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RFC 9059

Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) Extensions for Associated Bidirectional Label Switched Paths (LSPs)

Pages: ~20
IETF/rtg/pce/draft-ietf-pce-association-bidir-14
Proposed Standard

Top   ToC   RFCv3-9059
R. Gandhi, Ed.
Cisco Systems, Inc.
C. Barth
Juniper Networks
B. Wen
Comcast
June 2021

Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) Extensions for Associated Bidirectional Label Switched Paths (LSPs)

Abstract

This document defines Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) extensions for grouping two unidirectional MPLS-TE Label Switched Paths (LSPs), one in each direction in the network, into an associated bidirectional LSP. These PCEP extensions can be applied either using a stateful PCE for both PCE-initiated and PCC-initiated LSPs or using a stateless PCE. The PCEP procedures defined are applicable to the LSPs using RSVP-TE for signaling.

Status of This Memo

This is an Internet Standards Track document.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.
Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc9059.

Copyright Notice

Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License.
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1.  Introduction

[RFC 5440] describes the Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) as a communication mechanism between a Path Computation Client (PCC) and a Path Computation Element (PCE), or between PCE and PCC, that enables computation of Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) - Traffic Engineering (TE) Label Switched Paths (LSPs).
[RFC 8231] specifies extensions to PCEP to enable stateful control of MPLS-TE LSPs. It describes two modes of operation: passive stateful PCE and active stateful PCE. In [RFC 8231], the focus is on active stateful PCE where LSPs are provisioned on the PCC and control over them is delegated to a PCE. Further, [RFC 8281] describes the setup, maintenance, and teardown of PCE-initiated LSPs for the stateful PCE model.
[RFC 8697] introduces a generic mechanism for creating a grouping of LSPs. This grouping can then be used to define associations between sets of LSPs or between a set of LSPs and a set of attributes, and it is equally applicable to the stateful PCE (active and passive modes) and the stateless PCE.
The MPLS Transport Profile (MPLS-TP) requirements document [RFC 5654] specifies that "MPLS-TP MUST support unidirectional, co-routed bidirectional, and associated bidirectional point-to-point transport paths". [RFC 7551] defines RSVP signaling extensions for binding forward and reverse unidirectional LSPs into an associated bidirectional LSP. The fast reroute (FRR) procedures for associated bidirectional LSPs are described in [RFC 8537].
This document defines PCEP extensions for grouping two unidirectional MPLS-TE LSPs into an associated bidirectional LSP for both single-sided and double-sided initiation cases either when using a stateful PCE for both PCE-initiated and PCC-initiated LSPs or when using a stateless PCE. The procedures defined are applicable to the LSPs using Resource Reservation Protocol - Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) for signaling [RFC 3209]. Specifically, this document defines two new Association Types, Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association and Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association, as well as the Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV, to carry additional information for the association.
The procedure for associating two unidirectional Segment Routing (SR) paths to form an associated bidirectional SR path is defined in [BIDIR-PATH] and is outside the scope of this document.
Top   ToC   RFCv3-9059

2.  Conventions Used in This Document

2.1.  Key Word Definitions

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 [RFC 2119] [RFC 8174] when, and only when, they appear in all capitals, as shown here.

2.2.  Terminology

The reader is assumed to be familiar with the terminology defined in [RFC 5440], [RFC 7551], [RFC 8231], and [RFC 8697].
Top   ToC   RFCv3-9059

3.  Overview

As shown in Figure 1, forward and reverse unidirectional LSPs can be grouped to form an associated bidirectional LSP. Node A is the ingress node for LSP1 and egress node for LSP2, whereas node D is the ingress node for LSP2 and egress node for LSP1. There are two methods of initiating the Bidirectional LSP Association, single-sided and double-sided, as defined in [RFC 7551] and described in the following sections.
            LSP1 -->          LSP1 -->          LSP1 -->
   +-----+           +-----+           +-----+           +-----+
   |  A  +-----------+  B  +-----------+  C  +-----------+  D  |
   +-----+           +--+--+           +--+--+           +-----+
            <-- LSP2    |                 |     <-- LSP2
                        |                 |  
                        |                 |  
                     +--+--+           +--+--+
                     |  E  +-----------+  F  |
                     +-----+           +-----+
                             <-- LSP2

