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RFC 7152

Requirements for Metro Ethernet Forum (MEF) Ethernet-Tree (E-Tree) Support in Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN)

Pages: 12
Informational

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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                       R. Key, Ed.
Request for Comments: 7152                                     S. Delord
Category: Informational                                          Telstra
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                F. Jounay
                                                               Orange CH
                                                                L. Huang
                                                            China Mobile
                                                                  Z. Liu
                                                           China Telecom
                                                                 M. Paul
                                                        Deutsche Telekom
                                                              March 2014


   Requirements for Metro Ethernet Forum (MEF) Ethernet-Tree (E-Tree)
           Support in Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN)

Abstract

This document provides functional requirements for the support of Metro Ethernet Forum (MEF) Ethernet Tree (E-Tree) in multipoint Layer 2 Virtual Private Network solutions (referred to as simply "L2VPN"). It is intended that potential solutions will use these requirements as guidelines. Status of This Memo This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is published for informational purposes. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Not all documents approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7152.
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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction ....................................................3 1.1. Conventions Used in This Document ..........................3 2. IETF Multipoint Ethernet L2VPN Services .........................3 2.1. VPLS .......................................................3 2.2. Ethernet Virtual Private Network (E-VPN) ...................3 3. MEF Multipoint Ethernet Services ................................4 3.1. Similarities between E-LAN and E-Tree ......................4 3.2. Differences between E-LAN and E-Tree .......................4 3.3. E-Tree Use Cases ...........................................5 3.4. Generic E-Tree Service .....................................6 4. Problem Statement ...............................................6 4.1. Motivation .................................................6 4.2. Leaf-to-Leaf Communication Restriction .....................6 5. Requirements ....................................................7 5.1. Functional Requirements ....................................7 5.2. Applicability ..............................................8 5.3. Backward Compatibility .....................................8 5.4. External Network Network Interface (ENNI) ..................8 6. Security Considerations .........................................8 7. Contributors ....................................................8 8. Acknowledgements ................................................9 9. References ......................................................9 9.1. Normative References .......................................9 9.2. Informative References ....................................10 Appendix A. Frequently Asked Question .............................11 A.1. Are E-Tree Requirements Addressed in the Virtual Private Multicast Service (VPMS) Requirements? ...............11
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1. Introduction

This document provides functional requirements for the support of Metro Ethernet Forum (MEF) Ethernet Tree (E-Tree) in multipoint Layer 2 Virtual Private Network solutions (referred to as simply "L2VPN"). It is intended that potential solutions will use these requirements as guidelines. A considerable number of service providers have adopted Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) to provide MEF Ethernet LAN (E-LAN) services to customers. Service providers currently need a simple and effective solution to emulate E-Tree services in addition to E-LAN services on their MPLS networks. Service providers also expect E-Tree support in any newly developed L2VPN technologies.

1.1. Conventions Used in This Document

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

2. IETF Multipoint Ethernet L2VPN Services

2.1. VPLS

VPLS [RFC4761] [RFC4762] is an L2VPN service that provides multipoint-to-multipoint connectivity for Ethernet across an IP or MPLS-enabled IP Packet Switched Network (IP/MPLS PSN). VPLS emulates the Ethernet VLAN functionality of traditional Ethernet networks. Thus, in VPLS, the customer Ethernet frame is transported over the IP/MPLS PSN from the ingress Provider Edge (PE) to the egress PE where the destination is connected based on the Ethernet frame destination Media Access Control (MAC) address in the context of the virtual switching instance (VSI) to which it belongs.

2.2. Ethernet Virtual Private Network (E-VPN)

E-VPN is an enhanced L2 service that emulates an Ethernet VLAN across an IP/MPLS PSN, primarily targeted to support large scale L2VPNs with resiliency requirements not satisfied by other L2VPN solutions. E-VPN is currently under development. Please refer to [EVPN].
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3. MEF Multipoint Ethernet Services

MEF has defined two multipoint Ethernet service types: - E-LAN (Ethernet LAN), multipoint-to-multipoint service - E-Tree (Ethernet Tree), rooted-multipoint service For the full specifications, please refer to [MEF6.1] and [MEF10.2].

