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RFC 7674

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Clarification of the Flowspec Redirect Extended Community

Updates:    5575


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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                      J. Haas, Ed.
Request for Comments: 7674                              Juniper Networks
Updates: 5575                                               October 2015
Category: Standards Track
ISSN: 2070-1721


       Clarification of the Flowspec Redirect Extended Community

Abstract

   This document updates RFC 5575 ("Dissemination of Flow Specification
   Rules") to clarify the formatting of the BGP Flowspec Redirect
   Extended Community.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7674.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.1.  BGP Transitive Extended Community Types . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.2.  Update to BGP Generic Transitive Experimental Use
           Extended Community Sub-Types  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.3.  Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community
           Part 2 Sub-Types  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.4.  Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community
           Part 3 Sub-Types  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   3.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   4.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7

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1.  Introduction

   "Dissemination of Flow Specification Rules" [RFC5575], commonly known
   as BGP Flowspec, provided for a BGP Extended Community [RFC4360] that
   served to redirect traffic to a Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF)
   instance that matched the flow specification's Network Layer
   Reachability Information (NLRI).  In RFC 5575, the Redirect Extended
   Community was documented as follows:

   : +--------+--------------------+--------------------------+
   : | type   | extended community | encoding                 |
   : +--------+--------------------+--------------------------+
   : | 0x8008 | redirect           | 6-byte Route Target      |
   : +--------+--------------------+--------------------------+
   :
   : [...]
   :
   : Redirect:  The redirect extended community allows the traffic to be
   : redirected to a VRF routing instance that lists the specified
   : route-target in its import policy.  If several local instances
   : match this criteria, the choice between them is a local matter
   : (for example, the instance with the lowest Route Distinguisher
   : value can be elected).  This extended community uses the same
   : encoding as the Route Target extended community [RFC4360].
   : [...]
   :
   : 11. IANA Considerations
   : [...]
   :
   : The following traffic filtering flow specification rules have been
   : allocated by IANA from the "BGP Extended Communities Type -
   : Experimental Use" registry as follows:
   : [...]
   :
   : 0x8008 - Flow spec redirect

   The IANA registry of BGP Extended Communities clearly identifies
   communities of specific formats.  For example, "Two-octet AS Specific
   Extended Community" [RFC4360], "Four-octet AS Specific Extended
   Community" [RFC5668], and "IPv4 Address Specific Extended Community"
   [RFC4360].  Route Targets [RFC4360] identify this format in the high-
   order (Type) octet of the Extended Community and set the value of the
   low-order (Sub-Type) octet to 0x02.  The Value field of the Route
   Target Extended Community is intended to be interpreted in the
   context of its format.

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   Since the Redirect Extended Community only registered a single
   codepoint in IANA's BGP Extended Community registry, a common
   interpretation of the Redirect Extended Community's "6-byte Route
   Target" has been to look, at a receiving router, for a Route Target
   value that matches the Route Target value in the received Redirect
   Extended Community and import the advertised route to the
   corresponding VRF instance subject to the rules defined in [RFC5575].
   However, because the Route Target format in the Redirect Extended
   Community is not clearly defined, the wrong match may occur.

   This "value wildcard" matching behavior, which does not take into
   account the format of the Route Target defined for a local VRF and
   may result in the wrong matching decision, does not match deployed
   implementations of BGP Flowspec.  Deployed implementations of BGP
   Flowspec solve this problem by defining different Redirect Extended
   Communities that are specific to the format of the Route Target
   value.  This document defines the following Redirect Extended
   Communities:

   +--------+--------------------+-------------------------------------+
   | type   | extended community | encoding                            |
   +--------+--------------------+-------------------------------------+
   | 0x8008 | redirect AS-2byte  | 2-octet AS, 4-octet Value           |
   | 0x8108 | redirect IPv4      | 4-octet IPv4 Address, 2-octet Value |
   | 0x8208 | redirect AS-4byte  | 4-octet AS, 2-octet Value           |
   +--------+--------------------+-------------------------------------+

   It should be noted that the low-order nibble of the Redirect's Type
   field corresponds to the Route Target Extended Community format field
   (Type).  (See Sections 3.1, 3.2, and 4 of [RFC4360] plus Section 2 of
   [RFC5668].)  The low-order octet (Sub-Type) of the Redirect Extended
   Community remains 0x08, in contrast to 0x02 for Route Targets.