3.1.  Single-Sided Initiation

As specified in [RFC 7551], in the single-sided case, the bidirectional tunnel is provisioned only on one endpoint node (PCC) of the tunnel. Both endpoint nodes act as PCCs. Both forward and reverse LSPs of this tunnel are initiated with the Association Type set to "Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association" on the originating endpoint node. The forward and reverse LSPs are identified in the Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV of their PCEP ASSOCIATION objects.
The originating endpoint node signals the properties for the reverse LSP in the RSVP REVERSE_LSP object [RFC 7551] of the forward LSP Path message. The remote endpoint node then creates the corresponding reverse tunnel and reverse LSP, and it then signals the reverse LSP in response to the received RSVP-TE Path message. Similarly, the remote endpoint node deletes the reverse LSP when it receives the RSVP-TE message to delete the forward LSP [RFC 3209].
As specified in [RFC 8537], for fast reroute bypass tunnel assignment, the LSP starting from the originating endpoint node is identified as the forward LSP of the single-sided initiated bidirectional LSP.

3.1.1.  PCE-Initiated Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP

                                +-----+
                                | PCE |
                                +-----+
    Initiates:                   |    \      
    Tunnel 1 (F)                 |     \     
    (LSP1 (F, 0), LSP2 (R, 0))   |      \    
    Association #1               v       \   
                              +-----+    +-----+
                              |  A  |    |  D  |
                              +-----+    +-----+


                                +-----+
                                | PCE |
                                +-----+
    Reports:                     ^    ^      Reports:
    Tunnel 1 (F)                 |     \     Tunnel 2 (F)
    (LSP1 (F, P1), LSP2 (R, P2)) |      \    (LSP2 (F, P3))
    Association #1               |       \   Association #1
                              +-----+    +-----+
                              |  A  |    |  D  |
                              +-----+    +-----+

  Legend: F = Forward LSP, R = Reverse LSP, (0,P1,P2,P3) = PLSP-IDs
Using partial topology from Figure 1, as shown in Figure 2, the forward Tunnel 1 and both forward LSP1 and reverse LSP2 are initiated on the originating endpoint node A by the PCE. The PCEP-specific LSP identifiers (PLSP-IDs) used are P1 and P2 on the originating endpoint node A and P3 on the remote endpoint node D. The originating endpoint node A reports Tunnel 1 and forward LSP1 and reverse LSP2 to the PCE. The endpoint (PCC) node D reports Tunnel 2 and LSP2 to the PCE.

3.1.2.  PCC-Initiated Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP

                                +-----+
                                | PCE |
                                +-----+
    Reports/Delegates:           ^    ^      Reports:
    Tunnel 1 (F)                 |     \     Tunnel 2 (F)
    (LSP1 (F, P1), LSP2 (R, P2)) |      \    (LSP2 (F, P3))
    Association #2               |       \   Association #2
                              +-----+    +-----+
                              |  A  |    |  D  |
                              +-----+    +-----+

  Legend: F = Forward LSP, R = Reverse LSP, (P1,P2,P3) = PLSP-IDs
Using partial topology from Figure 1, as shown in Figure 3, the forward Tunnel 1 and both forward LSP1 and reverse LSP2 are initiated on the originating endpoint node A (the originating PCC). The PLSP-IDs used are P1 and P2 on the originating endpoint node A and P3 on the remote endpoint node D. The originating endpoint (PCC) node A may delegate the forward LSP1 and reverse LSP2 to the PCE. The originating endpoint node A reports Tunnel 1 and forward LSP1 and reverse LSP2 to the PCE. The endpoint (PCC) node D reports Tunnel 2 and LSP2 to the PCE.

3.2.  Double-Sided Initiation

As specified in [RFC 7551], in the double-sided case, the bidirectional tunnel is provisioned on both endpoint nodes (PCCs) of the tunnel. The forward and reverse LSPs of this tunnel are initiated with the Association Type set to "Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association" on both endpoint nodes. The forward and reverse LSPs are identified in the Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV of their ASSOCIATION objects.
As specified in [RFC 8537], for fast reroute bypass tunnel assignment, the LSP with the higher source address [RFC 3209] is identified as the forward LSP of the double-sided initiated bidirectional LSP.

