For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in TR 21.905
and the following apply. A term defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same term, if any, in TR 21.905
2G / 3G:
prefixes 2G and 3G refer to functionality that supports only GSM or UMTS, respectively, e.g. 2G SGSN refers only to the GSM functionality of an SGSN. When the term/prefix is omitted, reference is made independently from the GSM or UMTS functionality.
process of apportioning charges between the Home Environment, Serving Network and Subscriber.
function whereby CDRs generated by the charging function(s) are transformed into bills requiring payment.
part of the operator network, which is outside the telecommunication network that receives and processes CDR files from the core network charging functions. It includes functions that can provide billing mediation and billing or other (e.g. statistical) end applications. It is only applicable to offline charging (see "Online Charging System" for equivalent functionality in online charging).
activity utilizing telecommunication network resources and related services for:
user to user communication (e.g. a single call, a data communication session or a short message); or
user to network communication (e.g. service profile administration); or
inter-network communication (e.g. transferring calls, signalling, or short messages); or
mobility (e.g. roaming or inter-system handover); and
that the network operator may want to charge for.
As a minimum, a chargeable event characterises the resource / service usage and indicates the identity of the involved end user(s).
user involved in a chargeable event who has to pay parts or the whole charges of the chargeable event, or a third party paying the charges caused by one or all users involved in the chargeable event, or a network operator.
function within the telecommunications network and the associated OCS/BD components whereby information related to a chargeable event is collected, formatted, transferred and evaluated in order to make it possible to determine usage for which the charged party may be billed (offline charging) or the subscriber's account balance may be debited (online charging).
Charging Data Record (CDR):
formatted collection of information about one or more chargeable event(s) (e.g. time of call set-up, duration of the call, amount of data transferred, etc) for use in billing and accounting. For each party to be charged for parts of or all charges of the chargeable event(s) a separate CDR should be generated, i.e. more than one CDR may be generated for a single chargeable event, e.g. because of its long duration, or because more than one charged party is to be charged.
set of charging information forwarded by the CTF towards the CDF (offline charging) or towards the OCS (online charging). Each charging event matches exactly one chargeable event.
entity inside the core network domain, subsystem or service that is involved in charging for that domain, subsystem or service.
mechanism which directly interacts in real-time with an account and controls or monitors the charges, related to the service usage. Credit control is a process of: checking if credit is available, credit reservation, deduction of credit from the end user account when service is completed and refunding of reserved credit not used.
part of a communication network that provides network resources using a certain bearer technology.
EPC-level ProSe Discovery:
A ProSe Discovery procedure by which the EPC determines the proximity of two ProSe-enabled UEs and informs them of their proximity.
Fully Qualified Partial CDR (FQPC):
partial CDR that contains a complete set of the fields specified in the present document. This includes all the mandatory and conditional fields as well as those fields that the PLMN operator has provisioned to be included in the CDR. The first Partial CDR should be a Fully qualified Partial CDR.
GPRS protocol used for CDR transport. It is derived from GTP with enhancements to improve transport reliability necessary for CDRs.
qualifier indicating that this clause or paragraph applies only to a GSM system. For multi-system cases this is determined by the current serving radio access network.
qualifier indicating that this paragraph applies only to GSM System.
qualifier indicating that this paragraph applies only to UMTS System.
change of radio access between different radio access technologies such as GSM and UMTS.
A PLMN which is not the serving PLMN, and in whose radio resources the monitoring UE is authorized by the HPLMN to engage in ProSe Direct Discovery.
middle tier TS:
term used for the 3GPP charging TSs that specify the domain / subsystem / service specific, online and offline, charging functionality. These are all the TSs in the numbering range from 3GPP TS 32.250 to 3GPP TS 32.279, e.g. TS 32.250
for the CS domain, or TS 32.270
for the MMS service. Currently, there is only one "tier 1" TS in 3GPP, which is TS 32.240
that specifies the charging architecture and principles. Finally, there are a number of top tier TSs in the 32.29x numbering range ( ff) that specify common charging aspects such as parameter definitions, encoding rules, the common billing domain interface or common charging applications.
involves one UE announcing "I am here"
involves one UE asking "who is there" and/or "are you there"
charging mechanism where charging information does not affect, in real-time, the service rendered.
charging mechanism where charging information can affect, in real-time, the service rendered and therefore a direct interaction of the charging mechanism with bearer/session/service control is required.
