Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) L. Ginsberg, Ed. Request for Comments: 7794 Cisco Systems Category: Standards Track B. Decraene ISSN: 2070-1721 Orange S. Previdi Cisco Systems X. Xu Huawei U. Chunduri Ericsson March 2016 IS-IS Prefix Attributes for Extended IPv4 and IPv6 Reachability
AbstractThis document introduces new sub-TLVs to support advertisement of IPv4 and IPv6 prefix attribute flags and the source router ID of the router that originated a prefix advertisement. Status of This Memo This is an Internet Standards Track document. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7794.
Copyright Notice Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License. 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1. Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. New Sub-TLVs for Extended Reachability TLVs . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1. IPv4/IPv6 Extended Reachability Attribute Flags . . . . . 4 2.2. IPv4/IPv6 Source Router ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3. Advertising Router IDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 5. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 5.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 5.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
ISO10589] and [RFC1195]. Extensions in support of advertising new forms of IPv4/IPv6 prefix reachability are defined in [RFC5305], [RFC5308], and [RFC5120]. There are existing use cases in which knowing additional attributes of a prefix is useful. It is useful to know whether or not an advertised prefix is directly connected to the advertising router. In the case of Segment Routing as described in [SR], knowing whether or not a prefix is directly connected determines what action should be taken as regards processing of labels associated with an incoming packet. It is useful to know what addresses can be used as addresses of the node in support of services (e.g., Remote Loop Free Alternate (RLFA) endpoint). Current formats of the Extended Reachability TLVs for both IPv4 and IPv6 are fixed and do not allow the introduction of additional flags without backwards compatibility issues. Therefore, this document defines a new sub-TLV that supports the advertisement of attribute flags associated with prefix advertisements. In cases where multiple node addresses are advertised by a given router, it is also useful to be able to associate all of these addresses with a single Router ID even when prefixes are advertised outside of the area in which they originated. Therefore, a new sub- TLV is introduced to advertise the Router ID of the originator of a prefix advertisement. RFC2119].
R-Flag: Re-advertisement Flag (Bit 1) Set when the prefix has been leaked from one level to another (upwards or downwards). N-flag: Node Flag (Bit 2) Set when the prefix identifies the advertising router, i.e., the prefix is a host prefix advertising a globally reachable address typically associated with a loopback address. The advertising router MAY choose to NOT set this flag even when the above conditions are met. If the flag is set and the prefix length is NOT a host prefix (/32 for IPV4, /128 for IPv6), then the flag MUST be ignored. The flag MUST be preserved when leaked between levels. Section 2.1), it may be useful for other routers to know the source of the advertisement. The sub-TLVs defined below provide that information. Note that the Router ID advertised is always the Router ID of the IS-IS instance that originated the advertisement. This would be true even if the prefix had been learned from another protocol (i.e., with the X-flag set as defined in Section 2.1). IPv4 Source Router ID Type: 11 Length: 4 Value: IPv4 Router ID of the source of the advertisement Inclusion of this TLV is optional and MAY occur in TLVs 135, 235, 236, or 237. When included, the value MUST be identical to the value advertised in the Traffic Engineering router ID (TLV 134) defined in [RFC5305]. If present the sub-TLV MUST be included when the prefix advertisement is leaked to another level. IPv6 Source Router ID Type: 12 Length: 16 Value: IPv6 Router ID of the source of the advertisement
Inclusion of this TLV is optional and MAY occur in TLVs 135, 235, 236, or 237. When included, the value MUST be identical to the value advertised in the IPv6 TE Router ID (TLV 140) defined in [RFC6119]. If present, the sub-TLV MUST be included when the prefix advertisement is leaked to another level. RFC5305] and [RFC6119] define the advertisement of router IDs for IPv4 and IPv6, respectively. Although both documents discuss the use of router ID in the context of Traffic Engineering (TE), the advertisement of router IDs is explicitly allowed for purposes other than TE. The use of router IDs to identify the source of a prefix advertisement as defined in Section 2.2 is one such use case. Therefore, whenever an IPv4 or IPv6 Source Router ID sub-TLV (as defined in Section 2.2) is used, the originating router SHOULD also advertise the corresponding address-family-specific router ID TLV. RFC5226]. This registry is part of the "IS-IS TLV Codepoints" registry. The name of the registry is "Bit Values for Prefix Attribute Flags Sub-TLV". The defined values are: Bit # Name ----- ------------------------------ 0 External Prefix Flag (X-flag) 1 Re-advertisement Flag (R-flag) 2 Node Flag (N-flag)
RFC5304] and [RFC5310]. Advertisement of the additional information defined in this document introduces no new security concerns. [ISO10589] International Organization for Standardization, "Intermediate system to Intermediate system intra-domain routeing information exchange protocol for use in conjunction with the protocol for providing the connectionless-mode Network Service (ISO 8473)", ISO/IEC 10589:2002, Second Edition, Nov. 2002. [RFC1195] Callon, R., "Use of OSI IS-IS for routing in TCP/IP and dual environments", RFC 1195, DOI 10.17487/RFC1195, December 1990, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc1195>. [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. [RFC5120] Przygienda, T., Shen, N., and N. Sheth, "M-ISIS: Multi Topology (MT) Routing in Intermediate System to Intermediate Systems (IS-ISs)", RFC 5120, DOI 10.17487/RFC5120, February 2008, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5120>. [RFC5226] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226, DOI 10.17487/RFC5226, May 2008, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5226>. [RFC5304] Li, T. and R. Atkinson, "IS-IS Cryptographic Authentication", RFC 5304, DOI 10.17487/RFC5304, October 2008, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5304>. [RFC5305] Li, T. and H. Smit, "IS-IS Extensions for Traffic Engineering", RFC 5305, DOI 10.17487/RFC5305, October 2008, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5305>.
[RFC5308] Hopps, C., "Routing IPv6 with IS-IS", RFC 5308, DOI 10.17487/RFC5308, October 2008, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5308>. [RFC5310] Bhatia, M., Manral, V., Li, T., Atkinson, R., White, R., and M. Fanto, "IS-IS Generic Cryptographic Authentication", RFC 5310, DOI 10.17487/RFC5310, February 2009, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5310>. [RFC6119] Harrison, J., Berger, J., and M. Bartlett, "IPv6 Traffic Engineering in IS-IS", RFC 6119, DOI 10.17487/RFC6119, February 2011, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6119>. [SR] Previdi, S., Ed., Filsfils, C., Bashandy, A., Gredler, H., Litkowski, S., Decraene, B., and J. Tantsura, "IS-IS Extensions for Segment Routing", Work in Progress, draft-ietf-isis-segment-routing-extensions-06, December 2015.