servers. Only the current registrar of a registered domain name is authorized to query it, update its name servers, and cancel or renew it. Any registrar can request a transfer of a domain name and its associated name servers from another registrar to the requesting registrar. Only the current sponsoring registrar can receive and explicitly approve or reject domain transfer requests. Only a name server's registrar can query, update, and delete it. In general, name servers must be registered through the current registrar of the name server's parent domain name, though an implementation MAY allow use of name servers registered in other TLDs without specifying IP addresses or requiring parent domain registration. Use of ccTLD name servers for a gTLD domain name is one such example. Name servers are implicitly transferred by the System when their parent domain name is transferred. In addition, a name server cannot be deleted if it is hosting domain names.

3. Connection Model

IANA has assigned TCP port 648 for RRP use. All RRP implementations MUST provide RRP services over SSL on TCP port 648. An RRP server MUST return a banner in the following format to confirm that a connection has been established: <registry name> RRP Server version <version><crlf> <server build date and time><crlf> Each line ends with carriage return and line feed characters. The server build date and time string includes the day, month, date, time (specified in hours, minutes, and seconds), the local time zone, and the four-digit year. A dot (".") in column one on a line by itself marks the end of banner text. Example A registrar successfully establishes a connection with the NSI Registry on TCP port 648: S:NSI RRP Server version 1.1.0 S:Mon Oct 25 20:20:34 EDT 1999 S:.
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4. Protocol Description

A typical RRP session will go through a number of states during its lifetime. Figure 1 illustrates the possible states of an RRP server. Initially, the server waits for a client connection and authentication (PRE). All client connections MUST be authenticated. | | v +-----------------+ Timeout | Waiting for |-------------------+ Authentication Succeeded | Client | | +---------| Authentication | Authentication | | | (PRE) |-----+ Failed | | +-----------------+ | | | | | V V | +-----------+ Succeeded +--------------------+ | |Waiting for|<-----------------| Waiting for | | | Command |----------+ |Authentication Retry| | | (WFC) | Timeout | | (WFR) | | +-----------+ | +--------------------+ | | ^ | | | | | | | Timeout | | Failed | Request V |Response | | | | +-----------+ | V V V | Executing | | +--------------------+ | Command | +--------->| Disconnected | | (EXE) |-------------------->| (DIS) | +-----------+ QUIT +--------------------+ Figure 1: RRP Server Finite State Machine If the authentication fails, the server gives the client another chance to identify itself (WFR). If the authentication fails again, the server disconnects (DIS). Otherwise, the server waits for a request from the client (WFC). Upon receiving a request, the server executes it and responds to the client with the result (EXE). The server then waits again for another request from the client (WFC). If the client sends a QUIT command, the server ends the session and disconnects (DIS). To keep its state in sync with that of the server, the client SHOULD wait for a response from the server before sending another request on the same connection. The following table summarizes these states:
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        PRE     Waiting for client connection and authentication
        WFR     Waiting for authentication retry
        WFC     Waiting for a command from an authenticated client
        EXE     Executing a command
        DIS     Disconnected

   The WFR and WFC states MAY time out. An implementation SHOULD define
   inactivity timeout periods for these states based on System-specific
   factors, including (but not limited to) resource availability and
   security risk. In the absence of other factors, a default timeout
   period of 10 minutes SHOULD be used. The server MAY disconnect if the
   server is in one of these states and no message is received from the
   client during the timeout period.

4.1 Request Format

An RRP request nominally consists of a command name, an entity block, command options, and an end-of-command delimiter. Command options and entity blocks collectively define command parameters and their specification is order independent; examples provided in this document specify entity blocks before command options. CommandName [EntityBlock] [CommandOptions] EndOfCommand A command name specifies the type of an RRP request. A command is a word or abbreviation terminated by a carriage-return linefeed (crlf) sequence. CommandName<crlf> An entity block specifies the data in an RRP request. It consists of attribute name-value pairs specifying the entity and all of the attributes of the entity. Each attribute name-value pair starts with the attribute name, followed by a colon, the attribute value, and is finally terminated by a carriage-return linefeed sequence. Entity blocks are optional for some requests. entityName:entityValue<crlf> attributeName:attributeValue<crlf> Command options specify control parameters for an RRP request. A command option starts with a dash, followed by the option name, a colon, the option value, and is finally terminated by a carriage- return linefeed sequence. -commandOptionName:commandOptionValue<crlf>
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   An EndOfCommand delimiter specifies the end of an RRP request.  It
   consists of a dot (".") in column one followed by a carriage-return
   linefeed sequence.

     .<crlf>

4.2 Response Format

An RRP response starts with a three-digit response code, followed by a space, an ASCII text description of the response, a carriage-return linefeed sequence, and zero or more attribute name-value pair lines. An RRP response is terminated by a dot in column one followed by a carriage-return linefeed sequence. ResponseCode<space>responseDescription<crlf> [attributeName:attributeValue<crlf>] .<crlf>

4.3 Protocol Commands

Implementations of RRP commands MUST provide "all or nothing" success and failure operation. Failed command execution MUST leave the System in the same state it was in before the command was attempted and failed. All RRP commands include features to provide idempotency. Command features that are not idempotent are explained fully as needed as part of the appropriate command description.

4.3.1 ADD

This command allows a registrar to register a domain name or a name server in the System.
4.3.1.1 Registering a Domain Name
The request to register a domain name MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "Domain". - Fully qualified second level domain name in the "DomainName" parameter.
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   The request to register a domain name MAY contain 1 or more, and a
   maximum of 13, fully qualified name servers hosting the domain name
   in multiple instances of the "NameServer" parameter. The name servers
   MUST have already been registered in the registry. Implementations
   MAY allow specification of name servers associated with domains
   registered in other TLDs. For example, an implementation MAY allow
   use of ccTLD name servers for gTLD domain name registration.

