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RFC 7848

Proposed STD
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Mark and Signed Mark Objects Mapping

 


Top       ToC       Page 1 
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         G. Lozano
Request for Comments: 7848                                         ICANN
Category: Standards Track                                      June 2016
ISSN: 2070-1721


                  Mark and Signed Mark Objects Mapping

Abstract

   Domain Name Registries (DNRs) may operate in special modes for
   certain periods of time, enabling trademark holders to protect their
   rights during the introduction of a Top-Level Domain (TLD).

   One of those special modes of operation is the Sunrise Period.  The
   Sunrise Period allows trademark holders an advance opportunity to
   register domain names corresponding to their trademarks before names
   are generally available to the public.

   This document describes the format of a mark and a digitally signed
   mark used by trademark holders for registering domain names during
   the Sunrise Period of generic Top-Level Domains (gTLDs).  Three types
   of Mark objects are defined in this specification: registered
   trademarks, court-validated marks, and marks protected by statue or
   treaty.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7848.

Page 2 
Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   2.  Object Description  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.1.  Holder and Contact Objects  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.2.  Mark  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     2.3.  Signed Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     2.4.  Encoded Signed Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   3.  Formal Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     3.1.  Signed Mark Schema  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     3.2.  Mark Schema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   4.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
   6.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
     6.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
     6.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
   Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24

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1.  Introduction

   Domain Name Registries (DNRs) may operate in special modes for
   certain periods of time enabling trademark holders to protect their
   rights during the introduction of a Top-Level Domain (TLD).

   One of those special modes of operation is the Sunrise Period.  The
   Sunrise Period allows trademark holders an advance opportunity to
   register domain names corresponding to their trademarks before names
   are generally available to the public.

   This specification was defined as part of the development of the
   ICANN Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).  The ICANN TMCH is a global
   repository for trademark data used by DNRs, registrars, and trademark
   holders during the registration process of domain names.

   This document describes a mapping of the common elements found in
   trademark data.  A digitally signed mark format is defined in order
   to support digital signatures on the mark.  Finally, a mapping for
   encoding the signed mark document is defined.

   Three types of Mark objects are defined in this specification:
   registered trademarks, court-validated marks, and marks protected by
   statue or treaty.

   This specification is intended to be used in the gTLD space, but
   nothing precludes the use of this format by other entities.

   The detailed policy regarding the public key infrastructure (PKI),
   authorized validators, and other requirements must be defined based
   on the local policy of the entities using this specification.  In the
   case of gTLDs, the detailed policy regarding the use of this
   specification is defined in the Rights Protection Mechanism
   Requirements document (see [ICANN-TMCH]), and the PKI is defined in
   [TMCH].  Implementations will need to implement such a PKI (or an
   equivalent) in order for the signatures defined in this document to
   have any useful semantics.

   The objects specified in this document can be referenced by
   application protocols like the Extensible Provisioning Protocol
   (EPP), defined in [RFC5730].

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1.1.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

   XML (EXtensible Markup Language) is case sensitive.  Unless stated
   otherwise, XML specifications and examples provided in this document
   MUST be interpreted in the character case presented in order to
   develop a conforming implementation.

   "signedMark-1.0" is used as an abbreviation for
   "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:signedMark-1.0".  The XML namespace prefix
   "smd" is used, but implementations MUST NOT depend on it and instead
   employ a proper namespace-aware XML parser and serializer to
   interpret and output the XML documents.

   "mark-1.0" is used as an abbreviation for
   "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:mark-1.0".  The XML namespace prefix "mark"
   is used, but implementations MUST NOT depend on it and instead employ
   a proper namespace-aware XML parser and serializer to interpret and
   output the XML documents.

2.  Object Description

   This section defines the Mark and Signed Mark objects.  Empty complex
   element types and abstract elements are defined to support additional
   definitions using XML schema substitution groups.  Support for
   replacement through the XML schema substitution groups is included in
   the description of the objects.

   This section defines some elements as OPTIONAL.  If an element is not
   defined as OPTIONAL, then it MUST be included in the object.

   The following elements are defined as telephone numbers:
   <mark:voice>, <mark:fax>, and <smd:voice>.  The representation of
   telephone numbers in this specification is derived from structures
   defined in [ITU.E164.2005].  Telephone numbers described in this
   mapping are character strings that MUST begin with a plus sign ("+",
   ASCII value 0x002B), followed by a country code defined in
   [ITU.E164.2005], followed by a dot (".", ASCII value 0x002E),
   followed by a sequence of digits representing the telephone number.
   An optional "x" attribute is provided to note telephone extension
   information.

   The following elements are defined as email addresses: <mark:email>
   and <smd:email>.  Email address syntax is defined in [RFC5322].

