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RFC 1147


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FYI on a Network Management Tool Catalog: Tools for Monitoring and Debugging TCP/IP Internets and Interconnected Devices

Part 1 of 5, p. 1 to 34
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          Network Working Group                    R. Stine, Editor
          Request for Comments: 1147                   SPARTA, Inc.
          FYI: 2                                         April 1990


                   FYI on a Network Management Tool Catalog:
              Tools for Monitoring and Debugging TCP/IP Internets
                           and Interconnected Devices


Status of this Memo

          The goal of this FYI memo is to provide practical informa-
          tion to site administrators and network managers.  This memo
          provides information for the Internet community.  It does
          not specify any standard.  It is not a statement of IAB pol-
          icy or recommendations.  Comments, critiques, and new or
          updated tool descriptions are welcome, and should be sent to
          Robert Stine, at stine@sparta.com, or to the NOCTools work-
          ing group, at noctools@merit.edu.

          Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

1. Introduction

          This catalog contains descriptions of several tools avail-
          able to assist network managers in debugging and maintaining
          TCP/IP internets and interconnected communications
          resources.  Entries in the catalog tell what a tool does,
          how it works, and how it can be obtained.

          The NOCTools Working Group of the Internet Engineering Task
          Force (IETF) compiled this catalog in 1989.  Future editions
          will be produced as IETF members become aware of tools that
          should be included, and of deficiencies or inaccuracies.
          Developing an edition oriented to the OSI protocol suite is
          also contemplated.

          The tools described in this catalog are in no way endorsed
          by the IETF.  For the most part, we have neither evaluated
          the tools in this catalog, nor validated their descriptions.
          Most of the descriptions of commercial tools have been pro-
          vided by vendors.  Caveat Emptor.

1.1 Purpose

          The practice of re-inventing the wheel seems endemic to the
          field of data communications.  The primary goal of this

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          document is to fight that tendency in a small but useful
          way.  By listing the capabilities of some of the available
          network management tools, we hope to pool and share
          knowledge and experience.  Another goal of this catalog is
          to show those new in the field what can be done to manage
          internet sites.  A network management tutorial at the end of
          the document is of further assistance in this area.
          Finally, by omission, this catalog points out the network
          management tools that are needed, but do not yet exist.

          There are other sources of information on available network
          management tools.  Both the DDN Protocol Implementation and
          Vendors Guide and the DATAPRO series on data communications
          and LANs are particularly comprehensive and informative.
          The DDN Protocol Implementation and Vendors Guide addresses
          a wide range of internet management topics, including
          evaluations of protocol implementations and network
          analyzers.* The DATAPRO volumes, though expensive (check
          your local university or technical libraries!), are good
          surveys of available commercial products for network manage-
          ment.  DATAPRO also includes tutorials, market analyses,
          product evaluations, and predictions on technology trends.

1.2 Scope

          The tools described in this document are used for managing
          the network resources, LANs, and devices that are commonly
          interconnected by TCP/IP internets.  This document is not,
          however, a "how to" manual on network management.  While it
          includes a tutorial, the coverage is much too brief and gen-
          eral to serve as a sole source: a great deal of further
          study is required of aspiring network managers.  Neither is
          this catalog is an operations manual for particular tools.
          Each individual tool entry is brief, and emphasizes the uses
          to which a tool can be put.  A tool's documentation, which
          in some cases runs to hundreds of pages, should be consulted
          for assistance in its installation and operation.

1.3 Overview

          Section 1 describes the purpose, scope, and organization of
          this catalog.

          Section 2 lists and explains the standard keywords used in
          _________________________
          * Instructions for obtaining the DDN Protocol Guide are
          given in Section 7 of the appendix.

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          the tool descriptions.  The keywords can be used as a sub-
          ject index into the catalog.

          Section 3, the main body of the catalog, contains the
          entries describing network management tools.  The tool
          entries in Section 3 are presented in alphabetical order, by
          tool name.  The tool descriptions all follow a standard for-
          mat, described in the introduction to Section 3.

          Following the catalog, there is an appendix that contains a
          tutorial on the goals and practice of network management.

1.4 Acknowledgements

          The compilation and editing of this catalog was sponsored by
          the Defense Communications Engineering Center (DCEC), con-
          tract DCA100-89-C-0001.  The effort grew out of an initial
          task to survey current internet management tools.  The cata-
          log is largely, however, the result of volunteer labor on
          the part of the NOCTools Working Group, the User Services
          Working Group, and many others.  Without these volunteer
          contributions, the catalog would not exist.  The support
          from the Internet community for this endeavor has been
          extremely gratifying.

          Several individuals made especially notable contributions.
          Mike Patton, Paul Holbrook, Mark Fedor and Gary Malkin were
          particularly helpful in composition and editorial review,
          while Dave Crocker provided essential guidance and
          encouragement.  Bob Enger was active from the first with the
          gut work of chairing the Working Group and building the
          catalog.  Phill Gross helped to christen the NOCTools Work-
          ing Group, to define its scope and goals, and to establish
          its role in the IETF.  Mike Little contributed the formative
          idea of enhancing and publicizing the management tool survey
          through IETF participation.