3.1. Similarities between E-LAN and E-Tree

The following are the similarities between E-LAN and E-Tree services. - Data frame is an Ethernet frame. - Data forwarding is MAC-based forwarding. - A generic E-LAN/E-Tree service is always bidirectional in the sense that ingress frames can originate at any endpoint in the service.

3.2. Differences between E-LAN and E-Tree

Within the context of a multipoint Ethernet service, each endpoint is designated as either a Root or a Leaf. A Root can communicate with all other endpoints in the same multipoint Ethernet service; however, a Leaf can only communicate with Roots but not Leaves. The only differences between E-LAN and E-Tree are: - E-LAN has Root endpoints only, which implies there is no communication restriction between endpoints. - E-Tree has both Root and Leaf endpoints, which implies there is a need to enforce communication restriction between Leaf endpoints.
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3.3. E-Tree Use Cases

Table 1 presents some major E-Tree use cases. +---------------------------+--------------+------------+ | Use Case | Root | Leaf | +---+---------------------------+--------------+------------+ | 1 | Hub & Spoke VPN | Hub Site | Spoke Site | +---+---------------------------+--------------+------------+ | 2 | Wholesale Access | Customer's | Customer's | | | | Interconnect | Subscriber | +---+---------------------------+--------------+------------+ | 3 | Mobile Backhaul | Radio Access | RAN Base | | | | Network (RAN)| Station | | | | Network | | | | | Controller | | +---+---------------------------+--------------+------------+ | 4 | IEEE 1588 PTPv2 | Precision | PTP Client | | | Clock Synchronisation | Time Protocol| | | | [IEEE1588] | (PTP) Server | | +---+---------------------------+--------------+------------+ | 5 | Internet Access | Broadband | Subscriber | | | [TR-101] | Network | | | | | Gateway | | +---+---------------------------+--------------+------------+ | 6 | Broadcast Video | Video Source | Subscriber | | | (unidirectional only) | | | +---+---------------------------+--------------+------------+ | 7 | Broadcast/Multicast Video | Video Source | Subscriber | | | plus Control Channel | | | +---+---------------------------+--------------+------------+ | 8 | Device Management | Management | Managed | | | | System | Device | +---+---------------------------+--------------+------------+ Table 1: E-Tree Use Cases Common to all use cases, direct L2 Leaf-to-Leaf communication is not required or must be inhibited. If direct L2 Leaf-to-Leaf communication is not allowed due to a security concern, then E-Tree should be used to prohibit communication between Leaf endpoints. Otherwise, E-LAN is also a feasible option.
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3.4. Generic E-Tree Service

A generic E-Tree service supports multiple Root endpoints. The need for multiple Root endpoints is usually driven by a redundancy requirement. Whether a particular E-Tree service needs to support single or multiple Roots depends on the target application. A generic E-Tree service supports all the following traffic flows: - Ethernet Unicast from Root to Leaf - Ethernet Unicast from Leaf to Root - Ethernet Unicast from Root to Root - Ethernet Broadcast/Multicast from Root to other Roots and Leaves - Ethernet Broadcast/Multicast from Leaf to Roots A particular E-Tree service may need to support all the above or only a subset depending on the target application.

4. Problem Statement

4.1. Motivation

L2VPN can be used to emulate MEF E-LAN service over an IP/MPLS PSN. Service providers also require E-Tree support in L2VPN.

