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Content for  TS 32.270  Word version:  16.0.0

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1  ScopeWord‑p. 6

The present document is part of a series of Technical Specifications (TSs) that specify charging functionality and charging management in GSM/UMTS networks. The GSM/UMTS core network charging architecture and principles are specified in document TS 32.240, which provides an umbrella for other charging management documents that specify:
  • the content of the CDRs per domain and subsystem (offline charging);
  • the content of real-time charging messages per domain / subsystem (online charging);
  • the functionality of online and offline charging for those domains and subsystems;
  • the interfaces that are used in the charging framework to transfer the charging information (i.e. CDRs or charging events).
The complete document structure for these TSs is defined in TS 32.240.
The present document specifies the offline and online charging description for MMS charging, based on the functional stage 2 descriptions of the MMS in TS 23.140. This charging description includes the offline and online charging architecture and scenarios specific to the MMS, as well as the mapping of the common 3GPP charging architecture specified in TS 32.240 onto MMS. It further specifies the structure and content of the CDRs for offline charging, and the charging events for online charging. The present document is related to other 3GPP charging TSs as follows:
  • The common 3GPP charging architecture is specified in TS 32.240;
  • The parameters, abstract syntax and encoding rules for these CDR types are specified in TS 32.298.
  • A transaction based mechanism for the transfer of CDRs within the network is specified in TS 32.295.
  • The file based mechanism used to transfer the CDRs from the network to the operator's billing domain (e.g. the billing system or a mediation device) is specified in TS 32.297.
  • The 3GPP Diameter application that is used for MMS online charging is specified in TS 32.299.
All terms, definitions and abbreviations used in the present document, that are common across 3GPP TSs, are defined in the 3GPP Vocabulary, TR 21.905. Those that are common across charging management in GSM/UMTS domains, services or subsystems are provided in the umbrella document TS 32.240 and are copied into clause 3 of the present document for ease of reading. Finally, those items that are specific to the present document are defined exclusively in the present document.
Furthermore, requirements that govern the charging work are specified in TS 22.115.
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2  ReferencesWord‑p. 7

The following documents contain provisions, which through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
[1]
TS 32.240: "Telecommunication management; Charging management; Charging Architecture and Principles".
[2] - [9]  Void.
[10]
TS 32.250: "Telecommunication management; Charging management; Circuit Switched (CS) domain charging".
[11]
TS 32.251: "Telecommunication management; Charging management; Packet Switched (PS) domain charging".
[12] - [33]  Void.
[34]
TS 32.274: "Telecommunication management; Charging management; Short Message Service (SMS) charging".
[35] - [49]  Void.
[50]
TS 32.299: "Telecommunication management; Charging management; Diameter charging application".
[51]
TS 32.298: "Telecommunication management; Charging management; Charging Data Record (CDR) parameter description".
[52]
TS 32.297: "Telecommunication management; Charging management; Charging Data Records (CDR) file format and transfer".
[53]
TS 32.296: "Telecommunication management; Charging management; Online Charging System (OCS) applications and interfaces".
[54]
TS 32.295: "Telecommunication management; Charging management; Charging Data Record (CDR) transfer".
[55] - [99]  Void.
[100]
TR 21.905: "Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".
[101]
TS 22.115: "Service aspects; Charging and billing".
[102] - [199]  Void.
[200]
TS 22.140: "Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS); Stage 1".
[201]
TS 23.140: "Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS); Functional description; Stage 2".
[202]
TS 24.002: "GSM - UMTS Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) Access Reference Configuration".
[203] - [299]  Void.
[300] - [399]  Void.
[400]  Void.
[401]  Void.
[402]
RFC 4006  (2005): "Diameter Credit-Control Application".
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3  Definitions, symbols and abbreviationsWord‑p. 8