   The request to register a domain name MAY contain the initial
   registration period in years for the domain being registered in a
   single instance of the "Period" parameter. The System MUST provide a
   default initial registration period in years if the "Period"
   parameter is not provided. The acceptable year values for the
   "Period" parameter are implementation specific.

   The System will register the domain name to the registrar for the
   period specified by the registrar. If the registrar does not specify
   a registration period, a System-specified default value MUST be used
   for the initial registration period. If the domain name is
   successfully registered, the System MUST return the registration
   expiration date in the "registration expiration date" attribute in
   the response.

   Authorized User: All registrars MAY use the ADD command to register
   domain names.

   Examples

   A registrar registers a domain name without specifying name servers:

   C:add<crlf>
   C:EntityName:Domain<crlf>
   C:DomainName:example.com<crlf>
   C:-Period:10<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf>
   S:registration expiration date:2009-09-22 10:27:00.0<crlf>
   S:status:ACTIVE<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>
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   A registrar registers a domain name using previously-registered name
   servers:

   C:add<crlf>
   C:EntityName:Domain<crlf>
   C:DomainName:example2.com<crlf>
   C:-Period:10<crlf>
   C:NameServer:ns1.example.com<crlf>
   C:NameServer:ns2.example.com<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf>
   S:registration expiration date:2000-09-22 10:27:00.0<crlf>
   S:status:ACTIVE<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>

4.3.1.2 Registering a Name Server
The request to register a name server MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "NameServer". - Fully qualified server name of the name server in the "NameServer" parameter. If the name server being registered is the child of a registered domain name, the name server registration request MUST include one or more, and a maximum of 13, name server IP addresses in multiple instances of the "IPAddress" parameter. Name servers associated with domains registered in other TLDs SHOULD NOT be specified with IP addresses to reduce the possibility of duplicating DNS NS records for the name servers in multiple zone files. The registrar MUST register the name server in the System before using it to host domain names. Further, the name server MUST be registered through the same registrar that is the current registrar of its parent domain name. The System MAY allow any registrar to use the name server to host domain names. Authorized User: All registrars MAY use the ADD command to register name servers.
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   Examples

   A registrar registers a new name server in an existing domain name:

   C:add<crlf>
   C:EntityName:NameServer<crlf>
   C:NameServer:ns1.example.com<crlf>
   C:IPAddress:198.41.1.11<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>

4.3.2 CHECK

This command allows a registrar to determine if a domain name or name server has been registered in the System.
4.3.2.1 Domain Name Check
The request to determine if a domain name is registered MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "Domain". - Fully qualified second level domain name in the "DomainName" parameter. The System MUST provide a positive or negative response to document domain name availability at the moment the command is executed. Authorized User: All registrars MAY use the CHECK command to determine if a domain name has been registered or not. Examples A registrar checks the availability of a domain name in the System: C:check<crlf> C:EntityName:Domain<crlf> C:DomainName:example.com<crlf> C:.<crlf> S:211 Domain name not available<crlf> S:.<crlf>
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4.3.2.2 Name Server Check
The request to determine if a name server is registered MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "NameServer". - Fully qualified server name in the "NameServer" parameter. The System MUST provide a positive or negative response to document name server availability at the moment the command is executed. If the name server has been registered, the System MUST return the IP address(es) of the name server. Authorized User: All registrars MAY use the CHECK command to determine if a name server has been registered or not. Examples A registrar checks the availability of a server name in the System: C:check<crlf> C:EntityName:Nameserver<crlf> C:Nameserver:ns1.example.com<crlf> C:.<crlf> S:213 Name server not available<crlf> S:ipAddress:192.10.10.10<crlf> S:.<crlf>

4.3.3 DEL

This command allows a registrar to delete (cancel the registration) of a domain name or delete a name server.
4.3.3.1 Deleting a Domain Name
The request to cancel the registration of a domain name MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "Domain". - Fully qualified second level domain name in the "DomainName" parameter. A request to delete a domain name SHOULD cause the deletion of all name servers that are children of the domain name being deleted. The name servers SHOULD be deleted if they are not actively hosting other domains. A domain MUST not be deleted if it has child name servers hosting other domains.
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   Authorized User: The current registrar of a domain name MAY use the
   DEL command to delete a domain name from the System.

   Examples

   A registrar deletes a domain name, implicitly deleting all name
   servers registered in the domain:

   C:del<crlf>
   C:EntityName:Domain<crlf>
   C:DomainName:example.com<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>

4.3.3.2 Deleting a Name Server
The request to delete a name server MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "NameServer". - Fully qualified name of the name server in the "NameServer" parameter. A name server MUST not be deleted if it is hosting domains. Deleting such domains or name servers is prohibited because their deletion WILL result in orphaning the hosted domains. Authorized User: The current registrar of a name server MAY use the DEL command to delete a name server from the System. Examples A registrar deletes a name server that is not hosting domains: C:del<crlf> C:EntityName:NameServer<crlf> C:NameServer:ns1.registrarA.com<crlf> C:.<crlf> S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf> S:.<crlf>
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   A registrar tries to delete a name server that is hosting domains:

   C:del<crlf>
   C:EntityName:NameServer<crlf>
   C:NameServer:ns1.registrarA.com<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:532 Domain names linked with name server<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>

4.3.4 DESCRIBE

This command allows a registrar to obtain general information about an RRP implementation. The command MAY contain the following parameters: - The "Target" parameter set to value "Protocol". The implementation MUST return the protocol version number whether or not the request contains the "Target" parameter. Authorized User: All registrars MAY use the DESCRIBE command. Examples A registrar obtains general information about an RRP implementation: C:describe<crlf> C:-Target:Protocol<crlf> C:.<crlf> S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf> S:Protocol:RRP 1.1.0<crlf> S:.<crlf>

