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RFC 1689

 
 
 

A Status Report on Networked Information Retrieval: Tools and Groups

Part 4 of 7, p. 100 to 129
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 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Sponsoring Organisation / Funding source:

  National Science Foundations

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Mailing Lists:

  Address:              ietf-wnils@ucdavis.edu

  Administration:       ietf-wnils-request

  Description:          This mailing list is used by the IETF Whois and
                        Network Information Lookup Service (WNILS)
                        working group which is defining enhancements
                        to whois.

  Archive:              ftp.ucdavis.edu:/archive/wnils-archive

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 News groups:           None.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Protocols:

  What is supported:    TCP/whois

  What it runs over:    TCP/IP networks

  Other NIR tools this interworks with:

  Future plans:         Enhancements through Whois++
                        Enhancements  through Referral Whois.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Servers:

  Date completed or updated:      4 March, 1994
  By: Name:                       Joan Gargano

  Platform:                       Unix

  Primary Contact:                Network Solutions, Inc.

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  Name:                           Hostmaster
  Email address:                  hostmaster@rs.internic.net
  Telephone:                      +1-703-742-4777

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Clients:

  Clients are available from the source listed for server software.  VMS
  clients are available from TVG/Multinet Most TCP/IP networking
  packages for personal computers include a whois client.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Demonstration sites:

  Site name:                    rs.internic.net
    Access details:             Using a whois client,
                                        whois -h rs.internic.net "name"
                                where "name" is the name of a person.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Documentation:

  Document Title:       RFC 954
  Location details:
       Site:            nic.ddn.mil:/rfc
       Full file name:  rfc954.txt

  Document Title:       Specifications for WHOIS Services
  Location details:
       Site:            ftp.ucdavis.edu
       Full file name:  /archive/ietf-wnils/Discussion.Paper

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Bibliography:

        RFC 954

        Internet Drafts:
        draft-ietf-wnils-whois-01.txt
        draft-ietf-wnils-whois-02.txt
        draft-ietf-wnils-whois-lookup-00.txt
        draft-huitema-solo-00.txt

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        Please check the 1id-abstracts.txt listing contained in the
        internet-drafts Shadow Directories on nic.ddn.mil,
        nnsc.nsf.net, nic.nordu.net, ftp.isi.edu, or munnari.oz.au
        to learn the current status of any Internet Draft.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Other Information:

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Evaluation:

 =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=

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 World-Wide Web

 Date template updated or checked:      28th January, 1994
 By: Name:                              Tim Berners-Lee
     Email address:                     timbl@info.cern.ch

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 NIR Tool Name:            World-Wide Web

 Brief Description of Tool:

   The WWW project merges the techniques of networked information and
   hypertext to make an easy but powerful global information system.  W3
   uses the concept of a seamless information space (the "web"), in
   which all objects including those accessed by earlier protocols
   (wais, gopher, ftp, etc.) exist.

   The project allows information sharing within internationally
   dispersed teams, and the dissemination of information by support
   groups.  Originally aimed at the High Energy Physics community, it
   has spread to other areas and attracted much interest in user
   support, resource discovery and collaborative work areas.  It is
   currently the most advanced information system deployed on the
   Internet.

   READER VIEW

      The WWW world consists of documents, and links.  Indexes are
      special documents which, rather than being read, may be searched.
      The result of such a search is another ("virtual") document
      containing links to the documents found.  A simple protocol ("
      HTTP ") is used to allow a browser program to request a keyword
      search by a remote information server.

      The web contains documents in many formats.  Those documents which
      are hypertext, (real or virtual) contain links to other documents,
      or places within documents.  All documents, whether real, virtual
      or indexes, look similar to the reader and are contained within
      the same addressing scheme.

      To follow a link, a reader clicks with a mouse (or types in a
      number if he or she has no mouse).  To search and index, a reader
      gives keywords (or other search criteria).  These are the only
      operations necessary to access the entire world of data.

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   INFORMATION PROVIDER VIEW

      The WWW browsers can access many existing data systems via
      existing protocols (FTP, NNTP) or via HTTP and a gateway.  In this
      way, the critical mass of data is quickly exceeded, and the
      increasing use of the system by readers and information suppliers
      encourage each other.

      Providing information is as simple as running the W3 server and
      pointing it at an existing directory structure.  The server
      automatically generates the hypertext view of your files to guide
      the user around.

