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RFC 7496

Additional Policies for the Partially Reliable Stream Control Transmission Protocol Extension

Pages: 11
Proposed Standard

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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         M. Tuexen
Request for Comments: 7496              Muenster Univ. of Appl. Sciences
Category: Standards Track                                  R. Seggelmann
ISSN: 2070-1721                      Metafinanz Informationssysteme GmbH
                                                              R. Stewart
                                                           Netflix, Inc.
                                                               S. Loreto
                                                                Ericsson
                                                              April 2015


             Additional Policies for the Partially Reliable
             Stream Control Transmission Protocol Extension

Abstract

This document defines two additional policies for the Partially Reliable Stream Control Transmission Protocol (PR-SCTP) extension. These policies allow limitation of the number of retransmissions and prioritization of user messages for more efficient usage of the send buffer. Status of This Memo This is an Internet Standards Track document. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7496.
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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3. Additional PR-SCTP Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3.1. Limited Retransmissions Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3.2. Priority Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4. Socket API Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4.1. Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4.2. Support for Added PR-SCTP Policies . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4.3. Socket Option for Getting the Stream-Specific PR-SCTP Status (SCTP_PR_STREAM_STATUS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4.4. Socket Option for Getting the Association-Specific PR-SCTP Status (SCTP_PR_ASSOC_STATUS) . . . . . . . . . . 7 4.5. Socket Option for Getting and Setting the PR-SCTP Support (SCTP_PR_SUPPORTED) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 6. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 6.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 6.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
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1. Introduction

The Partially Reliable SCTP (PR-SCTP) extension defined in [RFC3758] provides a generic method for senders to abandon user messages. The decision to abandon a user message is sender side only, and the exact condition is called a "PR-SCTP policy" ([RFC3758] refers to them as "PR-SCTP Services"). [RFC3758] also defines one particular PR-SCTP policy, called "Timed Reliability". This allows the sender to specify a timeout for a user message after which the SCTP stack abandons the user message. This document specifies the following two additional PR-SCTP policies: Limited Retransmission Policy: Allows limitation of the number of retransmissions. Priority Policy: Allows removal of lower-priority messages if space for higher-priority messages is needed in the send buffer.

2. Conventions

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

3. Additional PR-SCTP Policies

This section defines two new PR-SCTP policies, one in each subsection. Please note that it is REQUIRED to implement [RFC3758], if you want to implement these additional policies. However, these additional policies are OPTIONAL when implementing [RFC3758].

3.1. Limited Retransmissions Policy

Using the Limited Retransmission Policy allows the sender of a user message to specify an upper limit for the number of retransmissions for each DATA chunk of the given user messages. The sender MUST abandon a user message if the number of retransmissions of any of the DATA chunks of the user message would exceed the provided limit. The sender MUST perform all other actions required for processing the retransmission event, such as adapting the congestion window and the retransmission timeout. Please note that the number of retransmissions includes both fast and timer-based retransmissions.
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   The sender MAY limit the number of retransmissions to 0.  This will
   result in abandoning the message when it would get retransmitted for
   the first time.  The use of this setting provides a service similar
   to UDP, which also does not perform any retransmissions.

   Please note that using this policy does not affect the handling of
   the thresholds 'Association.Max.Retrans' and 'Path.Max.Retrans' as
   specified in Section 8 of [RFC4960].

   The WebRTC protocol stack (see [DATA-CHAN]) is an example of where
   the Limited Retransmissions Policy is used.

3.2. Priority Policy

Using the Priority Policy allows the sender of a user message to specify a priority. When storing a user message in the send buffer while there is not enough available space, the SCTP stack at the sender side MAY abandon other user message(s) of the same SCTP association (with the same or a different stream) with a priority lower than the provided one. User messages sent reliably are considered to have a priority higher than all messages sent with the Priority Policy. The algorithm for selecting the message(s) being abandoned is implementation specific. After lower-priority messages have been abandoned, high-priority messages can be transferred without the send call blocking (if used in blocking mode) or the send call failing (if used in non-blocking mode). The IP Flow Information Export (IPFIX) protocol stack (see [RFC7011]) is an example of where the Priority Policy can be used. Template records would be sent with full reliability, while flow records related to billing, security, and other monitoring would be sent using the Priority Policy with varying priority. The priority of security-related flow records would be set higher than the priority of monitoring-related flow records.

4. Socket API Considerations

This section describes how the socket API defined in [RFC6458] is extended to support the newly defined PR-SCTP policies, to provide some statistical information, and to control the negotiation of the PR-SCTP extension during the SCTP association setup. Please note that this section is informational only.
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4.1. Data Types

This section uses data types from [IEEE.1003-1G.1997]: uintN_t means an unsigned integer of exactly N bits (e.g., uint16_t). This is the same as in [RFC6458].