4.3.5 MOD

This command allows a registrar to update a registered domain name or a name server. The command allows the following operations on an attribute value for both single-valued and multi-valued attributes: - Add an attribute value. The value to be added MUST be unique among the values of the attribute. For a single-valued attribute, it replaces the current value. - Remove an attribute value. The value to be removed MUST exist. Further, an attribute value cannot be removed if it is the only value of a required attribute. Attribute values to be removed are identified by tagging with an "=" suffix.
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4.3.5.1 Domain Modification
The request to modify a registered domain name MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "Domain". - Fully qualified second level domain name in the "DomainName" parameter. The registrar can perform the following update operations on the domain name: - Update the name servers of the domain name by setting one or more instances of the "NameServer" parameter. - Update the status of the domain name by setting one or more instances of the "Status" parameter. Valid values for the "Status" parameter are defined in Section 6. Authorized User: The current registrar of a domain name MAY use the MOD command to modify the attributes of a domain name. Examples A registrar removes one name server (ns1) from a domain and adds a new name server (ns3) to the same domain: C:mod<crlf> C:EntityName:Domain<crlf> C:DomainName:example.com<crlf> C:NameServer:ns3.registrarA.com<crlf> C:NameServer:ns1.registrarA.com=<crlf> C:.<crlf> S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf> S:.<crlf>
4.3.5.2 Name Server Modification
The request to update a name server MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "NameServer". - Fully qualified server name of the name server in the "NameServer" parameter.
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   The registrar can perform the following update operations on the name
   server:

   - Update the "NameServer" attribute of the name server. This allows a
     registrar to change the name of a name server while preserving all
     existing associations.
   - Update the IP addresses of the name server by setting one or more
     instances of the "IPAddress" parameter.

   Authorized User: The current registrar of a name server MAY use the
   MOD command to modify the attributes of a domain name.

   Examples

   A registrar changes the name and IP address of a name server:

   C:mod<crlf>
   C:EntityName:NameServer<crlf>
   C:NameServer:ns1.registrarA.com<crlf>
   C:NewNameServer:ns2.registrarA.com<crlf>
   C:IPAddress:198.42.1.11<crlf>
   C:IPAddress:198.41.1.11=<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>

4.3.6 QUIT

This command allows a registrar to close an RRP connection. A response MUST be sent before closing the connection. Authorized User: All registrars MAY use the QUIT command. Examples A registrar ends an RRP session and closes an existing connection: C:quit<crlf> C:.<crlf> S:220 Command completed successfully. Server closing connection<crlf> S:.<crlf>
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4.3.7 RENEW

This command allows a registrar to renew a domain name in the System. The request to renew a domain name MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "Domain". - Fully qualified second level domain name in the "DomainName" parameter. The request to renew a domain name MAY contain the renewal period in years for the domain being renewed in a single instance of a "Period" parameter and a single instance of a "CurrentExpirationYear" parameter. These parameters MUST appear together if either is specified, though the order in which the parameters appear is insignificant. The "Period" parameter identifies the number of years to be added to the registration. The "CurrentExpirationYear" parameter identifies the current expiration year, and is required to ensure that repeated attempts to retry this command do not result in multiple successful renewals. The System MUST provide a default number of renewal years if the "Period" and "CurrentExpirationYear" parameters are not provided. Repeated use of this command without the "Period" and "CurrentExpirationYear" parameters may result in repeated successful renewals since idempotency is not provided when these parameters are not used. The acceptable year values for the "Period" parameter are implementation specific subject to syntax restrictions. The System renews the domain name for a period specified by the registrar. If the domain name renewal is completed successfully, the System MUST return the new registration expiration date in the "RegistrationExpirationDate" attribute in the response. Authorized User: The current registrar of a domain name MAY use the RENEW command. Examples A registrar renews a domain name using a specified renewal period: C:renew<crlf> C:EntityName:Domain<crlf> C:DomainName:example.com<crlf> C:-Period:9<crlf> C:-CurrentExpirationYear:2001<crlf> C:.<crlf> S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf> S:registration expiration date:2010-09-22 10:27:00.0<crlf> S:.<crlf>
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4.3.8 SESSION

This command allows a registrar to establish an RRP session. A registrar can also use this command to change their password. The request to establish an RRP connection MUST contain the following command parameters: - The "Id" parameter set to the registrar's System user ID. - The "Password" parameter set to the registrar's current System password. The request to establish an RRP session MAY contain a new password for the registrar in a single instance of the "NewPassword" parameter. The registrar MUST send this command to the System before any other command. If the command fails due to invalid information (such as an invalid registrar ID or password), the registrar can resend this request with corrected information. If the command fails a second time, the System SHOULD close the connection. Authorized User: All registrars MAY use the SESSION command. Examples A registrar establishes an RRP session: C:session<crlf> C:-Id:registrarA<crlf> C:-Password:i-am-registrarA<crlf> C:.<crlf> S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf> S:.<crlf>

4.3.9 STATUS

This command allows a registrar to determine the current status of a domain name or name server.
4.3.9.1 Domain Status
The request to query a domain name MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "Domain". - Fully qualified second level domain name in the "DomainName" parameter.
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   The response from the System MAY contain the following data:

   - Fully qualified server names of name servers hosting the domain
     name in multiple instances of the "nameserver" attribute.
   - Registration expiration date in the "registration expiration date"
     attribute.
   - ID of the current registrar of the domain name in the "registrar"
     attribute.
   - Date the domain name was transferred by the current registrar in
     the "registrar transfer date" attribute.
   - Current statuses of the domain name in multiple instances of the
     "status" attribute.
   - Date the domain name was originally registered in the "created
     date" attribute.
   - ID of the registrar that originally registered the domain name in
     the "created by" attribute.
   - Date the domain name was last updated in the "updated date"
     attribute.
   - ID of the entity (either a registrar or the registry) that last
     updated the domain name in the "updated by" attribute.

   Authorized User: The current registrar of a domain name MAY use the
   STATUS command to view current domain name attributes.