      To personalize it, you can write a few SGML hypertext files to
      give an even more friendly view.  Also, any file available by
      anonymous FTP, or any internet newsgroup can be immediately linked
      into the web.  The very small start-up effort is designed to allow
      small contributions.  At the other end of the scale, large
      information providers may provide an HTTP server with full text or
      keyword indexing.  This may allow access to a large existing
      database without changing the way that database is managed.  Such
      gateways have already been made into Oracle(tm), WAIS, and
      Digital's VMS/Help systems, to name but a few.

      The WWW model gets over the frustrating incompatibilities of data
      format between suppliers and reader by allowing negotiation of
      format between a smart browser and a smart server.  This should
      provide a basis for extension into multimedia, and allow those who
      share application standards to make full use of them across the
      web.

      This summary does not describe the many exciting possibilities
      opened up by the WWW project, such as efficient document caching.
      The reduction of redundant out-of-date copies, and the use of
      knowledge daemons.  There is more information in the online
      project documentation, including some background on hypertext and
      many technical notes.

   GETTING STARTED

      You can bootstrap yourself into the web by telnetting to
      info.cern.ch (no user or password). You can try a full screen
      interface "Lynx" by telnetting to ukanaix.cc.ukans.edu, login in
      as "www".  You can also find out more about WWW in this way.
      These are the least sophisticated browsers -- remember that the
      window-oriented ones are much smarter!  It is much more efficient
      to install a browser on your own machine, and you have many more
      facilities.

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      If you have an X-windows based workstation, PC or Mac just FTP to
      FTP.NCSA.UIUC.EDU and get the binary of NCSA's "Mosaic" browser in
      directory /Web/Mosaic-binaries. Download it, uncompress it, set it
      executable, and run it.  It will tell you all you need to know.

      Mosaic is now available for PCs and Apple Macs.

      If you have an MSDOS machine with Windows, you could try the
      "Cello" browser from FATTY.LAW.CORNELL.EDU in directory
      /pub/LII/Cello.

      The line mode browser is currently available in source form by
      anonymous FTP from node info.cern.ch [currently 128.141.201.74] if
      you take both files

                /pub/www/src/WWWLibrary_v.vv.tar.Z.
                /pub/www/src/WWWLineMode_v.vv.tar.Z.

      (v.vv is the version number - take the latest.)

   Also available is a hypertext editor for the NeXT (in
   /pub/www/bin/next), the MidasWWW and ViolaWWW browsers for X11, an
   alpha-test Mac browser, and and a basic server
   (/pub/www/src/WWWDaemon_v.vv.tar.Z).  Documentation, including the
   latest list of software available , is readable using www.  A plain
   text version of the installation instructions is included in the tar
   file!

   Printable (postscript) documentation and articles are in /pub/www/doc
   on info.cern.ch.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Primary Contact(s):

  Name:                 Tim Berners-Lee
  Email address:        timbl@info.cern.ch
  Postal Address:       CERN, 1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland
  Telephone:            +41-22-767-3755
  Fax:                  +41-22-767-7155


  Name:                 Robert Cailliau
  Email address:        cailliau@cernnext.cern.ch
  Postal Address:       CERN, 1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland
  Telephone:            +41-22-767-5005
  Fax:                  +41-22-767-7155

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 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Help Line:
 (for www technical or political issues, to report bugs, to register
  new servers, or new software)

  Name:                 www support
  Email address:        www-request@info.cern.ch

  Telephone:            none.
  Telnet:               info.cern.ch for information.

  Level of support offered:

       o funded         for High-Energy Physics users

       o volunteer      for others who have read the online
                        information already.

  While CERN collaborates with all NIR and W3 development anywhere, CERN
  cannot provide user support for non-HEP end users.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Related Working Groups:        NIR, URI, IIIR

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Sponsoring Organisations / Funding source:       NO FUNDING SOURCE

  Bodies providing development effort include
  HEP labs (CERN, CH; SLAC, CA, USA; FNAL, IL, USA; NIKHEF, NL; etc.),
  National Center for SuperComputer Applications (NCSA, IL, USA),
  O'Reilly Associates, (ORA, CA, USA),
  Clearinghouse for Networked Information Discovery and Retrieval
  (CNIDR, NC, USA),
  BSD Inc (BSD, CA, USA) and many others too numerous to mention.

  Other sources welcomed!

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Newsgroup:

  Name:                 comp.infosystems.www

  Description:          General technical discussion, announcements
                        of new software, etc.

