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RFC 7503

OSPFv3 Autoconfiguration

Pages: 15
Proposed Standard
Updates:  5340

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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         A. Lindem
Request for Comments: 7503                                 Cisco Systems
Updates: 5340                                                   J. Arkko
Category: Standards Track                                       Ericsson
ISSN: 2070-1721                                               April 2015


                        OSPFv3 Autoconfiguration

Abstract

OSPFv3 is a candidate for deployments in environments where autoconfiguration is a requirement. One such environment is the IPv6 home network where users expect to simply plug in a router and have it automatically use OSPFv3 for intra-domain routing. This document describes the necessary mechanisms for OSPFv3 to be self-configuring. This document updates RFC 5340 by relaxing the HelloInterval/ RouterDeadInterval checking during OSPFv3 adjacency formation and adding hysteresis to the update of self-originated Link State Advertisements (LSAs). Status of This Memo This is an Internet Standards Track document. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7503.
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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1. Requirements Notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. OSPFv3 Default Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3. OSPFv3 HelloInterval/RouterDeadInterval Flexibility . . . . . 5 3.1. Wait Timer Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4. OSPFv3 Minimal Authentication Configuration . . . . . . . . . 5 5. OSPFv3 Router ID Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6. OSPFv3 Adjacency Formation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 7. OSPFv3 Duplicate Router ID Detection and Resolution . . . . . 6 7.1. Duplicate Router ID Detection for Neighbors . . . . . . . 6 7.2. Duplicate Router ID Detection for Non-neighbors . . . . . 7 7.2.1. OSPFv3 Router Autoconfiguration LSA . . . . . . . . . 7 7.2.2. Router-Hardware-Fingerprint TLV . . . . . . . . . . . 9 7.3. Duplicate Router ID Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 7.4. Change to RFC 2328, Section 13.4 ("Receiving Self-Originated LSAs") . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 8. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 9. Management Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 11. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 11.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 11.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
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1. Introduction

OSPFv3 [OSPFV3] is a candidate for deployments in environments where autoconfiguration is a requirement. This document describes extensions to OSPFv3 to enable it to operate in these environments. In this mode of operation, the protocol is largely unchanged from the base OSPFv3 protocol specification [OSPFV3]. Since the goals of autoconfiguration and security can be conflicting, operators and network administrators should carefully consider their security requirements before deploying the solution described in this document. Refer to Section 8 for more information. The following aspects of OSPFv3 autoconfiguration are described in this document: 1. Default OSPFv3 Configuration 2. HelloInterval/RouterDeadInterval Flexibility 3. OSPFv3 Minimal Authentication Configuration 4. Unique OSPFv3 Router ID Generation 5. OSPFv3 Adjacency Formation 6. Duplicate OSPFv3 Router ID Resolution 7. Self-Originated LSA Processing OSPFv3 [OSPFV3] is updated by allowing OSPFv3 adjacencies to be formed between OSPFv3 routers with differing HelloIntervals or RouterDeadIntervals (refer to Section 3). Additionally, hysteresis has been added to the processing of stale self-originated LSAs to mitigate the flooding overhead created by an OSPFv3 Router with a duplicate OSPFv3 Router ID in the OSPFv3 routing domain (refer to Section 7.4). Both updates are fully backward compatible.

1.1. Requirements Notation

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC-KEYWORDS].
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2. OSPFv3 Default Configuration