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2.1.  Holder and Contact Objects

   Marks are linked to Holder objects and optionally linked to Contact
   objects.  This section defines the <mark:holder> and <mark:contact>
   objects.

   o  The child elements of <mark:holder> include:

      *  A <mark:name> element that contains the name of the individual
         holder of the mark.  At least one of <mark:name> and <mark:org>
         MUST be specified, and <mark:name> is OPTIONAL if <mark:org> is
         specified.

      *  A <mark:org> element that contains the name of the organization
         holder of the mark.  At least one of <mark:name> and <mark:org>
         MUST be specified, and <mark:org> is OPTIONAL if <mark:name> is
         specified.

      *  A <mark:addr> element that contains the address information of
         the holder of a mark.  A <mark:addr> contains the following
         child elements:

         +  One, two, or three OPTIONAL <mark:street> elements that
            contain the holder's street address.

         +  A <mark:city> element that contains the holder's city.

         +  An OPTIONAL <mark:sp> element that contains the holder's
            state or province.

         +  An OPTIONAL <mark:pc> element that contains the holder's
            postal code.

         +  A <mark:cc> element that contains the holder's country code.
            This is a two-character code from [ISO3166-2].

      *  An OPTIONAL <mark:voice> element that contains the holder's
         voice telephone number.

      *  An OPTIONAL <mark:fax> element that contains the holder's
         facsimile telephone number.

      *  An OPTIONAL <mark:email> element that contains the email
         address of the holder.

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   o  The child elements of <mark:contact> include:

      *  A <mark:name> element that contains the name of the responsible
         person.

      *  An OPTIONAL <mark:org> element that contains the name of the
         organization of the contact.

      *  A <mark:addr> element that contains the address information of
         the contact.  A <mark:addr> contains the following child
         elements:

         +  One, two, or three OPTIONAL <mark:street> elements that
            contain the contact's street address.

         +  A <mark:city> element that contains the contact's city.

         +  An OPTIONAL <mark:sp> element that contains the contact's
            state or province.

         +  An OPTIONAL <mark:pc> element that contains the contact's
            postal code.

         +  A <mark:cc> element that contains the contact's country
            code.  This is a two-character code from [ISO3166-2].

      *  A <mark:voice> element that contains the contact's voice
         telephone number.

      *  An OPTIONAL <mark:fax> element that contains the contact's
         facsimile telephone number.

      *  A <mark:email> element that contains the contact's email
         address.

2.2.  Mark

   A <mark:mark> element that describes an applicant's prior right to a
   given domain name.

   A <mark:mark> element substitutes for the <mark:abstractMark>
   abstract element to define a concrete definition of a mark.  The
   <mark:abstractMark> element can be replaced by other mark definitions
   using the XML schema substitution groups feature.

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   The child elements of the <mark:mark> element include:

   One or more <mark:trademark>, <mark:treatyOrStatute>, and
   <mark:court> elements that contain the detailed information of marks.

   o  A <mark:trademark> element that contains the following child
      elements:

      *  A <mark:id> that uniquely identifies a mark in relation to a
         repository of marks potentially maintained by more than one
         issuer.  A <mark:id> value is a concatenation of the local
         identifier, followed by a hyphen ("-", ASCII value 0x002D),
         followed by the issuer identifier.

      *  A <mark:markName> element that contains the mark text string.

      *  One or more <mark:holder> elements that contain the information
         of the holder of the mark.  An "entitlement" attribute is used
         to identify the entitlement of the holder; possible values are
         "owner", "assignee", and "licensee".

      *  Zero or more OPTIONAL <mark:contact> elements that contain the
         information of the representative of the mark registration.  A
         "type" attribute is used to identify the type of contact;
         possible values are "owner", "agent", or "thirdparty".

      *  A <mark:jurisdiction> element that contains the two-character
         code of the jurisdiction where the trademark was registered.
         This is a two-character code from [WIPO.ST3].

      *  Zero or more OPTIONAL <mark:class> elements that contain the
         World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Nice
         Classification class numbers of the mark as defined in the WIPO
         Nice Classification [WIPO-NICE-CLASSES].

      *  Zero or more OPTIONAL <mark:label> elements that contain the
         A-label form (as defined in [RFC5890]) of the label that
         corresponds to the <mark:markName>.

      *  A <mark:goodsAndServices> element that contains the full
         description of the goods and services from the document
         certifying the registration of the mark.

      *  An OPTIONAL <mark:apId> element that contains the trademark
         application ID registered in the trademark office.

      *  An OPTIONAL <mark:apDate> element that contains the date the
         trademark was applied for.

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      *  A <mark:regNum> element that contains the trademark
         registration number registered in the trademark office.

      *  A <mark:regDate> element that contains the date the trademark
         was registered.