3.1  Definitions

For the purposes of the present document, the following terms and definitions given in TR 21.905, TS 32.240 and TS 22.140 and the following apply:
accounting:
process of apportioning charges between the Home Environment, Serving Network and subscriber.
application data:
Information / data specific to an application other than the MMS User Agent / VASP which is intended to be transported without alteration by using MMS. Application Data may be of any content type and format.
billing:
function whereby CDRs generated by the charging function(s) are transformed into bills requiring payment.
Billing Domain:
part of the operator network, which is outside the telecommunications network, that receives and processes CDR files from the network charging functions. It includes functions that can provide billing mediation and billing or other (e.g. statistical) end applications. It is only applicable to offline charging (see "Online Charging System" for equivalent functionality in online charging).
chargeable event:
activity utilizing telecommunications network resources and related services for:
  • user to user communication (e.g. a single call, a data communication session or a short message); or
  • user to network communication (e.g. service profile administration); or
  • inter-network communication (e.g. transferring calls, signalling, or short messages); or
  • mobility (e.g. roaming or inter-system handover); and
  • that the network operator may want to charge for.
As a minimum, a chargeable event characterises the resource / service usage and indicates the identity of the involved end user(s).
charged party:
user involved in a chargeable event who has to pay parts or the whole charges of the chargeable event, or a third party paying the charges caused by one or all users involved in the chargeable event, or a network operator.
charging:
a function within the telecommunications network and the associated OCS/BD components whereby information related to a chargeable event is collected, formatted, transferred and evaluated in order to make it possible to determine usage for which the charged party may be billed.
Charging Data Record (CDR):
a formatted collection of information about a chargeable event (e.g. time of call set-up, duration of the call, amount of data transferred, etc) for use in billing and accounting. For each party to be charged for parts of or all charges of a chargeable event a separate CDR shall be generated, i.e. more than one CDR may be generated for a single chargeable event, e.g. because of its long duration, or because more than one charged party is to be charged.
charging event:
a set of charging information forwarded by the CTF towards the CDF (offline charging) or towards the OCS (online charging). Each charging event matches exactly one chargeable event.
charging function:
entity inside the network domain, subsystem or service that is involved in charging for that domain, subsystem or service.
circuit switched domain:
domain within GSM / UMTS in which information is transferred in circuit switched mode.
Credit-Control:
mechanism which directly interacts in real-time with an account and controls or monitors the charges, related to the service usage. Credit-Control is a process of: checking if credit is available, credit reservation, deduction of credit from the end user account when service is completed and refunding of reserved credit not used.
delivery report:
feedback information provided to an originator MMS User Agent by an MMS Relay/Server about the status of the delivery of an MM.
domain:
part of a communication network that provides network resources using a certain bearer technology.
forwarded MM:
MM originally sent from a sender to an intended recipient which is then forwarded to other recipient(s) and to which a delivery report and/or read-reply report may refer and which may be subject to further forwarding.
forwarding MMS User Agent:
MMS User Agent that is the intended recipient of an MM and that requests forwarding of the MM for delivery to other recipient(s) without having to first download the MM.
Fully Qualified Partial CDR (FQPC):
partial CDR that contains a complete set of the fields specified in the present document. This includes all the mandatory and conditional fields as well as those fields that the PLMN operator has provisioned to be included in the CDR. The first Partial CDR shall be a Fully qualified Partial CDR.
message ID:
unique identifier for an MM.
middle tier TS:
used for the 3GPP charging TSs that specify the domain / subsystem / service specific, online and offline, charging functionality. These are all the TSs in the numbering range from TS 32.250 to TS 32.27x [3x], e.g. TS 32.250 for the CS domain, or TS 32.270 for the MMS service. Currently, there is only one "tier 1" TS in 3GPP, which is TS 32.240 that specifies the charging architecture and principles. Finally, there are a number of top tier TSs in the 32.29x numbering range ([50] ff) that specify common charging aspects such as parameter definitions, encoding rules, the common Billing Domain interface or common charging applications.
MMSE:
collection of MMS-specific elements under the control of a single administration.
MMS Relay/Server (MMS R/S):
MMS-specific network entity/application that is under the control of an MMS service provider. An MMS relay/server transfers messages, provides operations of the MMS that are specific to or required by the mobile environment and provides (temporary and/or persistent) storage services to the MMS.
MMS User Agent:
application residing on a user equipment, a mobile station or an external device that performs MMS-specific operations on a user's behalf and/or on another application's behalf. An MMS User Agent is not considered part of an MMSE.
near real-time:
near real-time charging and billing information is to be generated, processed, and transported to a desired conclusion in less than one (1) minute.
offline charging:
charging mechanism where charging information does not affect, in real-time, the service rendered.
online charging:
charging mechanism where charging information can affect, in real-time, the service rendered and therefore a direct interaction of the charging mechanism with bearer/session/service control is required.
Online Charging System:
the entity that performs real-time Credit-Control. Its functionality includes transaction handling, rating, online correlation and management of subscriber accounts/balances.
original MM:
(initial) MM sent from a sender to a recipient and to which a delivery report and/or a read-reply report and/or a reply-MM may refer and/or which may be subject to being forwarded.
originator MMS User Agent:
an MMS User Agent associated with the sender of an MM.
packet switched domain:
domain within GSM / UMTS in which data is transferred in packet switched mode. Corresponds to the term "GPRS".
partial CDR:
CDR that provides information on part of a subscriber session. A long session may be covered by several partial CDRs. Two formats are considered for Partial CDRs. One that contains all of the specified fields (FQPC); the second has a reduced format (RPC).
read-reply report:
feedback information to an originator MMS User Agent by a Recipient MMS User Agent about the status of handling/rendering of an original MM in a Recipient MMS User Agent.
real-time:
real-time charging and billing information is to be generated, processed, and transported to a desired conclusion in less than one (1) second.
Recipient MMS User Agent:
MMS User Agent associated with the recipient of an MM.
reply-MM:
in case of reply-charging the first reply accepted by the Recipient MMS Relay/Server (after checking the reply charging limitations, such as the latest time of submission) is called a reply-MM.
settlement:
payment of amounts resulting from the accounting process.
subscriber:
a subscriber is an entity (associated with one or more users) that is engaged in a subscription with a service provider. The subscriber is allowed to subscribe and unsubscribe services, to register a user or a list of users authorized to enjoy these services, and also to set the limits relative to the use that associated users make of these services.
user:
an entity, not part of the 3GPP System, that uses network resources by means of a subscription. The user may or may not be identical to the subscriber holding that subscription.
User Equipment (UE):
a device allowing a user access to network services. For the purpose of 3GPP specifications the interface between the UE and the network is the radio interface. A User Equipment can be subdivided into a number of domains, the domains being separated by reference points. Currently defined domains are the USIM and ME Domains. The ME Domain can further be subdivided into several components showing the connectivity between multiple functional groups. These groups can be implemented in one or more hardware devices. An example of such a connectivity is the TE - MT interface. Further, an occurrence of a User Equipment is an MS for GSM as defined in TS 24.002.
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3.2  SymbolsWord‑p. 10

