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RFC 8944

A YANG Data Model for Layer 2 Network Topologies

Pages: ~34
IETF/rtg/i2rs/draft-ietf-i2rs-yang-l2-network-topology-18
Proposed Standard

Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944
J. Dong
X. Wei
Q. Wu
Huawei
M. Boucadair
Orange
A. Liu
Tecent
November 2020

A YANG Data Model for Layer 2 Network Topologies

Abstract

This document defines a YANG data model for Layer 2 network topologies. In particular, this data model augments the generic network and network topology data models with topology attributes that are specific to Layer 2.

Status of This Memo

This is an Internet Standards Track document.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.
Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8944.

Copyright Notice

Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License.
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

1.  Introduction

[RFC 8345] defines the YANG [RFC 6020] [RFC 7950] data models of the abstract (generic) network and network topology. Such models can be augmented with technology-specific details to build more specific topology models.
This document defines the YANG data model for Layer 2 (L2) network topologies by augmenting the generic network (Section 6.1 of RFC 8345) and network topology (Section 6.2 of RFC 8345) data models with L2-specific topology attributes. An example is provided in Appendix B.
There are multiple applications for such a data model. For example, within the context of Interface to the Routing System (I2RS), nodes within the network can use the data model to capture their understanding of the overall network topology and expose it to a network controller. A network controller can then use the instantiated topology data to compare and reconcile its own view of the network topology with that of the network elements that it controls. Alternatively, nodes within the network may compare and reconcile this understanding either among themselves or with the help of a controller. Beyond the network element and the immediate context of I2RS itself, a network controller might even use the data model to represent its view of the topology that it controls and expose it to external applications. Further use cases where the data model can be applied are described in [I2RS-UR].
This document uses the common YANG types defined in [RFC 6991] and adopts the Network Management Datastore Architecture (NMDA) [RFC 8342].
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

2.  Terminology

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 [RFC 2119] [RFC 8174] when, and only when, they appear in all capitals, as shown here.
The terminology for describing YANG modules is defined in [RFC 7950]. The meanings of the symbols used in the tree diagram are defined in [RFC 8340].
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

3.  Layer 2 Topology Model

The Layer 2 network topology YANG module is designed to be generic and applicable to Layer 2 networks built with different Layer 2 technologies. It can be used to describe both the physical and the logical (virtual) Layer 2 network topologies.
The relationship between the Layer 2 topology module and the generic network and network topology module is shown in Figure 1. In order to represent a Layer 2 network topology, the generic network and topology models are augmented with L2-specific information, such as the identifiers, identities (e.g., Provider Backbone Bridging [IEEE802.1ah], QinQ [IEEE802.1ad], or Virtual eXtensible Local Area Network (VXLAN) [RFC 7348]), attributes, and states of the Layer 2 networks, nodes, links, and termination points. Some of the information may be collected via Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) [IEEE802.1AB] or other Layer 2 protocols, and some of them may be locally configured.
              
+---------------------+
|    ietf-network     |
+----------^----------+
           |
           |
+---------------------+
|ietf-network-topology|
+----------^----------+
           |
           |
+----------^----------+
|   ietf-l2-topology  |
+---------------------+
The structure of the "ietf-l2-topology" YANG module is depicted in the following tree diagram:
module: ietf-l2-topology
  augment /nw:networks/nw:network/nw:network-types:
    +--rw l2-topology!
  augment /nw:networks/nw:network:
    +--rw l2-topology-attributes
       +--rw name?    string
       +--rw flags*   l2-flag-type
  augment /nw:networks/nw:network/nw:node:
    +--rw l2-node-attributes
       +--rw name?                 string
       +--rw flags*                node-flag-type
       +--rw bridge-id*            string
       +--rw management-address*   inet:ip-address
       +--rw management-mac?       yang:mac-address
       +--rw management-vlan?      string
  augment /nw:networks/nw:network/nt:link:
    +--rw l2-link-attributes
       +--rw name?        string
       +--rw flags*       link-flag-type
       +--rw rate?        uint64
       +--rw delay?       uint32
       +--rw auto-nego?   boolean
       +--rw duplex?      duplex-mode
  augment /nw:networks/nw:network/nw:node/nt:termination-point:
    +--rw l2-termination-point-attributes
       +--rw interface-name?       string
       +--rw mac-address?          yang:mac-address
       +--rw port-number*          uint32
       +--rw unnumbered-id*        uint32
       +--rw encapsulation-type?   identityref
       +--rw outer-tag?            dot1q-types:vid-range-type {VLAN}?
       +--rw outer-tpid?           dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type {QinQ}?
       +--rw inner-tag?            dot1q-types:vid-range-type {VLAN}?
       +--rw inner-tpid?           dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type {QinQ}?
       +--rw lag?                  boolean
       +--rw member-link-tp*
              -> /nw:networks/network/node/nt:termination-point/tp-id
       +--rw vxlan {VXLAN}?
          +--rw vni-id?   vni

