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Content for  TS 32.102  Word version:  16.0.0

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1  ScopeWord‑p. 6

The present document identifies and standardises the most important and strategic contexts in the physical architecture for the management of PLMNs. It serves as a framework to help define a telecom management physical architecture for a planned PLMN and to adopt standards and provide products that are easy to integrate.
The requirements identified in the present document are applicable to all further development of 3GPP Telecom Management specifications as well as the development of PLMN Management products. The present document can be seen as guidance for the development of all other Technical Specification addressing the management of PLMNs, except TS 32.101.
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2  ReferencesWord‑p. 6

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
[1]
ITU T Recommendation M.3010 (2000): "Principles for a Telecommunications management network".
[2]
TS 32.101: "Telecommunication management; Principles and high level requirements".
[3]  Void.
[4]
ITU T Recommendation X.200 (1994): "Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - Basic Reference Model: The basic model".
[5]
TS 32.150: "Telecommunication management; Integration Reference Point (IRP) Concept and definitions".
[6]  Void.
[7]  Void.
[8]  Void.
[9]
TMF GB910: "Smart TMN Telecom Operations Map (Release 2.1)". http://www.tmforum.org
[10]
TMF GB909: "Smart TMN Technology Integration Map (Issue 1.1)". http://www.tmforum.org
[11]
ITU-T Recommendation M.3013 (2000): "Considerations for a telecommunications management network".
[12]
TS 23.002: "Network architecture".
[13]
TS 23.101: "General UMTS Architecture".
[14]
TS 32.111-1: (3GPP TS 32.111-x) "Telecommunication management; Fault Management;".
[15]
OMG: "Unified Modelling Language Specification, Version 1.4, September 2001". http://www.omg.org/technology/documents/formal/uml.htm
[16]
ITU-T Recommendation M.3060/Y.2401 (2006): " Principles for the Management of Next Generation Networks" .
[17]
ETSI TS 188 001 V1.2.1: TISPAN; "NGN management; Operations Support Systems Architecture".
[18]
ITU-T Recommendation Y.2011 (2004): "General principles and general reference model for Next Generation Networks".
[19]
ITU-T Recommendation Y.2001 (2004): "General overview of NGN".
[20]
ITU-T M.3050.x series (2004): "TMN Enhanced Telecom Operations Map (eTOM)".
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3  Definitions and abbreviationsWord‑p. 7

3.1  DefinitionsWord‑p. 7

For the purposes of the present document, the following definitions apply:
architecture:
organisational structure of a system or component, their relationships, and the principles and guidelines governing their design and evolution over time
closed interfaces:
privately controlled system/subsystem boundary descriptions that are not disclosed to the public or are unique to a single supplier
de facto standard:
standard that is widely accepted and used but that lacks formal approval by a recognised standards organisation
Information Service (IS):
Defined in TS 32.150.interface standard: standard that specifies the physical or functional interface characteristics of systems, subsystems, equipment, assemblies, components, items or parts to permit interchangeability, interconnection, interoperability, compatibility, or communications
interoperability:
ability of two or more systems or components to exchange data and use information
intra-operability:
ability to interchange and use information, functions and services among components within a system
Integration Reference Point (IRP):
Defined in TS 32.150.
Managed Object:
Defined in TS 32.150.
management infrastructure:
Defined in TS 32.101. market acceptance: means that an item has been accepted in the market as evidenced by annual sales, length of time available for sale, and after-sale support capability.
modular:
pertaining to the design concept in which interchangeable units are employed to create a functional end product.
module:
interchangeable item that contains components. In computer programming, a program unit that is discrete and identifiable with respect to compiling, combining with other modules, and loading is called a module.
Network Resource Model (NRM):
Defined in TS 32.150.
Next Generation Networks Management (NGNM):
Planning, provisioning, installation, maintenance, operation and administration of next generation telecommunications equipment for transmission or control of resources and services within NGN transport and service strata. NGNM is defined by ITU-T [16].
NGN service stratum:
that part of the NGN which provides the user functions that transfer service-related data and the functions that control and manage service resources and network services to enable user services and applications.
NGN transport stratum:
that part of the NGN which provides the user functions that transfer data and the functions that control and manage transport resources to carry such data between terminating entities.
open specifications:
public specifications that are maintained by an open, public consensus process to accommodate new technologies over time and that are consistent with international standards
open standards:
widely accepted and supported standards set by recognised standards organisation or the commercial market place. These standards support interoperability, portability, and scalability and are equally available to the general public at no cost or with a moderate license fee.
open systems strategy:
focuses on fielding superior telecom capability more quickly and more affordably by using multiple suppliers and commercially supported practices, products, specifications, and standards, which are selected based on performance, cost, industry acceptance, long term availability and supportability, and upgrade potential.
physical architecture:
minimal set of rules governing the arrangement, interaction, and interdependence of the parts or elements whose purpose is to ensure that a conformant system satisfies a specified set of requirements. The physical architecture identifies the services, interfaces, standards, and their relationships. It provides the technical guidelines for implementation of systems upon which engineering specifications are based and common building blocks are built.
PLMN Organisation:
see TS 32.101.
plug&play:
term for easy integration of HW/SW
portability:
the ease with which a system, component, data, or user can be transferred from one hardware or software environment to another
proprietary specifications:
specifications, which are exclusively owned by a private individual or corporation under a trademark or patent, the use of which would require a license
reference model:
a generally accepted abstract representation that allows users to focus on establishing definitions, building common understandings and identifying issues for resolution. For TMN Systems acquisitions, a reference model is necessary to establish a context for understanding how the disparate technologies and standards required to implement TMN relate to each other. A reference model provides a mechanism for identifying the key issues associated with applications portability, modularity, scalability and interoperability. Most importantly, reference models will aid in the evaluation and analysis of domain-specific architectures.
scalability:
capability to adapt hardware or software to accommodate changing workloads
service specific entities:
entities dedicated to the provisioning of a given (set of) service(s). The fact that they are implemented or not in a given PLMN should have limited impact on all the other entities of the PLMN.
Solution Set (SS):
Defined in TS 32.150.
specification:
document that prescribes, in a complete, precise, verifiable manner, the requirements, design, behaviour, or characteristics of a system or system component
standard:
document that establishes uniform engineering and technical requirements for processes, procedures, practices, and methods. Standards may also establish requirements for selection, application, and design criteria of material.
standards based architecture:
architecture based on an acceptable set of open standards governing the arrangement, interaction, and interdependence of the parts or elements that together may be used to form a TMN System, and whose purpose is to insure that a conformant system satisfies a specified set of requirements.
Support IOC:
defined in TS 32.150.
system :
any organised assembly of resources and procedures united and regulated by interaction or interdependence to accomplish a set of specific functions
System Architecture (SA):
description, including graphics, of systems and interconnections providing for or supporting management functions. The SA defines the physical connection, location, and identification of the key nodes, circuits, networks, platforms, etc., and specifies system and component performance parameters. It is constructed to satisfy Operational Architecture requirements per standards defined in the Physical Architecture. The SA shows how multiple systems within a subject area link and inter-operate, and may describe the internal construction or operations of particular systems within the architecture.
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3.2  AbbreviationsWord‑p. 9