      *  An OPTIONAL <mark:exDate> element that contains the expiration
         date of the trademark.

   o  A <mark:treatyOrStatute> element that contains the following child
      elements:

      *  A <mark:id> element; see definition in the <mark:trademark>
         section above.

      *  A <mark:markName> element; see definition in the
         <mark:trademark> section above.

      *  One or more <mark:holder> elements; see definition in the
         <mark:trademark> section above.

      *  Zero or more OPTIONAL <mark:contact> elements; see definition
         in the <mark:trademark> section above.

      *  One or more <mark:protection> elements that contain the
         countries and region of the country where the mark is
         protected.  The <mark:protection> element contains the
         following child elements:

         +  A <mark:cc> element that contains the two-character code of
            the country in which the mark is protected.  This is a two-
            character code from [ISO3166-2].

         +  An OPTIONAL <mark:region> element that contains the name of
            a city, state, province, or other geographic region of
            <mark:country> in which the mark is protected.

         +  Zero or more OPTIONAL <mark:ruling> elements that contain
            the two-character code of the national territory in which
            the statute or treaty is applicable.  This is a two-
            character code from [ISO3166-2].

         +  Zero or more OPTIONAL <mark:label> elements; see definition
            in the <mark:trademark> section above.

      *  A <mark:goodsAndServices> element; see definition in the
         <mark:trademark> section above.

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      *  A <mark:refNum> element that contains the serial number of the
         mark.

      *  A <mark:proDate> element that contains the date of protection
         of the mark.

      *  A <mark:title> element that contains the title of the treaty or
         statute.

      *  A <mark:execDate> element that contains the execution date of
         the treaty or statute.

   o  A <mark:court> element that contains the following child elements:

      *  A <mark:id> element; see definition in the <mark:trademark>
         section above.

      *  A <mark:markName> element; see definition in the
         <mark:trademark> section above.

      *  One or more <mark:holder> elements; see definition in the
         <mark:trademark> section above.

      *  Zero or more OPTIONAL <mark:contact> elements; see definition
         in the <mark:trademark> section above.

      *  Zero or more OPTIONAL <mark:label> elements; see definition in
         the <mark:trademark> section above.

      *  A <mark:goodsAndServices> element; see definition in the
         <mark:trademark> section above.

      *  A <mark:refNum> element that contains the reference number of
         the court's opinion.

      *  A <mark:proDate> element that contains the date of protection
         of the mark.

      *  A <mark:cc> element that contains the two-character code of the
         country where the court is located.  This is a two-character
         code from [ISO3166-2].

      *  Zero or more OPTIONAL <mark:region> elements that contain the
         name of a city, state, province, or other geographic region of
         <mark:cc> in which the mark is protected.  In case
         <mark:region> is specified, a default-deny approach MUST be
         assumed regarding the regions of a country.

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      *  A <mark:courtName> element that contains the name of the court.

2.3.  Signed Mark

   The <smd:signedMark> is a digitally signed XML document using an XML
   Signature [XMLDSIG].  The <smd:signedMark> XML document (SMD)
   includes a required "id" attribute of type XML Schema Definition
   (XSD) ID for use with an IDREF URI from the Signature element.  The
   SMD might be transmitted as part of a protocol already based on XML;
   therefore, exclusive XML canonicalization as defined in [XMLC14N]
   MUST be used.

   A <smd:signedMark> element substitutes for the
   <smd:abstractSignedMark> abstract element to define a concrete
   definition of a signed mark.  The <smd:abstractSignedMark> element
   can be replaced by other signed mark definitions using the XML schema
   substitution groups feature.

   The child elements of the <smd:signedMark> element include:

   o  The <smd:id> element that uniquely identifies an SMD in relation
      to a repository of SMDs potentially maintained by more than one
      issuer.  The <smd:id> value is a concatenation of the local
      identifier, followed by a hyphen ("-", ASCII value 0x002D),
      followed by the issuer identifier.

   o  A <smd:issuerInfo> element that contains the information of the
      issuer of the mark registration.  An "issuerID" attribute is used
      to specify the issuer identifier.  The child elements include:

      *  A <smd:org> element that contains the organization name of the
         issuer.

      *  A <smd:email> element that contains the issuer customer support
         email address.

      *  An OPTIONAL <smd:url> element that contains the HTTP or HTTPS
         URL of the issuer's site.

      *  An OPTIONAL <smd:voice> element that contains the issuer's
         voice telephone number.

   o  A <smd:notBefore> element that contains the creation date and time
      of the SMD.

   o  A <smd:notAfter> element that contains the expiration date and
      time of the SMD.

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   o  A <mark:mark> element that contains the mark information as
      defined in Section 2.2.