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                        Please mail new server announcements to
                        www-request@info.cern.ch.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Mailing Lists:

  1. Address:           www-talk@info.cern.ch for CONTRIBUTIONS ONLY

     Administration:    listserv@info.cern.ch      (robot)
                        www-talk-request@info.cern.ch (human)

     Description:       Technical discussion, W3 related.
                        Experts to experts. General questions to
                        comp.infosystems.www, please.

     Archive:           Not currently served, but kept.

                         -------------------

  2. Address:           www-announce@info.cern.ch
                        NOT FOR GENERAL USE - serious low-volume
                                              announcements only

     Administration:    listserv@info.cern.ch             (robot)
                        www-announce-request@info.cern.ch (human)

     Description:       Low volume summary announcemements
                        of product releases, etc.

     Archive:           Not currently public

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Protocols:

  What is supported:   HTTP
                       FTP
                       anonymous FTP
                       Gopher
                       NNTP
                       WAIS (compile time option)
                       Local mounted file access
                       Telnet sessions
                       Rlogin sessions

  What it runs over:   TCP/IP
                       DECnet option.

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  Other NIR servers W3 clients interworks with:
                       Techinfo, Hyper-G and X.500 via gateways.
                       Built-in capability in clients for others above
                       Archie access via WWW "WARCHIE" archie server
                       with direct hypertext pointers to FTP sites.

  Resource indexing:   Many browsable and searchable indexes of
                       available information, by subject (virtual
                       libraries), and by position (geographical list of
                       servers).  Many of these point to any form of
                       data, HTTP or other server. A list of such
                       indexes is at
                       http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/DataSources/
                            bySubject/Virtual_libraries/Overview.html

  Future plans:        Collaborative work features,
                       Hypertext editors for information organisation

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 HTTP Servers:         CERN httpd

  Platform:            unix, VMS, VM/XA, VM/CMS

  Primary Contact:     www-request@info.cern.ch

  Server software available from:
       ftp://info.cern.ch/pub/www/src

  Location of more information:

       http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/Daemon/User/Guide.html

  Latest version number:        2.14

  Brief Scope and Characteristics:

       * Fast stateless file server runs over TCP/IP.
       * Suitable for rapid documentation navigation.
       * Multimedia server allows multiple file formats to be used.
       * File format selected for transmission based on client
         capabilities.
       * Add special functions using scripts.  Standard CGI interface.
       * Logging

  Approximate number of such servers in use:   600

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  General comments:

       Some servers serve many databases.

       Many tools available for serving different sorts
       of information

               Gnu info
               teX
               SGML
               man pages

       etc., as hypertext.

                    --------------------------------

  Other servers:
   For more information use WWW to access
   http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/Daemon/Overview.html

   Servers include:

    NCSA server    Similar feature set to CERN's httpd, support from
                   NCSA.

    Plexus         Written in Perl -- many features.  Unix.

    MacHTTPD       Server for the Macintosh

    REXX for VM    A server consisting of a small C program which
                   passes control to a server written in REXX.

                      ---------------------------

 Mail Server:

  Platform:             unix

  Primary Contact:      www-request@info.cern.ch

  Server software available from:

       ftp://info.cern.ch/pub/www/src/WWWMailRobot_*.tar.Z

  Location of more information:
       http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/MailRobot/Overview.html

  Latest version number:        1.0

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  Brief Scope and Characteristics:

       Mailing list subscription/unsubscription handling (crude)
       Return of documents given URL

       Restricts length of data returned.
       Allows access to ANY document by URL unless restrictions
       are imposed (FTP, news, etc., included). Quite generic.

       When hypertext messages are retrieved, the links are
       numbered like [1] and a list of URLs of referenced documents
       is appended to the document.

       Send message containing HELP to listserv@info.cern.ch for
       details.

  Approximate number of such servers in use:   1 (-3?)

  General comments

       Extends potential readership of W3 information to anyone
       with email, so an important step for universal readership.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 NOTE: A full list of client software is kept in
       http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/Clients.html
       and is not repeated here, as the list is constantly
       changing. Around 20 different clients. Telnet to info.cern.ch
       to see the list. Only the Line Mode Browser, lynx and
       Mosaic are covered here.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Client:                        Line Mode Browser

  Date completed or updated:    28th January, 1994
  By: Name:                     Tim Berners-Lee
      Email address:            timbl@info.cern.ch

  Platform:                     Anything.  Even a hard copy terminal.
                                Written in portable C.

