Network Working Group A. Vainshtein Request for Comments: 5611 ECI Telecom Category: Standards Track S. Galtzur Rebellion August 2009 Layer Two Tunneling Protocol version 3 - Setup of Time-Division Multiplexing (TDM) Pseudowires
AbstractThis document defines extensions to the Layer Two Tunneling Protocol version 3 (L2TPv3) for support of structure-agnostic and structure- aware (Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched Network (CESoPSN) style) Time-Division Multiplexing (TDM) pseudowires. Support of structure-aware (Time-Division Multiplexing over IP (TDMoIP) style) pseudowires over L2TPv3 is left for further study. Status of This Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (c) 2009 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents in effect on the date of publication of this document (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info). Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF Contributions published or made publicly available before November 10, 2008. The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process. Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may
not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other than English. 1. Introduction ....................................................2 1.1. Conventions Used in This Document ..........................3 2. L2TPv3 Extensions ...............................................3 2.1. TDM PW Attribute-Value Pair (AVP) (ICRQ, OCRQ) .............4 2.2. RTP Attribute-Value Pair (AVP) (ICRQ, OCRQ, ICRP, OCRP) ....6 2.3. Changes in the Control Connection Management AVPs ..........7 2.4. Changes in the Session Management AVPs .....................7 3. Creation of the TDM Pseudowire Session ..........................7 4. IANA Considerations .............................................9 5. Congestion Control ..............................................9 6. Security Considerations ........................................10 7. Acknowledgements ...............................................10 8. References .....................................................10 8.1. Normative References ......................................10 8.2. Informative References ....................................10 RFC4553] and structure-aware (CESoPSN style, see [RFC5086]) Time-Division Multiplexing (TDM) pseudowires. Structure-agnostic encapsulation of TDM bit-streams over L2TPv3 is described in [RFC4553], Figure 2b; Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched Networks (CESoPSN), structure-aware encapsulation is described in [RFC5086], Figures 1c (TDM data packets) and 4a (CE application signaling packets). However, the order of the CESoPSN Control Word (CW) and RTP header (if it is used) MUST match between the TDM data and CE signaling packets. Setup of structure-aware TDM pseudowires using the encapsulations described in [RFC5087] has been left for further study. Setup and maintenance of TDM pseudowires (PWs) in MPLS networks using LDP is described in [RFC5287].
RFC2119]. Section 3.4.3 of [RFC3931]. [RFC5086] and [RFC4553] describe how to transfer the Attachment Circuit (AC) status via the data plane. Therefore, the Set-Link-Info (SLI) message described in [RFC3931] SHOULD NOT be used for conveying this status for the PWs in question. [RFC3931] specifies that the Circuit Status Attribute-Value Pair (AVP) MUST be present in the ICRQ/ICRP (Incoming-Call-Request / Incoming-Call-Reply) messages. It also specifies that the N bit in this AVP should be set during the PW setup, even if the specific AC does not provide any way to convey the "new AC" indication. Accordingly, the Circuit Status AVP for the PWs in question, when used in the ICRQ/ICRP messages, MUST always have both N and A bits set. The next sections describe the extensions to L2TPv3 for establishment and validation of TDM pseudowire sessions. There are two new AVPs for the Session Management messages. One AVP describes the TDM pseudowire attributes. The second AVP describes the RTP attributes for this TDM pseudowire.
RFC4553]): a) Structure-agnostic E1 emulation - 32 b) Structure-agnostic T1 emulation: i) MUST be set to 24 for the basic mode ii) MUST be set to 25 for the "Octet-aligned T1" mode c) Structure-agnostic E3 emulation - 535 d) Structure-agnostic T3 emulation - 699 2) For CESoPSN PWs, this parameter MUST be set to the number of DS0 channels in the corresponding attachment circuit. Note: For structure-agnostic T1 emulation, the values 24 and 25 do not reflect the exact bit rate and are used for convenience only. Note: The semantics of the Bit Rate field defined above are consistent with those of the CEP/TDM Bit-Rate interface parameter as defined in [RFC5287].
The Payload Bytes field contains the value representing the number of TDM payload bytes in the PW packet and is used with the following semantics: 1) For structure-agnostic emulation, any value of the Payload Bytes can be specified. 2) For CESoPSN PWs: a) The specified value MUST be an integer multiple of the number of DS0 channels in the corresponding attachment circuit. b) In addition to that, for trunk-specific NxDS0 with Channel- Associated Signaling (CAS), the number of the trunk frames per multiframe fragment (value resulting from the Payload Bytes divided by the number of DS0 channels) MUST be an integer divisor of the number of frames per corresponding trunk multiframe. The Reserved bits MUST be set to 0 on transmission and MUST be ignored on reception. The SP bits define support for the CESoPSN-application signaling packets (see [RFC5086]) and MUST be used as follows: 1) Set to '01' for the CESoPSN PWs carrying TDM data packets and expecting CE application signaling packets in a separate PW. 2) Set to '10' for a PW carrying CE application signaling packets with the data packets in a separate PW. 3) Set to '11' for a CESoPSN PW carrying both TDM data and signaling packets. 4) Set to '00' for Structure-Agnostic Time-Division Multiplexing over Packet (SAToP) PWs and for CESoPSN PWs not using separate signaling packets. The CAS bits define the trunk type for trunk-specific CESoPSN services with CAS. These bits MUST be set to: 1) For trunk-specific CESoPSN with CAS: a) '01' in the case of an E1 trunk b) '10' in the case of a T1/ESF trunk c) '11' in the case of a T1/SF trunk
2) '00' for all the other TDM pseudowire types Section 4.3.2 of [RFC4553]. If the D bit is set to 1, then the differential timestamping mode is used; otherwise, the absolute timestamping mode is used. Timestamping modes can be used independently for the two directions of a TDM PW. The C bit indicates the ordering of the RTP header and the Control Word as following: o If the C bit is set to 1, the RTP header appears after the Control Word in the data channel of the TDM pseudowire. This mode is described in [RFC4553] and [RFC5086] as SAToP/CESoPSN encapsulation over IPv4/IPv6 PSN with L2TPv3 demultiplexing, respectively. o If the C bit is set to 0, the RTP header appears before the Control Word. This mode is described as the old mode of the SAToP/CESoPSN encapsulation over L2TPv3 in Appendix A of [RFC4553] and Appendix C of [RFC5086], respectively. PT is the payload type expected in the RTP header. A value of 0 indicates that the receiver shall not check payload type to detect malformed packets. Timestamp Clock Frequency is the clock frequency used for timestamping in units of 8 KHz.
