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Content for  TS 44.068  Word version:  16.0.0

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1  ScopeWord‑p. 6

The present document specifies the Group Call Control (GCC) protocol used by the Voice Group Call Service (VGCS) on the radio interface.

2  References

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
[1]  Void
TR 21.905: "Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".
TS 42.068: "Voice Group Call Service (VGCS); Stage 1".
TS 23.003: "Numbering, addressing and identification".
TS 23.067: "enhanced Multi-Level Precedence and Pre-emption service (eMLPP); Stage 2".
TS 43.068: "Voice Group Call Service (VGCS); Stage 2".
TS 44.006: "Mobile Station - Base Stations System (MS - BSS) Interface; Data Link (DL) Layer Specification ".
TS 24.007: "Mobile radio interface signalling layer 3; General aspects".
TS 44.018: "Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification; Radio Resource Control Protocol".
TS 24.008: "Mobile radio interface Layer 3 specification; Core network protocols; Stage 3".

3  Definitions and abbreviations

3.1  Definitions

For the purposes of the present document the terms and definitions given in TS 42.068 and the following apply:
attachment of the user connection:
calling user:
GCC entity in the Mobile Station (MS) initiating or having initiated a group call.
clearing the context related to the group call establishment:
all running GCC timers in the relevant GCC entity are stopped, all attributes in the relevant GCC entity are deleted.
network to mobile station direction.
group call:
is used in the same sense as "voice group call".
group call channel:
combined uplink/downlink to be allocated in each cell of the group call area for a particular group call. The uplink can be used by the presently talking service subscriber only. All MSs of the listening service subscribers in one cell shall listen to the common downlink.
group receive mode:
See TS 44.018.
originating mobile station:
mobile station initiating or having initiated the group call.
mobile station to network direction.

3.2  AbbreviationsWord‑p. 7

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in TR 21.905 and the following apply:
Base Station System
enhanced Multi-Level Precedence and Pre-emption service
Group Call Control
General Packet Radio Service
Mobile Station
Voice Group Call Service
Connection Management
Transaction Identifier

4  Applicability

Support of the group call protocol is optional in the MS and in the network.

5  Main concepts

The present document describes the group call control (GCC) protocol, which is one of the protocols of the Connection Management (CM) sublayer (see TS 24.007).
There is in general more than one MS engaged in a group call. Consequently, there is in general more than one MS with a GCC entity engaged in the same group call, and there is one GCC entity in the network engaged in that group call.
Under which conditions a GCC message is passed from lower (sub-)layers to the GCC entity is defined in the specifications of the sub-layers.
The MS shall ignore GCC messages that it receives which were sent in unacknowledged mode and which explicitly specify as destination a mobile identity which is not a mobile identity of the MS.
Higher layers and the MM sub-layer decide when to accept parallel GCC transactions and when/whether to accept GCC transactions in parallel to other CM transactions.
The group call may be initiated by a mobile user or by a dispatcher. Specification of a protocol for dispatchers is out of the scope of the present document. Hence, in the scope of the present document, there are:
  • one GCC entity in the network; and
  • one or more than one GCC entities in different MSs;
engaged in a group call, and one ore none of the MSs is the originator of the group call (called the originating MS in the present document). Note that, in certain situations, a MS assumes to be the originator of a group call without being the originator.
The originator of the GCC transaction chooses the Transaction Identifier (TI). A MS not assuming to be the originator of the transaction will chose the transaction identifier received from the network, setting the TI flag to 1+x mod 2 where x is the received TI flag.
The present document describes the group call control protocol only with regard to two peer entities, one in a MS, the other one in the network. The call control entities are described as communicating finite state machines which exchange messages across the radio interface and communicate internally with other protocol (sub)layers. In particular, the GCC protocol uses the MM and RR sublayer specified in TS 24.008 and TS 44.018. This description in only normative as far as the consequential externally observable behaviour is concerned. For simplicity, instead of using the terms "GCC entity in the MS" and "GCC entity in the network", the present document often uses the terms "MS" and "network" if no confusion may arise.
Certain sequences of actions of the two peer entities compose "elementary procedures" which are used as a basis for the description in the present document. These elementary procedures are defined in clause 6.
The network should apply supervisory functions to verify that the GCC procedures are progressing and if not, take appropriate means to resolve the problems. This, however, is out of the scope of the present document.

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