   The IANA registries for the BGP Extended Communities document
   [RFC7153] was written to update the previously mentioned IANA
   registries to better document BGP Extended Community formats.  The
   IANA Considerations section below further amends those registry
   updates in order to properly document the Flowspec redirect
   communities.

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2.  IANA Considerations

2.1.  BGP Transitive Extended Community Types

   IANA has updated the "BGP Transitive Extended Community Types"
   registry as follows:

   0x81 -  Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community Part 2
           (Sub-Types are defined in the "Generic Transitive
           Experimental Extended Community Part 2 Sub-Types" Registry)

   0x82 -  Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community Part 3
           (Sub-Types are defined in the "Generic Transitive
           Experimental Use Extended Community Part 3 Sub-Types"
           Registry)

2.2.  Update to BGP Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended
      Community Sub-Types

   IANA has updated the "BGP Generic Transitive Experimental Use
   Extended Community Sub-Types" registry as follows:

     0x08 - Flow spec redirect AS-2byte format   [RFC5575] [RFC7674]

2.3.  Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community Part 2
      Sub-Types

   IANA has created the "Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended
   Community Part 2 Sub-Types" registry.  This has been created under
   the "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Extended Communities" registry and
   contains the following note:

      This registry contains values of the second octet (the "Sub-Type"
      field) of an extended community when the value of the first octet
      (the "Type" field) is 0x81.

   Registry Name: Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community
   Part 2 Sub-Types

     RANGE              REGISTRATION PROCEDURE
     0x00-0xbf          First Come First Served
     0xc0-0xff          IETF Review

     SUB-TYPE VALUE     NAME                             REFERENCE
     0x00-0x07          Unassigned
     0x08               Flow spec redirect IPv4 format   [RFC7674]
     0x09-0xff          Unassigned

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2.4.  Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community Part 3
      Sub-Types

   IANA has created the "Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended
   Community Part 3 Sub-Types" registry.  This registry has been created
   under the "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Extended Communities"
   registry and contains the following note:

      This registry contains values of the second octet (the "Sub-Type"
      field) of an extended community when the value of the first octet
      (the "Type" field) is 0x82.

   Registry Name: Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community
   Part 2 Sub-Types

     RANGE              REGISTRATION PROCEDURE
     0x00-0xbf          First Come First Served
     0xc0-0xff          IETF Review

     SUB-TYPE VALUE     NAME                                 REFERENCE
     0x00-0x07          Unassigned
     0x08               Flow spec redirect AS-4byte format   [RFC7674]
     0x09-0xff          Unassigned

3.  Security Considerations

   This document introduces no additional security considerations than
   those already covered in [RFC5575].  It should be noted that if the
   wildcard behavior were actually implemented, this ambiguity may lead
   to the installation of Flowspec rules in an incorrect VRF and may
   lead to traffic to be incorrectly delivered.

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4.  Normative References

   [RFC4360]  Sangli, S., Tappan, D., and Y. Rekhter, "BGP Extended
              Communities Attribute", RFC 4360, DOI 10.17487/RFC4360,
              February 2006, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4360>.

   [RFC5575]  Marques, P., Sheth, N., Raszuk, R., Greene, B., Mauch, J.,
              and D. McPherson, "Dissemination of Flow Specification
              Rules", RFC 5575, DOI 10.17487/RFC5575, August 2009,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5575>.

   [RFC5668]  Rekhter, Y., Sangli, S., and D. Tappan, "4-Octet AS
              Specific BGP Extended Community", RFC 5668,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5668, October 2009,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5668>.

   [RFC7153]  Rosen, E. and Y. Rekhter, "IANA Registries for BGP
              Extended Communities", RFC 7153, DOI 10.17487/RFC7153,
              March 2014, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7153>.

Acknowledgements

   The content of this document was raised as part of implementation
   discussions of the BGP Flowspec with the following individuals:

      Andrew Karch (Cisco)

      Robert Raszuk

      Adam Simpson (Alcatel-Lucent)

      Matthieu Texier (Arbor Networks)

      Kaliraj Vairavakkalai (Juniper)

Author's Address

   Jeffrey Haas (editor)
   Juniper Networks

   Email: jhaas@juniper.net