   Examples

   The current registrar of a domain name queries the domain name:

   C:status<crlf>
   C:EntityName:Domain<crlf>
   C:DomainName:example.com<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf>
   S:nameserver:ns2.registrarA.com<crlf>
   S:nameserver:ns3.registrarA.com<crlf>
   S:registration expiration date:2010-09-22 10:27:00.0<crlf>
   S:registrar:registrarA<crlf>
   S:registrar transfer date:1999-09-22 10:27:00.0<crlf>
   S:status:ACTIVE<crlf>
   S:created date:1998-09-22 10:27:00.0<crlf>
   S:created by:registrarA<crlf>
   S:updated date:2002-09-22 10:27:00.0<crlf>
   S:updated by:registrarA<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>
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   A registrar queries a domain name currently registered by another
   registrar:

   C:status<crlf>
   C:EntityName:Domain<crlf>
   C:DomainName:example.com<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:531 Authorization failed<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>

4.3.9.2 Name Server Status
The request to query a name server MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "NameServer". - Fully qualified name of the name server in the "NameServer" parameter. The response from the System MAY contain the following data: - Fully qualified name of the name server in the "nameserver" attribute. - IP addresses of the name server in multiple instances of the "ipaddress" attribute. - ID of the current registrar of the name server in the "registrar" attribute. - Date the name server was transferred by the current registrar in the "registrar transfer date" attribute. - Date the name server was registered in the "created date" attribute. - ID of the entity that registered the name server in the "created by" attribute. - Date the name server was last updated in the "updated date" attribute. - ID of the entity that last updated the name server in the "updated by" attribute. Authorized User: The current registrar of a name server MAY use the STATUS command to view current domain name attributes. Examples The current registrar of a name server queries the name server: C:status<crlf> C:EntityName:NameServer<crlf> C:NameServer:ns1.registrarA.com<crlf> C:.<crlf>
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 21
   S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf>
   S:ipaddress:198.42.1.11<crlf>
   S:registrar:registrarA<crlf>
   S:registrar transfer date:1999-09-22 10:27:00.0<crlf>
   S:CreatedDate:1998-09-22 10:27:00.0<crlf>
   S:CreatedBy:registrarA<crlf>
   S:UpdatedDate:2002-09-22 10:27:00.0<crlf>
   S:UpdatedBy:registrarA<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>

   A registrar queries a name server that was registered by another
   registrar:

   C:status<crlf>
   C:EntityName:NameServer<crlf>
   C:NameServer:ns1.registrarA.com<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:531 Authorization failed<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>

4.3.10 TRANSFER

This command allows a registrar to request transfer of domain name sponsorship from a second registrar and to approve or reject transfer requests initiated by other registrars. The request to transfer a domain name MUST contain the following data: - The "EntityName" parameter set to value "Domain". - Fully qualified second level domain name in the "DomainName" parameter. The identity of the requesting registrar is derived from the current active session. The identity of the current sponsoring registrar (the registrar who must approve or reject the transfer request) is known by the registry and does not need to be known by the requesting registrar in advance of issuing the transfer request. The System MUST notify the potential losing registrar when a domain transfer request has been received using an out-of-band transport mechanism such as electronic mail and/or transaction reporting. The losing registrar SHOULD then explicitly approve or reject the transfer. A request to approve or reject a transfer request MUST contain a single instance of the "Approve" parameter with a value of "Yes" to approve the transfer or a value of "No" to reject the transfer. A server implementation MAY provide a default approval or rejection action to be taken if the losing registrar does not explicitly approve or reject the transfer request within a fixed amount of time. The criteria used by registrars to approve or deny
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 22
   requested transfers are typically based on business policies that are
   beyond the scope of this document.

   Approval of a transfer by the current sponsoring registrar results in
   a change of sponsorship to the original requesting registrar.
   Approval attempts by any other registrar MUST result in explicit
   failure of the attempted approval.  Rejection of the transfer by the
   current sponsoring registrar results in an end to the transfer
   request with no change in sponsorship. Rejection attempts by any
   other registrar MUST result in explicit failure of the attempted
   rejection.

   Name servers MUST be implicitly transferred when their parent domain
   name is transferred.

   Authorized User: All registrars MAY use the TRANSFER command to
   request transfer of registration service authority to the requesting
   registrar. Only the current sponsoring registrar of a domain name may
   explicitly approve or reject a requested transfer. The registry MAY
   implicitly approve or reject requested transfers after a fixed amount
   of time.

   Examples

   A registrar requests transfer of a domain name from another
   registrar:

   C:transfer<crlf>
   C:EntityName:Domain<crlf>
   C:DomainName:example.com<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>

   The original registrar approves the transfer request:

   C:transfer<crlf>
   C:-Approve:Yes<crlf>
   C:EntityName:Domain<crlf>
   C:DomainName:example.com<crlf>
   C:.<crlf>
   S:200 Command completed successfully<crlf>
   S:.<crlf>
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 23

5. Response Codes

RRP commands may return a variety of response codes to signify normal completion or error conditions. This section documents all of the defined RRP response codes.

5.1 Response Code Summary

200 Command completed successfully This is the normal response for successful completion of most RRP commands. 210 Domain name available This is the normal response for successful completion of an RRP CHECK command for a domain name that is not currently registered. 211 Domain name not available This is the normal response for successful completion of an RRP CHECK command for a domain name that is currently registered. 212 Name server available This is the normal response for successful completion of an RRP CHECK command for a name server that is not currently registered. 213 Name server not available This is the normal response for successful completion of an RRP CHECK command for a name server that is currently registered. 220 Command completed successfully. Server closing connection This is the normal response for successful completion of an RRP QUIT command. It may also be returned by other RRP commands if a transient situation is noted that requires closing the connection after successfully completing the RRP command. 420 Command failed due to server error. Server closing connection A transient server error has caused RRP command failure and session termination. A new session must be established before continued processing can be attempted. 421 Command failed due to server error. Client should try again A transient server error has caused RRP command failure. A subsequent retry may produce successful results. 500 Invalid command name A client-specified RRP command name was not recognized as a valid RRP command name.
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 24
   501 Invalid command option
   A client-specified RRP command parameter was not recognized as a
   valid RRP command parameter.