  Primary Contact:
  Name:                         Tim Berners-Lee
  Email address:                timbl@info.cern.ch

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  Client software available from:
       ftp://info.cern.ch/pub/www/src

  Location of more information:
       http://info.cern.ch./hypertext/WWW/LineMode/Browser.html
       and linked documents

  Latest version number:        2.14

  Brief Scope and Characteristics:

   The LineMode Browser is suitable for use on dumb terminals, requiring
   no control sequences except for carriage return and line feed.  It is
   also of course useable from terminal emulators in workstation windows.
   It can also be used as a text formatter, as part of a mail server,
   and as a general information retrieval tool.

   History list, Back/Next/Previous/Home navigation, ability to print or
   save documents (or pipe to shell commands on unix).

  General comments:

   Very stable product which has many uses apart from interactive use.
   Generates C .h files from hypertext marked files, etc.
   Source release requires W3 library product.
   Public Domain.

  Future plans:

   Future enhancements to include tracing of many links.

  Demonstration sites:

   telnet info.cern.ch or telnet 128.141.201.74 (SWITZERLAND)
   telnet vms.huji.ac.il or telnet 128.139.4.3 (www) (ISRAEL)

                  -----------------------------------

  Client:                      Lynx

   Date completed or updated:  11 February 1994
   By: Name:                   Lou Montulli
   Email address:              montulli@ukanaix.cc.ukans.edu

   Platform:                   Unix + VMS

   Primary Contact(s):
   Name:                       Lou Montulli, Michael Grobe

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   Email address:              montulli@ukanaix.cc.ukans.edu,
                               grobe@ukanaix.cc.ukans.edu
   Postal Address:             Computer Center, University of Kansas,
                               Lawrence KS, 66045
   Telephone:                  +1-913-864-0436 (Lou)
                               +1-913-864-0452 (Michael)
   Fax:                        +1-913-864-0485

   Client software available from:
        ftp2.cc.ukans.edu in directory /pub/lynx.

  Location of more information: ftp2.cc.ukans.edu

  Latest version number:       2.2

  Brief Scope and Characteristics:

   Lynx clients provide a user-friendly hypertext interface to
   all of the major internet protocols for character cell (vt100)
   terminal users on UNIX and VMS platforms.  Lynx natively
   understands Gopher, HTTP, WAIS, FTP, NNTP (USENET NEWS) and
   CSO protocols and can transparently retrieve information using
   any of them.  Lynx can also launch telnet and tn3270 sessions
   and has support to run executable programs on the local machine
   so that it can be used as a menuing system.  Lynx is a part of
   the World Wide Web (WWW) project and has all of the features
   of a WWW client including HTML support and HTML+ forms support.
   Additional resource types such as Archie Techinfo, X.500, and
   Hytelnet may be also accessed through HTTP and Gopher gateway
   functions.

  Future plans:

   Development of a DOS (non windows) version.

  Help Line:

   Name:                       Lou Montulli
   Email address:              montulli@ukanaix.cc.ukans.edu
   Telephone:                  +1-913-864-0436
   Level of support offered:   volunteer
   Hours available:            11-5pm M-F CST

  Demonstration sites:

   Site name:                  ukanaix.cc.ukans.edu
   Access details:             telnet ukanaix.cc.ukanse.du
                               login as "www"

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  Documentation:

    o   current overview
          http://www.cc.ukans.edu/about_lynx/about_lynx/about_lynx.html
    o   user manuals
          http://www.cc.ukans.edu/lynx_help/lynx_help_main.html
    o   miscellaneous documents
          tar file of all documentation:
          ftp://ftp2.cc.ukans.edu/pub/lynx/lynx_help_files.tar.Z

  Sponsoring Organisation / Funding source:

    Academic Computing Services
    University of Kansas

  Mailing Lists:

    Address:                   lynx-dev@ukanaix.cc.ukans.edu
    Administration:            listserv@ukanaix.cc.ukans.edu

                  -----------------------------------

  Client:                      NCSA MOSAIC for X

  Date completed or updated:   16th December, 1993
  By: Name:                    Marc Andreessen
      Email address:           marca@ncsa.uiuc.edu

  Platform:                    X Window System (Unix)
                                -- Sun, DEC, IBM, SGI, HP, others.

