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RFC 5588

Proposed STD
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Generic Security Service Application Program Interface (GSS-API) Extension for Storing Delegated Credentials


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Network Working Group                                        N. Williams
Request for Comments: 5588                                           Sun
Category: Standards Track                                      July 2009

   Generic Security Service Application Program Interface (GSS-API)
              Extension for Storing Delegated Credentials


   This document defines a new function for the Generic Security Service
   Application Program Interface (GSS-API), which allows applications to
   store delegated (and other) credentials in the implicit GSS-API
   credential store.  This is needed for GSS-API applications to use
   delegated credentials as they would use other credentials.

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2009 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents in effect on the date of
   publication of this document (
   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
   and restrictions with respect to this document.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
   2. Conventions Used in This Document ...............................3
   3. GSS_Store_cred() ................................................3
   4. C-Bindings ......................................................5
   5. Examples ........................................................6
   6. Security Considerations .........................................6
   7. Normative References ............................................7

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1.  Introduction

   The GSS-API [RFC2743] clearly assumes that credentials exist in an
   implicit store whence they can be acquired using GSS_Acquire_cred()
   and GSS_Add_cred() or through use of the default credential.
   Multiple credential stores may exist on a given host, but only one
   store may be accessed by GSS_Acquire_cred() and GSS_Add_cred() at any
   given time.

   This assumption can be seen in Sections and of
   [RFC2743] as well as in Section 3.5 of [RFC2744].

   Applications may be able to change the credential store from which
   credentials can be acquired, either by changing user contexts (where
   the applications have the privilege to do so) or by other means
   (where a user may have multiple credential stores).

   Some GSS-API acceptor applications always change user contexts, after
   accepting a GSS-API security context and making appropriate
   authorization checks, to the user context corresponding to the
   initiator principal name or to a context requested by the initiator.
   The means by which credential stores are managed are generally beyond
   the scope of the GSS-API.

   In the case of delegated credential handles however, such credentials
   do not exist in the acceptor's credential store or in the credential
   stores of the user contexts to which the acceptor application might
   change.  The GSS-API provides no mechanism by which delegated
   credential handles can be made available for acquisition through
   GSS_Acquire_cred()/GSS_Add_cred().  The GSS-API also does not provide
   any credential import/export interfaces like the GSS-API context
   import/export interfaces.

   Thus, acceptors are limited to making only direct use of delegated
   credential handles and only with GSS_Init_sec_context(),
   GSS_Inquire_cred*(), and GSS_Release_cred().  This limitation is
   particularly onerous on Unix systems where a call to exec() to
   replace the process image obliterates any delegated credentials
   handle that may exist in that process.

   In order to make delegated credentials generally as useful as
   credentials that can be acquired with GSS_Acquire_cred() and
   GSS_Add_cred(), a primitive is needed that allows storing of
   credentials in the implicit credential store.  We call this primitive

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2.  Conventions Used in This Document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

3.  GSS_Store_cred()


   o  input_cred_handle CREDENTIAL HANDLE, -- credential to store; MUST


   o  desired_mech_element OBJECT IDENTIFIER, -- if GSS_C_NULL_OID, then
      store all the elements of the input_cred_handle, otherwise, store
      only the element of the corresponding mechanism.

   o  overwrite_cred BOOLEAN, -- if TRUE, replace any credential for the
      same principal in the credential store.

   o  default_cred BOOLEAN -- advisory input; if TRUE, make the stored
      credential available as the default credential (for acquisition
      with GSS_C_NO_NAME as the desired name or for use as


   o  major_status INTEGER.

   o  minor_status INTEGER.

   o  mech_elements_stored SET OF OBJECT IDENTIFIER, -- the set of
      mechanism OIDs for which credential elements were successfully

   o  cred_usage_stored INTEGER -- like cred_usage, but indicates what
      kind of credential was stored (useful when the cred_usage input
      parameter is set to INITIATE-AND-ACCEPT).