  notifications:
    +---n l2-node-event
    |  +--ro event-type?           l2-network-event-type
    |  +--ro node-ref?
                      -> /nw:networks/network[nw:network-id=current()
                         /../network-ref]/node/node-id
    |  +--ro network-ref?          -> /nw:networks/network/network-id
    |  +--ro l2-topology!
    |  +--ro l2-node-attributes
    |     +--ro name?                 string
    |     +--ro flags*                node-flag-type
    |     +--ro bridge-id*            uint64
    |     +--ro management-address*   inet:ip-address
    |     +--ro management-mac?       yang:mac-address
    |     +--ro management-vlan?      string
    +---n l2-link-event
    |  +--ro event-type?           l2-network-event-type
    |  +--ro link-ref?
                      -> /nw:networks/network[nw:network-id=current()
                         /../network-ref]/nt:link/link-id
    |  +--ro network-ref?          -> /nw:networks/network/network-id
    |  +--ro l2-topology!
    |  +--ro l2-link-attributes
    |     +--ro name?        string
    |     +--ro flags*       link-flag-type
    |     +--ro rate?        uint64
    |     +--ro delay?       uint32
    |     +--ro auto-nego?   boolean
    |     +--ro duplex?      duplex-mode
    +---n l2-termination-point-event
       +--ro event-type?                        l2-network-event-type
       +--ro tp-ref?
                      -> /nw:networks/network[nw:network-id=current()
                         /../network-ref]/node[nw:node-id=current()
                         /../node-ref]/nt:termination-point/tp-id
       +--ro node-ref?
                      -> /nw:networks/network[nw:network-id=current()
                         /../network-ref]/node/node-id
       +--ro network-ref?          -> /nw:networks/network/network-id
       +--ro l2-topology!
       +--ro l2-termination-point-attributes
          +--ro interface-name?       string
          +--ro mac-address?          yang:mac-address
          +--ro port-number*          uint32
          +--ro unnumbered-id*        uint32
          +--ro encapsulation-type?   identityref
          +--ro outer-tag?         dot1q-types:vid-range-type {VLAN}?
          +--ro outer-tpid?        dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type {QinQ}?
          +--ro inner-tag?         dot1q-types:vid-range-type {VLAN}?
          +--ro inner-tpid?        dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type {QinQ}?
          +--ro lag?               boolean
          +--ro member-link-tp*
              -> /nw:networks/network/node/nt:termination-point/tp-id
          +--ro vxlan {VXLAN}?
             +--ro vni-id?   vni
The Layer 2 Topology YANG module augments the "ietf-network" and "ietf-network-topology" YANG modules as follows:
  • A new network type "l2-network-type" is introduced. This is represented by a container object and is inserted under the "network-types" container of the generic "ietf-network" module defined in Section 6.1 of RFC 8345.
  • Additional network attributes are introduced in a grouping "l2-network-attributes", which augments the "network" list of the "ietf-network" module. The attributes include the Layer 2 network name and a set of flags. Each type of flag is represented by a separate identity.
  • Additional data objects for Layer 2 nodes are introduced by augmenting the "node" list of the generic "ietf-network" module. New objects include the Layer 2 node identifier, management address, management MAC address, management VLAN, and a set of flags.
  • Additional data objects for Layer 2 termination points are introduced by augmenting the "termination-point" list of the "ietf-network-topology" module defined in Section 6.2 of RFC 8345. New objects include the interface name, encapsulation type, lag support indication, and attributes that are specific to the Layer 2 termination point type.
  • Links in the "ietf-network-topology" module are augmented as well with a set of Layer 2 parameters, allowing to associate a link with a name, a set of Layer 2 link attributes, and flags.
  • Some optional Layer 2 technology-specific attributes are introduced in this module as Layer 2 features because these attributes may be useful to expose to above services/applications. Note that learning or configuring advanced Layer 2 technology-specific attributes is not within the scope of the Layer 2 Topology YANG module; dedicated YANG modules should be used instead (e.g., [TRILL-YANG]).
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

4.  Layer 2 Topology YANG Module

This module uses types defined in [RFC 6991], [RFC 7224], [IEEE802.1Qcp], and [RFC 8345]. It also references [IEEE802.1Q-2014], [IEEE802.1ad], [RFC 7348], and [RFC 7727].
module ietf-l2-topology {
  yang-version 1.1;
  namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2-topology";
  prefix l2t;

  import ietf-network {
    prefix nw;
    reference
      "RFC 8345: A YANG Data Model for Network Topologies";
  }
  import ietf-network-topology {
    prefix nt;
    reference
      "RFC 8345: A YANG Data Model for Network Topologies";
  }
  import ietf-inet-types {
    prefix inet;
    reference
      "RFC 6991:Common YANG Data Types";
  }
  import ietf-yang-types {
    prefix yang;
    reference
      "RFC 6991:Common YANG Data Types";
  }
  import iana-if-type {
    prefix ianaift;
    reference
      "RFC 7224: IANA Interface Type YANG Module";
  }
  import ieee802-dot1q-types {
    prefix dot1q-types;
    reference
      "IEEE Std 802.1Qcp-2018: Bridges and Bridged
       Networks - Amendment: YANG Data Model";
  }

  organization
    "IETF I2RS (Interface to the Routing System) Working Group";
  contact
    "WG Web:   <https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/i2rs>
     WG List:  <mailto:i2rs@ietf.org>

     Editor:    Jie Dong
               <mailto:jie.dong@huawei.com>

     Editor:    Xiugang Wei
               <mailto:weixiugang@huawei.com>

     Editor:    Qin Wu
               <mailto:bill.wu@huawei.com>

     Editor:    Mohamed Boucadair
               <mailto:mohamed.boucadair@orange.com>

     Editor:    Anders Liu
               <mailto:andersliu@tencent.com>";
  description
    "This module defines a basic model for the Layer 2 topology
     of a network.

     Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
     authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

     Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
     without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
     to the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License
     set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
     Relating to IETF Documents
     (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

     This version of this YANG module is part of RFC 8944; see
     the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

  revision 2020-11-15 {
    description
      "Initial revision.";
    reference
      "RFC 8944: A YANG Data Model for Layer 2 Network Topologies";
  }

  feature VLAN {
    description
      "Enables VLAN tag support as defined in IEEE 802.1Q.";
    reference
      "IEEE Std 802.1Q-2014: Bridges and Bridged Networks";
  }

  feature QinQ {
    description
      "Enables QinQ double tag support as defined in IEEE 802.1ad.";
    reference
      "IEEE Std 802.1ad: Provider Bridges";
  }

  feature VXLAN {
    description
      "Enables VXLAN support as defined in RFC 7348.";
    reference
      "RFC 7348: Virtual eXtensible Local Area Network (VXLAN):
                 A Framework for Overlaying Virtualized Layer 2
                 Networks over Layer 3 Networks";
  }

  identity flag-identity {
    description
      "Base type for flags.";
  }

  identity eth-encapsulation-type {
    base ianaift:iana-interface-type;
    description
      "Base identity from which specific Ethernet
       encapsulation types are derived.";
    reference
      "RFC 7224: IANA Interface Type YANG Module";
  }

  identity ethernet {
    base eth-encapsulation-type;
    description
      "Native Ethernet encapsulation.";
  }

  identity vlan {
    base eth-encapsulation-type;
    description
      "VLAN encapsulation.";
  }

  identity qinq {
    base eth-encapsulation-type;
    description
      "QinQ encapsulation.";
  }

  identity pbb {
    base eth-encapsulation-type;
    description
      "Provider Backbone Bridging (PBB) encapsulation.
       The PBB functions are developed in IEEE 802.1ah.";
  }

  identity trill {
    base eth-encapsulation-type;
    description
      "Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links (TRILL)
       encapsulation.";
  }

  identity vpls {
    base eth-encapsulation-type;
    description
      "Ethernet Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS)
       interface encapsulation.";
  }

  identity vxlan {
    base eth-encapsulation-type;
    description
      "VXLAN Media Access Control (MAC) in UDP encapsulation.";
    reference
      "RFC 7348: Virtual eXtensible Local Area  Network (VXLAN):
                 A Framework for Overlaying Virtualized Layer 2
                 Networks over Layer 3 Networks";
  }

  typedef vni {
    type uint32 {
      range "0..16777215";
    }
    description
      "VXLAN Network Identifier or VXLAN Segment ID.
       It allows up to 16 M VXLAN segments to coexist
       within the same administrative domain.

       The use of value '0' is implementation specific.";
    reference
      "RFC 7348: Virtual eXtensible Local Area  Network (VXLAN):
                 A Framework for Overlaying Virtualized Layer 2
                 Networks over Layer 3 Networks";
  }

  typedef l2-flag-type {
    type identityref {
      base flag-identity;
    }
    description
      "Base type for L2 flags. One example of L2 flag
       type is trill, which represents the trill topology
       type.";
  }

  typedef node-flag-type {
    type identityref {
      base flag-identity;
    }
    description
      "Node flag attributes.  The physical node can be
       one example of a node flag attribute.";
  }

  typedef link-flag-type {
    type identityref {
      base flag-identity;
    }
    description
      "Link flag attributes.  One example of a link flag
       attribute is the pseudowire.";
  }

  typedef l2-network-event-type {
    type enumeration {
      enum addition {
        value 0;
        description
          "A Layer 2 node or link or termination-point
           has been added.";
      }
      enum removal {
        value 1;
        description
          "A Layer 2 node or link or termination-point
           has been removed.";
      }
      enum update {
        value 2;
        description
          "A Layer 2 node or link or termination-point
           has been updated.";
      }
    }
    description
      "Layer 2 network event type for notifications.";
  }

  typedef duplex-mode {
    type enumeration {
      enum full-duplex {
        description
          "Indicates full-duplex mode.";
      }
      enum half-duplex {
        description
          "Indicates half-duplex mode.";
      }
    }
    description
      "Indicates the type of the duplex mode.";
  }

  grouping l2-network-type {
    description
      "Indicates the topology type to be L2.";
    container l2-topology {
      presence "Indicates L2 Network Topology.";
      description
        "The presence of the container node indicates
         L2 Network Topology.";
    }
  }

  grouping l2-topology-attributes {
    description
      "L2 topology scope attributes.";
    container l2-topology-attributes {
      description
        "Contains L2 topology attributes.";
      leaf name {
        type string;
        description
          "Name of the topology.";
      }
      leaf-list flags {
        type l2-flag-type;
        description
          "Topology flags.";
      }
    }
  }

  grouping l2-node-attributes {
    description
      "L2 node attributes.";
    container l2-node-attributes {
      description
        "Contains L2 node attributes.";
      leaf name {
        type string;
        description
          "Node name.";
      }
      leaf-list flags {
        type node-flag-type;
        description
          "Node flags.  It can be used to indicate
           node flag attributes.";
      }
      leaf-list bridge-id {
        type string {
          pattern '[0-9a-fA-F]{2}(:[0-9a-fA-F]{2}){7}';
        }
        description
          "This is the bridge identifier represented as a
           hexadecimal 8-octet string.  It has 4 bits of
           priority, 12 bits of Multiple Spanning Tree
           Instance Identifier (MSTI-ID), and the base bridge
           identifier.  There may be multiple for each
           spanning tree instance.";
        reference
          "RFC 7727: Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) Application of
                     the Inter-Chassis Communication Protocol
                     (ICCP)";
      }
      leaf-list management-address {
        type inet:ip-address;
        description
          "IP address used for management purpose.";
      }
      leaf management-mac {
        type yang:mac-address;
        description
          "This is a MAC address used for the bridge management.
           It can be the Bridge Base VLAN ID (VID), interface
           MAC address, or other. ";
      }
      leaf management-vlan {
        type string;
        description
          "This is a VLAN that supports the management address.
           The actual VLAN ID type and value would be a member of
           this VLAN.";
      }
    }
  }