          Responsibility for any deficiencies and errors remains, of
          course, with the editor.

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2. Keywords

          This catalog uses "keywords" for terse characterizations of
          the tools.  Keywords are abbreviated attributes of a tool or
          its use.  To allow cross-comparison of tools, uniform key-
          word definitions have been developed, and are given below.
          Following the definitions, there is an index of catalog
          entries by keyword.

2.1 Keyword Definitions

          The keywords are always listed in a prefined order, sorted
          first by the general category into which they fall, and then
          alphabetically.  The categories that have been defined for
          management tool keywords are:

               +    the general management area to which a tool
                    relates or a tool's functional role;

               +    the network resources or components that are
                    managed;

               +    the mechanisms or methods a tool uses to perform
                    its functions;

               +    the operating system and hardware environment of a
                    tool; and

               +    the characteristics of a tool as a hardware pro-
                    duct or software release.


          The keywords used to describe the general management area or
          functional role of a tool are:

          Alarm
               a reporting/logging tool that can trigger  on  specific
               events within a network.

          Analyzer
               a traffic monitor that reconstructs and interprets pro-
               tocol messages that span several packets.

          Benchmark
               a tool used to evaluate the performance of network com-
               ponents.

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          Control
               a tool that can change the state or status of a  remote
               network resource.

          Debugger
               a tool that by generating arbitrary packets  and  moni-
               toring traffic, can drive a remote network component to
               various states and record its responses.

          Generator
               a traffic generation tool.

          Manager
               a distributed network management system or system  com-
               ponent.

          Map
               a tool that can discover and report a system's topology
               or configuration.

          Reference
               a tool for documenting MIB structure or  system  confi-
               guration.

          Routing
               a packet route discovery tool.

          Security
               a tool for analyzing or reducing threats to security.

          Status
               a tool that remotely tracks the status of network  com-
               ponents.

          Traffic
               a tool that monitors packet flow.


          The keywords used to identify the network resources or com-
          ponents that a tool manages are:

          Bridge
               a tool for controlling or monitoring LAN bridges.

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          CHAOS
               a tool for controlling or monitoring implementations of
               the CHAOS protocol suite or network components that use
               it.

          DECnet
               a tool for controlling or monitoring implementations of
               the  DECnet  protocol  suite or network components that
               use it.

          DNS
               a Domain Name System debugging tool.

          Ethernet
               a tool for controlling or monitoring network components
               on ethernet LANs.

          FDDI
               a tool for controlling or monitoring network components
               on FDDI LANs or WANs.

          IP
               a tool for controlling or monitoring implementations of
               the  TCP/IP  protocol  suite or network components that
               use it.

          OSI
               a tool for controlling or monitoring implementations of
               the  OSI  protocol suite or network components that use
               it.

          NFS
               a Network File System debugging tool.

          Ring
               a tool for controlling or monitoring network components
               on Token Ring LANs.

          SMTP
               an SMTP debugging tool.

          Star
               a tool for controlling or monitoring network components
               on StarLANs.


          The keywords used to describe a tool's mechanism are:

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          Curses
               a tool that uses the "curses" tty interface package.

          Eavesdrop
               a tool  that  silently  monitors  communications  media
               (e.g., by putting an ethernet interface into "promiscu-
               ous" mode).

          NMS
               the tool is a component of or queries a Network Manage-
               ment System.

          Ping
               a tool that sends packet probes such as ICMP echo  mes-
               sages;  to  help  distinguish tools, we do not consider
               NMS queries or protocol spoofing (see below) as probes.

          Proprietary
               a distributed tool that uses proprietary communications
               techniques to link its components.

          SNMP
               a network management system or component based on SNMP,
               the Simple Network Management Protocol.

          Spoof
               a tool that tests operation of remote protocol  modules
               by peer-level message exchange.

          X
               a tool that uses X-Windows.


          The keywords used to describe a tool's operating environment
          are:

          DOS
               a tool that runs under MS-DOS.

          HP
               a tool that runs on Hewlett-Packard systems.

          Macintosh
               a tool that runs on Macintosh personal computers.

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          Standalone
               an integrated hardware/software tool that requires only
               a network interface for operation.

          UNIX
               a tool that runs under 4.xBSD UNIX or related OS.

          VMS
               a tool that runs under DEC's VMS operating system.


          The keywords used to describe a tool's characteristics as a
          hardware or software acquisition are:

          Free
               a tool is available at no charge, though other restric-
               tions may apply (tools that are part of an OS distribu-
               tion but not otherwise  available  are  not  listed  as
               "free").

          Library
               a tool packaged with either an Application  Programming
               Interface (API) or object-level subroutines that may be
               loaded with programs.

          Sourcelib
               a collection of source code  (subroutines)  upon  which
               developers may construct other tools.

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2.2 Tools Indexed by Keywords

          Following is an index of catalog entries sorted by keyword.
          This index can be used to locate the tools with a particular
          attribute: tools are listed under each keyword that charac-
          terizes them.  The keywords and the subordinate lists of
          tools under them are in alphabetical order.

