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TS 36.412
E-UTRAN – S1 Interface
Signalling Transport

V17.0.0 (PDF)  2022/03  10 p.
V16.0.0  2020/03  10 p.
V15.0.0  2018/06  10 p.
V14.0.0  2017/03  10 p.
V13.0.0  2015/12  10 p.
V12.0.0  2014/09  10 p.
V11.0.0  2012/09  10 p.
V10.1.0  2011/06  10 p.
V9.1.1  2011/04  10 p.
V8.6.0  2009/12  10 p.
Rapporteur:
Mr. Min, Tianyang
NTT DOCOMO INC.

S1-MME Signalling Transport

Content for  TS 36.412  Word version:  16.0.0

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1  ScopeWord‑p. 5

The present document specifies the standards for signalling transport to be used across S1 interface. S1 interface is a logical interface between the eNB and the E-UTRAN core network. The present document describes how the S1-AP signalling messages are transported over S1.

2  ReferencesWord‑p. 5

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
[1]
TR 21.905: "Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".
[2]
RFC 2460  (1998-12): "Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification".
[3]
RFC 791  (1981-09): "Internet Protocol".
[4]
RFC 2474  (1998-12): "Definition of the Differentiated Services Field (DS Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6 Headers".
[5]
RFC 4960  (2007-09): "Stream Control Transmission Protocol".
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3  Definitions and abbreviationsWord‑p. 5

3.1  DefinitionsWord‑p. 5

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in TR 21.905 and the following apply. A term defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same term, if any, in TR 21.905.
S1:
interface between an eNB and an EPC, providing an interconnection point between the EUTRAN and the EPC. It is also considered as a reference point.
S1-MME:
Reference point for the control plane protocol between E-UTRAN and MME.
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3.2  AbbreviationsWord‑p. 5

For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply.
eNB
E-UTRAN Node B
EPC
Evolved Packet Core
DiffServ
Differentiated Service
IP
Internet Protocol
MME
Mobility Management Entity
PPP
Point to Point Protocol
SCTP
Stream Control Transmission Protocol

4  S1 signalling bearerWord‑p. 6

4.1  Functions and protocol stackWord‑p. 6

S1 signalling bearer provides the following functions:
  • Provision of reliable transfer of S1-AP message over S1-MME interface.
  • Provision of networking and routeing function
  • Provision of redundancy in the signalling network
  • Support for flow control and congestion control
The protocol stack for S1 signalling bearer is shown in Figure 4.1 and details on each protocol are described in the following clauses.
Copy of original 3GPP image for 3GPP TS 36.412, Fig. 4.1: S1-MME signalling bearer protocol stack
Figure 4.1: S1-MME signalling bearer protocol stack
(⇒ copy of original 3GPP image)
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The transport network layer is based on IP transport, comprising SCTP on top of IP.

5  Data link layerWord‑p. 6

The support of any suitable data link layer protocol, e.g. PPP, Ethernet, etc. , shall not be prevented.

6  IP layerWord‑p. 6

The eNB and MME shall support IPv6 (RFC 2460) and/or IPv4 (RFC 791).
The IP layer of S1-MME only supports point-to-point transmission for delivering S1-AP message.
The eNB and MME shall support the Diffserv Code Point marking as described in RFC 2474

7  Transport layerWord‑p. 6

SCTP (RFC 4960) shall be supported as the transport layer of S1-MME signalling bearer. The Payload Protocol Identifier (ppid) assigned by IANA to be used by SCTP for the application layer protocol S1AP is 18. The byte order of the ppid shall be big-endian.
SCTP refers to the Stream Control Transmission Protocol developed by the Sigtran working group of the IETF for the purpose of transporting various signalling protocols over IP network.
There shall be only one SCTP association established between one MME and eNB pair.
The eNB shall establish the SCTP association. The SCTP Destination Port number value assigned by IANA to be used for S1AP is 36412.
Within the SCTP association established between one MME and eNB pair:
  • a single pair of stream identifiers shall be reserved for the sole use of S1AP elementary procedures that utilize non UE-associated signalling.
  • At least one pair of stream identifiers shall be reserved for the sole use of S1AP elementary procedures that utilize UE-associated signallings. However a few pairs (i.e. more than one) should be reserved.
  • A single UE-associated signalling shall use one SCTP stream and the stream should not be changed during the communication of the UE-associated signalling.
Transport network redundancy may be achieved by SCTP multi-homing between two end-points, of which one or both is assigned with multiple IP addresses. SCTP end-points shall support a multi-homed remote SCTP end-point. For SCTP endpoint redundancy an INIT may be sent from MME or eNB, at any time for an already established SCTP association, which shall be handled as defined in Section 5.2 of RFC 4960.
The SCTP congestion control may, using an implementation specific mechanism, initiate higher layer protocols to reduce the signalling traffic at the source and prioritise certain messages.
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$  Change HistoryWord‑p. 8


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