For complete autoconfiguration, OSPFv3 will need to choose suitable configuration defaults. These include: 1. Area 0 Only - All autoconfigured OSPFv3 interfaces MUST be in area 0. 2. OSPFv3 SHOULD be autoconfigured on all IPv6-capable interfaces on the router. An interface MAY be excluded if it is clear that running OSPFv3 on the interface is not required. For example, if manual configuration or another condition indicates that an interface is connected to an Internet Service Provider (ISP), there is typically no need to employ OSPFv3. In fact, [IPv6-CPE] specifically requires that IPv6 Customer Premise Equipment (CPE) routers not initiate any dynamic routing protocol by default on the router's WAN, i.e., ISP-facing, interface. In home networking environments, an interface where no OSPFv3 neighbors are found, but a DHCP IPv6 prefix can be acquired, may be considered an ISP-facing interface, and running OSPFv3 is unnecessary. 3. OSPFv3 interfaces will be autoconfigured to an interface type corresponding to their Layer 2 capability. For example, Ethernet interfaces and Wi-Fi interfaces will be autoconfigured as OSPFv3 broadcast networks and Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) interfaces will be autoconfigured as OSPFv3 Point-to-Point interfaces. Most extant OSPFv3 implementations do this already. autoconfigured operation over wireless networks requiring a point-to-multipoint (P2MP) topology and dynamic metrics based on wireless feedback is not within the scope of this document. However, autoconfiguration is not precluded in these environments. 4. OSPFv3 interfaces MAY use an arbitrary HelloInterval and RouterDeadInterval as specified in Section 3. Of course, an identical HelloInterval and RouterDeadInterval will still be required to form an adjacency with an OSPFv3 router not supporting autoconfiguration [OSPFV3]. 5. All OSPFv3 interfaces SHOULD be autoconfigured to use an Interface Instance ID of 0 that corresponds to the base IPv6 unicast address family instance ID as defined in [OSPFV3-AF]. Similarly, if IPv4 unicast addresses are advertised in a separate autoconfigured OSPFv3 instance, the base IPv4 unicast address family instance ID value, i.e., 64, SHOULD be autoconfigured as the Interface Instance ID for all interfaces corresponding to the IPv4 unicast OSPFv3 instance [OSPFV3-AF].
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3. OSPFv3 HelloInterval/RouterDeadInterval Flexibility

autoconfigured OSPFv3 routers will not require an identical HelloInterval and RouterDeadInterval to form adjacencies. Rather, the received HelloInterval will be ignored and the received RouterDeadInterval will be used to determine OSPFv3 liveliness with the sending router. In other words, the Neighbor Inactivity Timer (Section 10 of [OSPFV2]) for each neighbor will reflect that neighbor's advertised RouterDeadInterval and MAY be different from other OSPFv3 routers on the link without impacting adjacency formation. A similar mechanism requiring additional signaling is proposed for all OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 routers [ASYNC-HELLO].

3.1. Wait Timer Reduction

In many situations, autoconfigured OSPFv3 routers will be deployed in environments where back-to-back ethernet connections are utilized. When this is the case, an OSPFv3 broadcast interface will not come up until the other OSPFv3 router is connected, and the routers will wait RouterDeadInterval seconds before forming an adjacency [OSPFV2]. In order to reduce this delay, an autoconfigured OSPFv3 router MAY reduce the wait interval to a value no less than (HelloInterval + 1). Reducing the setting will slightly increase the likelihood of the Designated Router (DR) flapping but is preferable to the long adjacency formation delay. Note that this value is not included in OSPFv3 Hello packets and does not impact interoperability.

4. OSPFv3 Minimal Authentication Configuration

In many deployments, the requirement for OSPFv3 authentication overrides the goal of complete OSPFv3 autoconfiguration. Therefore, it is RECOMMENDED that OSPFv3 routers supporting this specification minimally offer an option to explicitly configure a single password for HMAC-SHA authentication as described in [OSPFV3-AUTH-TRAILER]. It is RECOMMENDED that the password be entered as ASCII hexadecimal digits and that 32 or more digits be accepted to facilitate a password with a high degree of entropy. When configured, the password will be used on all autoconfigured interfaces with the Security Association Identifier (SA ID) set to 1 and HMAC-SHA-256 used as the authentication algorithm.

5. OSPFv3 Router ID Selection

An OSPFv3 router requires a unique Router ID within the OSPFv3 routing domain for correct protocol operation. Existing Router ID selection algorithms (Appendix C.1 in [OSPFV2] and [OSPFV3]) are not viable since they are dependent on a unique IPv4 interface address that is not likely to be available in autoconfigured deployments. An
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   OSPFv3 router implementing this specification will select a Router ID
   that has a high probability of uniqueness.  A pseudorandom number
   SHOULD be used for the OSPFv3 Router ID.  The generation SHOULD be
   seeded with a variable that is likely to be unique in the applicable
   OSPFv3 router deployment.  A good choice of seed would be some
   portion or hash of the Router-Hardware-Fingerprint as described in
   Section 7.2.2.