4.2. Leaf-to-Leaf Communication Restriction

In this section, VPLS is used to illustrate the problem; however, the same principle applies to other L2VPN technologies. VPLS treats all attachment circuits (ACs) equally (essentially as Roots, although they not classified into Root or Leaf) and provides any-to-any connectivity among all ACs. VPLS does not include any mechanism for communication restriction between specific ACs. Therefore, it is insufficient for emulating generic E-Tree service over an IP/MPLS PSN. As an example of the problems not addressed in VPLS solutions, consider the scenario in Figure 1 where there are two PEs, each with a Root AC and a Leaf AC and where VPLS is used to emulate an E-Tree service interconnecting these ACs over an IP/MPLS PSN.
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                     <------------E-Tree------------>
                    +---------+            +---------+
                    |   PE1   |            |   PE2   |
   +---+            |  +---+  |            |  +---+  |            +---+
   |CE1+-----AC1----+--+   |  |            |  |   +--+----AC3-----+CE3|
   +---+  (Root AC) |  | V |  |  Ethernet  |  | V |  | (Root AC)  +---+
                    |  | S +--+-----PW-----+--+ S |  |
   +---+            |  | I |  |            |  | I |  |            +---+
   |CE2+-----AC2----+--+   |  |            |  |   +--+----AC4-----+CE4|
   +---+  (Leaf AC) |  +---+  |            |  +---+  | (Leaf AC)  +---+
                    +---------+            +---------+

   Figure 1: Problem Scenario for Leaf-to-Leaf Communication Restriction

   When PE2 receives a frame from PE1 via the Ethernet pseudowire (PW),

      - PE2 does not know which AC on PE1 is the ingress AC
      - PE2 does not know whether or not the ingress AC is a Leaf AC
      - PE2 does not have sufficient information to enforce the Leaf-to-
        Leaf communication restriction

   Examples where the problems arise:

      - Customer Edge 2 (CE2) sends a Broadcast/Multicast Ethernet frame
        to PE1 via AC2
      - CE2 sends a Unicast Ethernet frame to PE1 via AC2 with a
        destination MAC address corresponding to CE4's MAC address

   Note: Figure 1 is a hypothetical case solely used for explaining the
   problem; it is not meant to represent a typical E-Tree service.

   There are some possible ways to get around this problem that do not
   require extensions to existing VPLS solutions, but they all come with
   significant design complexity or deployment constraints.

5. Requirements

5.1. Functional Requirements

The following are the E-Tree L2VPN functional requirements: (1) A solution MUST prohibit communication between any two Leaf ACs in an L2VPN instance. (2) A solution MUST allow multiple Root ACs in an L2VPN instance.
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   (3) A solution MUST allow a Root AC and Leaf AC of an L2VPN instance
       to coexist on any PE.

5.2. Applicability

A solution MUST identify the L2VPN technology ([RFC4761], [RFC4762], [EVPN]) to which the solution is applicable.

5.3. Backward Compatibility

A solution SHOULD minimise the impact on VPLS and E-VPN L2VPN solutions, especially for the MEF E-LAN services already in operation. A solution SHOULD be backward compatible with the VPLS and E-VPN L2VPN solutions. It SHOULD allow a case where a common L2VPN instance is composed of both PEs supporting the solution and PEs not supporting it, and the Leaf-to-Leaf communication restriction is enforced within the scope of the compliant PEs.

5.4. External Network Network Interface (ENNI)

A solution SHOULD support Root Operator Virtual Connection (OVC) End Point, Leaf OVC End Point and Trunk OVC End Point specified in [MEF26.1].

6. Security Considerations

This document introduces a requirement of prohibiting communication between any two Leaf ACs in an L2VPN instance. In some use cases, such a requirement is imposed because of security reasons. Other than that, there are no additional security considerations beyond those already described in [RFC4761], [RFC4762], and [EVPN].

7. Contributors

Ruediger Kunze Deutsche Telekom Winterfeldtstr. 21-27 10781 Berlin, Germany EMail: ruediger.kunze@telekom.de Nick Del Regno Verizon 400 International Pkwy Richardson, TX 75081, USA EMail: nick.delregno@verizon.com
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   Josh Rogers
   Time Warner Cable
   11921 N Mo Pac Expy
   Suite 210B
   Austin, TX 78759, USA
   EMail: josh.rogers@twcable.com

8. Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Lizhong Jin, Lucy Yong, Yuji Kamite, and Wim Henderickx for their valuable input and support.