          In the interest of brevity, some liberties have been taken
          with tool names.  Capitalization of the names is as speci-
          fied by the tool developers or distributers.  Note that
          parenthetical roman numerals following a tool's name are not
          actually part of the name.  The use of roman numerals to
          differentiate tools with the same name is explained in the
          introduction of Section 3.

          alarm                           bridge
               CMIP Library                    ConnectVIEW
               EtherMeter                      decaddrs
               LanProbe                        NMC
               LANWatch                        proxyd
               NETMON (III)                    Snmp Libraries
               osilog                          snmpd
               SERAG
               sma
               Snmp Libraries             CHAOS
               snmptrapd                       LANWatch
               SpiderMonitor                   map
               Unisys NCC
               WIN/MGT Station
               xnetmon (I)                control
               XNETMON (II)                    CMIP Library
                                               ConnectVIEW
                                               NETMON (III)
          analyzer                             NMC
               LANWatch                        proxyd
               Sniffer                         Snmp Libraries
               SpiderMonitor                   snmpset
                                               TokenVIEW
                                               Unisys NCC
          benchmark                            WIN/MGT Station
               hammer                          XNETMON (II)
               nhfsstone
               SPIMS
               spray
               TTCP
               Unisys NCC

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          curses                          DOS
               Internet Rover                  Comp. Security Checklist
               net_monitor                     ConnectVIEW
               nfswatch                        hammer
               osimon                          hopcheck
               snmpperfmon                     LAN Patrol
                                               LANWatch
                                               netmon (I)
          debugger                             NETMON (III)
               SPIMS                           netwatch
                                               OverVIEW
                                               ping
          DECnet                               Snmp Libraries
               decaddrs                        snmpd (II)
               LANWatch                        TokenVIEW
               NETMON (III)                    XNETMON (II)
               net_monitor                     xnetperfmon
               NMC
               Sniffer
               Snmp Libraries             eavesdrop
               SpiderMonitor                   ENTM
               XNETMON (II)                    etherfind
               xnetperfmon                     EtherView
                                               LAN Patrol
                                               LanProbe
          DNS                                  LANWatch
               DiG                             NETMON (II)
               LANWatch                        netwatch
               netmon (I)                      nfswatch
               nslookup                        NNStat
                                               OSITRACE
                                               Sniffer
                                               SpiderMonitor
                                               Tcplogger
                                               TRPT

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          ethernet                        free
               arp                             arp
               ConnectVIEW                     CMIP Library
               ENTM                            CMU SNMP
               etherfind                       DiG
               etherhostprobe                  ENTM
               EtherMeter                      etherhostprobe
               EtherView                       hammer
               LAN Patrol                      hopcheck
               LanProbe                        HyperMIB
               LANWatch                        Internet Rover
               map                             map
               NETMON (III)                    netmon (I)
               netwatch                        NETMON (II)
               Network Integrator              netstat
               nfswatch                        netwatch
               NMC                             net_monitor
               NNStat                          nfswatch
               proxyd                          nhfsstone
               SERAG                           NNStat
               Sniffer                         NPRV
               Snmp Libraries                  nslookup
               snmpd (II)                      osilog
               SpiderMonitor                   osimic
               tcpdump                         osimon
               Unisys NCC                      OSITRACE
               WIN/MGT Station                 ping
               XNETMON (II)                    query
               xnetperfmon                     sma
                                               SNMP Kit
                                               tcpdump
          FDDI                                 tcplogger
               Unisys NCC                      traceroute
                                               TRPT
                                               TTCP


                                          generator
                                               hammer
                                               nhfsstone
                                               ping
                                               Sniffer
                                               SpiderMonitor
                                               spray
                                               TTCP
                                               Unisys NCC

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          HP                              IP
               xup                             arp
                                               CMU SNMP
                                               Dual Manager
                                               ENTM
                                               etherfind
                                               etherhostprobe
                                               EtherView
                                               getone
                                               hammer
                                               hopcheck
                                               Internet Rover
                                               LANWatch
                                               map
                                               Netlabs CMOT Agent
                                               Netlabs SNMP Agent
                                               netmon (I)
                                               NETMON (II)
                                               NETMON (III)
                                               netstat
                                               netwatch
                                               net_monitor
                                               nfswatch
                                               NMC
                                               NNStat
                                               NPRV
                                               OverVIEW
                                               ping
                                               proxyd
                                               query
                                               SERAG
                                               Sniffer
                                               SNMP Kit
                                               Snmp Libraries
                                               snmpask
                                               snmpd (I)
                                               snmpd (II)
                                               snmplookup
                                               snmpperfmon
                                               snmppoll
                                               snmpquery
                                               snmproute
                                               snmpset
                                               snmpsrc
                                               snmpstat
                                               snmptrapd
                                               snmpwatch