  grouping l2-link-attributes {
    description
      "L2 link attributes.";
    container l2-link-attributes {
      description
        "Contains L2 link attributes.";
      leaf name {
        type string;
        description
          "Link name.";
      }
      leaf-list flags {
        type link-flag-type;
        description
          "Link flags.  It can be used to indicate
           link flag attributes.";
      }
      leaf rate {
        type uint64;
        units "Kbps";
        description
          "Link rate.  It specifies bandwidth requirements
           associated with the specific link.  The link
           contains a source and a destination.";
      }
      leaf delay {
        type uint32;
        units "microseconds";
        description
          "Unidirectional link delay in
           microseconds.";
      }
      leaf auto-nego {
        type boolean;
        default "true";
        description
          "Set to true if auto-negotiation is supported.
           Set to false if auto-negotiation is not supported.";
      }
      leaf duplex {
        type duplex-mode;
        description
          "Exposes the duplex mode, full-duplex or half-duplex.";
      }
    }
  }

  grouping l2-termination-point-attributes {
    description
      "L2 termination point attributes.";
    container l2-termination-point-attributes {
      description
        "Containing L2 termination point attributes.";
      leaf interface-name {
        type string;
        description
          "Name of the interface.  The name can (but does not
           have to) correspond to an interface reference of a
           containing node's interface, i.e., the path name of a
           corresponding interface data node on the containing
           node is reminiscent of data type interface-ref defined
           in RFC 8343.  It should be noted that data type
           interface-ref of RFC 8343 cannot be used directly,
           as this data type is used to reference an interface
           in a datastore of a single node in the network, not
           to uniquely reference interfaces across a network.";
      }
      leaf mac-address {
        type yang:mac-address;
        description
          "Interface MAC address for logical link control.";
      }
      leaf-list port-number {
        type uint32;
        description
          " List of port numbers of the bridge ports for which each
            entry contains bridge management information.";
      }
      leaf-list unnumbered-id {
        type uint32;
        description
          "List of unnumbered interface identifiers.
           The unnumbered interface identifier will correspond to
           the ifIndex value of the interface, i.e., the ifIndex
           value of the ifEntry that represents the interface in
           implementations where the Interfaces Group MIB
           (RFC 2863) is supported.";
      }
      leaf encapsulation-type {
        type identityref {
          base eth-encapsulation-type;
        }
        description
          "Encapsulation type of this
                 termination point.";
      }
      leaf outer-tag {
        if-feature "VLAN";
        type dot1q-types:vid-range-type;
        description
          "The outermost VLAN tag.  It may include a list of VLAN
           Ids or nonoverlapping VLAN ranges.";
      }
      leaf outer-tpid {
        if-feature "QinQ";
        type dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type;
        description
          "Identifies a specific 802.1Q tag type of outermost VLAN
           tag.";
      }
      leaf inner-tag {
        if-feature "VLAN";
        type dot1q-types:vid-range-type;
        description
          "The inner VLAN tag.  It may include a list of VLAN
           Ids or nonoverlapping VLAN ranges.";
      }
      leaf inner-tpid {
        if-feature "QinQ";
        type dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type;
        description
          "Identifies a specific 802.1Q tag type of inner VLAN tag.";
      }
      leaf lag {
        type boolean;
        default "false";
        description
          "Defines whether lag is supported or not.
           When it is set to true, the lag is supported.";
      }
      leaf-list member-link-tp {
        when "../lag = 'true'" {
          description
            "Relevant only when the lag interface is supported.";
        }
        type leafref {
          path "/nw:networks/nw:network/nw:node"
             + "/nt:termination-point/nt:tp-id";
        }
        description
          "List of member link termination points associated with
           specific L2 termination point.";
      }
      container vxlan {
        when "derived-from-or-self(../encapsulation-type, "
           + "'l2t:vxlan')" {
          description
            "Only applies when the type of the Ethernet
             encapsulation is 'vxlan'.";
        }
        if-feature "VXLAN";
        leaf vni-id {
          type vni;
          description
            "VXLAN Network Identifier (VNI).";
        }
        description
          "Vxlan encapsulation type.";
      }
    }
  }

  augment "/nw:networks/nw:network/nw:network-types" {
    description
      "Introduces new network type for L2 topology.";
    uses l2-network-type;
  }
  augment "/nw:networks/nw:network" {
    when '/nw:networks/nw:network/nw:network-types/l2t:l2-topology' {
      description
        "Augmentation parameters apply only for networks
         with L2 topology.";
    }
    description
      "Configuration parameters for the L2 network
       as a whole.";
    uses l2-topology-attributes;
  }
  augment "/nw:networks/nw:network/nw:node" {
    when '/nw:networks/nw:network/nw:network-types/l2t:l2-topology' {
      description
        "Augmentation parameters apply only for networks
         with L2 topology.";
    }
    description
      "Configuration parameters for L2 at the node
       level.";
    uses l2-node-attributes;
  }
  augment "/nw:networks/nw:network/nt:link" {
    when '/nw:networks/nw:network/nw:network-types/l2t:l2-topology' {
      description
        "Augmentation parameters apply only for networks
         with L2 topology.";
    }
    description
      "Augments L2 topology link information.";
    uses l2-link-attributes;
  }
  augment "/nw:networks/nw:network/nw:node/nt:termination-point" {
    when '/nw:networks/nw:network/nw:network-types/l2t:l2-topology' {
      description
        "Augmentation parameters apply only for networks
         with L2 topology.";
    }
    description
      "Augments L2 topology termination point information.";
    uses l2-termination-point-attributes;
  }