   Return major_status codes:

   o  GSS_S_COMPLETE indicates that the credentials were successfully

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   o  GSS_S_CREDENTIALS_EXPIRED indicates that the input credentials had
      expired or expired before they could be stored.

   o  GSS_S_NO_CRED indicates that no input credentials were given.

   o  GSS_S_UNAVAILABLE indicates that the credential store is not

   o  GSS_S_DUPLICATE_ELEMENT indicates that an element of the input
      credential could not be stored because a credential for the same
      principal exists in the current credential store and the
      overwrite_cred input argument was FALSE.

   o  GSS_S_FAILURE indicates that the credential could not be stored
      for some other reason.  The minor status code may provide more
      information if a non-GSS_C_NULL_OID desired_mech_element was

   GSS_Store_cred() is used to store, in the current credential store, a
   given credential that has either been acquired from a different
   credential store or been accepted as a delegated credential.

   Specific mechanism elements of a credential can be stored one at a
   time by specifying a non-GSS_C_NULL_OID mechanism OID as the
   desired_mech_element input argument; in which case, the minor status
   output SHOULD have a mechanism-specific value when the major status
   is not GSS_S_COMPLETE.

   The initiator, acceptor, or both usages of the input credential may
   be stored as per the cred_usage input argument.

   The credential elements that were actually stored, when the major
   status is GSS_S_COMPLETE, are indicated through the cred_usage_stored
   and mech_elements_stored function outputs.

   If credentials already exist in the current store for the principal
   of the input_cred_handle, then those credentials are not replaced
   with the input credentials unless the overwrite_cred input argument
   is TRUE.

   In the GSS-API, the default credential can be used by using
   GSS_C_NO_CREDENTIAL or a CREDENTIAL handle acquired by calling
   GSS_Acquire_cred() or GSS_Add_cred() with the desired_name input set
   to GSS_C_NO_NAME.

   If the default_cred input argument is TRUE, and the input credential
   can be successfully stored, then the input credential SHOULD be
   stored as the default credential (see above).

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   If the current credential store has no default credential (see
   above), then the implementation MAY make the stored credentials
   available as the default credential regardless of the value of the
   default_cred input argument.

4.  C-Bindings

   The C-Bindings for GSS_Store_cred() make use of types from and are
   designed based on the style of the GSS-APIv2 C-Bindings [RFC2744].

         OM_uint32 gss_store_cred(
            OM_uint32         *minor_status,
            gss_cred_id_t     input_cred_handle,
            gss_cred_usage_t  cred_usage,
            const gss_OID     desired_mech,
            OM_uint32         overwrite_cred,
            OM_uint32         default_cred,
            gss_OID_set       *elements_stored,
            gss_cred_usage_t  *cred_usage_stored)

                        Figure 1

   The two boolean arguments, 'overwrite_cred' and 'default_cred', are
   typed as OM_uint32; 0 corresponds to FALSE, non-zero values
   correspond to TRUE.

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5.  Examples

   The intended usage of GSS_Store_cred() is to make delegated
   credentials available to child processes of GSS-API acceptor
   applications.  Example pseudo-code:

       * <GSS_Accept_sec_context() loop resulting in GSS_S_COMPLETE,
       * an initiator name (hereafter, "src_name") and a delegated
       * credential handle (hereafter "deleg_cred").>
       * <"requested_username" is a username derived from the
       * initiator name or explicitly requested by the initiator
       * application.>

      if (authorize_gss_client(src_name, requested_username)) {
          * For Unix-type platforms this may mean calling setuid() and
          * it may or may not also mean setting/unsetting such
          * environment variables as KRB5CCNAME and what not -- all
          * OS-specific details.
         if (change_user_context(requested_username))
            (void) gss_store_cred(&minor_status, deleg_cred,
                                  GSS_C_INITIATE, actual_mech,
                                  0, 1, NULL, NULL);
         else ...
      else ...

6.  Security Considerations

   Acceptor applications MUST only store delegated credentials into
   appropriate credential stores and only after proper authorization of
   the authenticated initiator principal to the requested service(s).

   Acceptor applications that have no use for delegated credentials MUST
   release them (such acceptor applications that use the GSS-API C-
   Bindings may simply provide a NULL value for the
   delegated_cred_handle argument to gss_accept_sec_context()).

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7.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2743]  Linn, J., "Generic Security Service Application Program
              Interface Version 2, Update 1", RFC 2743, January 2000.

   [RFC2744]  Wray, J., "Generic Security Service API Version 2 :
              C-bindings", RFC 2744, January 2000.

Author's Address

   Nicolas Williams
   Sun Microsystems
   5300 Riata Trace Ct
   Austin, TX  78727