   Since there is a possibility of a Router ID collision, duplicate
   Router ID detection and resolution are required as described in
   Sections 7 and 7.3.  OSPFv3 routers SHOULD maintain the last
   successfully chosen Router ID in nonvolatile storage to avoid
   collisions subsequent to when an autoconfigured OSPFv3 router is
   first added to the OSPFv3 routing domain.

6. OSPFv3 Adjacency Formation

Since OSPFv3 uses IPv6 link-local addresses for all protocol messages other than messages sent on virtual links (which are not applicable to autoconfiguration), OSPFv3 adjacency formation can proceed as soon as a Router ID has been selected and the IPv6 link-local address has completed Duplicate Address Detection (DAD) as specified in IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration [SLAAC]. Otherwise, the only changes to the OSPFv3 base specification are supporting HelloInterval/RouterDeadInterval flexibility as described in Section 3 and duplicate Router ID detection and resolution as described in Sections 7 and 7.3.

7. OSPFv3 Duplicate Router ID Detection and Resolution

There are two cases of duplicate OSPFv3 Router ID detection. One where the OSPFv3 router with the duplicate Router ID is directly connected and one where it is not. In both cases, the duplicate resolution is for one of the routers to select a new OSPFv3 Router ID.

7.1. Duplicate Router ID Detection for Neighbors

In this case, a duplicate Router ID is detected if any valid OSPFv3 packet is received with the same OSPFv3 Router ID but a different IPv6 link-local source address. Once this occurs, the OSPFv3 router with the numerically smaller IPv6 link-local address will need to select a new Router ID as described in Section 7.3. Note that the fact that the OSPFv3 router is a neighbor on a non-virtual interface implies that the router is directly connected. An OSPFv3 router implementing this specification should ensure that the inadvertent
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   connection of multiple router interfaces to the same physical link is
   not misconstrued as detection of an OSPFv3 neighbor with a duplicate
   Router ID.

7.2. Duplicate Router ID Detection for Non-neighbors

OSPFv3 routers implementing autoconfiguration, as specified herein, MUST originate an Autoconfiguration (AC) Link State Advertisement (LSA) including the Router-Hardware-Fingerprint Type-Length-Value (TLV). The Router-Hardware-Fingerprint TLV contains a variable- length value that has a very high probability of uniquely identifying the advertising OSPFv3 router. An OSPFv3 router implementing this specification MUST detect received Autoconfiguration LSAs with its Router ID specified in the LSA header. LSAs received with the local OSPFv3 Router's Router ID in the LSA header are perceived as self- originated (see Section 4.6 of [OSPFV3]). In these received Autoconfiguration LSAs, the Router-Hardware-Fingerprint TLV is compared against the OSPFv3 Router's own router hardware fingerprint. If the fingerprints are not equal, there is a duplicate Router ID conflict and the OSPFv3 router with the numerically smaller router hardware fingerprint MUST select a new Router ID as described in Section 7.3. This new LSA is designated for information related to OSPFv3 autoconfiguration and, in the future, could be used for other autoconfiguration information, e.g., global IPv6 prefixes. However, this is beyond the scope of this document.

