Content for  TS 22.140  Word version:  16.0.0

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0  IntroductionWord‑p. 4
SMS has been very successful in the GSM second generation system, as all mobiles have supported the application level and it is possible to send to any GSM handset without the need to check for individual support. This easy to use service for non realtime text transmission between GSM users shall be succeeded to in third generation mobile systems by a non real-time Multimedia Message Service, MMS. The MMS will allow users to send and receive messages exploiting the whole array of media types available today e.g. text, images, audio, video while also making it possible to support new content types as they become popular.
3GPP shall not standardise new services themselves, but instead uses the standardised set of service capabilities features on which the new services will be built.
Multimedia technology is rapidly developing new capabilities, such as multimedia messages, games, presentations and services that are now considered to be a part of everyday life. Multimedia consists of one or more media elements (such as text, voice, image and video), and it is the combination of these media elements in an ordered synchronised manner that creates a multimedia presentation.
A non-realtime multimedia message as observed by the user is a combination of one or more different media elements in a multimedia presentation, that can be transferred between users without the requirement for the need to be transferred in realtime. The non-real-time multimedia messaging service shall be capable of supporting current and future multimedia messaging services, and exploit the advances being made in the world multimedia community, with additional mobile requirements.
1  ScopeWord‑p. 5
This Technical Specification defines the stage one description of the non real-time Multimedia Messaging Service, MMS. Stage one is the set of requirements which shall be supported for the provision of non real-time multimedia messaging service, seen primarily from the subscriber's and service providers' points of view.
This TS includes information applicable to network operators, service providers, terminal and network manufacturers.
This TS contains the core requirements for the Multimedia Messaging Service, which are sufficient to provide a complete service.
This TS defines the requirements for MMS to be understood as a framework to enable non real-time transmissions for different types of media including such functionality as:
  • multiple media elements per single message
  • individual handling of message elements
  • different delivery methods for each message element
  • negotiate different terminal and network MM capabilities
  • notification and acknowledgement of MM related events (e.g. delivery, deletion, ...)
  • handling of undeliverable MM
  • personalised MMS configuration
  • flexible charging
The above list is not exhaustive.
Thus the MMS enables a unified application which integrates the composition, storage, access, and delivery of different kinds of media, e.g. text, voice, image or video in combination with additional mobile requirements.
2  References
The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.
  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non specific.
  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.
  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.
[1]  TS 22.101   "Service Principles".
[2]  Void
[3]  TS 21.133   "3G Security; Security Threats and Requirements".
[4]  ITU-T E.164 (1997): "The International Public Telecommunications Numbering Plan".
[5]  IETF; STD 0011 (RFC 2822): "Internet Message Format", URL:
[6]  TS 21.905   "Vocabulary".
[7]  TS 31.102   "Characteristics of the USIM Application".
[8]  TS 51.011  (Rel-4): "Specification of the Subscriber Identity Module - Mobile Equipment (SIM-ME) interface".
[9]  TS 22.242   "Digital Rights Management (DRM); Stage 1".
[10]  TS 22.240   "Stage 1 Service Requirement for the 3GPP Generic User Profile (GUP)" .
3  Definitions and abbreviationsWord‑p. 6
3.1  Definitions
the recipient is the entity to which a MM has been sent.
the sender is the entity that sent a MM.
the user is the MM sender or the MM recipient.
message element:
a message element is a part of a MM consisting of only one media type.
multimedia message:
a multimedia message is a message composed of one or more message elements.
multimedia message service:
A multimedia message service allows transfer of multimedia messages between users without the requirement for the multimedia messages to be transferred in real-time.
media types:
a media type refers to one form of presenting information to a user, e.g. voice or fax.
media formats:
within one media type different media formats are applicable for the media presentation, e.g. a picture can be GIF or JPEG format.
for the purposes of supporting multimedia messaging, the term network shall be considered to include the mobile operator's network and any functionality which may exist outside the mobile operator's network (i.e.fixed, internet and multimedia technologies etc.), and the support provided by that functionality for multimedia messaging.
Operator Specific Service:
network-based and operator administred function being able to perform additional, operator defined, MMS services based on MMS capabilities for address translation and charging.
Value Added Service Provider:
provides services other than basic telecommunications service for which additional charges may be incurred.
Short code:
A string of alphanumeric characters which addresses a specific service of a Value Added Service Provider.
3.2  Abbreviations
For the purposes of this document the following abbreviations apply:
Multimedia Message
Multimedia Message Service
Short Message Service
Value Added Services Provider

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