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Content for  TR 22.926  Word version:  18.0.0

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9  GuidelinesWord‑p. 20

9.1  IntroductionWord‑p. 20

This clause summarizes the key extraterritoriality requirements associated with each of the identified use cases together with the proposed approach to address these requirements in a 5G system.
The following table captures the regulatory guidance for UEs and networks in different operating areas, for the identified regulatory service. In the table below the 'General' column refers to all stage 1 requirements that are specified as 'subject to regulatory requirements' other than those listed in the other columns.
PWS Charging and Billing Emergency Call LI Data Retention Network Access General
7.2 UE in border region[NOTE1][NOTE2][NOTE2][NOTE2][NOTE1][NOTE2][NOTE1]
7.3 UE in Vessels[NOTE3][NOTE3][NOTE3][NOTE3][NOTE3][NOTE3][NOTE3]
7.X UE in exclusion area[NOTE4][NOTE4][NOTE4][NOTE4][NOTE4][NOTE4][NOTE4]
7.Y UE in extraterritorial area[NOTE5][NOTE6][NOTE5][NOTE6][NOTE6][NOTE6][NOTE6]
7.Z UE migrating between areas[NOTE7][NOTE7][NOTE7][NOTE7][NOTE7][NOTE7][NOTE7]
8.2 Extraterritorial Network Operation[NOTE2]
8.M Network operating in an Aeronautic Area or At Sea[NOTE8][NOTE8][NOTE8][NOTE8][NOTE8][NOTE8][NOTE8]
8.N Network access and exclusion areas[NOTE9][NOTE9][NOTE9][NOTE9][NOTE9][NOTE9][NOTE9]
NOTE 1:
The service is offered by the network operator according to the regulatory regime.
NOTE 2:
The service is supported by the network operator according to the regulatory regime, but the location of the UE may be difficult to determine precisely or in an unusual place (offshore, airborne, along the border, etc.)
NOTE 3:
The UE may either be in sovereign territory (airspace, waters), in which case the national regulations apply; or the UE may be in international territory (airspace, waters), in which case the regulations are more complex. See clause 7.3. It may be impossible to offer some regulatory services to UEs in international territories (e.g. emergency call).
NOTE 4:
A UE in an exclusion area shall not use the network in a prohibited fashion. It is assumed that regulatory services apply to a UE whether or not it is in compliance with the exclusion area. Specifically, no service is provided to a UE in an exclusion area that is not allowed, though regulatory required services will still be supported (including lawful interception.)
NOTE 5:
A UE in an extraterritorial area normally cannot receive national warning messages or perform emergency call. If this is possible, e.g. via non-terrestrial access, this would not be a regulatory service (as no such service has been defined.)
NOTE 6:
A UE receiving service while in an extraterritorial area (e.g. from non-terrestrial access) would have no specific regulation applied to the UE. Regulations would apply to the network, depending on the territory where the network is located.
NOTE 7:
Service for a UE migrating from one area to another will comply with the service of the area the UE is in at the time.
NOTE 8:
A vessel or aircraft is a complex regulatory environment because it can operate both in and out of sovereign territory, and it applies regulations of the country to which the vessel or aircraft is registered. See 8.M.
NOTE 9:
A network deployment will not violate exclusion area restrictions. See 8.N.
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9.2  Guidelines for handling extraterritoriality in the 3GPP systemWord‑p. 21

To support regulated services and features (e.g. Public Warning System, Charging and Billing, Emergency calls, Lawful Intercept, Data Retention Policy in cross-border scenarios and international regions, Network access), 3GPP networks should have the capability to locate each UE in a reliable manner and determine the policy that applies to their operation depending on their location and/or context.
Most terrestrial networks can determine the regulatory policies that apply to the location of UE based on cell areas. For example satellite networks, with generally much larger coverage areas, can maintain a detailed map of borders of areas for which a unique set of regulations applies for the provision of communication services through mobile networks (e.g. Countries including the areas where they claim sovereignty for telecommunication regulations as well as Exclusive Economic Zones).
Moreover, the network should have knowledge of the specific policy to apply in each of the areas where the network provides services.
In order to determine whether maritime or aeronautical regulations apply, the network may also have to know the context of a UE (e.g. whether it is a ship or plane).
Based on UE location and/or context, the UE should be able to operate following regulatory policies that apply in that specific location and/or context (e.g. not to transmit in an exclusion area where transmission is not permitted.)
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