4.2. Support for Added PR-SCTP Policies

As defined in [RFC6458], the PR-SCTP policy is specified and configured by using the following sctp_prinfo structure: struct sctp_prinfo { uint16_t pr_policy; uint32_t pr_value; }; When the Limited Retransmission Policy described in Section 3.1 is used, pr_policy has the value SCTP_PR_SCTP_RTX and the number of retransmissions is given in pr_value. When using the Priority Policy described in Section 3.2, pr_policy has the value SCTP_PR_SCTP_PRIO. The priority is given in pr_value. The value of zero is the highest priority, and larger numbers in pr_value denote lower priorities. The following table summarizes the possible parameter settings defined in [RFC6458] and this document: +-------------------+---------------------------+---------------+ | pr_policy | pr_value | Specification | +-------------------+---------------------------+---------------+ | SCTP_PR_SCTP_NONE | Ignored | [RFC6458] | | SCTP_PR_SCTP_TTL | Lifetime in ms | [RFC6458] | | SCTP_PR_SCTP_RTX | Number of retransmissions | Section 3.1 | | SCTP_PR_SCTP_PRIO | Priority | Section 3.2 | +-------------------+---------------------------+---------------+
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4.3. Socket Option for Getting the Stream-Specific PR-SCTP Status (SCTP_PR_STREAM_STATUS)

This socket option uses IPPROTO_SCTP as its level and SCTP_PR_STREAM_STATUS as its name. It can only be used with getsockopt() but not with setsockopt(). The socket option value uses the following structure: struct sctp_prstatus { sctp_assoc_t sprstat_assoc_id; uint16_t sprstat_sid; uint16_t sprstat_policy; uint64_t sprstat_abandoned_unsent; uint64_t sprstat_abandoned_sent; }; sprstat_assoc_id: This parameter is ignored for one-to-one style sockets. For one-to-many style sockets, this parameter indicates for which association the user wants the information. It is an error to use SCTP_{CURRENT|ALL|FUTURE}_ASSOC in sprstat_assoc_id. sprstat_sid: This parameter indicates for which outgoing SCTP stream the user wants the information. sprstat_policy: This parameter indicates for which PR-SCTP policy the user wants the information. It is an error to use SCTP_PR_SCTP_NONE in sprstat_policy. If SCTP_PR_SCTP_ALL is used, the counters provided are aggregated over all supported policies. sprstat_abandoned_unsent: The number of user messages that have been abandoned using the policy specified in sprstat_policy on the stream specified in sprstat_sid for the association specified by sprstat_assoc_id, before any part of the user message could be sent. sprstat_abandoned_sent: The number of user messages that have been abandoned using the policy specified in sprstat_policy on the stream specified in sprstat_sid for the association specified by sprstat_assoc_id, after a part of the user message has been sent. There are separate counters for unsent and sent user messages because the SCTP_SEND_FAILED_EVENT supports a similar differentiation. Please note that an abandoned large user message requiring SCTP-level fragmentation is reported in the sprstat_abandoned_sent counter as soon as at least one fragment of it has been sent. Therefore, each abandoned user message is counted in either sprstat_abandoned_unsent or sprstat_abandoned_sent.
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   If more detailed information about abandoned user messages is
   required, the subscription to the SCTP_SEND_FAILED_EVENT is
   recommended.  Please note that some implementations might choose not
   to support this option, since it increases the resources needed for
   an outgoing SCTP stream.  For the same reasons, some implementations
   might only support using SCTP_PR_SCTP_ALL in sprstat_policy.

   sctp_opt_info() needs to be extended to support
   SCTP_PR_STREAM_STATUS.

4.4. Socket Option for Getting the Association-Specific PR-SCTP Status (SCTP_PR_ASSOC_STATUS)

This socket option uses IPPROTO_SCTP as its level and SCTP_PR_ASSOC_STATUS as its name. It can only be used with getsockopt(), but not with setsockopt(). The socket option value uses the same structure as described in Section 4.3: struct sctp_prstatus { sctp_assoc_t sprstat_assoc_id; uint16_t sprstat_sid; uint16_t sprstat_policy; uint64_t sprstat_abandoned_unsent; uint64_t sprstat_abandoned_sent; }; sprstat_assoc_id: This parameter is ignored for one-to-one style sockets. For one-to-many style sockets, this parameter indicates for which association the user wants the information. It is an error to use SCTP_{CURRENT|ALL|FUTURE}_ASSOC in sprstat_assoc_id. sprstat_sid: This parameter is ignored. sprstat_policy: This parameter indicates for which PR-SCTP policy the user wants the information. It is an error to use SCTP_PR_SCTP_NONE in sprstat_policy. If SCTP_PR_SCTP_ALL is used, the counters provided are aggregated over all supported policies. sprstat_abandoned_unsent: The number of user messages that have been abandoned using the policy specified in sprstat_policy for the association specified by sprstat_assoc_id, before any part of the user message could be sent. sprstat_abandoned_sent: The number of user messages that have been abandoned using the policy specified in sprstat_policy for the association specified by sprstat_assoc_id, after a part of the user message has been sent.
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   There are separate counters for unsent and sent user messages because
   the SCTP_SEND_FAILED_EVENT supports a similar differentiation.
   Please note that an abandoned large user message requiring SCTP-level
   fragmentation is reported in the sprstat_abandoned_sent counter as
   soon as at least one fragment of it has been sent.  Therefore, each
   abandoned user message is counted in either sprstat_abandoned_unsent
   or sprstat_abandoned_sent.