   502 Invalid entity value
   The "value" of an entity name-value pair is invalid. Command blocks
   that require an "EntityName" parameter also require a value that
   specifies the entity name, and the provided value is invalid.

   503 Invalid attribute name
   A client-specified RRP command parameter was not recognized as a
   valid RRP command parameter.

   504 Missing required attribute
   A parameter required to execute the RRP command was not provided by
   the client. The command should be retried with all required
   parameters specified.

   505 Invalid attribute value syntax
   A supplied parameter value is syntactically incorrect. For example, a
   year value digit such as "5" may be required but the client provided
   a string of characters such as "five".

   506 Invalid option value
   A client-specified value for an RRP command parameter is out-of-
   bounds or otherwise not within acceptable System limits.

   507 Invalid command format
   The specified command does not resemble a well-formed RRP command.
   The command should be retried using the proper command structure and
   syntax.

   508 Missing required entity
   An entity required for command completion was not provided by the
   client. For example, the CHECK command requires specification of
   either a "Domain" entity or a "Nameserver" entity.

   509 Missing command option
   A command parameter that isn't really optional (such as the registrar
   ID in a SESSION command) was not provided by the client. The command
   should be retried with all needed parameters.

   520 Server closing connection. Client should try opening new
   connection; <why>
   A timeout event has been detected, and the client's session is being
   ended.  The System SHOULD define timeout periods to begin a client
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 25
   command, complete a client command, and for the duration of an open
   session. The reason for the timeout MUST be provided at the end of
   the response code string.

   521 Too many sessions open. Server closing connection
   A System-defined limit on the number of open connections has been
   exceeded, and it is impossible to establish a new session at the
   moment. It may be possible to establish a session by waiting for a
   few moments or by closing existing unused sessions.

   530 Authentication failed
   The client-supplied registrar identifier or password was not
   recognized by the System. A subsequent retry with valid values may
   produce successful results. Repeated authorization failures MAY
   result in termination of the TCP connection.

   531 Authorization failed
   Registrars may not view or alter data associated with either the
   registry or another registrar. This response code is typically
   returned when a registrar attempts to view or modify data belonging
   to either the registry or another registrar. A typical situation
   includes doing a STATUS command for a domain registered to another
   registrar.

   532 Domain names linked with name server
   The name server is hosting active domains. This error occurs when a
   registrar is trying to delete a server that is the name server for
   active domains.  The registry MUST not allow the registrar to delete
   this server. All of the domain names using this server MUST be
   modified to use a different name server before the name server can be
   deleted.

   533 Domain name has active name servers
   The domain name has active name servers. The registrar is trying to
   delete a domain name that is a parent domain of an active name
   server, i.e., a server that is hosting active domains. All of the
   name servers within the domain MUST be removed from service before
   the domain can be deleted.

   534 Domain name has not been flagged for transfer
   The registrar is trying to approve or reject a domain name transfer
   for a domain name that is not pending transfer.

   535 Restricted IP address
   IANA identifies certain IP address ranges that are not valid for
   normal use.  The registrar is trying to use an IP address that is in
   a restricted IP address range as identified by IANA.
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 26
   536 Domain already flagged for transfer
   The registrar tried to perform a transfer command for a domain name
   that is awaiting approval of an earlier transfer request.

   540 Attribute value is not unique
   A supplied attribute value is not unique. This occurs when the
   registrar is adding a domain name that already exists in the
   registry, a server that already exists in the registry, or an IP
   address that is already being used by another server in the registry.
   Another possibility occurs when performing domain modifications and
   the registrar is adding a server that is already in the list of
   servers for the domain name or setting a domain name to a status to
   which it is already set. The RRP STATUS command MAY be used to
   determine current domain name status before attempting to change the
   status. When modifying or adding a name server, the IP address of the
   name server might not be unique. The registry MUST not allow IP
   addresses to be used by more than one server.

   541 Invalid attribute value
   A supplied parameter value is invalid. Examples of invalid attribute
   values include an invalid IP address, an invalid domain name, an
   invalid server name, or an invalid renewal period.

   542 Invalid old value for an attribute
   A current attribute value to be modified is invalid. The registrar is
   trying to modify an attribute of a server or a domain name that does
   not exist in the registry.

   543 Final or implicit attribute cannot be updated
   The registrar is attempting to modify an attribute that is only
   modifiable by the registry. Registrars can not modify final or
   implicit attribute values.

   544 Entity on hold
   The attempted operation was rejected because the entity is on HOLD
   status. If the HOLD status was set by the registrar, the status can
   be changed using the MOD command and the requested command can be
   retried. If the HOLD status was set by the registry, the registrar
   must contact the registry to change the status before the command can
   be successful.

   545 Entity reference not found
   A required entity reference was not found. This occurs when the
   registrar tries to add a new name server and the parent domain of the
   name server does not exist in the registry. It also occurs when the
   user is trying to add a new name server to a domain name when the
   name server does not exist in the registry.
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 27
   546 Credit limit exceeded
   The registrar's credit limit has been exceeded. This is an
   implementation specific error that occurs when a potentially billable
   operation, such as adding a domain name, renewing a domain name, or
   transferring a domain name, is attempted and the registrar does not
   have sufficient financial standing with the registry to complete the
   operation.

   547 Invalid command sequence
   RRP commands are issued using a well-formed syntax that requires
   entry of command structures in particular sequences. This response
   code indicates that an ill-formed command was received and rejected.

   548 Domain is not up for renewal
   A RENEW command was attempted during a period in which the domain can
   not be renewed. Implementations MAY limit renewal periods to
   particular time frames, such as within 90 days of the domain's
   expiration. This response indicates that the RENEW command was
   received outside of the System-defined domain renewal period.