7.2.1. OSPFv3 Router Autoconfiguration LSA

The OSPFv3 Autoconfiguration (AC) LSA has a function code of 15 and the S2/S1 bits set to 01 indicating Area Flooding Scope. The U bit will be set indicating that the OSPFv3 AC LSA should be flooded even if it is not understood. The Link State ID (LSID) value will be an integer index used to discriminate between multiple AC LSAs originated by the same OSPFv3 router. This specification only describes the contents of an AC LSA with an LSID of 0.
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        0                   1                   2                   3
        0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |            LS age             |1|0|1|           15            |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |                       Link State ID                           |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |                       Advertising Router                      |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |                       LS sequence number                      |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |        LS checksum            |            Length             |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |                                                               |
       +-                            TLVs                             -+
       |                             ...                               |

                     OSPFv3 Autoconfiguration (AC) LSA

   The format of the TLVs within the body of an AC LSA is the same as
   the format used by the Traffic Engineering Extensions to OSPFv2 [TE].
   The LSA payload consists of one or more nested TLV triplets.  The
   format of each TLV is:

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |              Type             |             Length            |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                            Value...                           |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

                                TLV Format

   The Length field defines the length of the value portion in octets
   (thus a TLV with no value portion would have a length of 0).  The TLV
   is padded to 4-octet alignment; padding is not included in the length
   field (so a 3-octet value would have a length of 3, but the total
   size of the TLV would be 8 octets).  Nested TLVs are also 32-bit
   aligned.  For example, a 1-byte value would have the length field set
   to 1, and 3 octets of padding would be added to the end of the value
   portion of the TLV.  Unrecognized types are ignored.

   The new LSA is designated for information related to OSPFv3
   autoconfiguration and, in the future, can be used other
   autoconfiguration information.
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7.2.2. Router-Hardware-Fingerprint TLV

The Router-Hardware-Fingerprint TLV is the first TLV defined for the OSPFv3 Autoconfiguration (AC) LSA. It will have type 1 and MUST be advertised in the LSID OSPFv3 AC LSA with an LSID of 0. It SHOULD occur, at most, once and the first instance of the TLV will take precedence over subsequent TLV instances. The length of the Router- Hardware-Fingerprint is variable but must be 32 octets or greater. If the Router-Hardware-Fingerprint TLV is not present as the first TLV, the AC LSA is considered malformed and is ignored for the purposes of duplicate Router ID detection. Additionally, the event SHOULD be logged. The contents of the hardware fingerprint MUST have an extremely high probability of uniqueness. It SHOULD be constructed from the concatenation of a number of local values that themselves have a high likelihood of uniqueness, such as Media Access Control (MAC) addresses, CPU ID, or serial numbers. It is RECOMMENDED that one or more available universal tokens (e.g., IEEE 802 48-bit MAC addresses or IEEE EUI-64 Identifiers [EUI64]) associated with the OSPFv3 router be included in the hardware fingerprint. It MUST be based on hardware attributes that will not change across hard and soft restarts. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 1 | >32 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Router Hardware Fingerprint | o o o | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Router-Hardware-Fingerprint TLV Format

7.3. Duplicate Router ID Resolution

The OSPFv3 router selected to resolve the duplicate OSPFv3 Router ID condition must select a new OSPFv3 Router ID. The OSPFv3 router SHOULD reduce the possibility of a subsequent Router ID collision by checking the Link State Database (LSDB) for an OSPFv3 Autoconfiguration LSA with the newly selected Router ID and a different Router-Hardware-Fingerprint. If one is detected, a new Router ID should be selected without going through the resolution process (Section 7). After selecting a new Router ID, all self-
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   originated LSAs MUST be reoriginated, and any OSPFv3 neighbor
   adjacencies MUST be reestablished.  The OSPFv3 router retaining the
   Router ID causing the conflict will reoriginate or flush any stale
   self-originated LSAs as described in Section 13.4 of [OSPFV2].