Online Charging System (OCS):
the entity that performs real-time credit control. Its functionality includes transaction handling, rating, online correlation and management of subscriber account balances.
CDR that provides charging information on part of a subscriber session. A long session may be covered by several partial CDRs. Two formats are considered for Partial CDRs. One that contains all of the provisioned fields (FQPC); the second has a reduced format (RPC).
ProSe Direct Discovery:
A procedure employed by a ProSe-enabled UE to discover other ProSe-enabled UEs in its vicinity by using only the capabilities of the two UEs with E-UTRA technology.
A process that identifies that a UE that is ProSe-enabled is in proximity of another, using E-UTRA (with or without E-UTRAN) or EPC.
ProSe-enabled Public Safety UE:
A UE that the HPLMN has configured to be authorized for Public Safety use, and which is ProSe-enabled and supports ProSe procedures and capabilities specific to Public Safety.
The ProSe Function is the logical function that is used for network related actions required for ProSe. The ProSe Function plays different roles for each of the features of ProSe. In this version of the specification it is assumed that there is only one logical ProSe Function in each PLMN that supports Proximity Services.
The ProSe Function contains three main sub-functions: Direct Provisioning Function (DPF), Direct Discovery Name Management Function, and EPC-level Discovery Function. The ProSe Function provides the necessary charging functionality for usage of ProSe.
real-time charging and billing information is to be generated, processed, and transported to a desired conclusion in less than 1 second.
Reduced Partial CDR (RPC):
partial CDRs that only provide mandatory fields and information regarding changes in the session parameters relative to the previous CDR.
EXAMPLE: Location information is not repeated in these CDRs if the subscriber did not change its location.
payment of amounts resulting from the accounting process.
entity (associated with one or more users) that is engaged in a subscription with a service provider. The subscriber is allowed to subscribe and unsubscribe services, to register a user or a list of users authorized to enjoy these services, and also to set the limits relative to the use that associated users make of these services.
entity, not part of the 3GPP System, that uses network resources by means of a subscription. The user may or may not be identical to the subscriber holding that subscription.
User Equipment (UE):
device allowing a user access to network services. For the purpose of 3GPP specifications the interface between the UE and the network is the radio interface. A User Equipment can be subdivided into a number of domains, the domains being separated by reference points. Currently defined domains are the USIM and ME Domains. The ME Domain can further be subdivided into several components showing the connectivity between multiple functional groups. These groups can be implemented in one or more hardware devices. An example of such a connectivity is the TE - MT interface. Further, an occurrence of a User Equipment is an MS for GSM as defined in TS 24.002
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
Reference point for CDR file transfer between ProSe CGF and the BD.
Reference point for CDR file transfer between any (generic) 3G domain, subsystem or service CGF and the BD.
Reference point for CDR transfer between a CDF and the CGF.
Reference point between UE and the ProSe Function.
Subset of PC3 specific to usage information collection for charging purposes.
Offline charging reference point between a ProSe Function and the CDF.
Online charging reference point between a ProSe Function and the OCS.
For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in TR 21.905
and the following apply. An abbreviation defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same abbreviation, if any, in TR 21.905
3rd Generation Partnership Project
Access Point Name
Attribute Value Pair
Charging Data Function
Charging Data Record
Charging Gateway Function
Charging Trigger Function
Event Charging with Unit Reservation
Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access
Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network
Fully Qualified Partial CDR
GPRS Tunnelling Protocol
The GPRS protocol used for CDR transport. It is derived from GTP with enhancements to improve transport reliability necessary for CDRs.
Home Subscriber Server
Immediate Event Charging
IP Multimedia Subsystem
International Mobile Subscriber Identity
Internet Protocol version 4
Internet Protocol version 6
Integrated Services Digital Network
Mobile Country Code (part of IMSI)
Mobile Network Code (part of IMSI)
Mobile Station ISDN number
Online Charging System
Public Land Mobile Network
Quality of Service
Radio Access Network
Session Charging with Unit Reservation
Subscriber Identity Module
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
User Service Identity Module