For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
Ci
Charging Trigger in combined MMS Relay/Server.
Bm
Reference point for the CDR file transfer from the MMS CGF to the BD.
Mi
Charging Trigger in MMS Relay/Server for MMBox Management.
MM1
The reference point between the MMS User Agent and the MMS Relay/Server.
MM2
The reference point between the MMS Relay and the MMS Server.
MM3
The reference point between the MMS Relay/Server and external (legacy) messaging systems.
MM4
The reference point between the MMS Relay/Server and another MMS Relay/Server that is within another MMSE.
MM5
The reference point between the MMS Relay/Server and the Home Location Register (HLR).
MM6
The reference point between the MMS Relay/Server and the MMS User Databases.
MM7
The reference point between the MMS Relay/Server and MMS VAS Applications.
MM8
The reference point between the MMS Relay/Server and the post-processing system.
MM9
The reference point between the MMS Relay/Server and the online charging system.
MM10
The reference point between the MMS Relay/Server and a Messaging Service Control Function (MSCF).
Oi
Charging Trigger in Originator MMS Relay/Server.
Ri
Charging Trigger in Recipient MMS Relay/Server.
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3.3  Abbreviations

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations defined in TR 21.905, TS 23.140, TS 32.240 and the following apply:
3G
3rd Generation
3GPP
3rd Generation Partnership Project
AVP
Attribute Value Pair
BD
Billing Domain
CCA
Credit Control Answer
CCR
Credit Control Request
CDF
Charging Data Function
CDR
Charging Data Record
CGF
Charging Gateway Function
CS
Circuit Switched
CTF
Charging Trigger Function
DCCA
Diameter Credit Control Application
EBCF
Event Based Charging Function
ECUR
Event Charging with Unit Reservation
FTAM
File Transfer, Access and Management
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service
GSM
Global System for Mobile communication
HLR
Home Location Register
IE
Information Element
IEC
Immediate Event Charging
IETF
Internet Engineering Task Force
IMS
IP Multimedia Subsystem
IMSI
International Mobile Subscriber Identity
IP
Internet Protocol
ITU-T
International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunications standardization sector
LCS
LoCation Service
MCC
Mobile Country Code (part of IMSI)
ME
Mobile Equipment
MIME
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MM
Multimedia Message
MMS
Multimedia Messaging Service
MMSE
Multimedia Messaging Service Element
MMSNA
Multimedia Messaging Service Network Architecture
MMSO
Multimedia Messaging Service Originator
MMSR
Multimedia Messaging Service Recipient
MMS R/S
Multimedia Messaging Relay/Server
MNC
Mobile Network Code (part of IMSI)
MO
Mobile Originated
MS
Mobile Station
MSCF
Messaging Service Control Function
MT
Mobile Terminated
NE
Network Element
OCS
Online Charging System
PLMN
Public Land Mobile Network
PS
Packet-Switched
RPC
Reduced Partial CDR
SCCP
Signalling Connection Control Part
TR
Technical Report
TS
Technical Specification
UA
User Agent
UE
User Equipment
UMTS
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
USIM
User Service Identity Module
VAS
Value Added Service
VASP
Value Added Service Provider
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