7.4. Change to RFC 2328, Section 13.4 ("Receiving Self-Originated LSAs")

RFC 2328 [OSPFV2], Section 13.4, describes the processing of received self-originated LSAs. If the received LSA doesn't exist, the receiving router will flush it from the OSPF routing domain. If the LSA is newer than the version in the LSDB, the receiving router will originate a newer version by advancing the LSA sequence number and reoriginating. Since it is possible for an autoconfigured OSPFv3 router to choose a duplicate OSPFv3 Router ID, OSPFv3 routers implementing this specification should detect when multiple instances of the same self-originated LSA are flushed or reoriginated since this is indicative of an OSPFv3 router with a duplicate Router ID in the OSPFv3 routing domain. When this condition is detected, the OSPFv3 router SHOULD delay self-originated LSA processing for LSAs that have recently been flushed or reoriginated. This specification recommends 10 seconds as the interval defining recent self-originated LSA processing and an exponential back-off of 1 to 8 seconds for the processing delay. This additional delay should allow for the mechanisms described in Section 7 to resolve the duplicate OSPFv3 Router ID conflict. Since this mechanism is useful in mitigating the flooding overhead associated with the inadvertent or malicious introduction of an OSPFv3 router with a duplicate Router ID into an OSPFv3 routing domain, it MAY be deployed outside of autoconfigured deployments. The detection of a self-originated LSA that is being repeatedly reoriginated or flushed SHOULD be logged.

8. Security Considerations

The goals of security and complete OSPFv3 autoconfiguration are somewhat contradictory. When no explicit security configuration takes place, autoconfiguration implies that additional devices placed in the network are automatically adopted as a part of the network. However, autoconfiguration can also be combined with password configuration (see Section 4) or future extensions for automatic pairing between devices. These mechanisms can help provide an automatically configured, securely routed network. In deployments where a different authentication algorithm or encryption is required (or different per-interface keys are required), OSPFv3 IPsec [OSPFV3-IPSEC] or alternate OSPFv3
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   Authentication Trailer [OSPFV3-AUTH-TRAILER] algorithms MAY be used
   at the expense of additional configuration.  The configuration and
   operational description of such deployments are beyond the scope of
   this document.  However, a deployment could always revert to explicit
   configuration as described in Section 9 for features such as IPsec,
   per-interface keys, or alternate authentication algorithms.

   The introduction, either malicious or accidental, of an OSPFv3 router
   with a duplicate Router ID is an attack point for OSPFv3 routing
   domains.  This is due to the fact that OSPFv3 routers will interpret
   LSAs advertised by the router with the same Router ID as self-
   originated LSAs and attempt to flush them from the routing domain.
   The mechanisms in Section 7.4 will mitigate the effects of
   duplication.

9. Management Considerations

It is RECOMMENDED that OSPFv3 routers supporting this specification also support explicit configuration of OSPFv3 parameters as specified in Appendix C of [OSPFV3]. This would allow explicit override of autoconfigured parameters in situations where it is required (e.g., if the deployment requires multiple OSPFv3 areas). This is in addition to the authentication key configuration recommended in Section 4. Additionally, it is RECOMMENDED that OSPFv3 routers supporting this specification allow autoconfiguration to be completely disabled. Since there is a small possibility of OSPFv3 Router ID collisions, manual configuration of OSPFv3 Router IDs is RECOMMENDED in OSPFv3 routing domains where route convergence due to a Router ID change is intolerable. OSPFv3 routers supporting this specification MUST augment mechanisms for displaying or otherwise conveying OSPFv3 operational state to indicate whether or not the OSPFv3 router was autoconfigured and whether or not its OSPFv3 interfaces have been autoconfigured.

10. IANA Considerations

This specification defines an OSPFv3 LSA Type for the OSPFv3 Autoconfiguration (AC) LSA, as described in Section 7.2.1. The value 15 has been allocated from the existing "OSPFv3 LSA Function Codes" registry for the OSPFv3 Autoconfiguration (AC) LSA.
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   This specification also creates a registry for OSPFv3
   Autoconfiguration (AC) LSA TLVs.  This registry has been placed in
   the existing OSPFv3 IANA registry, and new values will be allocated
   via IETF Review or, under exceptional circumstances, IESG Approval.
   [IANA-GUIDELINES]

   Three initial values are allocated:

   o  0 is marked as Reserved.

   o  1 is Router-Hardware-Fingerprint TLV (Section 7.2.2).

   o  65535 is an Autoconfiguration-Experiment-TLV, a common value that
      can be used for experimental purposes.