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               snmpxbar
               snmpxconn                  manager
               snmpxmon                        CMIP Library
               snmpxperf                       CMU SNMP
               snmpxperfmon                    ConnectVIEW
               snmpxrtmetric                   decaddrs
               SpiderMonitor                   Dual Manager
               SPIMS                           getone
               spray                           LanProbe
               Tcpdump                         map
               Tcplogger                       Netlabs CMOT Agent
               Traceroute                      Netlabs SNMP Agent
               TRPT                            NETMON (III)
               TTCP                            NMC
               Unisys NCC                      NNStat
               WIN/MGT Station                 osilog
               xnetmon (I)                     osimic
               XNETMON (II)                    osimon
               xnetperfmon                     OverVIEW
                                               sma
                                               SNMP Kit
          library                              Snmp Libraries
               CMIP Library                    snmpask
               Dual Manager                    snmpd (I)
               LANWatch                        snmpd (II)
               proxyd                          snmplookup
               WIN/MGT Station                 snmpperfmon
                                               snmppoll
                                               snmpquery
          Macintosh                            snmproute
               HyperMIB                        snmpsrc
                                               snmpset
                                               snmpstat
                                               snmptrapd
                                               snmpwatch
                                               snmpxbar
                                               snmpxconn
                                               snmpxmon
                                               snmpxperf
                                               snmpxperfmon
                                               snmpxrtmetric
                                               TokenVIEW
                                               Unisys NCC
                                               WIN/MGT Station
                                               xnetmon (I)
                                               XNETMON (II)
                                               xnetperfmon

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          map                             NMS
               decaddrs                        CMU SNMP
               etherhostprobe                  ConnectVIEW
               EtherMeter                      decaddrs
               LanProbe                        Dual Manager
               map                             EtherMeter
               NETMON (III)                    getone
               Network Integrator              LanProbe
               NPRV                            map
               Snmp Libraries                  Netlabs CMOT Agent
               snmpxconn                       Netlabs SNMP Agent
               snmpxmon                        NETMON (III)
               Unisys NCC                      NMC
               xnetmon (I)                     NNStat
               XNETMON (II)                    OverVIEW
                                               proxyd
                                               SERAG
          NFS                                  SNMP Kit
               etherfind                       Snmp Libraries
               EtherView                       snmpask
               nfswatch                        snmpd (I)
               nhfsstone                       snmpd (II)
               Sniffer                         snmplookup
               tcpdump                         snmpperfmon
                                               snmppoll
                                               snmpquery
                                               snmproute
                                               snmpset
                                               snmpsrc
                                               snmpstat
                                               snmptrapd
                                               snmpwatch
                                               snmpxbar
                                               snmpxconn
                                               snmpxmon
                                               snmpxperf
                                               snmpxperfmon
                                               snmpxrtmetric
                                               TokenVIEW
                                               Unisys NCC
                                               WIN/MGT Station
                                               xnetmon (I)
                                               XNETMON (II)
                                               xnetperfmon

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          OSI                             ring
               CMIP Library                    ConnectVIEW
               Dual Manager                    LANWatch
               LANWatch                        map
               Netlabs CMOT Agent              NETMON (III)
               NETMON (III)                    netwatch
               osilog                          proxyd
               osimic                          Sniffer
               osimon                          Snmp Libraries
               OSITRACE                        snmpd (II)
               sma                             TokenVIEW
               Sniffer                         XNETMON (II)
               Snmp Libraries                  xnetperfmon
               SpiderMonitor
               SPIMS
               XNETMON (II)               routing
               xnetperfmon                     arp
                                               ConnectVIEW
                                               decaddrs
          ping                                 etherhostprobe
               etherhostprobe                  getone
               hopcheck                        hopcheck
               Internet Rover                  NETMON (III)
               map                             netstat
               netmon (I)                      net_monitor
               net_monitor                     NMC
               NPRV                            NPRV
               ping                            query
               spray                           Snmp Libraries
               traceroute                      snmproute
               TTCP                            snmpsrc
               Unisys NCC                      snmpxrtmetric
               xup                             traceroute
                                               WIN/MGT Station
                                               XNETMON (II)
          proprietary
               ConnectVIEW
               EtherMeter                 security
               LanProbe                        Comp. Security Checklist
               SERAG                           ConnectVIEW
               TokenVIEW                       Dual Manager
                                               LAN Patrol
                                               SERAG
          reference                            XNETMON (II)
               HyperMIB
               Unisys NCC

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          SMTP                            sourcelib
               Internet Rover                  CMIP Library
               LANWatch                        CMU SNMP
               mconnect                        HyperMIB
               Sniffer                         Internet Rover
                                               LANWatch
                                               map
          SNMP                                 NETMON (III)
               CMU SNMP                        net_monitor
               decaddrs                        proxyd
               Dual Manager                    SNMP Kit
               getone                          Snmp Libraries
               map                             Snmpd (II)
               Netlabs SNMP Agent              SpiderMonitor
               NETMON (III)                    XNETMON (II)
               NMC                             xnetperfmon
               OverVIEW
               proxyd
               SNMP Kit                   spoof
               Snmp Libraries                  DiG
               snmpask                         Internet Rover
               snmpd (I)                       mconnect
               snmpd (II)                      nhfsstone
               snmplookup                      nslookup
               snmpperfmon                     query
               snmppoll                        SPIMS
               snmpquery
               snmproute
               snmpset                    standalone
               snmpsrc                         EtherMeter
               snmpstat                        Sniffer
               snmptrapd                       SpiderMonitor
               snmpwatch
               snmpxbar
               snmpxconn                  star
               snmpxmon                        LAN Patrol
               snmpxperf                       LANWatch
               snmpxperfmon                    map
               snmpxrtmetric                   NETMON (III)
               Unisys NCC                      proxyd
               WIN/MGT Station                 Sniffer
               xnetmon (I)                     Snmp Libraries
               XNETMON (II)                    snmpd (II)
               xnetperfmon                     XNETMON (II)
                                               xnetperfmon