  notification l2-node-event {
    description
      "Notification event for L2 node.";
    leaf event-type {
      type l2-network-event-type;
      description
        "Event type.";
    }
    uses nw:node-ref;
    uses l2-network-type;
    uses l2-node-attributes;
  }

  notification l2-link-event {
    description
      "Notification event for L2 link.";
    leaf event-type {
      type l2-network-event-type;
      description
        "Event type.";
    }
    uses nt:link-ref;
    uses l2-network-type;
    uses l2-link-attributes;
  }

  notification l2-termination-point-event {
    description
      "Notification event for L2 termination point.";
    leaf event-type {
      type l2-network-event-type;
      description
        "Event type.";
    }
    uses nt:tp-ref;
    uses l2-network-type;
    uses l2-termination-point-attributes;
  }
}
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

5.  IANA Considerations

IANA has registered the following URIs in the "ns" subregistry within "The IETF XML Registry" [RFC 3688]:
URI:
urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2-topology
Registrant Contact:
The IESG.
XML:
N/A; the requested URI is an XML namespace.
URI:
urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2-topology-state
Registrant Contact:
The IESG.
XML:
N/A; the requested URI is an XML namespace.
IANA has registered the following YANG modules in the "YANG Module Names" subregistry [RFC 6020] within the "YANG Parameters" registry.
Name:
ietf-l2-topology
Namespace:
urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2-topology
Prefix:
l2t
Reference:
RFC 8944
Name:
ietf-l2-topology-state
Namespace:
urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2-topology-state
Prefix:
l2t-s
Reference:
RFC 8944
These modules are not maintained by IANA.
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

6.  Security Considerations

The YANG modules specified in this document define a schema for data that is designed to be accessed via network management protocols, such as Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF) [RFC 6241] or RESTCONF [RFC 8040]. The lowest NETCONF layer is the secure transport layer, and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is Secure Shell (SSH) [RFC 6242]. The lowest RESTCONF layer is HTTPS, and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is TLS [RFC 8446].
The Network Configuration Access Control Model (NACM) [RFC 8341] provides the means to restrict access for particular NETCONF or RESTCONF users to a preconfigured subset of all available NETCONF or RESTCONF protocol operations and content.
The Layer 2 topology module defines information that can be configurable in certain instances, for example, in the case of virtual topologies that can be created by client applications. In such cases, a malicious client could introduce topologies that are undesired. Specifically, a malicious client could attempt to remove or add a node, a link, or a termination point by creating or deleting corresponding elements in the node, link, and termination point lists, respectively. In the case of a topology that is learned, the server will automatically prohibit such misconfiguration attempts. In the case of a topology that is configured, i.e., whose origin is "intended", the undesired configuration could become effective and be reflected in the operational state datastore [RFC 8342], leading to disruption of services provided via this topology. For those reasons, it is important that the NACM is vigorously applied to prevent topology misconfiguration by unauthorized clients.
There are a number of data nodes defined in this YANG module that are writable/creatable/deletable (i.e., config true, which is the default). These data nodes may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments. Write operations (e.g., edit-config) to these data nodes without proper protection can have a negative effect on network operations. These are the subtrees and data nodes and their sensitivity/vulnerability:
l2-network-attributes:
A malicious client could attempt to sabotage the configuration of any of the contained attributes, such as the name or the flag data nodes.
l2-node-attributes:
A malicious client could attempt to sabotage the configuration of important node attributes, such as the name or the management-address.
l2-link-attributes:
A malicious client could attempt to sabotage the configuration of important link attributes, such as the rate or the delay data nodes.
l2-termination-point-attributes:
A malicious client could attempt to sabotage the configuration of important termination point attributes (e.g., 'maximum-frame-size').
Some of the readable data nodes in this YANG module may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments. It is thus important to control read access (e.g., via get, get-config, or notification) to these data nodes. In particular, the YANG module for Layer 2 topology may expose sensitive information, for example, the MAC addresses of devices or VLAN/VXLAN identifiers. Unrestricted use of such information can lead to privacy violations. For example, listing MAC addresses in a network allows monitoring of devices and their movements. Location information can be derived from MAC addresses of network devices, bypassing protection of location information by the Operating System.
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

[RFC2119]
S. Bradner, "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC3688]
M. Mealling, "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688, DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.
[RFC6020]
M. Bjorklund, "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for the Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020, DOI 10.17487/RFC6020, October 2010,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6020>.
[RFC6241]
R. Enns, M. Bjorklund, J. Schoenwaelder, and A. Bierman, "Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, DOI 10.17487/RFC6241, June 2011,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6241>.
[RFC6242]
M. Wasserman, "Using the NETCONF Protocol over Secure Shell (SSH)", RFC 6242, DOI 10.17487/RFC6242, June 2011,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6242>.
[RFC6991]
J. Schoenwaelder, "Common YANG Data Types", RFC 6991, DOI 10.17487/RFC6991, July 2013,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6991>.
[RFC7224]
M. Bjorklund, "IANA Interface Type YANG Module", RFC 7224, DOI 10.17487/RFC7224, May 2014,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7224>.
[RFC7348]
M. Mahalingam, D. Dutt, K. Duda, P. Agarwal, L. Kreeger, T. Sridhar, M. Bursell, and C. Wright, "Virtual eXtensible Local Area Network (VXLAN): A Framework for Overlaying Virtualized Layer 2 Networks over Layer 3 Networks", RFC 7348, DOI 10.17487/RFC7348, August 2014,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7348>.
[RFC7950]
M. Bjorklund, "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language", RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, August 2016,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7950>.
[RFC8040]
A. Bierman, M. Bjorklund, and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF Protocol", RFC 8040, DOI 10.17487/RFC8040, January 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8040>.
[RFC8174]
B. Leiba, "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, May 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.
[RFC8341]
A. Bierman, and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration Access Control Model", STD 91, RFC 8341, DOI 10.17487/RFC8341, March 2018,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8341>.
[RFC8345]
A. Clemm, J. Medved, R. Varga, N. Bahadur, H. Ananthakrishnan, and X. Liu, "A YANG Data Model for Network Topologies", RFC 8345, DOI 10.17487/RFC8345, March 2018,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8345>.
[RFC8446]
E. Rescorla, "The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol Version 1.3", RFC 8446, DOI 10.17487/RFC8446, August 2018,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8446>.