SSRC indicates the expected value of the synchronization source (SSRC) ID in the RTP header. A 0 in this field means that the SSRC ID will not be used for detecting misconnections. Since L2TP provides an alternative security mechanism using cookies, if the cookie length is larger than 0, the SSRC SHOULD be 0. RFC4553] of: a. E1 circuits - 0x0011 b. T1 (DS1) circuits - 0x0012 c. E3 circuits - 0x0013 d. T3 (DS3) circuits - 0x0014 2. Structure-aware emulation [RFC5086] of: a. CESoPSN basic mode - 0x0015 b. Trunk-specific CESoPSN service with CAS - 0x0017 TDM pseudowires use their own Control Word. Therefore, the L2- Specific Sublayer AVP MUST either be omitted or set to 0. TDM pseudowires use their own sequencing. Therefore, the Data Sequencing AVP MUST either be omitted or set to 0. Note: The Control Word (CW) used in the SAToP and CESoPSN encapsulations over L2TPv3 effectively represents a dedicated L2- Specific Sublayer.
the TDM PW AVP and make sure it can meet the requirements derived from the RTP AVP (if it exists). If the peer agrees with the TDM AVP, it will send an appropriate ICRP or OCRP (Outgoing-Call-Reply) message with the matching RTP AVP (if needed). The initiator needs to validate that it can supply the requirements derived from the received RTP AVP. The two peers MUST agree on the values in the TDM PW AVP: 1. Bit Rate values MUST be equal on both sides. If they are different, the connection will be rejected with Result Code 30 and Error Code 1. 2. In the case of trunk-specific CESoPSN with CAS, the trunk type (as encoded in the CAS bits of the TDM AVP) MUST be the same for the two sides. Otherwise, the connection will be rejected with Result Code 30 and Error Code 2. 3. If one side does not support the Payload Bytes value proposed by the other one, the connection will be rejected with Result Code 30 and Error Code 3. 4. If one side cannot send the RTP header as requested by the other side, the connection will be rejected with Result Code 30 and Error Code 4. 5. If one side can send the RTP header but not with the requested timestamp clock frequency, the connection will be rejected with Result Code 30 and Error Code 5. If CE signaling for a CESoPSN basic PW is transported in a separate PW instance, then the two PW instances: 1. MUST use the same PW type. 2. MUST use the same values in all the fields of the TDM AVP excluding the SP field, which must be set to '01' for the TDM data PW and to '10' for the PW carrying CE application signaling. 3. MUST both either use or not use the RTP header (and, accordingly, include or not include the RTP AVP).
RFC4446] for the MPLS Pseudowire Types. New Attribute-Value Pair IDs: 99 - TDM Pseudowire AVP 100 - RTP AVP New Result Codes for the CDN message: 30 - Result Code to indicate connection was refused because of TDM PW parameters. The Error Code indicates the problem. New TDM PW specific Error Codes, to be used with 30 Result Code for the CDN message: This is a new registry for IANA to maintain within the Result Code AVP (Attribute Type 1) Values. Additional values may be assigned by Expert Review [RFC5226]. 0 - Reserved. 1 - Bit Rate values disagree. 2 - Different trunk types in the case of trunk-specific CESoPSN with CAS. 3 - Requested payload size too big or too small. 4 - RTP header cannot be generated. 5 - Requested timestamp clock frequency cannot be generated. RFC4553] and [RFC5086] apply respectively to the structure-agnostic and CESoPSN modes of this specification.
RFC3931]. Common data plane security considerations for the TDM PWs have been discussed in some detail in both [RFC4553] and [RFC5086]. On top of these, the L2TPv3-based data plane provides additional security mechanisms based on the usage of cookies. [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC3931] Lau, J., Ed., Townsley, M., Ed., and I. Goyret, Ed., "Layer Two Tunneling Protocol - Version 3 (L2TPv3)", RFC 3931, March 2005. [RFC4553] Vainshtein, A., Ed., and YJ. Stein, Ed., "Structure- Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) over Packet (SAToP)", RFC 4553, June 2006. [RFC5086] Vainshtein, A., Ed., Sasson, I., Metz, E., Frost, T., and P. Pate, "Structure-Aware Time Division Multiplexed (TDM) Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched Network (CESoPSN)", RFC 5086, December 2007. [RFC4446] Martini, L., "IANA Allocations for Pseudowire Edge to Edge Emulation (PWE3)", BCP 116, RFC 4446, April 2006. [RFC5087] Y(J). Stein, Shashoua, R., Insler, R., and M. Anavi, "Time Division Multiplexing over IP (TDMoIP)", RFC 5087, December 2007. [RFC5226] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226, May 2008.