   The following is an example of an SMD:

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <smd:signedMark xmlns:smd="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:signedMark-1.0"
 id="smd1">
   <smd:id>0000001751376056503931-65535</smd:id>
   <smd:issuerInfo issuerID="65535">
     <smd:org>ICANN TMCH TESTING TMV</smd:org>
     <smd:email>notavailable@example.com</smd:email>
     <smd:url>https://www.example.com</smd:url>
     <smd:voice>+32.000000</smd:voice>
   </smd:issuerInfo>
   <smd:notBefore>2013-08-09T13:55:03.931Z</smd:notBefore>
   <smd:notAfter>2017-07-23T22:00:00.000Z</smd:notAfter>
   <mark:mark xmlns:mark="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:mark-1.0">
     <mark:trademark>
       <mark:id>00052013734689731373468973-65535</mark:id>
       <mark:markName>Test &amp; Validate</mark:markName>
       <mark:holder entitlement="owner">
         <mark:org>Ag corporation</mark:org>
         <mark:addr>
           <mark:street>1305 Bright Avenue</mark:street>
           <mark:city>Arcadia</mark:city>
           <mark:sp>CA</mark:sp>
           <mark:pc>90028</mark:pc>
           <mark:cc>US</mark:cc>
         </mark:addr>
       </mark:holder>
       <mark:contact type="agent">
         <mark:name>Tony Holland</mark:name>
         <mark:org>Ag corporation</mark:org>
         <mark:addr>
           <mark:street>1305 Bright Avenue</mark:street>
           <mark:city>Arcadia</mark:city>
           <mark:sp>CA</mark:sp>
           <mark:pc>90028</mark:pc>
           <mark:cc>US</mark:cc>
         </mark:addr>
         <mark:voice>+1.2025562302</mark:voice>
         <mark:fax>+1.2025562301</mark:fax>
         <mark:email>info@agcorporation.com</mark:email>
       </mark:contact>
       <mark:jurisdiction>US</mark:jurisdiction>
       <mark:class>15</mark:class>
       <mark:label>testandvalidate</mark:label>

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       <mark:label>test---validate</mark:label>
       <mark:label>testand-validate</mark:label>
       <mark:label>test-et-validate</mark:label>
       <mark:label>test-validate</mark:label>
       <mark:label>test--validate</mark:label>
       <mark:label>test-etvalidate</mark:label>
       <mark:label>testetvalidate</mark:label>
       <mark:label>testvalidate</mark:label>
       <mark:label>testet-validate</mark:label>
       <mark:goodsAndServices>guitar</mark:goodsAndServices>
       <mark:regNum>1234</mark:regNum>
       <mark:regDate>2012-12-31T23:00:00.000Z</mark:regDate>
     </mark:trademark>
   </mark:mark>
  <Signature xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#">
   <SignedInfo>
    <CanonicalizationMethod
 Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#"/>
    <SignatureMethod
 Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmldsig-more#rsa-sha256"/>
    <Reference URI="#smd1">
     <Transforms>
      <Transform
 Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#enveloped-signature"/>
     </Transforms>
     <DigestMethod
 Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmlenc#sha256"/>
 <DigestValue>wgyW3nZPoEfpptlhRILKnOQnbdtU6ArM7ShrAfHgDFg=</DigestValue>
    </Reference>
   </SignedInfo>
   <SignatureValue>
 jMu4PfyQGiJBF0GWSEPFCJjmywCEqR2h4LD+ge6XQ+JnmKFFCuCZS/3SLKAx0L1w
 QDFO2e0Y69k2G7/LGE37X3vOflobFM1oGwja8+GMVraoto5xAd4/AF7eHukgAymD
 o9toxoa2h0yV4A4PmXzsU6S86XtCcUE+S/WM72nyn47zoUCzzPKHZBRyeWehVFQ+
 jYRMIAMzM57HHQA+6eaXefRvtPETgUO4aVIVSugc4OUAZZwbYcZrC6wOaQqqqAZi
 30aPOBYbAvHMSmWSS+hFkbshomJfHxb97TD2grlYNrQIzqXk7WbHWy2SYdA+sI/Z
 ipJsXNa6osTUw1CzA7jfwA==
   </SignatureValue>
   <KeyInfo>
    <X509Data>
    <X509Certificate>
 MIIESTCCAzGgAwIBAgIBAjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQsFADBiMQswCQYDVQQGEwJVUzEL
 MAkGA1UECBMCQ0ExFDASBgNVBAcTC0xvcyBBbmdlbGVzMRMwEQYDVQQKEwpJQ0FO
 TiBUTUNIMRswGQYDVQQDExJJQ0FOTiBUTUNIIFRFU1QgQ0EwHhcNMTMwMjA4MDAw
 MDAwWhcNMTgwMjA3MjM1OTU5WjBsMQswCQYDVQQGEwJVUzELMAkGA1UECBMCQ0Ex
 FDASBgNVBAcTC0xvcyBBbmdlbGVzMRcwFQYDVQQKEw5WYWxpZGF0b3IgVE1DSDEh
 MB8GA1UEAxMYVmFsaWRhdG9yIFRNQ0ggVEVTVCBDRVJUMIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0B
 AQEFAAOCAQ8AMIIBCgKCAQEAo/cwvXhbVYl0RDWWvoyeZpETVZVVcMCovUVNg/sw