3.2.1.  PCE-Initiated Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP

                            +-----+
                            | PCE |
                            +-----+
          Initiates:         |    \      Initiates:
          Tunnel 1 (F)       |     \     Tunnel 2 (F)
          (LSP1 (F, 0))      |      \    (LSP2 (F, 0))
          Association #3     v       v   Association #3
                          +-----+    +-----+
                          |  A  |    |  D  |
                          +-----+    +-----+


                            +-----+
                            | PCE |
                            +-----+
          Reports:           ^    ^      Reports:
          Tunnel 1 (F)       |     \     Tunnel 2 (F)
          (LSP1 (F, P4))     |      \    (LSP2 (F, P5))
          Association #3     |       \   Association #3
                          +-----+    +-----+
                          |  A  |    |  D  |
                          +-----+    +-----+

  Legend: F = Forward LSP, (0,P4,P5) = PLSP-IDs
Using partial topology from Figure 1, as shown in Figure 4, the forward Tunnel 1 and forward LSP1 are initiated on the endpoint node A, and the reverse Tunnel 2 and reverse LSP2 are initiated on the endpoint node D by the PCE. The PLSP-IDs used are P4 on the endpoint node A and P5 on the endpoint node D. The endpoint node A (PCC) reports the forward LSP1, and endpoint node D reports the forward LSP2 to the PCE.

3.2.2.  PCC-Initiated Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP

                            +-----+
                            | PCE |
                            +-----+
        Reports/Delegates:   ^    ^      Reports/Delegates:
        Tunnel 1 (F)         |     \     Tunnel 2 (F)
        (LSP1 (F, P4))       |      \    (LSP2 (F, P5))
        Association #4       |       \   Association #4
                          +-----+    +-----+
                          |  A  |    |  D  |
                          +-----+    +-----+

  Legend: F = Forward LSP, (P4,P5) = PLSP-IDs
Using partial topology from Figure 1, as shown in Figure 5, the forward Tunnel 1 and forward LSP1 are initiated on the endpoint node A, and the reverse Tunnel 2 and reverse LSP2 are initiated on the endpoint node D (the PCCs). The PLSP-IDs used are P4 on the endpoint node A and P5 on the endpoint node D. Both endpoint (PCC) nodes may delegate the forward LSP1 and LSP2 to the PCE. The endpoint node A (PCC) reports the forward LSP1, and endpoint node D reports the forward LSP2 to the PCE.

3.3.  Co-routed Associated Bidirectional LSP

In both single-sided and double-sided initiation cases, forward and reverse LSPs can be co-routed as shown in Figure 6, where both forward and reverse LSPs of a bidirectional LSP follow the same congruent path in the forward and reverse directions, respectively.
            LSP3 -->          LSP3 -->          LSP3 -->
   +-----+           +-----+           +-----+           +-----+
   |  A  +-----------+  B  +-----------+  C  +-----------+  D  |
   +-----+           +-----+           +-----+           +-----+
           <-- LSP4          <-- LSP4          <-- LSP4
The procedure specified in [RFC 8537] for fast reroute bypass tunnel assignment is also applicable to the co-routed associated bidirectional LSPs.

3.4.  Summary of PCEP Extensions

The PCEP extensions defined in this document cover the following modes of operation under the stateful PCE model:
  • A PCC initiates the forward and reverse LSP of a single-sided bidirectional LSP and retains control of the LSPs. Similarly, both PCCs initiate the forward LSPs of a double-sided bidirectional LSP and retain control of the LSPs. The PCC computes the path itself or makes a request for path computation to a PCE. After the path setup, it reports the information and state of the path to the PCE. This includes the association group identifying the bidirectional LSP. This is the passive stateful mode defined in [RFC 8051].
  • A PCC initiates the forward and reverse LSP of a single-sided bidirectional LSP and delegates control of the LSPs to a stateful PCE. Similarly, both PCCs initiate the forward LSPs of a double-sided bidirectional LSP and delegate control of the LSPs to a stateful PCE. During delegation, the association group identifying the bidirectional LSP is included. The PCE computes the path of the LSP and updates the PCC with the information about the path as long as it controls the LSP. This is the active stateful mode defined in [RFC 8051].
  • A PCE initiates the forward and reverse LSP of a single-sided bidirectional LSP on a PCC and retains control of the LSP. Similarly, a PCE initiates the forward LSPs of a double-sided bidirectional LSP on both PCCs and retains control of the LSPs. The PCE is responsible for computing the path of the LSP and updating the PCC with the information about the path as well as the association group identifying the bidirectional LSP. This is the PCE-initiated mode defined in [RFC 8281].
  • A PCC requests co-routed or non-co-routed paths for forward and reverse LSPs of a bidirectional LSP, including when using a stateless PCE [RFC 5440].

