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RFC 7884

Proposed STD
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OSPF Extensions to Advertise Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (S-BFD) Target Discriminators

 


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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                      C. Pignataro
Request for Comments: 7884                                         Cisco
Category: Standards Track                                      M. Bhatia
ISSN: 2070-1721                                           Ionos Networks
                                                               S. Aldrin
                                                     Huawei Technologies
                                                            T. Ranganath
                                                                   Nokia
                                                               July 2016


OSPF Extensions to Advertise Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
                     (S-BFD) Target Discriminators

Abstract

   This document defines a new OSPF Router Information (RI) TLV that
   allows OSPF routers to flood the Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding
   Detection (S-BFD) Discriminator values associated with a target
   network identifier.  This mechanism is applicable to both OSPFv2 and
   OSPFv3.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7884.

[Page 2] 
Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................3
      1.1. Relationship between OSPF and S-BFD ........................3
   2. Implementation ..................................................3
      2.1. S-BFD Discriminator TLV ....................................4
      2.2. Flooding Scope .............................................4
   3. Backward Compatibility ..........................................5
   4. Security Considerations .........................................5
   5. IANA Considerations .............................................6
   6. References ......................................................6
      6.1. Normative References .......................................6
      6.2. Informative References .....................................6
   Acknowledgements ...................................................7
   Authors' Addresses .................................................7

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1.  Introduction

   Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (S-BFD), specified in
   [RFC7880], is a simplified mechanism for using BFD with many
   negotiations eliminated.  This is achieved by using 4-octet
   discriminators, unique within an administrative domain, to identify
   the network targets.  These S-BFD Discriminators can be advertised by
   the IGPs, and this document concerns itself with OSPF.  Specifically,
   this document defines a new TLV (named the S-BFD Discriminator TLV)
   to be carried within the OSPF Router Information (RI) Link State
   Advertisement (LSA) [RFC7770].

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

1.1.  Relationship between OSPF and S-BFD

   This document implicitly defines a relationship between OSPF and
   S-BFD.  S-BFD assigns one or more discriminators to each S-BFD
   reflector node.  OSPF, in turn, learns about these from S-BFD and
   floods them in the newly defined TLV.  After this information is
   flooded, it is stored in all the OSPF nodes such that S-BFD
   initiators can map out target nodes to target discriminators and can
   therefore construct the S-BFD probe.

   When multiple S-BFD Discriminators are advertised, how a given
   discriminator is mapped to a specific use case is out of scope for
   this document.

2.  Implementation

   This extension makes use of the Router Information (RI) Opaque LSA,
   defined in [RFC7770], for both OSPFv2 [RFC2328] and OSPFv3 [RFC5340]
   by defining a new OSPF Router Information (RI) TLV: the S-BFD
   Discriminator TLV.

   The S-BFD Discriminator TLV is OPTIONAL.  Upon receipt of the TLV, a
   router may decide to install the S-BFD Discriminator in the BFD
   target identifier table.

   In the presence of multiple instances of the OSPFv2/OSPFv3 Router
   Information LSA, the S-BFD Discriminators for an OSPF router are the
   union of all discriminators advertised in all instances of the S-BFD
   Discriminator TLV (see Section 2.1) in all advertised non-MaxAge OSPF
   Router Information LSAs.

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2.1.  S-BFD Discriminator TLV

   The format of the S-BFD Discriminator TLV is as follows:

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |              Type             |             Length            |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                         Discriminator 1                       |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                    Discriminator 2 (Optional)                 |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                               ...                             |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                    Discriminator n (Optional)                 |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   Type - S-BFD Discriminator TLV Type (11)

   Length - This field represents the total length of the
      discriminator(s) that appears in the Value field, in octets.  Each
      discriminator is 4 octets, so the Length is four times the number
      of discriminators included in the TLV.  There is no optional
      padding for this field.

   Discriminator(s) - The Value field of the TLV includes the S-BFD
      network target Discriminator value or values.

   Routers that do not recognize the S-BFD Discriminator TLV Type will
   ignore the TLV [RFC7770] and therefore will not learn S-BFD
   Discriminators via OSPF.

2.2.  Flooding Scope

   The S-BFD Discriminator TLV is advertised within OSPFv2 Router
   Information LSAs (Opaque type of 4 and Opaque ID of 0) or OSPFv3
   Router Information LSAs (function code of 12), which are defined in
   [RFC7770].  As such, elements of this procedure are inherited from
   those defined in [RFC7770].