Top      ToC       Page 13 
 WinuMgEWgVQFrz0xA04pEhXCFVv4evbUpekJ5buqU1gmQyOsCKQlhOHTdPjvkC5u
 pDqa51Flk0TMaMkIQjs7aUKCmA4RG4tTTGK/EjR1ix8/D0gHYVRldy1YPrMP+ou7
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 HSMEgYQwgYGAFO0/7kEh3FuEKS+Q/kYHaD/W6wihoWakZDBiMQswCQYDVQQGEwJV
 UzELMAkGA1UECBMCQ0ExFDASBgNVBAcTC0xvcyBBbmdlbGVzMRMwEQYDVQQKEwpJ
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 IkrMeJGKjo40n+9uekaw3DJ5EqiOf/qZ4pjBD++oR6BJCb6NQuQKwnoAz5lE4Ssu
 y5+i93oT3HfyVc4gNMIoHm1PS19l7DBKrbwbzAea/0jKWVzrvmV7TBfjxD3AQo1R
 bU5dBr6IjbdLFlnO5x0G0mrG7x5OUPuurihyiURpFDpwH8KAH1wMcCpXGXFRtGKk
 wydgyVYAty7otkl/z3bZkCVT34gPvF70sR6+QxUy8u0LzF5A/beYaZpxSYG31amL
 AdXitTWFipaIGea9lEGFM0L9+Bg7XzNn4nVLXokyEB3bgS4scG6QznX23FGk
   </X509Certificate>
   </X509Data>
   </KeyInfo>
  </Signature>
 </smd:signedMark>

   NOTE: The example shown above includes white space for indentation
   purposes.  It is RECOMMENDED that SMDs do not include white space
   between the XML elements, in order to mitigate risks of invalidating
   the digital signature when transferring of SMDs between applications
   takes place.

2.4.  Encoded Signed Mark

   The <smd:encodedSignedMark> element contains an encoded form of an
   SMD (described in Section 2.3), with the encoding defined by the
   "encoding" attribute with the default "encoding" value of "base64"
   [RFC4648].

   The following is an example of a <smd:encodedSignedMark> element that
   uses the default "base64" for encoding a <smd:signedMark> element.

 <smd:encodedSignedMark
    xmlns:smd="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:signedMark-1.0">
 PD94bWwgdmVyc2lvbj0iMS4wIiBlbmNvZGluZz0iVVRGLTgiPz4KPHNtZDpzaWduZWRNYXJ
 rIHhtbG5zOnNtZD0idXJuOmlldGY6cGFyYW1zOnhtbDpuczpzaWduZWRNYXJrLTEuMCIgaW
 ... (base64 data elided for brevity) ...
 PC9zbWQ6c2lnbmVkTWFyaz4=
 </smd:encodedSignedMark>

Top      ToC       Page 14 
3.  Formal Syntax

   Two schemas are presented here.  The first schema is the schema for
   the Signed Mark object.  The second schema is the schema for the Mark
   object.

   The formal syntax presented here is a complete schema representation
   of the object mapping suitable for automated validation of EPP XML
   instances.  The BEGIN and END tags are not part of the schema; they
   are used to note the beginning and ending of the schema for URI
   registration purposes.

3.1.  Signed Mark Schema

  BEGIN
  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
  <schema
    targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:signedMark-1.0"
    xmlns:smd="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:signedMark-1.0"
    xmlns:mark="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:mark-1.0"
    xmlns:dsig="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#"
    xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
    elementFormDefault="qualified">

    <annotation>
      <documentation>
        Schema for representing a Signed Mark object.
      </documentation>
    </annotation>

    <import namespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:mark-1.0" />
    <import namespace="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#" />

    <!--
    Abstract Signed Mark object for replacement via substitution.
    -->
    <element name="abstractSignedMark" type="smd:abstractSignedMarkType"
     abstract="true"/>

    <!--
    Empty type for use in extending for a Signed Mark object.
    -->
    <complexType name="abstractSignedMarkType"/>

    <element name="signedMark" type="smd:signedMarkType"
      substitutionGroup="smd:abstractSignedMark"/>