  Primary Contact:
  Name:                        Marc Andreessen
  Email address:               marca@ncsa.uiuc.edu
  Postal Address:              National Center for Supercomputing
                                Applications
                               605 E. Springfield
                               Champaign, IL 61820
  Telephone:                   +1-217-244-0765

  Client software available from:
     ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu in /Web/Mosaic.

  Location of more information:
     ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu in /Web/mosaic, and online, within Mosaic.
     http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/SDG/Software/Mosaic/Docs/help-about.html

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   o Frequently Asked Questions
     http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/SDG/Software/Mosaic/Docs/mosaic-faq.html
   o user manuals
     http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/SDG/Software/Mosaic/Docs/mosaic-docs.html

  Latest version number:  1.1

  Brief Scope and Characteristics:

   NCSA Mosaic for the X Window System is a client interface to a wide
   variety of networked information systems, including World Wide Web,
   Gopher, WAIS, FTP, Usenet News, Archie, Techinfo, X.500, Hytelnet,
   Telnet, NCSA Data Management Facility, CSO ph/qi and others.  It
   offers a Motif-based point-and-click X interface with support for
   plaintext, formatted text, and embedded images; hyperlinks can also
   refer to images, video sequences, audio clips, PostScript files, etc.

   Mosaic also offers substantial interaction and collaboration
   facilities, including global history tracking, text and voice
   annotations, group/community-wide annotations, and more.

  General comments:

  Sponsoring Organisation:
   National Center for Supercomputing Applications

  Future plans:

   Enhancement of the NCSA Mosaic environment to support advanced
   networked information systems and collaboration capabilities;
   development of clients on other architectures; research and
   development into intelligent agent-style user assistance mechanisms
   and novel navigation and representation strategies for dense, dynamic
   distributed information spaces.  (This is all dependent upon funding,
   of course.) Beta-test versions of Mac and Microsoft Windows 3.1
   were released in the fall of 1993.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Demonstration sites:

   See individual sections on clients.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

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 Documentation:

  All the W3 documentation available is in the web.  Some is also dumped
  off into postscript.  Here are the URLs of entry points into the web
  for the subjects requested:

  ** To retrieve any document by URL, use WWW (www <url> for example) or
  ** send mail containing the command "send " followed by the URL to
  ** listserv@info.cern.ch

    o current overview

       http://info.cern.ch./hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html

       see also

       http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/SDG/Software/Mosaic/Docs/help-about.html

    o executive summary

       http://info.cern.ch./hypertext/WWW/Summary.html

    o instructions to information providers

       http://info.cern.ch./hypertext/WWW/Provider/Overview.html

    o Frequently Asked Questions

       http://info.cern.ch./hypertext/WWW/FAQ/List.html

    o user manuals
       See under individual products.

       ftp://info.cern.ch/pub/www/doc/*.txt

    o training materials

       Illustrated talk on WWW including transparencies: see
       ftp://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/Talks/General/html

       see also

       http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/demoweb/demo.html

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

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 [General WWW bibliography]

 Bibliography:

  o For latest list, see:
           http://info.cern.ch./hypertext/WWW/Bibliography.html

                  Bibliography for the World Wide Web

                     WORLD-WIDE WEB BIBLIOGRAPHY

   This lists papers and articles about the W3 initiative and related
   matters which you may want to pick up for background reading or quote
   as references.  You can of course also quote any page you read with
   W3 by its document address.  The FTP server info.cern.ch has some of
   these in /pub/www/doc.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Other Information:

  All WWW working notes and specs are on the web.  If it is not there
  somewhere, it may not be anywhere.

  Seek and ye shall find.  And if ye don't, mail someone to fix it.

 =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=

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 X.500 White Pages

  Date completed or updated: 10 March, 1994
  By: Name:          Chris Weider
      Email address: clw@bunyip.com

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 NIR Tool Name: X.500

 Brief Description of Tool:

   X.500 is an international standard designed to provide a distributed
   global directory service.  It is primarily used today to provide
   'White Pages' services, although other types of services which have
   directory components (automated mail aliasing, for example) are
   beginning to be run over X.500.  In addition to information about
   people and organizations, the Directory also contains a pilot K-12
   Directory, pilot Information Resource information, and some other
   non-White Pages information.  X.500 contains a number of security
   features, which are implemented on different paradigms in the various
   servers.