   549 Command failed
   A System error prevented successful completion of the requested RRP
   command.  Retrying the command might produce success, but a repeated
   failure indicates a System error condition.

   550 Parent domain not registered
   The parent domain of a name server being registered is not
   registered. This occurs when the registrar tries to add a new name
   server and the parent domain for the server does not exist in the
   registry.

   551 Parent domain status does not allow for operation
   The status of the parent domain does not allow the requested
   operation. This occurs when a registrar tries to modify a server
   whose parent domain is flagged as LOCK or HOLD in the registry.

   552 Domain status does not allow for operation
   The status of the domain does not allow the requested operation. This
   occurs when a registrar tries to modify or delete a domain that is
   flagged as LOCK or HOLD in the registry.

   553 Operation not allowed. Domain pending transfer
   The status of the domain does not allow the requested operation. The
   registrar is attempting to delete a domain that is pending approval
   or denial of a transfer request.
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 28
   554 Domain already registered
   A registrar tried to register a domain name that has already been
   registered by the same registrar.

   555 Domain already renewed
   A registrar tried to renew a domain using the same parameters as
   specified for an earlier, successful renewal. This will commonly
   occur when executing the same RENEW command more than once.

   556 Maximum registration period exceeded
   A registrar tried to renew a domain registration, and the resulting
   new registration period exceeds the System-defined maximum
   registration period. If there is renewal time available with the
   System-defined maximum registration period it may be possible to
   retry the RENEW command with specified renewal period parameters.

5.2 Command-Response Correspondence

The session between the client and the server is intended to be an alternating dialogue. Each command issued by a client MUST be acted upon by the server, which MUST return a response code to document the success or failure of command execution. "Success" means that the command completed normal execution without error. "Failure" means that the System did not complete the command as requested. Failure may be due to either syntax, semantic, data, or System errors. A complete list of response codes for each RRP command is listed below. Command: ADD Success: 200, 220 Failure: 420, 421, 500, 502, 503, 504, 505, 507, 508, 520, 531, 535, 540, 541, 545, 546, 547, 549, 550, 554 Command: CHECK Success: 210, 211, 212, 213 Failure: 220, 420, 421, 500, 502, 503, 504, 505, 507, 508, 520, 541, 547, 549 Command: DEL Success: 200, 220 Failure: 420, 421, 500, 502, 503, 504, 505, 507, 508, 520, 531, 532, 533, 541, 544, 545, 547, 549, 551, 552, 553 Command: DESCRIBE Success: 200, 220 Failure: 420, 421, 500, 501, 506, 507, 509, 520, 547, 549
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 29
   Command: MOD
   Success: 200, 220
   Failure: 420, 421, 500, 502, 503, 504, 505, 507, 508, 520, 531, 535,
   540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 547, 549, 550, 551, 552, 553

   Command: QUIT
   Success: 220
   Failure: 420, 421, 500, 507, 520, 547, 549

   Command: RENEW
   Success: 200, 220
   Failure: 420, 421, 500, 502, 503, 504, 505, 507, 508, 520, 531, 541,
   545, 546, 547, 548, 549, 552, 553, 555, 556

   Command: SESSION
   Success: 200, 220
   Failure: 420, 421, 500, 501, 506, 507, 508, 509, 520, 521, 530, 531,
   547, 549

   Command: STATUS
   Success: 200, 220
   Failure: 420, 421, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 520,
   531, 541, 545, 547, 549

   Command: TRANSFER
   Success: 200, 220
   Failure: 420, 421, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 520,
   531, 534, 536, 541, 544, 545, 546, 547, 549, 552, 553

6. Domain Status Codes

The status of a domain can be viewed using the RRP STATUS command and modified using the RRP MOD command. Both the registry and the sponsoring registrar MAY view and change the status of a domain. The criteria for status changes are highly dependent on registry and registrar business models and are thus beyond the scope of this specification. The domain's status SHOULD have a direct bearing on whether or not the domain appears in the appropriate TLD zone file and whether or not the domain can be modified. A domain can have more than one assigned status, e.g., REGISTRAR-HOLD and REGISTRAR-LOCK. If a domain is in ACTIVE status, then the domain name can only be in this status. When a registrar sets a domain name to REGISTRAR-LOCK, the registry MUST automatically remove the ACTIVE status. When the registrar removes the REGISTRAR-LOCK and other domain statuses, the registry MUST automatically set the domain name status to ACTIVE.
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 30

6.1 Domain Status Code Description

ACTIVE: This is the default status of a domain at registration time. The registry sets the domain to this status. The domain is modifiable by the registrar. The domain can be renewed. The domain SHALL be included in the zone file when in this status if the domain has at least one associated name server. REGISTRY-LOCK: The registry sets the domain to this status. The domain cannot be modified or deleted by the registrar. The registry MUST remove the REGISTRY-LOCK status for the registrar to modify the domain. The domain can be renewed. The domain SHALL be included in the zone file when in this status if the domain has at least one associated name server. REGISTRY-HOLD: The registry sets the domain to this status. The domain cannot be modified or deleted by the registrar. The registry MUST remove the REGISTRY-HOLD status for the registrar to modify the domain. The domain can be renewed. The domain SHALL NOT be included in the zone file when in this status. REGISTRAR-HOLD: The registrar of the domain sets the domain to this status. The domain can not be modified or deleted when in this status. The registrar MUST remove REGISTRAR-HOLD status to modify the domain. The domain can be renewed. The domain SHALL NOT be included in the zone file when in this status. REGISTRAR-LOCK: The registrar of the domain sets the domain to this status. The domain cannot be modified or deleted when in this status. The registrar MUST remove REGISTRAR-LOCK status to modify the domain. The domain can be renewed. The domain SHALL be included in the zone file when in this status. REGISTRY-DELETE-NOTIFY: A domain is set on this status if it has expired and has child name servers that are hosting other domains. Only the registry may set this status. The domain SHALL be included in the zone file when in this status if the domain has at least one associated name server.