3.5.  Operational Considerations

The double-sided case has an advantage when compared to the single-sided case, summarized as follows:
  • In the double-sided case, two existing unidirectional LSPs in reverse directions in the network can be associated to form a bidirectional LSP without significantly increasing the operational complexity.
The single-sided case has some advantages when compared to the double-sided case, summarized as follows:
  • Some Operations, Administration, and Maintenance (OAM) use cases may require an endpoint node to know both forward and reverse paths for monitoring the bidirectional LSP. For such use cases, the single-sided case may be preferred.
  • For co-routed associated bidirectional LSPs in PCC-initiated mode, the single-sided case allows the originating PCC to dynamically compute co-routed forward and reverse paths. This may not be possible with the double-sided case where the forward and reverse paths are computed separately as triggered by two different PCCs.
  • The associated bidirectional LSPs in the single-sided case can be deployed in a network where PCEP is only enabled on the originating endpoint nodes as remote endpoint nodes create the reverse tunnels using RSVP-TE Path messages.
Top   ToC   RFCv3-9059

4.  Protocol Extensions

4.1.  ASSOCIATION Object

As per [RFC 8697], LSPs are associated by adding them to a common association group. This document defines two new Association Types, called "Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association" (4) and "Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association" (5), using the generic ASSOCIATION object (Object-Class value 40). A member of the Bidirectional LSP Association can take the role of a forward or reverse LSP and follows the following rules:
  • An LSP (forward or reverse) MUST NOT be part of more than one Bidirectional LSP Association.
  • The LSPs in a Bidirectional LSP Association MUST have matching endpoint nodes in the reverse directions.
  • The same tunnel (as defined in Section 2.1 of RFC 3209) MUST contain the forward and reverse LSPs of the Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association on the originating node, albeit both LSPs have reversed endpoint nodes.
The Bidirectional LSP Association Types are considered to be both dynamic and operator configured in nature. As per [RFC 8697], the association group could be manually created by the operator on the PCEP peers, and the LSPs belonging to this association are conveyed via PCEP messages to the PCEP peer; alternately, the association group could be created dynamically by the PCEP speaker, and both the association group information and the LSPs belonging to the association group are conveyed to the PCEP peer. The operator-configured Association Range MUST be set for this Association Type to mark a range of Association Identifiers that are used for operator-configured associations to avoid any Association Identifier clash within the scope of the Association Source (refer to [RFC 8697]).
Specifically, for the PCE-initiated bidirectional LSPs, these associations are dynamically created by the PCE on the PCE peers. Similarly, for both the PCE-initiated and the PCC-initiated single-sided cases, these associations are also dynamically created on the remote endpoint node using the information received from the RSVP message from the originating node.
The Association ID, Association Source, optional Global Association Source TLV, and optional Extended Association ID TLV in the Bidirectional LSP ASSOCIATION object are initialized using the procedures defined in [RFC 8697] and [RFC 7551].
[RFC 8697] specifies the mechanism for the capability advertisement of the Association Types supported by a PCEP speaker by defining an ASSOC-Type-List TLV to be carried within an OPEN object. This capability exchange for the Bidirectional LSP Association Types MUST be done before using the Bidirectional LSP Association. Thus, the PCEP speaker MUST include the Bidirectional LSP Association Types in the ASSOC-Type-List TLV and MUST receive the same from the PCEP peer before using the Bidirectional LSP Association in PCEP messages.