   User's View:

      Users (either human or electronic) run a client program to connect
      to a local X.500 server.  Since X.500 is distributed, it appears
      that the entire global X.500 directory is available from the local
      server.  From this server connection, the user can add, delete, or
      modify information held by the Directory, or issue powerful search
      commands to locate individuals or other information.

      The first solid version of the X.500 protocol was released in
      1988, and has been the subject of much research in the past 5
      years.  Consequently, there are a large number of clients, for
      almost every platform, and a healthy number of servers.  There are
      mail interfaces to some parts of the X.500 directory, and there is
      a X.500 to Gopher gateway.  An X.500 interface to archie is
      currently under development, as well as an X.500 to WWW interface.

   Information Provider's View:

      X.500 provides a set of mechanisms to allow distributed location
      of, maintenance of, and access to a large set of data.  However,
      current servers force a hierarchical view on the location of the
      data, so it may not be suitable for all applications.  Also, the
      X.500 directory is today unable to provide access to information
      at a rate which would allow 'real-time' applications (such as

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      keeping routing information in the directory).

      Also, there is a great effort underway to reduce the startup costs
      of X.500 access by providing a lightweight X.500 access protocol
      for client-server applications.  This work is detailed in RFC
      1487:

      "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol", by Yeong, Howes, and
      Kille.  This protocol is expected to make the cost of entry for a
      service provider much less that it has been.

   Information Types Supported:

      X.500 allows information to be served in an attribute:value
      paradigm, with related attributes grouped into 'objects'. Each
      entry in the directory can be described by multiple objects.
      Attributes can have values which are text strings, dereferenceable
      file names, or text-encoded photographs, and experimentation is
      underway to keep digitally encoded sounds in the directory.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Primary Contact(s):

  Name:                 The PARADISE Project

  Email address:        helpdesk@paradise.ulcc.ac.uk


  Name:                 The White Pages Pilot Project

  Email address:        wpp-manager@psi.com

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Help Line:

  X.500 encompasses a great number of clients and as a distributed
  system does not have a central help line. Please see the
  Documentation section for pointers to servers, clients, and associated
  help lines.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Related Working Groups:

  IETF's OSI-DS (OSI Directory Services)
  IETF's IDS (Integrated Directory Services)

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  OSI Implementor's Workshop's DS-SIG (Directory Services-SIG)
  RARE's WG-NAP (Network Application Support)

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Sponsoring Organisation / Funding source:

  Not Applicable

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Mailing Lists:

  Address:              osi-ds@cs.ucl.ac.uk

  Administration:       osi-ds-request@cs.ucl.ac.uk

  Description:          Mail list for OSI-DS working group.

                         -------------------

  Address:              ietf-ids@umich.edu

  Administration:       ietf-ids@umich.edu

  Description:          Mail list for IDS working group.

  Archive:              Anonymous FTP, merit.edu in directory
                        /pub/ietf-ids-archive.

                         -------------------

  Address:              dssig@ics.uci.edu

  Administration:       dssig-request@ics.uci.edu

  Description:          Mail list for OIW DS-SIG group

                         -------------------

  Address:              wg-nap@rare.nl

  Administration:       mailserver@rare.nl

  Description:          Mail list for RARE working group WG-NAP

  Archive:              Anonymous FTP, ftp.rare.nl, directory
                        /rare/working-groups/wg-nap/mail/current

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 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Protocols:

  What is supported:    X.500

  What it runs over:    Applications run on full ISO stack down to
                        transport over TCP/IP + RFC1006, CONS, CLNS, or
                        X.25(80)

  Other NIR tools this interworks with: Gateways to Gopher and WWW.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Servers:

  A full list of servers and clients is available in FYI 11, RFC 1292,
  "A guide to available X.500 Implementations". See the Documentation
  section for the location of this document. However, the most widely
  deployed server is listed here for convenience.