7. Formal Syntax

The following syntax specification uses the augmented Backus-Naur Form (BNF) as described in [ABNF]. ; ABNF specification for Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP) v1.1.0 ; Note that character string literals are case insensitive.
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 31
; Lexical tokens
space = %x20 ; " "
dot = %x2E ; "."
dash = %x2D ; "-"
underscore = %x5F ; "_"
colon = %x3A ; ":"
cr = %x0D ; ASCII carriage return
lf = %x0A ; ASCII linefeed
crlf = cr lf
alpha = %x41-5A / %x61-7A ; A-Z / a-z
digit = %x30-39 ; 0-9
dns-char = alpha / digit / dash
id-char = alpha / digit / underscore / dash
id-prefix = alpha / digit
id-word = id-prefix *id-char
printable-char = %x20-7E ; ASCII " " - "~"

; Start of basic grammar.
year = 4digit
month = 2digit
day = 2digit
ymd = year dash month dash day
hour = 2digit
minute = 2digit
second = 2digit
split-second = 1digit
hms = hour colon minute colon second dot split-second
time-stamp = ymd space hms
ip-address = 1*3digit dot 1*3digit dot 1*3digit dot 1*3digit
password = 4*16printable-char
option-name = 1*128id-word
option-tag = dash option-name
option-value = 1*128id-word
attribute-name = 1*128id-word
attribute-value = 1*128printable-char
attribute-line = attribute-name colon attribute-value crlf
response = 3digit space 1*printable-char crlf
version-number = "RRP" space 1*digit dot 1*digit dot 1*digit
label = id-prefix [*61dns-char id-prefix]
sldn = label dot label
servername = *(label dot) sldn
period = %x31-39 / (%x31-39 %x30-39) ; "1" - "9" or "10" - "99"
period-option = dash "Period" colon period crlf
yesno = "Yes" / "No"
domainstatus = "Active" / "Registry-Lock" / "Registry-Hold" /
               "Registrar-Lock" / "Registrar-Hold" /
               "Registry-Delete-Notify"
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 32
; RRP commands and responses.
rrp = add / check / delete / describe / mod / quit / renew /
      session / status / transfer

add = add-request add-response
check = check-request check-response
delete = del-request del-response
describe = describe-request describe-response
mod = mod-request mod-response
quit = quit-request quit-response
renew = renew-request renew-response
session = session-request session-response
status = status-request status-response
transfer = transfer-request transfer-response

; ADD command.
add-request = add-domain-request / add-nameserver-request
add-response = add-domain-response / add-nameserver-response
add-domain-request = "add" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "Domain" crlf
 "DomainName" colon sldn crlf
 [period-option]
 0*13("NameServer" colon servername crlf)
 dot crlf
add-nameserver-request = "add" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "NameServer" crlf
 "NameServer" colon servername crlf
 1*("IPAddress" colon ip-address crlf)
 dot crlf
add-domain-response = response
 "RegistrationExpirationDate" colon time-stamp crlf
 "status" colon domainstatus crlf
 dot crlf
add-nameserver-response = response
 dot crlf

; CHECK command.
check-request = check-domain-request / check-nameserver-request
check-response = check-domain-response / check-nameserver-response
check-domain-request = "check" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "Domain" crlf
 "DomainName" colon sldn crlf
 dot crlf
check-nameserver-request = "check" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "NameServer" crlf
 "NameServer" colon servername crlf
 dot crlf
check-domain-response = response
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 33
 dot crlf
check-nameserver-response = available-check-nameserver-response /
                            notavailable-check-nameserver-response
available-check-nameserver-response = response
 dot crlf
notavailable-check-nameserver-response = response
 1*("IPAddress" colon ip-address crlf)
 dot crlf

; DEL command.
del-request = del-domain-request / del-nameserver-request
del-response = response
 dot crlf
del-domain-request = "del" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "Domain" crlf
 "DomainName" colon sldn crlf
 dot crlf
del-nameserver-request = "del" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "NameServer" crlf
 "NameServer" colon servername crlf
 dot crlf

; DESCRIBE command.
describe-request = "describe" crlf
 [target-option]
 *(option-tag colon option-value crlf)
 dot crlf
describe-response = response
 "Protocol" colon version-number crlf
 *attribute-line
 dot crlf
target-option = dash "Target" colon "Protocol" crlf

; MOD command.
mod-request = mod-domain-request / mod-nameserver-request
mod-response = response
 *attribute-line
 dot crlf
mod-domain-request = "mod" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "Domain" crlf
 "DomainName" colon sldn crlf
 *(add-attribute-value-line /
 remove-attribute-value-line /
 replace-attribute-value-line)
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 34
 dot crlf
mod-nameserver-request = "mod" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "NameServer" crlf
 "NameServer" colon servername crlf
 ["NewNameServer" colon attribute-value crlf]
 *(add-attribute-value-line /
 remove-attribute-value-line /
 replace-attribute-value-line)
 dot crlf
add-attribute-value-line =
 attribute-name colon new-attribute-value
remove-attribute-value-line =
 attribute-name colon old-attribute-value "="
replace-attribute-value-line =
 attribute-name colon old-attribute-value "="
 new-attribute-value
old-attribute-value = attribute-value
new-attribute-value = attribute-value

; QUIT command.
quit-request = "quit" crlf
 dot crlf
quit-response = response
 dot crlf

; RENEW command.
renew-request = "renew" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "Domain" crlf
 "DomainName" colon sldn crlf
 [renew-period-option]
 dot crlf
expiration-year-option = dash "CurrentExpirationYear" colon year crlf
renew-period-option = period-option expiration-year-option /
                      expiration-year-option period-option
renew-response = response
 "RegistrationExpirationDate" colon time-stamp crlf
 dot crlf

; SESSION command.
session-request = "session" crlf
 registrar-id-option
 registrar-password-option
 [registrar-newpassword-option]
 dot crlf
session-response = response
 dot crlf
registrar-id-option = dash "Id" colon option-value crlf
registrar-password-option =
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 35
 dash "Password" colon password crlf
registrar-newpassword-option =
 dash "NewPassword" colon password crlf