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          status                          traffic
               CMIP Library                    ENTM
               CMU SNMP                        etherfind
               ConnectVIEW                     EtherMeter
               DiG                             EtherView
               Dual Manager                    LAN Patrol
               getone                          LanProbe
               Internet Rover                  LANWatch
               LanProbe                        NETMON (II)
               mconnect                        netwatch
               Netlabs CMOT Agent              Network Integrator
               Netlabs SNMP Agent              nfswatch
               netmon (I)                      NMC
               net_monitor                     NNStat
               NMC                             osimon
               NNStat                          OSITRACE
               NPRV                            Sniffer
               nslookup                        snmpxperfmon
               osimic                          SpiderMonitor
               osimon                          tcpdump
               OverVIEW                        tcplogger
               ping                            TRPT
               proxyd                          Unisys NCC
               sma                             WIN/MGT Station
               SNMP Kit
               Snmp Libraries
               snmpask
               snmpd (I)
               snmpd (II)
               snmplookup
               snmpperfmon
               snmppoll
               snmpquery
               snmpstat
               snmpwatch
               snmpxbar
               snmpxconn
               snmpxmon
               snmpxperf
               snmpxperfmon
               TokenVIEW
               Unisys NCC
               WIN/MGT Station
               xnetmon (I)
               XNETMON (II)
               xnetperfmon
               xup

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                                               snmpxbar
          UNIX                                 snmpxconn
               arp                             snmpxmon
               CMIP Library                    snmpxperf
               CMU SNMP                        snmpxperfmon
               decaddrs                        snmpxrtmetric
               DiG                             SPIMS
               Dual Manager                    spray
               etherfind                       tcpdump
               etherhostprobe                  tcplogger
               EtherView                       traceroute
               getone                          TRPT
               Internet Rover                  TTCP
               map                             Unisys NCC
               mconnect                        WIN/MGT Station
               NETMON (II)                     xnetmon (I)
               netstat                         XNETMON (II)
               Network Integrator              xnetperfmon
               net_monitor
               nfswatch
               nhfsstone                  VMS
               NMC                             arp
               NNStat                          ENTM
               nslookup                        netstat
               osilog                          net_monitor
               osimic                          NPRV
               osimon                          nslookup
               OSITRACE                        ping
               ping                            Snmp Libraries
               proxyd                          tcpdump
               query                           traceroute
               SERAG                           TTCP
               sma                             XNETMON (II)
               SNMP Kit                        xnetperfmon
               Snmp Libraries
               snmpask
               snmpd (I)
               snmpd (II)
               snmplookup
               snmpperfmon
               snmppoll
               snmpquery
               snmproute
               snmpset
               snmpsrc
               snmpstat
               snmptrapd
               snmpwatch

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          X
               Dual Manager
               map
               snmpxbar
               snmpxconn
               snmpxmon
               snmpxperf
               snmpxperfmon
               snmpxrtmetric
               WIN/MGT Station
               XNETMON (II)
               xnetperfmon
               xup

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3. Tool Descriptions

          This section is a collection of brief descriptions of tools
          for managing TCP/IP internets.  These entries are in alpha-
          betical order, by tool name.

          The entries all follow a standard format.  Immediately after
          the NAME of a tool are its associated KEYWORDS.  Keywords
          are terse descriptions of the purposes or attributes of a
          tool.  A more detailed description of a tool's purpose and
          characteristics is given in the ABSTRACT section.  The
          MECHANISM section describes how a tool works.  In CAVEATS,
          warnings about tool use are given.  In BUGS, known bugs or
          bug-report procedures are given.  LIMITATIONS describes the
          boundaries of a tool's capabilities.  HARDWARE REQUIRED and
          SOFTWARE REQUIRED relate the operational environment a tool
          needs.  Finally, in AVAILABILITY, pointers to vendors,
          online repositories, or other sources for a tool are given.

          We deal with the problem of tool-name clashes -- different
          tools that have the same name -- by appending parenthetical
          roman numerals to the names.  For example, BYU, MITRE, and
          SNMP Research each submitted a description of a tool called
          "NETMON." These tools were independently developed, are
          functionally different, run in different environments, and
          are no more related than Richard Burton the 19th century
          explorer and Richard Burton the 20th century actor.  BYU's
          tool "NETMON" is listed as "NETMON (I)," MITRE's as "NETMON
          (II)," and the tool from SNMP Research as "NETMON (III)."

          The parenthetical roman numerals reveal only the order in
          which the catalog editor received the tool descriptions.
          They should not be construed to indicate any sort of prefer-
          ence, priority, or rights to a tool name.