    <element name="encodedSignedMark" type="smd:encodedSignedMarkType"/>

Top      ToC       Page 15 
    <complexType name="signedMarkType">
      <complexContent>
        <extension base="smd:abstractSignedMarkType">
          <sequence>
            <element name="id" type="mark:idType"/>
            <element name="issuerInfo" type="smd:issuerInfoType"/>
            <element name="notBefore" type="dateTime"/>
            <element name="notAfter" type="dateTime"/>
            <element ref="mark:abstractMark"/>
            <element ref="dsig:Signature"/>
          </sequence>
          <attribute name="id" type="ID" use="required"/>
        </extension>
      </complexContent>
    </complexType>

    <complexType name="issuerInfoType">
      <sequence>
        <element name="org" type="token"/>
        <element name="email" type="mark:minTokenType"/>
        <element name="url" type="token" minOccurs="0"/>
        <element name="voice" type="mark:e164Type" minOccurs="0"/>
      </sequence>
      <attribute name="issuerID" type="token" use="required"/>
    </complexType>

    <complexType name="encodedSignedMarkType">
      <simpleContent>
        <extension base="token">
          <attribute name="encoding" type="token" default="base64"/>
        </extension>
      </simpleContent>
    </complexType>
  </schema>
  END

3.2.  Mark Schema

 BEGIN
 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <schema
   targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:mark-1.0"
   xmlns:mark="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:mark-1.0"
   xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
   elementFormDefault="qualified">

   <annotation>
     <documentation>

Top      ToC       Page 16 
       Schema for representing a Trademark, also referred to
       as Mark.
     </documentation>
   </annotation>

   <!--
   Abstract Mark object for replacement via substitution.
   -->
   <element name="abstractMark" type="mark:abstractMarkType"
     abstract="true"/>

   <!--
   <mark:mark> element definition
   -->
   <element name="mark" type="mark:markType"
     substitutionGroup="mark:abstractMark"/>

   <!--
   Empty type for use in extending for a Mark object.
   -->
   <complexType name="abstractMarkType"/>

   <!--
   <mark:mark> child elements
   -->
   <complexType name="markType">
     <complexContent>
       <extension base="mark:abstractMarkType">
         <sequence>
           <element name="trademark" type="mark:trademarkType"
             minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
           <element name="treatyOrStatute"
             type="mark:treatyOrStatuteType" minOccurs="0"
             maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
           <element name="court" type="mark:courtType" minOccurs="0"
             maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
         </sequence>
       </extension>
     </complexContent>
   </complexType>

   <complexType name="holderType">
     <sequence>
       <element name="name" type="token" minOccurs="0"/>
       <element name="org" type="token" minOccurs="0"/>
       <element name="addr" type="mark:addrType"/>
       <element name="voice" type="mark:e164Type" minOccurs="0"/>
       <element name="fax" type="mark:e164Type" minOccurs="0"/>

Top      ToC       Page 17 
       <element name="email" type="mark:minTokenType" minOccurs="0"/>
     </sequence>
     <attribute name="entitlement" type="mark:entitlementType"/>
   </complexType>

   <complexType name="contactType">
     <sequence>
       <element name="name" type="token"/>
       <element name="org" type="token" minOccurs="0"/>
       <element name="addr" type="mark:addrType"/>
       <element name="voice" type="mark:e164Type"/>
       <element name="fax" type="mark:e164Type" minOccurs="0"/>
       <element name="email" type="mark:minTokenType"/>
     </sequence>
     <attribute name="type" type="mark:contactTypeType"/>
   </complexType>

   <complexType name="trademarkType">
     <sequence>
       <element name="id" type="mark:idType"/>
       <element name="markName" type="token"/>
       <element name="holder" type="mark:holderType"
         maxOccurs="unbounded" />
       <element name="contact" type="mark:contactType" minOccurs="0"
         maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <element name="jurisdiction" type="mark:ccType"/>
       <element name="class" type="integer" minOccurs="0"
         maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <element name="label" type="mark:labelType" minOccurs="0"
         maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <element name="goodsAndServices" type="token" />
       <element name="apId" type="token" minOccurs="0"/>
       <element name="apDate" type="dateTime" minOccurs="0"/>
       <element name="regNum" type="token"/>
       <element name="regDate" type="dateTime"/>
       <element name="exDate" type="dateTime" minOccurs="0"/>
     </sequence>
   </complexType>

   <complexType name="treatyOrStatuteType">
     <sequence>
       <element name="id" type="mark:idType"/>
       <element name="markName" type="token"/>
       <element name="holder" type="mark:holderType"
         maxOccurs="unbounded" />
       <element name="contact" type="mark:contactType" minOccurs="0"
         maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <element name="protection" type="mark:protectionType"

Top      ToC       Page 18 
         maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <element name="label" type="mark:labelType" minOccurs="0"
         maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <element name="goodsAndServices" type="token" />
       <element name="refNum" type="token"/>
       <element name="proDate" type="dateTime"/>
       <element name="title" type="token"/>
       <element name="execDate" type="dateTime"/>
     </sequence>
   </complexType>