4.2.  Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV

The Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV is an OPTIONAL TLV for use with Bidirectional LSP Associations (ASSOCIATION object with Association Type 4 for Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association or 5 for Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association).
  • The Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV follows the PCEP TLV format from [RFC 5440].
  • The Type (16 bits) of the TLV is 54.
  • The Length is 4 bytes.
  • The value comprises of a single field, the Flags field (32 bits), where each bit represents a flag option.
  • If the Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV is missing, it means the LSP is the forward LSP, and it is not a co-routed LSP.
  • When the Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV is present, the R flag MUST be reset for the forward LSP for both co-routed and non-co-routed LSPs.
  • For co-routed LSPs, this TLV MUST be present and the C flag set.
  • For reverse LSPs, this TLV MUST be present and the R flag set.
  • The Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV MUST NOT be present more than once. If it appears more than once, only the first occurrence is processed, and any others MUST be ignored.
The format of the Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV is shown in Figure 7.
  0                   1                   2                   3
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |         Type = 54             |             Length            |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                       Flags                               |C|R|
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Flags for the Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV are defined as follows.
R (Reverse LSP, 1 bit, bit number 31):
Indicates whether the LSP associated is the reverse LSP of the bidirectional LSP. If this flag is set, the LSP is a reverse LSP. If this flag is not set, the LSP is a forward LSP.
C (Co-routed Path, 1 bit, bit number 30):
Indicates whether the bidirectional LSP is co-routed. This flag MUST be set for both the forward and reverse LSPs of a co-routed bidirectional LSP.
The C flag is used by the PCE (both stateful and stateless) to compute bidirectional paths of the forward and reverse LSPs of a co-routed bidirectional LSP.
The unassigned flags (bit numbers 0-29) MUST be set to 0 when sent and MUST be ignored when received.
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5.  PCEP Procedure

The PCEP procedure defined in this document is applicable to the following three scenarios:
  • Neither unidirectional LSP exists, and both must be established.
  • Both unidirectional LSPs exist, but the association must be established.
  • One LSP exists, but the reverse associated LSP must be established.

5.1.  PCE-Initiated LSPs

As specified in [RFC 8697], Bidirectional LSP Associations can be created and updated by a stateful PCE.
  • For a Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association initiated by the PCE, the PCE MUST send a PCInitiate message to the originating endpoint node with both forward and reverse LSPs. For a Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association initiated by the PCE, it MUST send a PCInitiate message to both endpoint nodes with forward LSPs.
  • Both PCCs MUST report the forward and reverse LSPs in the Bidirectional LSP Association to the PCE. A PCC reports via a PCRpt message.
  • Stateful PCEs MAY create and update the forward and reverse LSPs independently for the Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association on the originating endpoint node.
  • Stateful PCEs MAY create and update the forward LSP independently for the Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association on the endpoint nodes.
  • Stateful PCEs establish and remove the association relationship on a per-LSP basis.
  • Stateful PCEs create and update the LSP and the association on PCCs via PCInitiate and PCUpd messages, respectively, using the procedures described in [RFC 8697].

5.2.  PCC-Initiated LSPs

As specified in [RFC 8697], Bidirectional LSP Associations can also be created and updated by a PCC.
  • For a Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association initiated at a PCC, the PCC MUST send a PCRpt message to the PCE with both forward and reverse LSPs. For a Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association initiated at the PCCs, both PCCs MUST send a PCRpt message to the PCE with forward LSPs.
  • PCCs on the originating endpoint node MAY create and update the forward and reverse LSPs independently for the Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association.
  • PCCs on the endpoint nodes MAY create and update the forward LSP independently for the Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association.
  • PCCs establish and remove the association group on a per-LSP basis. PCCs MUST report the change in the association group of an LSP to PCE(s) via a PCRpt message.
  • PCCs report the forward and reverse LSPs in the Bidirectional LSP Association independently to PCE(s) via a PCRpt message.
  • PCCs for the single-sided case MAY delegate the forward and reverse LSPs independently to a stateful PCE, where the PCE would control the LSPs. In this case, the originating (PCC) endpoint node SHOULD delegate both forward and reverse LSPs of a tunnel together to a stateful PCE in order to avoid any race condition.
  • PCCs for the double-sided case MAY delegate the forward LSPs to a stateful PCE, where the PCE would control the LSPs.
  • A stateful PCE updates the LSPs in the Bidirectional LSP Association via a PCUpd message, using the procedures described in [RFC 8697].

5.3.  Stateless PCE

For a stateless PCE, it might be useful to associate a path computation request to an association group, thus enabling it to associate a common set of configuration parameters or behaviors with the request [RFC 8697]. A PCC can request co-routed or non-co-routed forward and reverse paths from a stateless PCE for a Bidirectional LSP Association.