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          NAME
               arp

          KEYWORDS
               routing; ethernet, IP; UNIX, VMS; free.

          ABSTRACT
               Arp displays and can modify the internet-to-ethernet
               address translations tables used by ARP, the address
               resolution protocol.

          MECHANISM
               The arp program accesses operating system memory to
               read the ARP data structures.

          CAVEATS
               None.

          BUGS
               None known.

          LIMITATIONS
               Only the super user can modify ARP entries.

          HARDWARE REQUIRED
               No restrictions.

          SOFTWARE REQUIRED
               BSD UNIX or related OS, or VMS.

          AVAILABILITY
               Available via anonymous FTP from uunet.uu.net, in
               directory bsd-sources/src/etc.  Available with 4.xBSD
               UNIX and related operating systems.  For VMS, available
               as part of TGV MultiNet IP software package, as well as
               Wollongong's WIN/TCP.

Top       Page 22 
          NAME
               CMIP Library

          KEYWORDS
               alarm, control, manager, status; OSI; UNIX; free,
               library, sourcelib.

          ABSTRACT
               The CMIP Library implements the functionality of the
               Common Management Information Service/Protocol as in
               the documents ISO DP 9595-2/9596-2 of March 1988.  It
               can act as a building block for the construction of
               CMIP-based agent and manager applications.

          MECHANISM
               The CMIP library uses ISO ROS, ACSE and ASN.1 presenta-
               tion, as implemented in ISODE, to provide its service.

          CAVEATS
               None.

          BUGS
               None known.

          LIMITATIONS
               The M-CREATE, M-DELETE and M-ACTION protocol primitives
               are not implemented in this version.

          HARDWARE REQUIRED
               Developed on Sun3, tested on Sun3 and VAXStation.

          SOFTWARE REQUIRED
               The ISODE protocol suite, BSD UNIX.

          AVAILABILITY
               The CMIP library and related management tools built
               upon it, known as OSIMIS (OSI Management Information
               Service), are publicly available from University Col-
               lege London, England via FTP and FTAM.  To obtain
               information regarding a copy send email to
               gknight@ac.ucl.cs.uk or call +44 1 380 7366.

Top       Page 23 
          NAME
               The CMU SNMP Distribution

          KEYWORDS
               manager, status; IP; NMS, SNMP; UNIX; free, sourcelib.

          ABSTRACT
               The CMU SNMP Distribution includes source code for an
               SNMP agent, several SNMP client applications, an ASN.1
               library, and supporting documentation.

               The agent compiles into about 10 KB of 68000 code.  The
               distribution includes a full agent that runs on a
               Kinetics FastPath2/3/4, and is built into the KIP
               appletalk/ethernet gateway.  The machine independent
               portions of this agent also run on CMU's IBM PC/AT
               based router.

               The applications are designed to be useful in the real
               world.  Information is collected and presented in a
               useful format and is suitable for everyday status moni-
               toring.  Input and output are interpreted symbolically.
               The tools can be used without referencing the RFCs.

          MECHANISM
               SNMP.

          CAVEATS
               None.

          BUGS
               None reported.  Send bug reports to
               sw0l+snmp@andrew.cmu.edu.  ("sw0l" is "ess double-you
               zero ell.")

          LIMITATIONS
               None reported.

          HARDWARE REQUIRED
               The KIP gateway agent runs on a Kinetics FastPath2/3/4.
               Otherwise, no restrictions.

          SOFTWARE REQUIRED
               The code was written with efficiency and portability in
               mind.  The applications compile and run on the follow-
               ing systems: IBM PC/RT running ACIS Release 3, Sun3/50
               running SUNOS 3.5, and the DEC microVax running Ultrix
               2.2.  They are expected to run on any system with a

Top       Page 24 
               Berkeley socket interface.

          AVAILABILITY
               This distribution is copyrighted by CMU, but may be
               used and sold without permission.  Consult the copy-
               right notices for further information.  The distribu-
               tion is available by anonymous FTP from the host
               lancaster.andrew.cmu.edu (128.2.13.21) as the files
               pub/cmu-snmp.9.tar, and pub/kip-snmp.9.tar.  The former
               includes the libraries and the applications, and the
               latter is the KIP SNMP agent.

               Please direct questions, comments, and bug reports to
               sw0l+snmp@andrew.cmu.edu.  ("sw0l" is "ess double-you
               zero ell.")  If you pick up this package, please send a
               note to the above address, so that you may be notified
               of future enhancements/changes and additions to the set
               of applications (several are planned).

Top       Page 25 
          NAME
               Computer Security Checklist

          KEYWORDS
               security; DOS.

          ABSTRACT
               This program consists of 858 computer security ques-
               tions divided up in thirteen sections.  The program
               presents the questions to the user and records their
               responses.  After answering the questions in one of the
               thirteen sections, the user can generate a report from
               the questions and the user's answers.  The thirteen
               sections are: telecommunications security, physical
               access security, personnel security, systems develop-
               ment security, security awareness and training prac-
               tices, organizational and management security, data and
               program security, processing and operations security,
               ergonomics and error prevention, environmental secu-
               rity, and backup and recovery security.