For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
3G
3rd Generation
AAA
Authentication, Authorisation and Accounting
AN
Access Network
AS
Application Server
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AUC
Authentication Centre
B2B
Business-to-Business
BG
Border Gateway
BGCF
Breakout Gateway Control Function
BM-SC
Broadcast-Multicast Service Centre
BSC
Base Station Controller
BSS
Base Station Subsystem
BTS
Base Transceiver Station
C2B
Customer-to-Business
CAMEL
Customised Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic
CBC
Cell Broadcast Center
CBS
Cell Broadcast Service
CMIS
Common Management Information Service
CMISE
Common Management Information Service Element
CN
Core Network
CORBA
Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CRF
Charging Rules Function
CS
Circuit Switched
CSCF
Call Session Control Function
DCN
Data Communication Network
DECT
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications
DSS1
Digital Subscriber System 1
EIR
Equipment Identity Register
EM
Element Manager
E-OS
Element Management Layer-Operations System
F/W
Firewall
FM
Fault Management
FTAM
File Transfer, Access and Management
GCR
Group Call Register
GDMO
Guidelines for the Definition of Managed Objects
GGSN
Gateway GPRS Support Node
GMLC
Gateway Mobile Location Center
GMSC
Gateway MSC
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service
GTT
Global Text Telephony
HLR
Home Location Register
HMI
Human Machine Interface
HSS
Home Subscriber Server
HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol
HW
Hardware
I-CSCF
Interrogating CSCF
IBCF
Interconnection Border Control Function
IDL
Interface Definition Language
IIOP
Internet Inter-ORB Protocol
IMS
IP Multimedia Subsystem
INAP
Intelligent Network Application Part
IP
Internet Protocol
IRP
Integration Reference Point
IS
Information Service
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
IWU
Inter Working Unit
LCS
Location Services
LLA
Logical Layered Architecture
LMU
Location Measurement Unit
MBMS
Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service
MD
Mediation Device
ME
Mobile Equipment
MGCF
Media Gateway Control Function
MIB
Management Information Base
MMI
Man-Machine Interface
MML
Man-Machine Language
MMS
Multimedia Messaging Service
MNP
Mobile Number Portability
MNP-SRF
Mobile Number Portability/Signalling Relay Function
MRF
Multimedia Resource Function
MRFC
Multimedia Resource Function Controller
MRFP
Multimedia Resource Function Processor
MSC
Mobile service Switching Centre
MT
Mobile Termination
NE
Network Element
NGN
Next Generation Networks
NGNM
Next Generation Networks Management
NM
Network Manager
N-OS
Network Management Layer-Operations System
NPDB
Number Portability Database
NR
Network Resource
NRM
Network Resource Model
NSS
Network Switching Subsystem
NW
Network
OMG
Object Management Group
OS
Operations System
OSA
Open Services Access
OSF
Operations System Functions
P-CSCF
Proxy CSCF
PDH
Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
PS
Packet Switched
PSA
Product Specific Applications
PSS
Packet Switched Service
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network
QA
Q Adapter
QoS
Quality of Service
RNC
Radio Network Controller
RNS
Radio Network System
RSVP
Resource ReserVation Protocol
S-CSCF
Serving CSCF
SDH
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SEF
Service Element Function
SGSN
Serving GPRS Support Node
SGW
Signalling Gateway
SIM
Subscriber Identity Module
SLA
Service Level Agreement
SLF
Subscription Locator Function
SMI
Structure of Management Information
SMLC
Serving Mobile Location Center
SMS
Short Message Service
SNM
Sub-Network Manager
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SS
Solution Set
SS7
Signalling System No. 7
SW
Software
TA
Terminal Adapter
TE
Terminal Equipment
TEF
Transport Element Function
TM
Telecom Management
TMN
Telecommunications Management Network as defined in ITU T Recommendation M.3010 [1]
TrGW
Transition Gateway
UE
User Equipment
UML
Unified Modelling Language
USAT
USIM/SIM Application Toolkit
USIM
UMTS Subscriber Identity Module
UTRA
Universal Terrestrial Radio Access
UTRAN
Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network
VHE
Virtual Home Environment
VLR
Visitor Location Register
WAG
WLAN Access Gateway
WBEM
Web Based Enterprise Management
WS
WorkStation
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