5.4.  Bidirectional (B) Flag

As defined in [RFC 5440], the Bidirectional (B) flag in the Request Parameters (RP) object is set when the PCC specifies that the path computation request is for a bidirectional TE LSP with the same TE requirements in each direction. For an associated bidirectional LSP, the B flag is also set when the PCC makes the path computation request for the same TE requirements for the forward and reverse LSPs.
Note that the B flag defined in a Stateful PCE Request Parameter (SRP) object [STATEFUL-PCE-GMPLS] to indicate "bidirectional co-routed LSP" is used for GMPLS-signaled bidirectional LSPs and is not applicable to the associated bidirectional LSPs.

5.5.  PLSP-ID Usage

As defined in [RFC 8231], a PCEP-specific LSP Identifier (PLSP-ID) is created by a PCC to uniquely identify an LSP, and it remains the same for the lifetime of a PCEP session.
In the case of a Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association, the reverse LSP of a bidirectional LSP created on the originating endpoint node is identified by the PCE using two different PLSP-IDs, based on the PCEP session on the ingress or egress node PCCs for the LSP. In other words, the LSP will have a PLSP-ID P2 allocated at the ingress node PCC, while it will have a PLSP-ID P3 allocated at the egress node PCC (as shown in Figures [2] and [3]). There is no change in the PLSP-ID allocation procedure for the forward LSP of a single-sided bidirectional LSP created on the originating endpoint node.
In the case of a Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association, there is no change in the PLSP-ID allocation procedure for the forward LSPs on either PCC.
For an associated bidirectional LSP, the LSP-IDENTIFIERS TLV [RFC 8231] MUST be included in all forward and reverse LSPs.

5.6.  State Synchronization

During state synchronization, a PCC MUST report all the existing Bidirectional LSP Associations to the stateful PCE, as per [RFC 8697]. After the state synchronization, the PCE MUST remove all previous Bidirectional LSP Associations absent in the report.

5.7.  Error Handling

If a PCE speaker receives an LSP with a Bidirectional LSP Association Type that it does not support, the PCE speaker MUST send PCErr with Error-Type = 26 (Association Error) and Error-value = 1 (Association Type is not supported).
An LSP (forward or reverse) cannot be part of more than one Bidirectional LSP Association. If a PCE speaker receives an LSP not complying to this rule, the PCE speaker MUST send PCErr with Error-Type = 26 (Association Error) and Error-value = 14 (Association group mismatch).
The LSPs (forward or reverse) in a Single-Sided Bidirectional Association MUST belong to the same TE tunnel (as defined in [RFC 3209]). If a PCE speaker attempts to add an LSP in a Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association for a different tunnel, the PCE speaker MUST send PCErr with Error-Type = 26 (Association Error) and Error-value = 15 (Tunnel mismatch in the association group).
The PCEP Path Setup Type (PST) for RSVP-TE is set to "Path is set up using the RSVP-TE signaling protocol" (Value 0) [RFC 8408]. If a PCEP speaker receives a different PST value for the Bidirectional LSP Associations defined in this document, the PCE speaker MUST return a PCErr message with Error-Type = 26 (Association Error) and Error-value = 16 (Path Setup Type not supported).
A Bidirectional LSP Association cannot have both unidirectional LSPs identified as reverse LSPs or both LSPs identified as forward LSPs. If a PCE speaker receives an LSP not complying to this rule, the PCE speaker MUST send PCErr with Error-Type = 26 (Association Error) and Error-value = 17 (Bidirectional LSP direction mismatch).
A Bidirectional LSP Association cannot have one unidirectional LSP identified as co-routed and the other identified as non-co-routed. If a PCE speaker receives an LSP not complying to this rule, the PCE speaker MUST send PCErr with Error-Type = 26 (Association Error) and Error-value = 18 (Bidirectional LSP co-routed mismatch).
The unidirectional LSPs forming the Bidirectional LSP Association MUST have matching endpoint nodes in the reverse directions. If a PCE speaker receives an LSP not complying to this rule, the PCE speaker MUST send PCErr with Error-Type = 26 (Association Error) and Error-value = 19 (Endpoint mismatch in the association group).
The processing rules as specified in Section 6.4 of RFC 8697 continue to apply to the Association Types defined in this document.
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6.  Security Considerations