7.2.  Informative References

[I2RS-UR]
, and , "Summary of I2RS Use Case Requirements", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-i2rs-usecase-reqs-summary-03, November 2016,
<https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-i2rs-usecase-reqs-summary-03>.
[IEEE802.1AB]
IEEE, "IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks - Station and Media Access Control Connectivity Discovery", IEEE Std 802.1AB-2016, DOI 10.1109/IEEESTD.2016.7433915, March 2016,
<https://doi.org/10.1109/IEEESTD.2016.7433915>.
[IEEE802.1ad]
IEEE, "IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks--Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks--Amendment 4: Provider Bridges", IEEE Std 802.1ad-2005, DOI 10.1109/IEEESTD.2006.6044678, May 2006,
<https://doi.org/10.1109/IEEESTD.2006.6044678>.
[IEEE802.1ah]
IEEE, "IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks -- Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks Amendment 7: Provider Backbone Bridges", IEEE Std 802.1ah-2008, DOI 10.1109/IEEESTD.2008.4602826, August 2008,
<https://doi.org/10.1109/IEEESTD.2008.4602826>.
[IEEE802.1Q-2014]
IEEE, "IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks--Bridges and Bridged Networks", IEEE 802.1Q-2014, DOI 10.1109/IEEESTD.2014.6991462, December 2014,
<https://doi.org/10.1109/IEEESTD.2014.6991462>.
[IEEE802.1Qcp]
IEEE, "IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks--Bridges and Bridged Networks--Amendment 30: YANG Data Model", IEEE Std 802.1Qcp-2018, DOI 10.1109/IEEESTD.2018.8467507, September 2018,
<https://doi.org/10.1109/IEEESTD.2018.8467507>.
[RFC7727]
M. Zhang, H. Wen, and J. Hu, "Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) Application of the Inter-Chassis Communication Protocol (ICCP)", RFC 7727, DOI 10.17487/RFC7727, January 2016,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7727>.
[RFC7951]
L. Lhotka, "JSON Encoding of Data Modeled with YANG", RFC 7951, DOI 10.17487/RFC7951, August 2016,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7951>.
[RFC8340]
M. Bjorklund, and L. Berger, "YANG Tree Diagrams", BCP 215, RFC 8340, DOI 10.17487/RFC8340, March 2018,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8340>.
[RFC8342]
M. Bjorklund, J. Schoenwaelder, P. Shafer, K. Watsen, and R. Wilton, "Network Management Datastore Architecture (NMDA)", RFC 8342, DOI 10.17487/RFC8342, March 2018,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8342>.
[TRILL-YANG]
, , , , , and , "TRILL YANG Data Model", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-trill-yang-04, December 2015,
<https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-trill-yang-04>.
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

Appendix A.  Companion YANG Module for Non-NMDA-Compliant Implementations

The YANG module ietf-l2-topology defined in this document augments two modules, "ietf-network" and "ietf-network-topology", that are designed to be used in conjunction with implementations that support the Network Management Datastore Architecture (NMDA) defined in [RFC 8342]. In order to allow implementations to use the model even in cases when NMDA is not supported, a set of companion modules have been defined that represent a state model of networks and network topologies, "ietf-network-state" and "ietf-network-topology-state", respectively.
In order to be able to use the model for Layer 2 topologies defined in this document in conjunction with non-NMDA-compliant implementations, a corresponding companion module is defined that represents the operational state of Layer 2 network topologies. The module "ietf-l2-topology-state" mirrors the module "ietf-l2-topology" defined in Section 4. However, it augments "ietf-network-state" and "ietf-network-topology-state" (instead of "ietf-network" and "ietf-network-topology") and all its data nodes are nonconfigurable.
The companion module "ietf-l2-topology" SHOULD NOT be supported by implementations that support NMDA. It is for this reason that this module is defined in the informative appendix.
As the structure of this module mirrors that of its underlying modules, the YANG tree is not depicted separately.
module ietf-l2-topology-state {
  yang-version 1.1;
  namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2-topology-state";
  prefix l2t-s;

  import ietf-network-state {
    prefix nw-s;
    reference
      "RFC 8345: A YANG Data Model for Network Topologies";
  }
  import ietf-network-topology-state {
    prefix nt-s;
    reference
      "RFC 8345: A YANG Data Model for Network Topologies";
  }
  import ietf-l2-topology {
    prefix l2t;
    reference
      "RFC 8944: A YANG Data Model for Layer 2 Network Topologies";
  }

  organization
    "IETF I2RS (Interface to the Routing System) Working Group";
  contact
    "WG Web:   <http://tools.ietf.org/wg/i2rs/>
     WG List:  <mailto:i2rs@ietf.org>

     Editor:    Jie Dong
               <mailto:jie.dong@huawei.com>
     Editor:    Xiugang Wei
               <mailto:weixiugang@huawei.com>
     Editor:    Qin Wu
               <mailto:bill.wu@huawei.com>
     Editor:    Mohamed Boucadair
               <mailto:mohamed.boucadair@orange.com>
     Editor:   Anders Liu
               <andersliu@tencent.com>";
  description
    "This module defines a model for Layer 2 Network Topology
     state, representing topology that either is learned or
     results from applying topology that has been configured per
     the 'ietf-l2-topology' model, mirroring the
     corresponding data nodes in this model.