11. References

11.1. Normative References

[OSPFV2] Moy, J., "OSPF Version 2", STD 54, RFC 2328, April 1998, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2328>. [OSPFV3] Coltun, R., Ferguson, D., Moy, J., and A. Lindem, "OSPF for IPv6", RFC 5340, July 2008, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5340>. [OSPFV3-AF] Lindem, A., Ed., Mirtorabi, S., Roy, A., Barnes, M., and R. Aggarwal, "Support of Address Families in OSPFv3", RFC 5838, April 2010, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5838>. [OSPFV3-AUTH-TRAILER] Bhatia, M., Manral, V., and A. Lindem, "Supporting Authentication Trailer for OSPFv3", RFC 7166, March 2014, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7166>. [RFC-KEYWORDS] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. [SLAAC] Thomson, S., Narten, T., and T. Jinmei, "IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration", RFC 4862, September 2007, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4862>.
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   [TE]       Katz, D., Kompella, K., and D. Yeung, "Traffic Engineering
              (TE) Extensions to OSPF Version 2", RFC 3630, September
              2003, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3630>.

11.2. Informative References

[ASYNC-HELLO] Anand, M., Grover, H., and A. Roy, "Asymmetric OSPF Hold Timer", Work in Progress, draft-madhukar-ospf-agr- asymmetric-01, June 2013. [EUI64] IEEE, "Guidelines for 64-bit Global Identifier (EUI-64)", Registration Authority Tutorial, March 1997, <http://standards.ieee.org/regauth/oui/tutorials/ EUI64.html>. [IANA-GUIDELINES] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226, May 2008, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5226>. [IPv6-CPE] Singh, H., Beebee, W., Donley, C., and B. Stark, "Basic Requirements for IPv6 Customer Edge Routers", RFC 7084, November 2013, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7084>. [OSPFV3-IPSEC] Gupta, M. and N. Melam, "Authentication/Confidentiality for OSPFv3", RFC 4552, June 2006, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4552>.

Acknowledgments

This specification was inspired by the work presented in the HOMENET working group meeting in October 2011 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In particular, we would like to thank Fred Baker, Lorenzo Colitti, Ole Troan, Mark Townsley, and Michael Richardson. Arthur Dimitrelis and Aidan Williams did prior work in OSPFv3 autoconfiguration in the expired Internet-Draft titled "Autoconfiguration of routers using a link state routing protocol". There are many similarities between the concepts and techniques in this document. Thanks for Abhay Roy and Manav Bhatia for comments regarding duplicate Router ID processing.
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   Thanks for Alvaro Retana and Michael Barnes for comments regarding
   OSPFv3 Instance ID autoconfiguration.

   Thanks to Faraz Shamim for review and comments.

   Thanks to Mark Smith for the requirement to reduce the adjacency
   formation delay in the back-to-back ethernet topologies that are
   prevalent in home networks.

   Thanks to Les Ginsberg for document review and recommendations on
   OSPFv3 hardware fingerprint content.

   Thanks to Curtis Villamizar for document review and analysis of
   duplicate Router ID resolution nuances.

   Thanks to Uma Chunduri for comments during OSPF WG last call.

   Thanks to Martin Vigoureux for Routing Area Directorate review and
   comments.

   Thanks to Adam Montville for Security Area Directorate review and
   comments.

   Thanks to Qin Wu for Operations & Management Area Directorate review
   and comments.

   Thanks to Robert Sparks for General Area (GEN-ART) review and
   comments.

   Thanks to Rama Darbha for review and comments.

   Special thanks to Adrian Farrel for his in-depth review, copious
   comments, and suggested text.

   Special thanks go to Markus Stenberg for his implementation of this
   specification in Bird.

   Special thanks also go to David Lamparter for his implementation of
   this specification in Quagga.

   This document was initially produced using the xml2rfc tool.
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Authors' Addresses

Acee Lindem Cisco Systems 301 Midenhall Way Cary, NC 27513 United States EMail: acee@cisco.com Jari Arkko Ericsson Jorvas, 02420 Finland EMail: jari.arkko@piuha.net