The security considerations described in [RFC 5440], [RFC 8231], and [RFC 8281] apply to the extensions defined in this document as well.
Two new Association Types for the ASSOCIATION object, Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association and Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association, are introduced in this document. Additional security considerations related to LSP associations due to a malicious PCEP speaker are described in [RFC 8697] and apply to these Association Types. Hence, securing the PCEP session using Transport Layer Security (TLS) [RFC 8253] is RECOMMENDED.
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7.  Manageability Considerations

7.1.  Control of Function and Policy

The mechanisms defined in this document do not imply any control or policy requirements in addition to those already listed in [RFC 5440], [RFC 8231], and [RFC 8281].

7.2.  Information and Data Models

[RFC 7420] describes the PCEP MIB; there are no new MIB objects defined for LSP associations.
The PCEP YANG module [PCE-PCEP-YANG] defines a data model for LSP associations.

7.3.  Liveness Detection and Monitoring

The mechanisms defined in this document do not imply any new liveness detection and monitoring requirements in addition to those already listed in [RFC 5440], [RFC 8231], and [RFC 8281].

7.4.  Verify Correct Operations

The mechanisms defined in this document do not imply any new operation verification requirements in addition to those already listed in [RFC 5440], [RFC 8231], and [RFC 8281].

7.5.  Requirements on Other Protocols

The mechanisms defined in this document do not add any new requirements on other protocols.

7.6.  Impact on Network Operations

The mechanisms defined in this document do not have any impact on network operations in addition to those already listed in [RFC 5440], [RFC 8231], and [RFC 8281].
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8.  IANA Considerations

8.1.  Association Types

This document defines two new Association Types [RFC 8697]. IANA has assigned the following new values in the "ASSOCIATION Type Field" subregistry [RFC 8697] within the "Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) Numbers" registry:
Type Name Reference
4 Single-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association RFC 9059
5 Double-Sided Bidirectional LSP Association RFC 9059
Table 1: Additions to ASSOCIATION Type Field Subregistry

8.2.  Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV

This document defines a new TLV for carrying additional information about LSPs within a Bidirectional LSP Association. IANA has assigned the following value in the "PCEP TLV Type Indicators" subregistry within the "Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) Numbers" registry:
Value Meaning Reference
54 Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV RFC 9059
Table 2: Addition to PCEP TLV Type Indicators Subregistry

8.2.1.  Flag Field in Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV

IANA has created a new subregistry, named "Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV Flag Field", within the "Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) Numbers" registry to manage the Flag field in the Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV. New values are assigned by Standards Action [RFC 8126]. Each bit should be tracked with the following qualities:
  • Bit number (count from 0 as the most significant bit)
  • Description
  • Reference
The initial contents of this registry are as follows:
Bit Description Reference
0-29 Unassigned
30 C - Co-routed Path RFC 9059
31 R - Reverse LSP RFC 9059
Table 3: New Bidirectional LSP Association Group TLV Flag Field Subregistry

8.3.  PCEP Errors

This document defines new Error-values for Error-Type 26 (Association Error). IANA has allocated the following new Error-values within the "PCEP-ERROR Object Error Types and Values" subregistry of the "Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) Numbers" registry:
Error-Type Meaning Error-value Reference
26 Association Error 14: Association group mismatch RFC 9059
15: Tunnel mismatch in the association group RFC 9059
16: Path Setup Type not supported RFC 9059
17: Bidirectional LSP direction mismatch RFC 9059
18: Bidirectional LSP co-routed mismatch RFC 9059
19: Endpoint mismatch in the association group RFC 9059
Table 4: Additions to PCEP-ERROR Object Error Types and Values Subregistry
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9.  References

