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Content for  TR 22.926  Word version:  18.0.0

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1  ScopeWord‑p. 6

The present document identifies use cases and associated guidelines for the provision of services when a 5G public network has an extraterritoriality access component.
This Technical Report (TR) addresses:
  • Use cases and associated conditions generating extraterritoriality of public 5G systems (e.g. HAPS covering multiple countries, satellite access covering international waters, aeronautical networks),
  • 3GPP features (e.g. emergency calls, PWS, LI, charging) and technical aspects (e.g. MCC/MNC, location of UE/NW) for which extraterritoriality may be relevant, and types of regulations that may be applicable.
  • Guidelines on the fulfilment of relevant regulatory requirements (e.g. routing to a core network in a specific country, use of MCC).
This 900 series TR is meant to serve as the basis for technical work in other 3GPP Working Groups when considering the above topics. This TR is not normative. It has been developed by SA1 to capture relevant high-level considerations associated with of the provision of 5G public network and access services in extraterritorial contexts, and provide corresponding guidelines.

2  ReferencesWord‑p. 6

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non-specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
TR 21.905: "Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".
TS 22.011: Service accessibility
TS 22.268: "Public Warning System (PWS) requirements"
TS 22.101: Service aspects; Service principles
Global Maritime Distress and Safety System Manual, 2015 Edition, UN IMO, ISBN 978-92-801-1624-3.
SOLAS Consolidated Edition, 2020, UN IMO, ISBN 978-92-801-1690-8.
TS 33.126: "Lawful interception requirements"
Data Protection & Privacy Laws,, Accessed: 19.10.20.
UN Convention No. 10106, "Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft", Tokyo, 14 September 1963, <> Accessed 11.02.21.
UN Convention No. 6456, "CONVENTION ON THE HIGH SEAS", Geneva, 1958.> Accessed 11.02.21
Brisibe, T. C. "International law and regulation of aeronautical public correspondence by satellite", Doctoral Thesis, Faculty of Law, Leiden University, 2006.
Title 47, Chapter I, Subchapter B, Part 22, Subpart H, §22.925 "Prohibition on airborne operation of cellular telephones." United States Federal Communications Commission.
"Impact of exclusion zone policies on siting base stations: Australian case study analysis". GSMA, August 2012.
TS 22.119: "Maritime Communication Services over 3GPP system"
HCM Agreement: "Agreement between the Administrations of Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Germany, France, Hungary, the Netherlands, Croatia, Italy, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Switzerland on the co-ordination of frequencies between 29.7 MHz and 43.5 GHz for the fixed service and the land mobile service.", agreed by correspondence in 2020,
General Data Protection Regulation: "REGULATION (EU) 2016/679 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data", 27 April 2016

3  Definitions and abbreviationsWord‑p. 7

3.1  DefinitionsWord‑p. 7

For the purposes of the present document, the terms and definitions given in TR 21.905 and the following apply. A term defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same term, if any, in TR 21.905.

3.2  AbbreviationsWord‑p. 7

For the purposes of the present document, the abbreviations given in TR 21.905 and the following apply. An abbreviation defined in the present document takes precedence over the definition of the same abbreviation, if any, in TR 21.905.
Recognized Private Operating Agency
Non Terrestrial Network

4  OverviewWord‑p. 7

In some cases, PLMN access can be offered through radio access technologies whose coverage could extend well beyond the political borders of countries. This is the case for instance with satellite access, and this could also be the case with High Altitude Platforms. Another example of extraterritorial access is where a PLMN ID is used for a local network on e.g. a ship or plane travelling in/over international waters. When considering RAN sharing on a satellite network or High-Altitude Platform, PLMN IDs as authorised by one administration in one country, could also be transmitted by a RAN another country. A further scenario could be the transmission of an international PLMN ID (as authorised by ITU according to ITU Rec E.212) over a number of countries territories.
When dealing with services over international waters, aeronautical communications, or terrestrial mobile networks, the question of which requirements apply to the design and operation of the corresponding 5G system ?.
Extraterritoriality is considered in this document as either:
  • the location of the UE and its access to the 5G network;
  • the location of the 5G network for the services to be delivered.
Guidelines have been developed on this basis for 3GPP specified services of 5G public networks.

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