     This model mirrors 'ietf-l2-topology' but contains only
     read-only state data.  The model is not needed when the
     underlying implementation infrastructure supports the
     Network Management Datastore Architecture (NMDA).

     Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
     authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

     Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
     without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
     to the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License
     set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
     Relating to IETF Documents
     (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

     This version of this YANG module is part of RFC 8944; see
     the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

  revision 2020-11-15 {
    description
      "Initial revision.";
    reference
      "RFC 8944: A YANG Data Model for Layer 2 Network Topologies";
  }

  /*
   * Data nodes
   */

  augment "/nw-s:networks/nw-s:network/nw-s:network-types" {
    description
      "Introduces a new network type for L2 topology.";
    uses l2t:l2-network-type;
  }

  augment "/nw-s:networks/nw-s:network" {
    when 'nw-s:network-types/l2t-s:l2-topology' {
      description
        "Augmentation parameters apply only for networks
         with L2 topology.";
    }
    description
      "Configuration parameters for the L2 network
       as a whole.";
    uses l2t:l2-topology-attributes;
  }

  augment "/nw-s:networks/nw-s:network/nw-s:node" {
    when '../nw-s:network-types/l2t-s:l2-topology' {
      description
        "Augmentation parameters apply only for networks
         with L2 topology.";
    }
    description
      "Configuration parameters for L2 at the node
       level.";
    uses l2t:l2-node-attributes;
  }

  augment "/nw-s:networks/nw-s:network/nt-s:link" {
    when '../nw-s:network-types/l2t-s:l2-topology' {
      description
        "Augmentation parameters apply only for networks
         with L2 topology.";
    }
    description
      "Augments L2 topology link information.";
    uses l2t:l2-link-attributes;
  }

  augment "/nw-s:networks/nw-s:network/nw-s:node/"
        + "nt-s:termination-point" {
    when '../../nw-s:network-types/l2t-s:l2-topology' {
      description
        "Augmentation parameters apply only for networks
         with L2 topology.";
    }
    description
      "Augments L2 topology termination point information.";
    uses l2t:l2-termination-point-attributes;
  }

  /*
   * Notifications
   */

  notification l2-node-event {
    description
      "Notification event for L2 node.";
    leaf event-type {
      type l2t:l2-network-event-type;
      description
        "Event type.";
    }
    uses nw-s:node-ref;
    uses l2t:l2-network-type;
    uses l2t:l2-node-attributes;
  }

  notification l2-link-event {
    description
      "Notification event for an L2 link.";
    leaf event-type {
      type l2t:l2-network-event-type;
      description
        "Event type.";
    }
    uses nt-s:link-ref;
    uses l2t:l2-network-type;
    uses l2t:l2-link-attributes;
  }

  notification l2-termination-point-event {
    description
      "Notification event for L2 termination point.";
    leaf event-type {
      type l2t:l2-network-event-type;
      description
        "Event type.";
    }
    uses nt-s:tp-ref;
    uses l2t:l2-network-type;
    uses l2t:l2-termination-point-attributes;
  }
}
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

Appendix B.  An Example

This section contains an example of an instance data tree in JSON encoding [RFC 7951]. The example instantiates "ietf-l2-topology" for the topology that is depicted in the following diagram. There are three nodes: D1, D2, and D3. D1 has three termination points: 1-0-1, 1-2-1, and 1-3-1. D2 has three termination points as well: 2-1-1, 2-0-1, and 2-3-1. D3 has two termination points: 3-1-1 and 3-2-1. For termination point 1-0-1, it provides lag support and has two member link termination points: 1-0-1-1 and 1-0-1-2. In addition, there are six links, two between each pair of nodes with one going in each direction.
                