9.1.  Normative References

[RFC2119]
S. Bradner, "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC3209]
D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels", RFC 3209, DOI 10.17487/RFC3209, December 2001,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3209>.
[RFC5440]
JP. Vasseur, and JL. Le Roux, "Path Computation Element (PCE) Communication Protocol (PCEP)", RFC 5440, DOI 10.17487/RFC5440, March 2009,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5440>.
[RFC7551]
F. Zhang, R. Jing, and R. Gandhi, "RSVP-TE Extensions for Associated Bidirectional Label Switched Paths (LSPs)", RFC 7551, DOI 10.17487/RFC7551, May 2015,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7551>.
[RFC8126]
M. Cotton, B. Leiba, and T. Narten, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 8126, DOI 10.17487/RFC8126, June 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8126>.
[RFC8174]
B. Leiba, "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, May 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.
[RFC8231]
E. Crabbe, I. Minei, J. Medved, and R. Varga, "Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) Extensions for Stateful PCE", RFC 8231, DOI 10.17487/RFC8231, September 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8231>.
[RFC8253]
D. Lopez, O. Gonzalez de Dios, Q. Wu, and D. Dhody, "PCEPS: Usage of TLS to Provide a Secure Transport for the Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP)", RFC 8253, DOI 10.17487/RFC8253, October 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8253>.
[RFC8281]
E. Crabbe, I. Minei, S. Sivabalan, and R. Varga, "Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) Extensions for PCE-Initiated LSP Setup in a Stateful PCE Model", RFC 8281, DOI 10.17487/RFC8281, December 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8281>.
[RFC8537]
R. Gandhi, H. Shah, and J. Whittaker, "Updates to the Fast Reroute Procedures for Co-routed Associated Bidirectional Label Switched Paths (LSPs)", RFC 8537, DOI 10.17487/RFC8537, February 2019,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8537>.
[RFC8697]
I. Minei, E. Crabbe, S. Sivabalan, H. Ananthakrishnan, D. Dhody, and Y. Tanaka, "Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) Extensions for Establishing Relationships between Sets of Label Switched Paths (LSPs)", RFC 8697, DOI 10.17487/RFC8697, January 2020,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8697>.

9.2.  Informative References

[BIDIR-PATH]
ZTE Corporation, , , , , and , "Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) Extensions for Associated Bidirectional Segment Routing (SR) Paths", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-pce-sr-bidir-path-05, January 2021,
<https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-pce-sr-bidir-path-05>.
[PCE-PCEP-YANG]
D Dhody, J Hardwick, V Beeram, and J Tantsura, "A YANG Data Model for Path Computation Element Communications Protocol (PCEP)", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-pce-pcep-yang-16, February 2021,
<https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-pce-pcep-yang-16>.
[RFC5654]
B. Niven-Jenkins, D. Brungard, M. Betts, N. Sprecher, and S. Ueno, "Requirements of an MPLS Transport Profile", RFC 5654, DOI 10.17487/RFC5654, September 2009,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5654>.
[RFC7420]
A. Koushik, E. Stephan, Q. Zhao, D. King, and J. Hardwick, "Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) Management Information Base (MIB) Module", RFC 7420, DOI 10.17487/RFC7420, December 2014,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7420>.
[RFC8051]
X. Zhang, and I. Minei, "Applicability of a Stateful Path Computation Element (PCE)", RFC 8051, DOI 10.17487/RFC8051, January 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8051>.
[RFC8408]
S. Sivabalan, J. Tantsura, I. Minei, R. Varga, and J. Hardwick, "Conveying Path Setup Type in PCE Communication Protocol (PCEP) Messages", RFC 8408, DOI 10.17487/RFC8408, July 2018,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8408>.
[STATEFUL-PCE-GMPLS]
Y Lee, H Zheng, O de Dios, V Lopez, and Z Ali, "Path Computation Element (PCE) Protocol Extensions for Stateful PCE Usage in GMPLS-controlled Networks", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-pce-pcep-stateful-pce-gmpls-14, December 2020,
<https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-pce-pcep-stateful-pce-gmpls-14>.
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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Dhruv Dhody for various discussions on association groups and inputs to this document. The authors would also like to thank Mike Taillon, Harish Sitaraman, Al Morton, and Marina Fizgeer for reviewing this document and providing valuable comments. The authors would like to thank the following IESG members for their review comments and suggestions: Barry Leiba, Éric Vyncke, Benjamin Kaduk, Murray Kucherawy, Martin Duke, and Alvaro Retana.
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Authors' Addresses

Rakesh Gandhi

Cisco Systems, Inc.
Canada

Colby Barth

Juniper Networks

Bin Wen

Comcast
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