  QUIPU

  Date completed or updated:    21 October, 1993
  By: Name:                     Chris Weider
      E-Mail:                   clw@bunyip.com

  Platform:                     BSD 4.2, 4.3; AT&T System V; SunOS; AIX

  Primary Contact:
  Name:                         Steve Kille
  E-Mail:                       S.Kille@isode.com
  Telephone:                    +44-81-332-9091
  Fax:                          +44-81-332-9019

  Location of more information:
   RFC 1292

  Latest Version Number:        8.0 (public domain)
                                IC R1 (ISODE consortium version)

  Approximate number of such servers in use: 400

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

  Demonstration sites:

   Site name: paradise.ulcc.ac.uk

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   Access details: telnet to paradise.ulcc.ac.uk
                   login as dua

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Documentation:

  Document Title: FYI 11, RFC 1292, "Catalog of Available X.500
    Implementations", R. Lang, R. Wright.
  Location details: Available for anonymous FTP from
     Site: ds.internic.net
     Full file name: RFC-1292.txt

  An update of this document is in preparation:
  Document Title: "A Revised Catalog of Available X.500
    Implementations", A. Getchell, S. Sataluri.
  Location details: Available for anonymous FTP from
     Site: ds.internic.net
     Full file name: draft-ietf-ids-catalog-00.txt

  Document Title: FYI 13, RFC 1308, "Executive Introduction to directory
    services using the X.500 protocol", C. Weider, J. K. Reynolds
  Location details: Available for anonymous FTP from
     Site: ds.internic.net
     Full file name: RFC-1308.txt

  Document Title: FYI 14, RFC 1309, "Technical Overview of Directory
    Services using the X.500 protocol", C. Weider, J. K. Reynolds,
    S. Heker.
  Location details: Available for anonymous FTP from
     Site: ds.internic.net
     Full file name: RFC-1309.txt

  Document Title: RFC 1430, "A Strategic Plan for Deploying an Internet
    X.500 Directory Service",
    S. Kille, E. Huizer, V. Cerf, R. Hobby, S. Kent.
  Location details: Available for anonymous FTP from
     Site: ds.internic.net
     Full file name: RFC-1430.txt

  Document Title: FYI 21, RFC 1491, "A Survey of Advanced Usages of
    X.500", C. Weider, R. Wright.
  Location details: Available for anonymous FTP from
     Site: ds.internic.net
     Full file name: RFC-1491.txt

  Document Title: RFC 1487, "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol",
    W. Yeong, T. Howes, and S. Hardcastle-Kille

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  Location details: Available for anonymous FTP from
     Site: ds.internic.net
     Full file name: RFC-1487.txt

  Document Title: RFC 1588, "WHITE PAGES MEETING REPORT",
    J. Postel, C. Anderson
  Location details: Available for anonymous FTP from
     Site: ds.internic.net
     Full file name: RFC-1588.txt

  These documents contain pointers to the rest of the literature.

 =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=

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7.   NIR Groups

   This section contains information about the various groups working in
   the area of networked information retrieval.  The groups are listed
   alphabetically within their overall groupings (CNI, IETF, RARE,
   etc.).  See Section 3.

 =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=

 CNI Groups

 Date template updated or checked: 1st March, 1994
 By: Name:          Craig A. Summerhill
     Email address: craig@cni.org

 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

 NIR Group Name:          Coalition for Networked Information (CNI)

Sponsoring Organisation: Association of Research Libraries
                         (ARL), CAUSE, and EDUCOM

 Working subgroups:

  Name of subgroup:       Modernization of Scholarly Publishing
                          Transformation of Scholarly Communication
                          Directories and Information Resource Services
                          Architecture and Standards
                          Legislation, Codes, Policies and Practices
                          Access to Public Information
                          Teaching and Learning
                          Management and Professional and User Education

  Mailinglist-Address:    cni-announce@cni.org

 Description of main group:

   The Coalition for Networked Information was founded in March 1990 to
   help realize the promise of high performance networks and computers
   for the advancement of scholarship and the enrichment of intellectual
   productivity.  The Coalition is a partnership of the Association of
   Research Libraries (ARL), CAUSE, and EDUCOM.  ARL is dedicated to
   equitable access to, and effective use of, recorded knowlege in
   support of teaching, research, scholarship, and community service,
   and CAUSE and EDUCOM are dedicated to different aspects of the
   introduction, use, and management of information technology and
   related resources in research and education in general and higher
   education in particular.  The Coalition pursues its mission with the

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   assistance of a task force that provides a common vehicle by which
   more than 190 institutions and organizations are exploring a shared
   vision of how information management must change in the 1990s to meet
   the social and economic opportunities and challenges of the 21st
   century.  Members of the Coalition Task Force include, among others,
   higher education institutions, publishers, network service providers,
   computer hardware, software, and systems companies, library networks
   and organizations, and public and state libraries. A truly diverse
   collaboration of institutions and organizations.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Primary Contact(s):