   If more detailed information about abandoned user messages is
   required, the usage of the option described in Section 4.3 or the
   subscription to the SCTP_SEND_FAILED_EVENT is recommended.

   sctp_opt_info() needs to be extended to support SCTP_PR_ASSOC_STATUS.

4.5. Socket Option for Getting and Setting the PR-SCTP Support (SCTP_PR_SUPPORTED)

This socket option allows the enabling or disabling of the negotiation of PR-SCTP support for future associations. For existing associations, it allows one to query whether or not PR-SCTP support was negotiated on a particular association. Whether or not PR-SCTP is enabled by default is implementation specific. This socket option uses IPPROTO_SCTP as its level and SCTP_PR_SUPPORTED as its name. It can be used with getsockopt() and setsockopt(). The socket option value uses the following structure defined in [RFC6458]: struct sctp_assoc_value { sctp_assoc_t assoc_id; uint32_t assoc_value; }; assoc_id: This parameter is ignored for one-to-one style sockets. For one-to-many style sockets, this parameter indicates upon which association the user is performing an action. The special sctp_assoc_t SCTP_FUTURE_ASSOC can also be used; it is an error to use SCTP_{CURRENT|ALL}_ASSOC in assoc_id. assoc_value: A non-zero value encodes the enabling of PR-SCTP, whereas a value of 0 encodes the disabling of PR-SCTP. sctp_opt_info() needs to be extended to support SCTP_PR_SUPPORTED.
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5. Security Considerations

This document does not add any security considerations to those given in [RFC4960], [RFC3758], and [RFC6458]. As indicated in the Security Considerations of [RFC3758], transport-layer security in the form of TLS over SCTP (see [RFC3436]) can't be used for PR-SCTP. However, DTLS over SCTP (see [RFC6083]) could be used instead. If DTLS over SCTP as specified in [RFC6083] is used, the Security Considerations of [RFC6083] do apply. It should also be noted that using PR-SCTP for an SCTP association doesn't allow that association to behave more aggressively than an SCTP association not using PR-SCTP.

6. References

6.1. Normative References

[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. [RFC3758] Stewart, R., Ramalho, M., Xie, Q., Tuexen, M., and P. Conrad, "Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) Partial Reliability Extension", RFC 3758, May 2004, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3758>. [RFC4960] Stewart, R., Ed., "Stream Control Transmission Protocol", RFC 4960, September 2007, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4960>.

6.2. Informative References

[RFC3436] Jungmaier, A., Rescorla, E., and M. Tuexen, "Transport Layer Security over Stream Control Transmission Protocol", RFC 3436, December 2002, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3436>. [RFC6083] Tuexen, M., Seggelmann, R., and E. Rescorla, "Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) for Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)", RFC 6083, January 2011, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6083>. [RFC6458] Stewart, R., Tuexen, M., Poon, K., Lei, P., and V. Yasevich, "Sockets API Extensions for the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)", RFC 6458, December 2011, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6458>.
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   [RFC7011]  Claise, B., Ed., Trammell, B., Ed., and P. Aitken,
              "Specification of the IP Flow Information Export (IPFIX)
              Protocol for the Exchange of Flow Information", STD 77,
              RFC 7011, September 2013,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7011>.

   [DATA-CHAN]
              Jesup, R., Loreto, S., and M. Tuexen, "WebRTC Data
              Channels", Work in Progress, draft-ietf-rtcweb-data-
              channel-13, January 2015.

   [IEEE.1003-1G.1997]
              IEEE, "Protocol Independent Interfaces", IEEE Standard
              1003.1G, March 1997.

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank Benoit Claise, Spencer Dawkins, Gorry Fairhurst, Stephen Farrell, Barry Leiba, Karen Egede Nielsen, Ka-Cheong Poon, Dan Romascanu, Irene Ruengeler, Jamal Hadi Salim, Joseph Salowey, Brian Trammell, and Vlad Yasevich for their invaluable comments.
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Authors' Addresses

Michael Tuexen Muenster University of Applied Sciences Stegerwaldstrasse 39 48565 Steinfurt Germany EMail: tuexen@fh-muenster.de Robin Seggelmann Metafinanz Informationssysteme GmbH Leopoldstrasse 146 80804 Muenchen Germany EMail: rfc@robin-seggelmann.com Randall R. Stewart Netflix, Inc. Chapin, SC 29036 United States EMail: randall@lakerest.net Salvatore Loreto Ericsson Hirsalantie 11 Jorvas 02420 Finland EMail: Salvatore.Loreto@ericsson.com