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RFC 7479

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Informational
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Using Ed25519 in SSHFP Resource Records

 


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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                      S. Moonesamy
Request for Comments: 7479                                    March 2015
Category: Informational
ISSN: 2070-1721


                Using Ed25519 in SSHFP Resource Records

Abstract

   The Ed25519 signature algorithm has been implemented in OpenSSH.
   This document updates the IANA "SSHFP RR Types for public key
   algorithms" registry by adding an algorithm number for Ed25519.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7479.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

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Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
   2. Ed25519 Public Key with SHA-256 Fingerprint .....................2
   3. Security Considerations .........................................3
   4. IANA Considerations .............................................3
   5. References ......................................................3
      5.1. Normative References .......................................3
      5.2. Informative References .....................................3
   Acknowledgements ...................................................4
   Author's Address ...................................................4

1.  Introduction

   The Ed25519 [Ed25519] signature algorithm, specifically
   Ed25519-SHA-512, has been implemented in OpenSSH.  RFC 4255 [RFC4255]
   defines a DNS resource record, "SSHFP", which can be used to publish
   a fingerprint of the SSH server public key in the DNS.  This document
   updates the IANA "SSHFP RR Types for public key algorithms" registry
   by adding an algorithm number for Ed25519 [Ed25519].

2.  Ed25519 Public Key with SHA-256 Fingerprint

   The encoding of Ed25519 public keys is described in [Ed25519].  In
   brief, an Ed25519 public key is a 32-octet value representing a
   255-bit y-coordinate of an elliptic curve point, and a sign bit
   indicating the corresponding x-coordinate.

   The SSHFP Resource Record for the Ed25519 public key with SHA-256
   fingerprint [FIPS180-4] would, for example, be:

      ssh.example.com IN SSHFP 4 2 ( a87f1b687ac0e57d2a081a2f2826723
                                     34d90ed316d2b818ca9580ea384d924
                                     01 )

   The following body of the public key file was used as input to
   generate the above fingerprint:

    ssh-ed25519
    AAAAC3NzaC1lZDI1NTE5AAAAIGPKSUTyz1HwHReFVvD5obVsALAgJRNarH4TRpNePnAS

   The opaque octet string output produced is placed as is in the RDATA
   fingerprint field.

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3.  Security Considerations

   The overall security of using SSHFP for SSH host key verification is
   dependent on the security policies of the SSH host administrator and
   DNS zone administrator (in transferring the fingerprint), detailed
   aspects of how verification is done in the SSH implementation, and in
   the client's diligence in accessing the DNS in a secure manner.
   Please refer to RFC 4255 [RFC4255] for a discussion of the security
   considerations.

4.  IANA Considerations

   IANA has added the following entry to the "SSHFP RR Types for public
   key algorithms" registry:

      +--------+-------------+------------+
      | Value  | Description |  Reference |
      +--------+-------------+------------+
      |   4    |    Ed25519  | [RFC7479]  |
      +--------+-------------+------------+

5.  References

5.1.  Normative References

   [Ed25519]    Bernstein, D. J., Lange T., Schwabe P., and B-Y. Yang,
                "High-Speed High-Security Signatures", Journal of
                Cryptographic Engineering, Vol. 2, September 26, 2011.

   [RFC4255]    Schlyter, J. and W. Griffin, "Using DNS to Securely
                Publish Secure Shell (SSH) Key Fingerprints", RFC 4255,
                January 2006, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4255>.

5.2.  Informative References

   [FIPS180-4]  National Institute of Standards and Technology, "Secure
                Hash Standard (SHS)", FIPS PUB 180-4, March 2012,
                <http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips180-4/
                fips-180-4.pdf>.

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Acknowledgements

   Some of the text in this document was written by Ondrej Sury.  The
   author would like to thank Richard Barnes, Damien Miller, Yoav Nir,
   and Paul Wouters for their feedback.  Rene Struik provided advice
   about the usage of Ed25519.  Stephen Farrell, as Security Area
   Director, reviewed the code point request.

Author's Address

   S. Moonesamy
   76, Ylang Ylang Avenue
   Quatres Bornes
   Mauritius

   EMail: sm+ietf@elandsys.com