  Name:                         Paul Evan Peters

  Email address:                paul@cni.org

  Postal Address:               Coalition for Networked Information
                                21 Dupont Circle, N.W.
                                Washington, D.C. 20036
                                USA

  Telephone:                    +1-202-296-5098

  Fax:                          +1-202-872-0884

                         ---------------------

  Name:                         Joan K. Lippincott

  Email address:                joan@cni.org

  Postal Address:               Coalition for Networked Information
                                21 Dupont Circle, N.W.
                                Washington, D.C. 20036
                                USA

  Telephone:                    +1-202-296-5098

  Fax:                          +1-202-872-0884

                         ---------------------

  Name:                         Craig A. Summerhill

  Email address:                craig@cni.org

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  Postal Address:               Coalition for Networked Information
                                21 Dupont Circle, N.W.
                                Washington, D.C. 20036
                                USA

  Telephone:                    +1-202-296-5098

  Fax:                          +1-202-872-0884

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Mailing Lists:

  Address:         cni-announce@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-announce <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     CNI News and Announcements

                      ---------------------------

  Address:         cni-architecture@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-architecture <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     CNI Architecture and Standards Working Group Forum

                       --------------------------

  Address:         cni-bigideas@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-bigideas <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     CNI Big Ideas Project Forum

                      ----------------------------

  Address:         cni-copyright@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-copyright <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     Copyright and Intellectual Property Forum

                        ------------------------

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  Address:         cni-directories@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-directories <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     CNI Directories and Information Resource Services
                   Working Group Forum

                        ------------------------

  Address:         cni-legislation@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-legislation <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     CNI Legislation, Codes, Policies, and Practices
                   Working Group Forum

                        ------------------------

  Address:         cni-management@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-management <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     CNI Management & Professional & User Education
                   Working Group Forum

                       -------------------------

  Address:         cni-modernization@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-modernization <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     CNI Modernization of Scholarly Publication
                   Working Group Forum

                       -------------------------

  Address:         cni-pubinfo@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-pubinfo <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     CNI Access to Public Information Working Group
                   Forum

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                       --------------------------

  Address:         cni-teaching@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-teaching <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     CNI Teaching and Learning Working Group Forum

                      ---------------------------

  Address:         cni-transformation@cni.org

  Administration:  listproc@cni.org
                   subscribe cni-transformation <lastname> <firstname>

  Description:     CNI Transformation of Scholarly Communication
                   Working Group Forum

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 News groups:                   None

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Document Archive:

  URL:ftp://ftp.cni.org/CNI/*

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Official Publications:

  None.  The Coalition relies on the publication programs of its parent
  organizations (ARL, CAUSE, and EDUCOM) to disseminate printed
  information on the Coalition's projects and programs.  Information on
  the Coalition's program is also disseminated via electronic mailing
  lists on the network.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Bibliography:                  None

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Other Information:

  URL:gopher://gopher.cni.org 70/CNI Working Group Forums/*

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  BRS/SEARCH full-text       telnet a.cni.org
  information retrieval
  system:                    login: brsuser

 =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=

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 Date template updated or checked: 1st March, 1994
 By: Name:          Craig A. Summerhill
     Email address: craig@cni.org

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 NIR Group Name:              Architecture and Standards Working Group

 Sponsoring Organisation:     Coalition for Networked Information (CNI)

   Working subgroups
      Name of subgroup:         Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed
      Mailinglist-Address:

 Description of main group:

   Program priorities are 1) to facilitate a consistent and complete
   mechanism for linking bibliographic, abstracting, and indexing files
   to files of their associated source materials; 2) a single standard
   for the transmission of bitmapped image files; 3) protocols for
   handling networked requests for delivery of source materials; 4)
   mechanisms for interorganizational authentication, accounting, and
   billing; and 5) to integrate lessons drawn from the experience of
   pilot projects that exercise networked printing utilities and 6) to
   provide an "interoperability workshop" to specify, implement, and
   test advanced functions of Z39.50 to accelerate the pace and to
   ensure the quality of standardization efforts in this area.

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 Primary Contact(s):

  Name:                         Clifford Lynch

  Email address:                calur@uccmvsa.bitnet

  Postal Address:               Office of the President
                                University of California
                                300 Lakeside Dr., 8th Floor
                                Oakland, CA  94612-3350
                                USA

  Telephone:                    +1-415-987-0522

  Fax:                          +1-415-839-3573

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------


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