               The questions are weighted as to their importance, and
               the report generator can sort the questions by weight.
               This way the most important issues can be tackled
               first.

          MECHANISM
               The questions are displayed on the screen and the user
               is prompted for a single keystroke reply.  When the end
               of one of the thirteen sections is reached, the answers
               are written to a disk file.  The question file and the
               answer file are merged to create the report file.

          CAVEATS
               None.

          BUGS
               None known.

          LIMITATIONS
               None reported.

          HARDWARE REQUIRED
               No restrictions.

          SOFTWARE REQUIRED
               DOS operating system.

Top       Page 26 
          AVAILABILITY
               A commercial product available from:
                    C.D., Ltd.
                    P.O. Box 58363
                    Seattle, WA 98138
                    (206) 243-8700

Top       Page 27 
          NAME
               ConnectVIEW

          KEYWORDS
               control, manager, routing, security, status; bridge,
               ethernet, ring; NMS, proprietary; DOS.

          ABSTRACT
               The ConnectVIEW Network Management System consists of
               various software managers that control and manage Hal-
               ley System's internets made of of ConnectLAN 100 ether-
               net and ConnectLAN 200 Token Ring Brouters.  The
               management software provides an icon-based graphical
               network display with real-time monitoring and report-
               ing, along with configuration, fault, performance and
               security management functions for managing ConnectLAN
               brouters.  A Planning function is also provided that
               allows users to draw their networks.

          MECHANISM
               Proprietary.

          CAVEATS
               The ConnectVIEW software must be running under Micro-
               soft Windows, preferably on a dedicated management sta-
               tion.  There is, however, no degradation of LAN
               throughput.

          BUGS
               None known.

          LIMITATIONS
               Currently works only with Halley System's products.

          HARDWARE REQUIRED
               Requires a PC/AT compatible, with 640KB RAM, EGA
               adapter and monitor, keyboard, mouse, and ethernet
               adapter.

          SOFTWARE REQUIRED
               MSDOS 3.3 or higher.  Microsoft Windows/286 version
               2.1.

          AVAILABILITY
               Commercially available from:
                    Halley Systems, Inc.
                    2730 Orchard Parkway
                    San Jose, CA  95134

Top       Page 28 
          NAME
               decaddrs, decaroute, decnroute, xnsroutes, bridgetab

          KEYWORDS
               manager, map, routing; bridge, DECnet; NMS, SNMP; UNIX.

          ABSTRACT
               These commands display private MIB information from
               Wellfleet systems.  They retrieve and format for
               display values of one or several MIB variables from the
               Wellfleet Communications private enterprise MIB, using
               the SNMP (RFC1098).  In particular these tools are used
               to examine the non-IP modules (DECnet, XNS, and Bridg-
               ing) of a Wellfleet system.

               Decaddrs displays the DECnet configuration of a
               Wellfleet system acting as a DECnet router, showing the
               static parameters associated with each DECnet inter-
               face.  Decaroute and decnroute display the DECnet
               inter-area and intra-area routing tables (that is area
               routes and node routes).  Xnsroutes displays routes
               known to a Wellfleet system acting as an XNS router.
               Bridgetab displays the bridge forwarding table with the
               disposition of traffic arriving from or directed to
               each station known to the Wellfleet bridge module.  All
               these commands take an IP address as the argument and
               can specify an SNMP community for the retrieval.  One
               SNMP query is performed for each row of the table.
               Note that the Wellfleet system must be operating as an
               IP router for the SNMP to be accessible.

          MECHANISM
               Management information is exchanged by use of SNMP.

          CAVEATS
               None.

          BUGS
               None known.

          LIMITATIONS
               None reported.

          HARDWARE REQUIRED
               Distributed and supported for Sun 3 systems.

          SOFTWARE REQUIRED
               Distributed and supported for SunOS 3.5 and 4.x.

Top       Page 29 
          AVAILABILITY
               Commercial product of:
                    Wellfleet Communications, Inc.
                    12 DeAngelo Drive
                    Bedford, MA 01730-2204
                    (617) 275-2400

Top       Page 30 
          NAME
               DiG

          KEYWORDS
               status; DNS; spoof; UNIX; free.

          ABSTRACT
               DiG (domain information groper), is a command line tool
               which queries DNS servers in either an interactive or a
               batch mode.  It was developed to be more
               convenient/flexible than nslookup for gathering perfor-
               mance data and testing DNS servers.

          MECHANISM
               Dig is built on a slightly modified version of the bind
               resolver (release 4.8).

          CAVEATS
               none.

          BUGS
               None known.

          LIMITATIONS
               None reported.

          HARDWARE REQUIRED
               No restrictions.

          SOFTWARE REQUIRED
               BSD UNIX.

          AVAILABILITY
               DiG is available via anonymous FTP from venera.isi.edu
               in pub/dig.1.0.tar.Z.

Top       Page 31 
          NAME
               Dual Manager

          KEYWORDS
               alarm, control, manager, map, security, status; IP,
               OSI; NMS, SNMP, X; UNIX; library.