                +------------+                   +------------+
                |     D1     |                   |     D2     |
       1-0-1-1 /-\          /-\                 /-\          /-\
    <--------->| | 1-0-1    | |---------------->| | 2-1-1    | |
       1-0-1-2 | |    1-2-1 | |<----------------| |    2-0-1 | |
    <--------> \-/  1-3-1   \-/                 \-/  2-3-1   \-/
                |   /----\   |                   |   /----\   |
                +---|    |---+                   +---|    |---+
                    \----/                           \----/
                     A  |                             A  |
                     |  |                             |  |
                     |  |                             |  |
                     |  |       +------------+        |  |
                     |  |       |     D3     |        |  |
                     |  |      /-\          /-\       |  |
                     |  +----->| | 3-1-1    | |-------+  |
                     +---------| |    3-2-1 | |<---------+
                               \-/          \-/
                                |            |
                                +------------+
The corresponding instance data tree is depicted below:
{
  "ietf-network:networks": {
    "network": [
      {
        "network-id": "l2-topo-example",
        "node": [
          {
            "node-id": "D1",
            "ietf-network-topology:termination-point": [
              {
                "tp-id": "1-0-1",
                "ietf-l2-topology:l2-termination-point-attributes": {
                  "mac-address": "00:00:5e:00:53:d0",
                  "lag": true,
                  "member-link-tp": [
                    "1-0-1-1",
                    "1-0-1-2"
                  ]
                }
              },
              {
                "tp-id": "1-0-1-1",
                "ietf-l2-topology:l2-termination-point-attributes": {
                  "mac-address": "00:00:5e:00:53:d3"
                }
              },
              {
                "tp-id": "1-0-1-2",
                "ietf-l2-topology:l2-termination-point-attributes": {
                  "mac-address": "00:00:5e:00:53:d4"
                }
              },
              {
                "tp-id": "1-2-1",
                "ietf-l2-topology:l2-termination-point-attributes": {
                  "mac-address": "00:00:5e:00:53:d1"
                }
              },
              {
                "tp-id": "1-3-1",
                "ietf-l2-topology:l2-termination-point-attributes": {
                  "mac-address": "00:00:5e:00:53:d2"
                }
              }
            ],
            "ietf-l2-topology:l2-node-attributes": {
              "management-address": [
                "192.0.2.1",
                "2001:db8:0:1::"
              ]
            }
          },
          {
            "node-id": "D2",
            "ietf-network-topology:termination-point": [
              {
                "tp-id": "2-0-1",
                "ietf-l2-topology:l2-termination-point-attributes": {
                  "mac-address": "00:00:5e:00:53:e0"
                }
              },
              {
                "tp-id": "2-1-1",
                "ietf-l2-topology:l2-termination-point-attributes": {
                  "mac-address": "00:00:5e:00:53:e1"
                }
              },
              {
                "tp-id": "2-3-1",
                "ietf-l2-topology:l2-termination-point-attributes": {
                  "mac-address": "00:00:5e:00:53:e2"
                }
              }
            ],
            "ietf-l2-topology:l2-node-attributes": {
              "management-address": [
                "192.0.2.2",
                "2001:db8:0:2::"
              ]
            }
          },
          {
            "node-id": "D3",
            "ietf-network-topology:termination-point": [
              {
                "tp-id": "3-1-1",
                "ietf-l2-topology:l2-termination-point-attributes": {
                  "mac-address": "00:00:5e:00:53:f0"
                }
              },
              {
                "tp-id": "3-2-1",
                "ietf-l2-topology:l2-termination-point-attributes": {
                  "mac-address": "00:00:5e:00:53:f1"
                }
              }
            ],
            "ietf-l2-topology:l2-node-attributes": {
              "management-address": [
                "192.0.2.3",
                "2001:db8:0:3::"
              ]
            }
          }
        ],
        "ietf-network-topology:link": [
          {
            "link-id": "D1,1-2-1,D2,2-1-1",
            "source": {
              "source-node": "D1",
              "source-tp": "1-2-1"
            },
            "destination": {
              "dest-node": "D2",
              "dest-tp": "2-1-1"
            },
            "ietf-l2-topology:l2-link-attributes": {
              "rate": "1000"
            }
          },
          {
            "link-id": "D2,2-1-1,D1,1-2-1",
            "source": {
              "source-node": "D2",
              "source-tp": "2-1-1"
            },
            "destination": {
              "dest-node": "D1",
              "dest-tp": "1-2-1"
            },
            "ietf-l2-topology:l2-link-attributes": {
              "rate": "1000"
            }
          },
          {
            "link-id": "D1,1-3-1,D3,3-1-1",
            "source": {
              "source-node": "D1",
              "source-tp": "1-3-1"
            },
            "destination": {
              "dest-node": "D3",
              "dest-tp": "3-1-1"
            },
            "ietf-l2-topology:l2-link-attributes": {
              "rate": "1000"
            }
          },
          {
            "link-id": "D3,3-1-1,D1,1-3-1",
            "source": {
              "source-node": "D3",
              "source-tp": "3-1-1"
            },
            "destination": {
              "dest-node": "D1",
              "dest-tp": "1-3-1"
            },
            "ietf-l2-topology:l2-link-attributes": {
              "rate": "1000"
            }
          },
          {
            "link-id": "D2,2-3-1,D3,3-2-1",
            "source": {
              "source-node": "D2",
              "source-tp": "2-3-1"
            },
            "destination": {
              "dest-node": "D3",
              "dest-tp": "3-2-1"
            },
            "ietf-l2-topology:l2-link-attributes": {
              "rate": "1000"
            }
          },
          {
            "link-id": "D3,3-2-1,D2,2-3-1",
            "source": {
              "source-node": "D3",
              "source-tp": "3-2-1"
            },
            "destination": {
              "dest-node": "D2",
              "dest-tp": "2-3-1"
            },
            "ietf-l2-topology:l2-link-attributes": {
              "rate": "1000"
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the comments and suggestions received from Susan Hares, Alia Atlas, Juergen Schoenwaelder, Mach Chen, Alexander Clemm, Sriganesh Kini, Oscar Gonzalez de Dios, Stig Venaas, Christian Huitema, Meral Shirazipour, Benjamin Kaduk, and Don Fedyk.
Many thanks to Ladislav Lhotka for the yang-doctors review.
Top   ToC   RFCv3-8944

Authors' Addresses

Jie Dong

Huawei
No. 156 Beiqing Rd.
Beijing   100095
China

Xiugang Wei

Huawei
No. 156 Beiqing Rd.
Beijing   100095
China

Qin Wu

Huawei
Yuhua District
Nanjing   210012
China

Mohamed Boucadair

Orange
Rennes 35000
France

Anders Liu

Tecent
Haidian District
Beijing   100080
China
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