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RFC 4994

DHCPv6 Relay Agent Echo Request Option

Pages: 6
Proposed Standard

Top   ToC   RFC4994 - Page 1
Network Working Group                                            S. Zeng
Request for Comments: 4994                                       B. Volz
Category: Standards Track                                     K. Kinnear
                                                     Cisco Systems, Inc.
                                                           J. Brzozowski
                                                           Comcast Cable
                                                          September 2007


                 DHCPv6 Relay Agent Echo Request Option

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

This memo defines a Relay Agent Echo Request option for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6). The option allows a DHCPv6 relay agent to request a list of relay agent options that the server echoes back to the relay agent.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction ....................................................2 2. Requirements Terminology ........................................2 3. The Relay Agent Echo Request Option .............................2 4. DHCPv6 Relay Agent Behavior .....................................3 5. DHCPv6 Server Behavior ..........................................3 6. Security Considerations .........................................4 7. IANA Considerations .............................................4 8. Acknowledgements ................................................4 9. References ......................................................4 9.1. Normative References .......................................4 9.2. Informative References .....................................4
Top   ToC   RFC4994 - Page 2

1. Introduction

DHCPv6 [2] provides a framework for configuring IPv6 clients with addresses and other network parameters. It includes a relay agent capability. A relay agent is an intermediary node that delivers DHCP messages between clients and servers. The relay agent and the server exchange information using options in relay agent messages. The relay agent may add relay agent options to the client DHCP message before forwarding it. The information that relay agents supply can be used in the server's decision making about the addresses, delegated prefixes, and configuration parameters that the client is to receive. Likewise, the relay may need some of the information to efficiently return replies to clients. In DHCPv4, the server generally echoes the relay agent option back verbatim to the relay agent in server-to-client replies [3]. However, DHCPv6 [2] does not require the server to do so. This could be problematic, as the relay agent may need to use some relay options even if the server does not recognize them. This memo defines a relay agent echo request option that the relay agent uses to explicitly request a list of options that the server echoes back to the relay agent.

2. Requirements Terminology

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [1].

3. The Relay Agent Echo Request Option

The relay agent adds options in the Relay Forward message that the server uses to guide its decision making with regard to address assignment, prefix delegation, and configuration parameters. The relay agent also knows which of these options that it will need to efficiently return replies to the client. It uses the relay agent Echo Request option to inform the server of the list of relay agent options that the server must echo back.
Top   ToC   RFC4994 - Page 3
   The format of the DHCPv6 Relay Agent Echo Request option is shown
   below:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |           OPTION_ERO          |           option-len          |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |    requested-option-code-1    |    requested-option-code-2    |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                              ...                              |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   option-code              OPTION_ERO (43).
   option-len               2 * number of requested options.
   requested-option-code-n  The option code for an option requested by
                            the relay agent.

4. DHCPv6 Relay Agent Behavior

A relay agent MAY include an Echo Request option in a Relay Forward message to inform the server about options the relay agent wants the server to echo back to the relay agent. If the relay agent takes different actions based on whether an option is echoed back or not, then the relay agent SHOULD NOT include such an option in the Echo Request option. Note that the relay uses the OPTION_ORO [2] to request the server to return options (e.g., [4]) other than relay agent options in the Relay Forward message.

5. DHCPv6 Server Behavior

When a server creates a Relay-Reply, it SHOULD perform ERO processing after processing the ORO and other options processing. For each option in the ERO: a. If the option is already in the Relay-Reply, the server MUST ignore that option and continue to process any remaining options in the ERO. b. If the option was not in the received Relay-Forward, the server MUST ignore that option and continue to process any remaining options in the ERO. c. Otherwise, the server MUST copy the option, verbatim, from the received Relay-Forward to the Relay-Reply, even if the server does not otherwise recognize that option.
Top   ToC   RFC4994 - Page 4

6. Security Considerations

As the Echo Request option is only exchanged between relay agents and DHCPv6 servers, section 21.1 of [2] provides details on securing DHCPv6 messages sent between servers and relay agents. And, section 23 of [2] provides general DHCPv6 security considerations.

7. IANA Considerations

IANA has assigned a DHCPv6 option code for the OPTION_ERO (Relay Agent Echo Request) Option (43).

8. Acknowledgements

Thanks to Ralph Droms, Josh Littlefield, Richard Johnson, and Hemant Singh for their consistent input, ideas, and review during the production of this document.

9. References

9.1. Normative References

[1] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [2] Droms, R., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins, C., and M. Carney, "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)", RFC 3315, July 2003. [3] Patrick, M., "DHCP Relay Agent Information Option", RFC 3046, January 2001.

9.2. Informative References

[4] Droms, R., Volz, B., and O. Troan, "DHCPv6 Relay Agent Assignment Notification (RAAN) Option", Work in Progress, November 2006.
Top   ToC   RFC4994 - Page 5

Authors' Addresses

Shengyou Zeng Cisco Systems, Inc. 1414 Massachusetts Ave. Boxborough, MA 01719 USA Phone: +1 978 936 0000 EMail: szeng@cisco.com Bernard Volz Cisco Systems, Inc. 1414 Massachusetts Ave. Boxborough, MA 01719 USA Phone: +1 978 936 0000 EMail: volz@cisco.com Kim Kinnear Cisco Systems, Inc. 1414 Massachusetts Ave. Boxborough, MA 01719 USA Phone: +1 978 936 0000 EMail: kkinnear@cisco.com John Jason Brzozowski Comcast Cable 1800 Bishops Gate Boulevard Mt. Laurel, NJ 08054 USA Phone: +1 856 324 2671 EMail: john_brzozowski@cable.comcast.com
Top   ToC   RFC4994 - Page 6
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