   The flooding scope is controlled by the Opaque LSA type (as defined
   in [RFC5250]) in OSPFv2 and by the S1/S2 bits (as defined in
   [RFC5340]) in OSPFv3.  If the flooding scope is area local, then the
   S-BFD Discriminator TLV MUST be carried within an OSPFv2 type 10
   Router Information LSA or an OSPFV3 Router Information LSA with the
   S1 bit set and the S2 bit clear.  If the flooding scope is the entire

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   IGP domain, then the S-BFD Discriminator TLV MUST be carried within
   an OSPFv2 type 11 Router Information LSA or OSPFv3 Router Information
   LSA with the S1 bit clear and the S2 bit set.

   When the S-BFD reflector is deactivated, the OSPF speaker advertising
   a particular S-BFD Discriminator MUST originate a new Router
   Information LSA that no longer includes the corresponding S-BFD
   Discriminator TLV, provided there are other TLVs in the LSA.  If
   there are no other TLVs in the LSA, it MUST either send an empty
   Router Information LSA or purge it by prematurely aging it.

   For intra-area reachability, the S-BFD Discriminator TLV information
   regarding a specific target identifier is only considered current and
   usable when the router advertising that information is itself
   reachable via OSPF calculated paths in the same area of the LSA in
   which the S-BFD Discriminator TLV appears.  In the case of
   domain-wide flooding, i.e., where the originator is sitting in a
   remote area, the mechanism described in Section 5 of [RFC5250] should
   be used.

   Although the S-BFD Discriminators may change when enabling the S-BFD
   functionality or via an explicit configuration event, such changes
   are expected to occur very rarely.  Such changes in information will
   require that the S-BFD Discriminator TLV in OSPF be advertised.

   A change in information in the S-BFD Discriminator TLV MUST NOT
   trigger any SPF computations at a receiving router.

3.  Backward Compatibility

   The S-BFD Discriminator TLV defined in this document does not
   introduce any interoperability issues.

   A router not supporting the S-BFD Discriminator TLV will just
   silently ignore the TLV, as specified in [RFC7770].

4.  Security Considerations

   This document defines OSPF extensions to distribute the S-BFD
   Discriminator within an administrative domain.  Hence, the security
   of S-BFD Discriminator distribution relies on the security of OSPF.

   OSPF provides no encryption mechanism for protecting the privacy of
   LSAs and, in particular, the privacy of the S-BFD Discriminator
   advertisement information.  However, this is not a concern, as there
   isn't any need to hide the Discriminator value that can be used to
   reach the reflectors.

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5.  IANA Considerations

   IANA has defined a registry for TLVs carried in the Router
   Information LSA defined in [RFC7770].  IANA has assigned a new TLV
   codepoint (11) for the S-BFD Discriminator TLV in the "OSPF Router
   Information (RI) TLVs" registry.

        Value      TLV Name                 Reference
        -----      --------                 ----------
        11         S-BFD                    RFC 7884
                   Discriminator

6.  References

6.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC2328]  Moy, J., "OSPF Version 2", STD 54, RFC 2328,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2328, April 1998,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2328>.

   [RFC5340]  Coltun, R., Ferguson, D., Moy, J., and A. Lindem, "OSPF
              for IPv6", RFC 5340, DOI 10.17487/RFC5340, July 2008,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5340>.

   [RFC7770]  Lindem, A., Ed., Shen, N., Vasseur, JP., Aggarwal, R., and
              S. Shaffer, "Extensions to OSPF for Advertising Optional
              Router Capabilities", RFC 7770, DOI 10.17487/RFC7770,
              February 2016, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7770>.

   [RFC7880]  Pignataro, C., Ward, D., Akiya, N., Bhatia, M., and S.
              Pallagatti, "Seamless Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
              (S-BFD)", RFC 7880, DOI 10.17487/RFC7880, July 2016,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7880>.

6.2.  Informative References

   [RFC5250]  Berger, L., Bryskin, I., Zinin, A., and R. Coltun, "The
              OSPF Opaque LSA Option", RFC 5250, DOI 10.17487/RFC5250,
              July 2008, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5250>.

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Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thank Nobo Akiya, Les Ginsberg, Mach Chen,
   and Peter Psenak for insightful comments and useful suggestions.

Authors' Addresses

   Carlos Pignataro
   Cisco Systems, Inc.

   Email: cpignata@cisco.com


   Manav Bhatia
   Ionos Networks

   Email: manav@ionosnetworks.com


   Sam Aldrin
   Huawei Technologies

   Email: aldrin.ietf@gmail.com


   Trilok Ranganath
   Nokia

   Email: trilok.ranganatha@nokia.com