9. References

9.1. Normative References

[MEF6.1] Metro Ethernet Forum, "Ethernet Services Definitions - Phase 2", Technical Specification MEF 6.1, April 2008, <http://metroethernetforum.org/Assets/ Technical_Specifications/PDF/MEF6-1.pdf>. [MEF10.2] Metro Ethernet Forum, "Ethernet Services Attributes Phase 2", Technical Specification MEF 10.2, October 2009, <http://metroethernetforum.org/Assets/ Technical_Specifications/PDF/MEF10.2.pdf>. [MEF26.1] Metro Ethernet Forum, "External Network Network Interface (ENNI) Phase 2", Technical Specification, MEF 26.1, January 2012, <http://metroethernetforum.org/Assets/ Technical_Specifications/PDF/MEF_26.1.pdf>. [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC4761] Kompella, K., Ed., and Y. Rekhter, Ed., "Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) Using BGP for Auto-Discovery and Signaling", RFC 4761, January 2007. [RFC4762] Lasserre, M., Ed., and V. Kompella, Ed., "Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) Using Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) Signaling", RFC 4762, January 2007.
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9.2. Informative References

[EVPN] Sajassi, A., Aggarwal, R., Uttaro, J., Bitar, N., Henderickx, W., and A. Isaac, "Requirements for Ethernet VPN (EVPN)", Work in Progress, February 2014. [IEEE1588] IEEE, "1588-2008 Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems", July 2008. [TR-101] Broadband Forum, "Migration to Ethernet-Based DSL Aggregation", Technical Report, DSL Forum TR-101, April 2006, <http://www.broadband-forum.org/ technical/download/TR-101.pdf>. [VPMS] Kamite, Y., Jounay, F., Niven-Jenkins, B., Brungard, D., and L. Jin, "Framework and Requirements for Virtual Private Multicast Service (VPMS)", Work in Progress, October 2012.
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Appendix A. Frequently Asked Question

A.1. Are E-Tree Requirements Addressed in the Virtual Private Multicast Service (VPMS) Requirements?

VPMS requirements are defined in [VPMS]. The focus of VPMS is to provide point-to-multipoint connectivity. VPMS provides single coverage of receiver membership (i.e., there is no distinct differentiation for multiple multicast groups). A VPMS service supports single or multiple Root ACs. All traffic from a Root AC will be forwarded to all Leaf ACs (i.e., Point-to-Multipoint (P2MP), from Root to all Leaves). The destination address in an Ethernet frame is not used in data forwarding. As an optional capability, a VPMS service may support reverse traffic from a Leaf AC to a Root AC (i.e., point-to-point (P2P), from Leaf to Root). In contrast, the focus of MEF E-Tree is that a Leaf can only communicate with Roots, not Leaves. A generic MEF E-Tree service supports multiple Root endpoints. Whether a particular E-Tree service needs to support single or multiple Root endpoints depends on the target application. As discussion in a previous section, a generic MEF E-Tree service supports all the following traffic flows: - Ethernet Unicast bidirectional Root to/from Root - Ethernet Unicast bidirectional Root to/from Leaf - Ethernet Broadcast/Multicast unidirectional Root to all Roots and Leaves - Ethernet Broadcast/Multicast unidirectional Leaf to all Roots A particular E-Tree service may need to support all the above or only a subset depending on the target application. The IETF's VPMS definition and MEF's E-Tree definition are significantly different. VPMS may be acceptable in cases where E-Tree service is needed, such as in the following cases: - No Unicast traffic from Root destined for a specific Leaf (or there is no concern if such Unicast traffic is forwarded to all Leaves) - No traffic between Roots
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   For generic E-Tree service, VPMS will not be able to meet the
   requirements.

Authors' Addresses

Raymond Key (editor) EMail: raymond.key@ieee.org Simon Delord Telstra EMail: simon.delord@gmail.com Frederic Jounay Orange CH 4 rue caudray 1020 Renens Switzerland EMail: frederic.jounay@orange.ch Lu Huang China Mobile Unit 2, 28 Xuanwumenxi Ave, Xuanwu District Beijing 100053, China EMail: huanglu@chinamobile.com Zhihua Liu China Telecom 109 Zhongshan Ave., Guangzhou 510630, China EMail: zhliu@gsta.com Manuel Paul Deutsche Telekom Winterfeldtstr. 21-27 10781 Berlin, Germany EMail: manuel.paul@telekom.de