          ABSTRACT
               Netlabs' Dual Manager provides management of TCP/IP
               networks using both SNMP and CMOT protocols.  Such
               management can be initiated either through the X-
               Windows user interface (both Motif and Openlook), or
               through OSI Network Management (CMIP) commands.  The
               Dual Manager provides for configuration, fault, secu-
               rity and performance management.  It provides extensive
               map management features, including scanned maps in the
               background.  It provides simple mechanisms to extend
               the MIB and assign specific lists of objects to
               specific network elements, thereby providing for the
               management of all vendors' specific MIB extensions.  It
               provides an optional relational DBMS for storing and
               retrieving MIB and alarm information.  Finally, the
               Dual Manager is an open platform, in that it provides
               several Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) for
               users to extend the functionality of the Dual Manager.

               The Dual Manager is expected to work as a TCP/IP
               "branch manager" under DEC's EMA, AT&T's UNMA and other
               OSI-conformant enterprise management architectures.

          MECHANISM
               The Netlabs Dual Manager supports the control and moni-
               toring of network resources by use of both CMOT and
               SNMP message exchanges.

          CAVEATS
               None.

          BUGS
               None known.

          LIMITATIONS
               None reported.

          HARDWARE REQUIRED
               Runs on Sun/3 and Sun/4s.

Top       Page 32 
          SOFTWARE REQUIRED
               Available on System V or SCO Open Desktop environments.
               Uses X-Windows for the user interface.

          AVAILABILITY
               Commercially available from:
                    Netlabs Inc
                    11693 Chenault Street Ste 348
                    Los Angeles CA 90049
                    (213) 476-4070
                    lam@netlabs.com (Anne Lam)

Top       Page 33 
          NAME
               ENTM -- Ethernet Traffic Monitor

          KEYWORDS
               traffic; ethernet, IP; eavesdrop; VMS; free.

          ABSTRACT
               ENTM is a screen-oriented utility that runs under
               VAX/VMS.  It monitors local ethernet traffic and
               displays either a real time or cumulative, histogram
               showing a percent breakdown of traffic by ethernet pro-
               tocol type.  The information in the display can be
               reported based on packet count or byte count.  The per-
               cent of broadcast, multicast and approximate lost pack-
               ets is reported as well.  The screen display is updated
               every three seconds.  Additionally, a real time, slid-
               ing history window may be displayed showing ethernet
               traffic patterns for the last five minutes.

               ENTM can also report IP traffic statistics by packet
               count or byte count.  The IP histograms reflect infor-
               mation collected at the TCP and UDP port level, includ-
               ing ICMP type/code combinations.  Both the ethernet and
               IP histograms may be sorted by ASCII protocol/port name
               or by percent-value.  All screen displays can be saved
               in a file for printing later.

          MECHANISM
               This utility simply places the ethernet controller in
               promiscuous mode and monitors the local area network
               traffic.  It preallocates 10 receive buffers and
               attempts to keep 22 reads pending on the ethernet dev-
               ice.

          CAVEATS
               Placing the ethernet controller in promiscuous mode may
               severly slow down a VAX system.  Depending on the speed
               of the VAX system and the amount of traffic on the  lo-
               cal  ethernet,  a large amount of CPU time may be spent
               on the Interrupt Stack.  Running this code on any  pro-
               duction system during operational hours is discouraged.

Top       Page 34 
          BUGS
               Due to a bug in the VAX/VMS ethernet/802 device driver,
               IEEE  802 format packets may not always be detected.  A
               simple test is performed to "guess" which  packets  are
               in  IEEE  802  format (DSAP equal to SSAP).  Thus, some
               DSAP/SSAP pairs may be reported as  an  ethernet  type,
               while  valid ethernet types may be reported as IEEE 802
               packets.

               In some hardware configurations, placing an ethernet
               controller in promiscuous mode with automatic-restart
               enabled will hang the controller.  Our VAX 8650 hangs
               running this code, while our uVAX IIs and uVAX IIIs do
               not.

               Please report any additional bugs to the author at:
                    Allen Sturtevant
                    National Magnetic Fusion Energy Computer Center
                    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
                    P.O. Box 808; L-561
                    Livermore, CA  94550
                    Phone : (415) 422-8266
                    E-Mail: sturtevant@ccc.nmfecc.gov

          LIMITATIONS
               The user is required to have PHY_IO, TMPMBX and NETMBX
               privileges.  When activated, the program first checks
               that the user process as enough quotas remaining
               (BYTLM, BIOLM, ASTLM and PAGFLQUO) to successfully run
               the program without entering into an involuntary wait
               state.  Some quotas require a fairly generous setting.

               The contents of IEEE 802 packets are not examined.
               Only the presence of IEEE 802 packets on the wire is
               reported.

               The count of lost packets is approximated.  If, after
               each read completes on the ethernet device, the utility
               detects that it has no reads pending on that device,
               the lost packet counter is incremented by one.

               When the total number of bytes processed exceeds
               7fffffff hex, all counters are automatically reset to
               zero.

          HARDWARE REQUIRED
               A DEC ethernet controller.


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