Network Working Group Bob Bressler
Request for Comments #487 BBN
NIC #15065 6 April 1973 Free File Transfer
In the past several months, many people have commented to me about
their difficulty in transferring files. The hang up appears to be with
systems that have some flavor of security, but on which the user has no
access privileges. Specifically, the FTP server demands a user and
password before it will grant any system access. The loophole which
people have been using is the MAIL FILE facility, which is both limited
in scope and intended for other purposes.
A frequently used model for file protection is to define three
levels of user access: 1) only the user himself; 2) all users in a
group; 3) everyone. Up until now, "everyone" has meant anyone already
granted logon privileges. A new class is, perhaps, needed to cover
everyone, exclusive of whether or not they are logged on.
With all this in mind, I propose the following course of action:
If a user connects to an FTP server and makes a file request without
supplying a user name-password, the server should then examine the file
access parameters. If the file is listed as accessible to anyone, then
the transfer should be allowed to proceed.
This scheme can be implemented so as not to yield file creations
privileges - for example, store commands can be implemented via an
append mechanism. If I wanted a file sent to me I could create an empty
file with unlimited append access. I would then inform the foreign user
to store (append?) to that file.
The problem of accounting is somewhat more complex. Clearly,
storing a file in a user's directory can be charged to that user. When
retrieving a file from a general system directory, there is no "user"
specified, and overhead may have to be billed. The former case involved
both CPU time for transfer and secondary storage charges for storing the
new file. In the latter case, only CPU charges are involved, and these
may be sufficiently small to not cause a major problem.
BBN TENEX has agreed to modify their FTP server to allow general
access transfers as described above. Specific details for usage will be
available when installation is complete. I urge other systems to make
this service available, if only on an experimental basis. The success
of such an experiment will be judged by the reaction of the general user
community and the uses to which FTP is put.
NOTE: Bob Clements tells me that the BBN TENEX implementation will
probably require a user name of something like "FREE" or
"ANONYMOUS", but not require a password.
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