   <complexType name="courtType">
     <sequence>
       <element name="id" type="mark:idType"/>
       <element name="markName" type="token"/>
       <element name="holder" type="mark:holderType"
         maxOccurs="unbounded" />
       <element name="contact" type="mark:contactType" minOccurs="0"
         maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <element name="label" type="mark:labelType" minOccurs="0"
         maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <element name="goodsAndServices" type="token" />
       <element name="refNum" type="token"/>
       <element name="proDate" type="dateTime"/>
       <element name="cc" type="mark:ccType"/>
       <element name="region" type="token" minOccurs="0"
         maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <element name="courtName" type="token"/>
     </sequence>
   </complexType>

   <!--
   Address (<mark:addr>) child elements
   -->
   <complexType name="addrType">
     <sequence>
       <element name="street" type="token" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="3"/>
       <element name="city" type="token"/>
       <element name="sp" type="token" minOccurs="0"/>
       <element name="pc" type="mark:pcType" minOccurs="0"/>
       <element name="cc" type="mark:ccType"/>
     </sequence>
   </complexType>

   <!--
   <mark:protection> child elements
   -->
   <complexType name="protectionType">

Top      ToC       Page 19 
     <sequence>
       <element name="cc" type="mark:ccType"/>
       <element name="region" type="token" minOccurs="0"/>
       <element name="ruling" type="mark:ccType"
         minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
     </sequence>
   </complexType>

   <!--
   Postal code definition
   -->
   <simpleType name="pcType">
     <restriction base="token">
       <maxLength value="16"/>
     </restriction>
   </simpleType>

   <!--
   Country code definition
   -->
   <simpleType name="ccType">
     <restriction base="token">
       <length value="2"/>
     </restriction>
   </simpleType>

   <!--
   Phone number with extension definition
   -->
   <complexType name="e164Type">
     <simpleContent>
       <extension base="mark:e164StringType">
         <attribute name="x" type="token"/>
       </extension>
     </simpleContent>
   </complexType>

   <!--
   Phone number with extension definition
   -->
   <simpleType name="e164StringType">
     <restriction base="token">
       <pattern value="(\+[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,14})?"/>
       <maxLength value="17"/>
     </restriction>
   </simpleType>

   <!--

Top      ToC       Page 20 
   Id type definition
   -->
   <simpleType name="idType">
     <restriction base="token">
       <pattern value="\d+-\d+"/>
     </restriction>
   </simpleType>

   <!--
   DNS label type definition
   -->
   <simpleType name="labelType">
     <restriction base="token">
       <minLength value="1"/>
       <maxLength value="63"/>
       <pattern value="[a-zA-Z0-9]([a-zA-Z0-9\-]*[a-zA-Z0-9])?"/>
     </restriction>
   </simpleType>

   <!--
   Type used for email addresses
   -->
   <simpleType name="minTokenType">
     <restriction base="token">
       <minLength value="1"/>
     </restriction>
   </simpleType>

   <simpleType name="entitlementType">
     <restriction base="token">
       <enumeration value="owner"/>
       <enumeration value="assignee"/>
       <enumeration value="licensee"/>
     </restriction>
   </simpleType>

   <simpleType name="contactTypeType">
     <restriction base="token">
       <enumeration value="owner"/>
       <enumeration value="agent"/>
       <enumeration value="thirdparty"/>
     </restriction>
   </simpleType>
 </schema>
 END

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4.  IANA Considerations

   This document uses URNs to describe XML namespaces and XML schemas
   conforming to the registry mechanism described in [RFC3688].  IANA
   has registered two URI assignments: signed mark (signedMark-1.0) and
   mark (mark-1.0).

   o  The signed mark namespace (signedMark-1.0) has been registered in
      the "ns" registry.

      URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:signedMark-1.0

      Registrant Contact: IESG

      XML: None.  Namespace URIs do not represent an XML specification.

   o  The signed mark schema (signedMark-1.0) has been registered in the
      "schema" registry.

      URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:signedMark-1.0

      Registrant Contact: IESG

      XML: See the "Formal Syntax" section of this document.

   o  The mark namespace (mark-1.0) has been registered in the "ns"
      registry.


      URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:mark-1.0

      Registrant Contact: IESG

      XML: None.  Namespace URIs do not represent an XML specification.

   o  The mark schema (mark-1.0) has been registered in the "schema"
      registry.

      URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:mark-1.0

      Registrant Contact: IESG

      XML: See the "Formal Syntax" section of this document.

