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Content for  TR 22.926  Word version:  18.0.0

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5  Overview of territories affected by regulatory requirements on communicationWord‑p. 8

5.1  IntroductionWord‑p. 8

This clause describes different types of territories that are relevant in the discussion of extraterritoriality

5.2  CountryWord‑p. 8

Within the context of the document, a country is defined as the area embedded within a set of borders and for a which a unique set of regulations applies for the provision of communication services through mobile networks.
For instance, in TS 22.011, A Public Land Mobile Network is defined as follows:
PLMN
A Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) is a network established and operated by an Administration or RPOA for the specific purpose of providing land mobile communication services to the public. It provides communication possibilities for mobile users. For communications between mobile and fixed users, interworking with a fixed network is necessary.
A PLMN may provide service in one, or a combination, of frequency bands.
As a rule, a PLMN is limited by the borders of a country. Depending on national regulations there may be more than one PLMN per country.
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5.3  Exclusion areasWord‑p. 8

Within a country, some specific areas may be excluded from the general regime which is generally enforced for mobile communication networks. This exclusion regime may be temporary or not, and may be related to some security or safety requirements for instance.
Within a country, some specific areas may be excluded from the general regulatory regime which applies to and is enforced for mobile communications. This exclusion regime may be temporary or not, and may be related to some national security, heterogeneous use of frequency resources (that is, for policies that do not apply uniformly throughout a territory), research or safety requirements for instance. An exclusion area has a well-defined extent within a national territory.
Consideration of Electromagnetic Field regulations for public health are out of scope of this Technical Report. It is assumed that all deployed equipment, whether UE or base station, will comply with all relevant regulations and therefore emissions are not a relevant regulatory consideration for 3GPP standards with respect to Exclusion Areas. Though there are some local governments that pursue exclusion area regulation of this kind, it is a concern both for users (whose service suffers from lack of nearby deployment of base stations) and service providers (whose planning is made more complicated.) [14]
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5.4  Maritime AreasWord‑p. 9

In maritime areas, different regulatory regimes may be applicable according to the type of communication services considered in Maritime Areas:
  • Passenger communications
  • Operations (including IoT)
  • Maritime Traffic Management
    • Surveillance and Tracking
    • Bridge voice communication
    • Search & Rescue communications
High seas are defined in Reference [3] as a maritime area where no sovereignty can be claimed by any state. (see Article 89).
Article 94 stipulates further that the duties of a Flag State is to effectively exercise its jurisdiction and control in administrative, technical and social matters over ships flying its flag. In particular this shall include that the master, officers .….are fully conversant …with the applicable international regulations concerning … the maintenance of communications by radio.
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5.5  Aeronautical AreasWord‑p. 9

As for maritime areas, different regulatory regimes may be applicable according to the type of communication services considered in Aeronautical Areas:
  • Passenger communications
  • Operations (including IoT)
  • Air Traffic Management
  • Surveillance and Tracking
    • Cockpit voice communication
    • Emergency communications
International regulations and standards apply to all but the first category. It is the first category "Passenger communications" that directly applies to 3GPP standards.
There are two scenarios for Aeronautical areas:
  1. Sovereign Airspace
  2. International Airspace
The distinction is relevant as different regulations apply.
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5.6  Extraterritorial AreasWord‑p. 9

There are regions that have no territorial claims, e.g. the Antarctic. In these regions, as in the Maritime Areas, no sovereignty is claimed.
Where territorial boundaries are ambiguous, as in disputed or territorial regions, the regulatory implications are described in clause 7.2.

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