; STATUS command.
status-request = status-domain-request /
                 status-nameserver-request
status-response = response
 *attribute-line
 dot crlf
status-domain-request = "status" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "Domain" crlf
 "DomainName" colon sldn crlf
 dot crlf
status-nameserver-request = "status" crlf
 "EntityName" colon "NameServer" crlf
 "NameServer" colon servername crlf
 dot crlf

; TRANSFER command.
transfer-request = "transfer" crlf
 [approve-option]
 "EntityName" colon "Domain" crlf
 "DomainName" colon sldn crlf
 dot crlf
transfer-response = response
 "RegistrationExpirationDate" colon time-stamp crlf
 dot crlf
approve-option = dash "Approve" colon yesno crlf

; End of grammar.

8. Internationalization

RRP is defined using 7-bit US-ASCII characters. Other character sets and character codes are not currently supported.

9. Known Issues

RRP was not designed to provide bulk data query features. The primary goal of the original protocol designers was to provide a fast, light weight transactional protocol that could be implemented with minimal need for database queries that would take a "long" time to complete or that would return a "large" amount of data. Implementers SHOULD consider developing offline reporting features to provide bulk data for registrar reporting in a fashion suitable for the given registry-registrar operating environment.
Top   ToC   RFC2832 - Page 36
   This version of RRP does contain a few limitations noted over the
   course of several months of operational experience with live domain
   name registrars.  Later versions of this protocol or its successors
   should strive to resolve or address each of the following issues:

   The DESCRIBE command should return information describing System-
   defined default implementation values.

   Use of the RENEW command without the "CurrentExpirationYear" and
   "Period" parameters does not provide idempotency. Repeated execution
   of a RENEW command without these parameters can result in multiple
   successful RENEW commands, which may not be the desired action if a
   registrar is retrying a RENEW command due to network connectivity
   problems.

   Time stamps returned by RRP do not include time zone identifiers and
   SHOULD be interpreted as local registry time.

   The protocol does not provide features for a registrar to become
   aware of domain transfer requests and responses. Systems must rely on
   means outside of the protocol, such as electronic mail and/or
   registry-provided reports, to inform registrars of transfer requests
   and responses.

   The protocol does not provide features for a registrar to determine
   all of the domains served by a name server. Systems must provide this
   information using a method outside of the protocol, such as through
   periodic extracts from a System database.

   The protocol does not provide features to manage lame delegation of
   name servers. Any registrar may "use" name servers registered by
   another registrar.  When a registrar tries to delete a domain or name
   server it is quite possible that name servers in the domain to be
   deleted or the name server to be deleted will be associated with
   other live domains, precluding immediate deletion.  Systems must rely
   on means outside of the protocol to manage lame delegation of name
   servers.

   The use of "=" within the MOD command to indicate a value to be
   removed is somewhat confusing. A more explicit means of identifying
   old and new attribute values within the protocol syntax could make
   this feature more obvious.

   The CHECK command also returns name server IP addresses when
   returning positive confirmation of the registration of a name server.
   This extra information may be useful, but it is inconsistent with the
   limited function of the command.  The command should return a
   positive or negative response and nothing more.
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   The formal protocol syntax described in this document requires a
   specific order for the elements of a command entity block and command
   options. The NSI Registry's server-side implementation of the
   protocol provides the additional flexibility of allowing order
   independent specification of options and entity block elements.
   Client-side implementers are strongly urged to observe the order of
   command elements as specified here to ensure compliance if the more
   restricted form is enforced in the future.

   RRP does not return time stamps or transaction identifiers to track
   transactions. The NSI Registry provides registrars with daily and
   weekly reports that include time stamps in local registry time to
   document and synchronize data on a per-registrar basis.

10. Security Considerations

Misuse of the Registry Registrar Protocol can have catastrophic operational consequences for registrants, registrars, and registries. As such, all registrars must be authenticated prior to all interactions with the registry. In addition, all data exchanged between the registrar and the registry must be protected to avoid unintended disclosure of information.

11. IANA Considerations

IANA assigned TCP port 648 for RRP use in November 1998. No other action is required of IANA to support operation of this protocol. IANA has reserved certain IPv4 address ranges as described in [ALLOCATION]. Implementers MUST ensure that name server IP addresses do not fall into one of the reserved address ranges to avoid operational DNS errors.

12. References

[ABNF] Crocker, D. (Editor) and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF", RFC 2234, November 1997. [ALLOCATION] Hubbard, K., Kosters, M., Conrad, D., Karrenberg, D. and J. Postel, "Internet Registry IP Allocation Guidelines", BCP 12, RFC 2050, November 1996. [MUSTSHOULD] Bradner, S., "Key Words for Use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
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   [SSL]        A. Frier, P. Karlton, and P. Kocher, "The SSL 3.0
                Protocol", Netscape Communications Corp., November 18,
                1996.

   [TLS]        Dierks T. and C. Allen, "The TLS Protocol Version 1.0",
                RFC 2246, January 1999.

13. Acknowledgments

Many people have contributed significantly to this document and the protocol it describes. Brad McMillen and Neeran Saraf deserve special mention as co-authors of an earlier internal protocol specification. Other content contributors to the earlier internal specification include Aristotle Balogh, Chris Bason, Mark Kosters, Jasdip Singh, and Yibing Wu. Finally, significant contributors to the review of this document include Steve Mahlstedt and Chris Smith.

14. Authors' Addresses

Scott Hollenbeck Network Solutions, Inc. Registry 505 Huntmar Park Dr. Herndon, VA 20170 USA EMail: shollenb@netsol.com Manoj Srivastava Network Solutions, Inc. Registry 505 Huntmar Park Dr. Herndon, VA 20170 USA EMail: manojs@netsol.com
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15. Full Copyright Statement

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society.