Top      ToC       Page 22 
5.  Security Considerations

   The security of a Signed Mark object depends on the security of the
   underlying XML Digital Signature (DSIG) algorithms.  As such, all the
   security considerations from [XMLDSIG] apply here as well.

   The digital signature algorithm used in Signed Mark objects SHOULD be
   RSA-SHA256 [RFC6931].  The size of the RSA key SHOULD be at least
   2048 bits.  A valid reason for choosing something else would be if
   RSA-SHA256 is deemed to not provide sufficient security.

   In the case of the ICANN TMCH, Signed Mark objects use the algorithms
   for digesting and signing recommended in this document.

   Signed Mark objects are used primarily for domain name registrations
   in gTLDs during the Sunrise Period, but other third parties might be
   using them.  A party using Signed Mark objects should verify that the
   digital signature is valid based on local policy.  In the case of
   gTLDs, the Rights Protection Mechanism Requirements document
   [ICANN-TMCH] defines such policy, and the PKI is defined in [TMCH].
   Implementations will need to implement such a PKI (or an equivalent)
   in order for the signatures defined in this document to have any
   useful semantics.

6.  References

6.1.  Normative References

   [ICANN-TMCH]
              ICANN, "Trademark Clearinghouse; Rights Protection
              Mechanism Requirements", 2013,
              <http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/about/
              trademark-clearinghouse/rpm-requirements-30sep13-en.pdf>.

   [ISO3166-2]
              ISO, "International Standard for country codes and codes
              for their subdivisions", 2006,
              <http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes.htm>.

   [ITU.E164.2005]
              International Telecommunication Union, "The international
              public telecommunication numbering plan", ITU-T
              Recommendation E.164, November 2010,
              <https://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-E.164-201011-I/en>.

Top      ToC       Page 23 
   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.

   [RFC4648]  Josefsson, S., "The Base16, Base32, and Base64 Data
              Encodings", RFC 4648, DOI 10.17487/RFC4648, October 2006,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4648>.

   [RFC5322]  Resnick, P., Ed., "Internet Message Format", RFC 5322,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5322, October 2008,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5322>.

   [RFC5890]  Klensin, J., "Internationalized Domain Names for
              Applications (IDNA): Definitions and Document Framework",
              RFC 5890, DOI 10.17487/RFC5890, August 2010,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5890>.

   [RFC6931]  Eastlake 3rd, D., "Additional XML Security Uniform
              Resource Identifiers (URIs)", RFC 6931,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6931, April 2013,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6931>.

   [WIPO-NICE-CLASSES]
              WIPO, "Nice Classification", January 2016,
              <http://www.wipo.int/classifications/nice/en>.

   [WIPO.ST3] WIPO, "Recommended standard on two-letter codes for the
              representation of states, other entities and
              intergovernmental organizations", Standard ST.3, February
              2015, <http://www.wipo.int/standards/en/pdf/03-03-01.pdf>.

   [XMLC14N]  W3C, "Exclusive XML Canonicalization Version 1.0",
              W3C Recommendation, July 2002,
              <http://www.w3.org/TR/2002/REC-xml-exc-c14n-20020718>.

   [XMLDSIG]  W3C, "XML Signature Syntax and Processing Version 1.1",
              W3C Recommendation, April 2013,
              <http://www.w3.org/TR/xmldsig-core1>.

Top      ToC       Page 24 
6.2.  Informative References

   [EPP-LAUNCH]
              Gould, J., Tan, W., and G. Brown, "Launch Phase Mapping
              for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)", Work in
              Progress, draft-ietf-regext-launchphase-00, April 2016.

   [RFC5105]  Lendl, O., "ENUM Validation Token Format Definition",
              RFC 5105, DOI 10.17487/RFC5105, December 2007,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5105>.

   [RFC5730]  Hollenbeck, S., "Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)",
              STD 69, RFC 5730, DOI 10.17487/RFC5730, August 2009,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5730>.

   [TMCH]     Lozano, G., "ICANN TMCH functional specifications", Work
              in Progress, draft-ietf-regext-tmch-func-spec-00, April
              2016.

Acknowledgements

   Special thanks to Chris Wright for creating the first prototype of an
   SMD and to James Gould, Wil Tan, and Gavin Brown for creating the
   mark and SMD definitions in "Launch Phase Mapping for the Extensible
   Provisioning Protocol (EPP)" [EPP-LAUNCH], on which this document is
   based.  Portions of the Security Considerations section were
   shamefully copied from RFC 5105 [RFC5105].  The author would like to
   acknowledge the following individuals for their contributions to this
   document: Scott Hollenbeck and Jan Jansen.

Author's Address

   Gustavo Lozano
   ICANN
   12025 Waterfront Drive, Suite 300
   Los Angeles, CA  90292
   United States

   Phone: +1.3103015800
   Email: gustavo.lozano@icann.org